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I 



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HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER 



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A w <r V • 



[All Rights Rbservbd.] 



HA 
bio 

THE HISTORY OF THE ^^t 



PARISH OF RIBCHESTER, 



In the County of Lancaster, 



J\P BY 

TOM*' d" SMITH, F.R. HIST. SOC, 



X 



Author op the History of Longridge ; From Great Britain to 
r^ Greater Britain, etc. ; 



AND 



THE REV. JONATHAN SHORTT, B.A., 

ViOAB OF HOOHTON. 



** It 18 wrUUn upon a wall in Some, 
JRibcketttr wu as rich <m any town in Christendom." — Anon, 



Pbinted and Published for the Author by— 
Ik)NDOn : BEMROSE & SONS. Preston : C. W. WHITEHEAD. 

1890. 



[All Rights Reserved.] 



se^l'/X 



-5: 

» 
I 

o 



to 

RECTOR OF RIBCHESTER AND VICAR OF STYDD, 

OF THE PARISH, WHICH HE ADORNS, IS 

IN GRATEFUL ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF MANY KINDNESSES, 

AND IN ADMIRATION OF HIS CHRISTIAN AND SCHOLARLY 

VIRTUES, BY HIS SINCERE FRIENDS, 



NEW year's day, 1890. 



\ 






PREFACE. 




HE Athenaum early last year correctly iDterpreted the 
general feeling of antiquaries and others by saying 
^4t is not a little remarkable that a place so abounding 
in antiquities (as Ribchester) has never hitherto bean 
treated of in a monograph." This feeling of surprise is deepened 
when we learn what a mine of material lay ready to the hand of 
the first earnest searcher. Accordingly the present writer, having 
secured the aid of the Rev. Jon. Shortt, the eminent authority on 
Roman Antiquities in Lancashire, has ventured to collect this 
mass of material, and scattered pieces of general information 
relating to the parish into one book. A vigorous search at the 
Record Office yielded magnificent results; the hitherto unpub- 
lished Towneley, Raines, and Piccope MSS. throw quite a new light 
upon the early history of the parish ; numerous correspondents 
have contributed interesting notes on privata families; an intimate 
personal acquaintance (bom of a life's study) with local field and 
house names, has, it is hoped, explained some obscure points ; and 
an humble attempt to reach the high standard set up by such 
historians as the Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., author of The 
Collegiate Church of All Saints, Berhy, the Rev. Charles Keriy, 
author of St, Lawrence* s, Reading, and Mr. W. A. Abram, F.R.H.S., 
author of the History of Blackburn, may possibly be traced in the 
present work. 

It is not necessary here to draw particular attention to the 
many difficulties which have been removed, the many puzzles 
solved, and the very many mistakes which have been rectified by 
means of original documents. The reader will note them for 
himself. But of the spirit with which the work has been under- 
taken and carried out, something may without egotism be said 
Every known and likely source of information has been ransacked, 
hundreds of wills and deeds have been examined, many eminent 
living authorities have been consulted, public and private MSS. 



viii Preface. 

have been laid under contribution — in short, neither time, 
expense, trouble, nor thought has been spared to make this 
History of Ribchester worthy of its name, and a permanent 
and reliable record of its ancient glory, past customs, and natural 
beauty. 

The books I have consulted are, I think, all mentioned in the 
text. It is, therefore, unnecessary to recapitulate them here. 
Still I should like to express my indebtedness to Dr. Cox's well- 
known work. How to write the History of a Parish, and to acknowledge 
the help received from the publications of the Chetham and Becord 
Societies, and other valuable works contained in Dr. Shepherd's 
Library, Preston. • 

My last and pleasing duty is to thank all those who in any way 
have assisted me. The Eev. Charles Boardman, D.D., Longridge, 
has aided me with many scholarly criticisms. Mr. W. Waddington, 
Burnley, and Mr. C. W. Sutton, of the Manchester Free Library, 
have assisted me in various ways. Mr. J. E. Tinkler, late of 
the Ghetham's Library, has carefully collated for me the Piccope 
and other MSS. Mr. Joseph Gillow, of Bowdon, the eminent 
Catholic biographer, has rendered me invaluable aid by placing at 
my disposal his unique collection of manuscripts and notes. To 
Captain John Parker, of Horbury, Wakefield, I am indebted for 
many interesting notes on the early Church history of the parish. 
My grateful thanks are tendered to the Bev. Eeginald Colley, 
S.J., Eector of Stonyhurst College, and the Librarian of the 
College, for the hospitable facilities afforded me when searching 
the valuable library. My thanks are due to the Eev. G. B. 
Ackerley, Vicar of Mytton ; and the Eev. J. H. Eawdon, Vicar of 
Preston, for their courtesy in allowing me to make extracts from 
the parish registers of their respective churches. Mr. James 
Fenton, F.S.A., Dutton Manor, has courteously afforded me access 
to the records of the Courts Baron of his manors of Dutton and 
Eibchester. Sir Charles de Hoghton, Bart, Hoghton Tower, has 
kindly permitted me to make transcripts from the family charters. 
Mr. George Pye, Chpping, has generously allowed me to use the 
whole of his unusually interesting family papers. To Miss Mary 
Veevers, Crimipsall, I am indebted for the loan of many old local 
deeds and papers. 



Fbefaoe. ix 

And, finally, I have to express as best I can the sense of grati- 
tude I feel to Thos. Dean, Esq., M.D., Burnley, the Bev. Jon. 
Shortt, the Eev. F. J. Dickson, the Very Bev. Monsignor B. 
Qradwell, and Mr. W. A. Abram. For months Mr. Dickson 
has allowed me the free range of his rectory for the purpose 
of transcribing the registers, etc., and has thus added materially 
to the accuracy of the transcriptSi besides assisting me in numerous 
other ways. To Mgr. Ghradwell I owe many derivations of place 
names, in addition to the ingenious and novel sketch on ^' Early 
Christianity in Lancashire," which he has done me the honour to 
contribute. Mr. W. A. Abram has added most considerably to 
the fulness of the chapters on the Bectors and Old Families with 
a generosity not too common among local historians. Dr. Dean 
has placed at my disposal his unique collection of Towneley MSS. 
with a considerateness I most gratefully acknowledge. Without 
these MSS., it would have been almost impossible to have written 
a full and correct account of the early history of the parish, as, 
although Dr. Whitaker had access to the Towneley collection, he 
seems, in his chapter on Bibchester at any rate, to have made 
but a poor use of this unequalled material. My friend and 
collaborator, Mr. Shortt, with whom I have been in almost daily 
contact for the last six months, has not only written the most 
important part of this book, but has, also, in eveiy possible way 
rendered me great assistance. The pleasure of the task of writing 
my portion of the book has been enhanced by this literary inter- 
course with Mr. Shortt. 

It is with feelings of gratitude and thankfulness (for serious 
illnesses have accompanied me during the greater portion of the 
time in which I have been engaged upon this work), mingled 
with much humility, that I present to the subscribers the fruits 
of the important trust reposed in me. 

TOM 0. SMITH. 

Oreen Nook, Longridge, 
New Year's Day, 1890. 

F.S.— An apology is due to the subBcribers for the delay in the publication of 
this work — a delay due to the prolonged illness of the writer. 

September 1st, 1890. 



CONTENTS. 



Jt AJSJc aUJu ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• • 

List of Illustrations 

Part I. 

Chapter I. — Eoman Eibghester 

Part II. 

Chapter I. — General History 

IL — The Church 
m. — The Extra-paroohial Chapelry of 

O X X Uij •■• ••• ••• ••• • 

rV. — The Eegtors of Eibghester ... 
V. — The Eecords of **the Gentlemen 



9> 



9> 



» 



. AND xxrv. 
VI. — The Churchwardens and Parish 
Officials 

VIL — The Eegisters 

Vin. — Monuments and Inscriptions... 
IX. — Stydd Catholic Church 
X. — Public Charities and Parish Library 
XI. — Old Families ... 
Xn. — Miscellany 

Appendix A and B 

Historical Sketch of Early Christianity in 

Lai/cashire 
General Index... 
Index of Names 
Addenda et Corrigenda . 






Pages. 

vii. — ix. 

•• 
xu. 

1—41 

42—76 
77- 122 

123—137 
138—159 

160—173 



174- 
189- 
205- 
210- 
214- 
224- 
262- 
266 

267- 
271- 
273- 



■188 
204 
-209 
213 
-223 
•262 
265 



270 
272 
-283 
283 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Map of the District Facing Title Page. 

Block Plan of Eoman Bibchester ,, Page 10 

(From a Sketch by Sir H. Dryden, F.S.A.) 

Tablet to the Memory of Her. George Ogden, 

Xi»X<» ••• •«• ••• ••• *•• •• •• Ld^ 

(EngraTed by Mr. Bobert Langton, Manchester.) 



I 




PART I. 

BY THE REV. JONATHAN SHORTT. 




OEEIGN troops were stationed in Eibchester for three 
hundred years. All through that long period of 
time, soldiers weturing outlandish uniform, speaking 
alien tongues, officered by men from over the sea, 
itod its soil and kept watch and ward in and around it. Within 
its ramparts were congregated from age to age natives, not only 
of various European countries, but even of African and Asiatic 
regions. A constant succession of such visitors passed through 
this now secluded village. A greater contrast can scarcely be 
imagined than that between its former and its present population. 
It must surely be of no ordinary interest to learn what we can of 
the strange motley . exotic tenants who occupied the place for so 
many generations. 

Nineteen centuries ago, the inhabitants of this country were 
of the same race as the native Welsh and Irish, to whom the 
first civilised people that came in contact with it gave the name of 
Kelts or Celts. Tribes of this stock possessed not only the greater 
part of the British Isles, but also nearly all (what we call) 
France. People living here spoke the same tongue as the people 
in France, and as those in Wales and Ireland. 



2 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTEB. [PART I. 

This widely extended stock was divided into dans, such as we 
read of as existing down to comparatively recent times among the 
Highlanders of Scotland. That was its distinctive feature. It 
nowhere united to form a nation. The highest organisation to 
which it seemed able to attain was that of a "sept" oinder an 
hereditary chief. Certain of these chiefs were very powerful. 
The rule of some extended across the British Channel; their 
clansmen occupying territories at both sides of that sea. It was 
this circumstance that decided Caesar to invade Britain. So close 
was the connection between its inhabitants and those across the 
channel that the latter could not be pacified so long as the British 
were un-subdued. These would be ever ready to incite to dis- 
turbance, and render aid to, their continental kinsfolk. If, 
therefore, these were to become peaceful and contented subjects 
of £ome, their kindred across the sea must be brought to sub- 
mission — a task which Caesar found to be much more difficult 
than he expected ; or he would probably never have attempted it. 
The clan to which the site of Bibchester belonged appears to have 
been a branch of a very great one, perhaps iJie greatest then in 
Britain, styled the ** Brigantian." It occupied the whole of what 
now forms Lancashire and Yorkshire. A sub-division of it 
named ** Setantian " was in possession of Preston and its neigh- 
bourhood : so that the estuary of the Eibble was styled in after 
times, by the garrison of Bibchester, the " Setantian Haven." 
It is possible that the name given to this portion of the Brigantian 
clan signified merely, "Water-folk:" as living along the river 
and the sea. 

The organisation of the Celtic race was of its own nature fatal 
to its permanence. It led directly to the Boman invasion of 
Britain and to the establishment of that alien power. The 
chieftainship of each clan did not necessarily descend to the eldest 
son of the preceding chief ; nor, as was the case in some com- 
munities, to the youngest. There was no fixed rule. It was 
elective : only the choice was coniined to the members of one 
particular family. 

The consequence was that there was perpetual rivalry within 
this family. Hence arose, within the clans, factions, and con- 
stant bloody feuds between the partizans of the competitors for 



PABT I.] BOMAN RIBCHE8TEB. 3 

the chi«)ftain8hip. Hence also arose on the part of many of these 
claimants perfect indifference as to the maans by which they 
might attain their object. They would not hesitate to call in 
foreign power for this purpose. Accordingly, British princes 
appealed over and over again to the Emperor of Rome to send his 
troops in order to establish them in power. The most successful 
of these in gaining their unpatriotic suit were chieftains of the 
clan called Trinobantian (the Trinobantes) residing in the district 
round what is now named Colchester, but at that time styled 
Camalodunum. Several of these chieftains have handed down to 
us their names. Cassivelaunus was one of these ; whose opponent 
called in against him the aid of the great Eoman general, Julius 
Osdsar, and induced him to cross the Channel twice, for the purpose 
of helping hinn to power. The Cymbeline of Shakespeare 
belonged to the same house : so did the famous Caractacus. In 
fact, the whole early history of the connexion between Eome 
and Britain is bound up with that of the princely family of 
Camalodunum. 

It is the first British town of which we have record. Julius 
Caesar spent «pme weeks there. He describes a British town as a 
wood encoraf>assed by a paliisade and a ditch. The houses were 
similar to those across the Channel — ^huts made of timber. The 
population was comparatively large. From certain incidental 
expressions of ancient authors referring to Gaul (France), it has 
been estimated that in the latter country there were on an 
average 200 persons to the square mile. Southern Britain in 
every respect so resembled Gaul that we may infer its similarity 
in population : which is also the case at present in Wales. 

The inhabitants were dad in the skins of the animals upon 
whose milk and flesh they chiefly lived. Agriculture was not 
practised. A free-born Celt disdained to hold a plough or handle 
a mattock. He liked tending cattle and horses, of which latter 
animal he possessed an improved breed : while he was noted for 
his skill in riding. He wore his hair long on the head : but 
shaved it off the face, except upon the upper lip. Men and 
women alike dyed their skin blue. Husbands had power of life 
and death over their wives and children. To be seen in company 
with them was deemed a disgrace to a man. 



4 HISTORY OF RIBOHESTEB. [PART I. 

The British were deeply religious, so far as complete sub- 
servience to a priesthood constitutes religion. If any one 
offended a priest, he was shunned by the rest of his tribe. The 
description, given by Oeesar and others, of the ancient Celts applies 
in almost every particidar to the still surviving fragment of the 

race. 

< 

Their religion was styled Druidism, owing to the veneration 
shown towards trees, and especially towards the oak. Druidism 
had its home in Britain, and its special sanctuary in the Isle of 
Anglesea, then called ^^Mona." From Britain it had been 
imported into Gtiul ; and those who wished to study it thoroughly 
had to come here for that purpose. Sometimes twenty years were 
BO employed. Scholars had to learn by heart a great number of 
verses. These might not be written down. Writing was an 
innovation, and the old religion viewed it as profane. When- 
ever it was resorted to by Druid priests, Greek characters were 
employed. They looked mysterious, and whatever was calculated 
to excite a feeling of the dark and vague was cherished by these 
traders on human credulity. 

To them is due the first wide-spread revolt against the newly 
established Boman authority. A representative of this authority, 
a governor, named Caius Suetonius Paullinus, observing the 
influence possessed by them, imagined that if they were tb be 
attacked in their strong-hold in Anglesea, and the sacred trees, 
so carefully preserved in that sanctuary, were to be cut down by 
his soldiers, their power would seriously be shaken. He pro- 
ceeded to act upon this idea. His troops penetrated into the holy 
island, and cut down the venerated oaks. Bui* the achievement 
cost them dear; and nothing but the surpassing braverj of a 
Legion prevented the complete overthrow of the foreign power. 
This Legion styled " XIV. Pia. Fidelia " (the pious, the faith- 
ful), behaved with consummate bravery ; but even it despaired of 
escape owing to the multitude of its enemies. At the moment 
that victory was within their grasp, the British, in truly Celtic 
fashion, slackened their onset, and allowed their prey to escape. 

It may be mentioned in passing that this Legion, the bravest of 
the brave, was devoted in its affectionate loyalty to the Emperor 
Nero, certainly one of the very worst of men. 



PART I.] ROMAN RIBCHE8TER. 6 

Along with it, in this crisis, was a detaohment of the Legion 
that afterwards for centuries furnished the garrison of Bibchester. 
Its designation was <' XX., Valeria, Viotriz." Boman Legions set 
the example to our regiments in attaching to themselyes certain 
titles. The twentieth called itself the ** Oonquering Legion," as 
we speak of the Conquering Hero. Another Legion, which had 
a detachment sometime in Bibchester, the YI., bore the same 
martial epithet. 

At the time of the revolt in the North-west of Britain, an insurrec- 
tion had broken out, in what we should call the Eastern counties. 
It was not due to the same cause as the other; but to the license of 
the soldiery, and especially to the outrages inflicted on a lady of 
rank, the queen of the tribe named Iceni — Boadicea and her 
daughters. 

The whole of the district as far as London and St. Albans rose 
in rebellion. The garrison of Oamalodunum was destroyed to the 
last man. It was the flrst legally established Boman Settlement : 
technically termed a *^ Colony." This is preserved in the first 
syllable of its modern name, '^Colchester," which signifies Colony- 
camp. Originally it was the Boman capital-town. London was 
even then a great place of trade and the commercial metropolis. 
Every Boman in it at the time was killed. Altogether, it is 
calculated that 70,000 of these foreigners perished throughout 
the country. 

The ninth Legion, styled '< Spanish," (just as, for example, one 
of the English -regiments of the line is styled '^ Canadian") was 
quartered at Lincoln (Lin-colony.) It marched to the relief of 
Colchester. It arrived too late, and assailed by overpowering 
numbers lost almost its entire force. 

The Boman power in Britain would have been annihilated at 
the time but for the gallantry of the fourteenth Legion, and for 
the levity of the Celtic population. 

It became the business of the succeeding governors to re- 
establish and to extend this power. It was the fortune of many 
of the Boman emperors— even some of the vilest — ^to have most 
conscientious and able servants. We have already noticed the 
devotion of the Legion just mentioned to Nero. Like devotion 
was shown to Caligula and Domitian, men nearly as b^d, on the 



6 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTEB, [PABT I. 

part of individuals. Here is one of the marvels that in abundance 
attach themselves to that fateful name — Borne. No more 
admirable type of a governor is recorded in history than one, who 
ruled this country for seven years ; and to whom has been 
attributed the founding of Bibchester — ^the celebrated CnaBus 
Julius Agricola. He thoroughly mastered the North of Britain, 
occupying the sacred Island — Mona (Anglesea), and extending 
Boman authority even to the Qrampian mountains, having 
defeated the united Highland clans in a decisive battle fought not 
far from what is now called Stirling. 

He left our island in the year 85. 

From his time, Bome seems to have thought no more of 
advancing her frontiers or enlarging her dominion in these 
regions. One of Agricola's projects was — the Conquest of Ireland, 
a project, which, if carried out by him, would certainly have 
made the history of that island other than it has been. Demon- 
strably, Boman sway has in no country been without lasting 
effect. 

But Agricola's plan was never executed. All that was now 
thought of was to secure the possessions already acquired. It 
was with this view, that the most wonderful military structure in 
the world was erected in the north of this country — the famous 
Boman Wall. It was not, as so commonly believed, a boundary 
wall in any way. It was in truth a great entrenched camp — or 
rather a great fortress — extending right across the island from 
sea to sea, and intended to control the natives on both sides of 
what we call the ^* Border." This is evident from its construction, 
of which some details may appropriately here be given, as, in 
the writer's opinion, Bibchester was one of a chain of military 
stations associated with the Wall ; part of a system of 
communication between it and the important garrison of Ohester, 
head-quarters of a Legion. The great fortification required, in 
order to maintain it adequately, at least ten thousand troops ; and 
it had for support and in reserve the two northern military 
centres — ^York and that just mentioned. From these depdts, it 
would receive its continually needed reinforcements. It was, as 
is evident, essential that there should be easy and secure means 
of intercourse between them. Bibchester was founded for this pur- 



PART I.] ROMAN RIBCHE8TER. 7 

pose, one of a series of forts established to protect a great line of 
communication ; than which nothing is more important in warfare. 

The fortification lies along a military road reaching from 
Bowness on the Solway to WalPs-end on the Tyne, a distance of 
sixty-eight miles and three furlongs. On the north side of this 
was built a waU originally eighteen or nineteen .feet high, and 
eight feet thick. The outer masonry consisted on both sides of 
carefully squared freestone blocks ; the inside of rubble of any 
sort, firmly embedded in mortar. 

In front of the Wall facing north was a ditch or fosse, on an 
average, fifteen feet deep and thirty-six wide. In many places it 
was cut through solid rock. To the south side of the Wall and 
road, there were three ramparts and a fosse. One of these 
ramparts is placed close upon the southern edge of the ditch ; the 
others of larger dimensions stand one to the north, and the other 
to the south of it, at a distance of about twenty-four feet. These 
ramparts stand in som6 parts of the line even at present six or 
seven feet above the level of the neighbouring ground. They are 
composed of earth mingled not unfrequently with masses of stone. 

The third and most important part of the vast fortress consisted 
of the structures that were formed for the accommodation of the 
soldiers, and for the ready transmission of troops and stores. 
Along the line at distances which average nearly four miles, were 
erected what were called stations. They were in fact military cities 
adapted for the residence of the commandant of the district, and 
providing secure lodgment for the powerful body of soldiery 
under his orders. 

They were uniformly quadrangular in shape, though somewhat 
rounded at the comers, and contain an area of from three to five 
acres. A stone wall five feet thick enclosed them, strengthened 
probably in every instance by a fosse and one or more earthen 
ramparts. All had four gateways, one upon each of the four 
sides. 

There were either seventeen or eighteen of these stations. 
Between these, at distances of a mile from each other were castles. 
They were quadrangular buildings, differing somewhat in size, 
but usually measuring from sixty to seventy feet in each direction. 
They had but one gate of entrance, which was of very substantial 



8 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART I. 

masonrjy and was uuiformlv placed in the centre of the south 
WaU. 

Between the mile-Castles, four buildings, generally denominated 
turrets or watch towers, were placed. They were within call of 
each other, and were little better than stone sentry-boxes. Of 
these there were three hundred and twenty in all. 

This description^ will give some idea of the might and majesty 
of the genius of the Emperor, to whom the conception of such a 
monstrous work of military engineering is due — the £knperor 
Hadrian. 

To this wonderful man the founding of Eibchester is most likely 
due. The place gains interest as being created by him. It is 
something to be able to ascribe its origin to the ideas of a great 
mind. Not from caprice, nor from local fancy, but from far- 
reaching plans and interests of world-wide extent arose the camp 
at this spot. Generally, Agricola has been credited with being 
its founder. But in course of excav'ations made in the year 1888, 
at the instance of the writer, a coin of the Emperor Nerya was 
found in such a position as would indicate its being dropped at 
the time the rampart was raised. The coin lay in the base at the 
very heart of that earthwork. The workman or a by-stander 
must have lost it at the time the earth was being piled up. Con- 
sequently, as the probable date of the coin was eleven years after 
Agricola's departure from this country, the building of the defence 
that constituted a camp or Chester — the vallum or earthen ram- 
part — could not have been due to him. 

Bather ; Bibchester is a link in a chain, binding hand and foot 
the North Britons, and riveted to the cross-bar of the Great Wall. 
We know that the latter from the time of its construction became 
the base of military operations in this region. To these Bibchester 
was an important subsidiary. 

The links of the chain between Chester and the Great Wall are 
distinctly traceable, being strung together by connecting roads. 
The chief components of the chain are Manchester (MANCUNIUM), 
Wigan (COCCIUM, Bibchester (BBEMETONACUM), Over- 

iSee T?ie Boman WaU, by Rev. J. 
CoUingwood Bruce, M.A., London, 
1851. 



PABT I.] BOMAN BIBOHESTSB. 9 

• 

borough (GALAOUM), Borrowbridge (ALONE), Kirby Thore 
(GALAVA), and Whiteley Castle (GLANOVENTA). From the 
last place, theBoman high road, styled the '* Maiden Way," leads 
directly to the fortification. 

The last named station bears a certain resemblance to that which 
is the subject of this chapter: in that the garrison trusted to 
breastworks of earth rather than of masonry, no trace of sur- 
rounding mortared walls having been detected in either place. 

The situation of Eibchester would be ill suited for a modem 
fortification, commanded as it is by higher groimd ; but the con- 
ditions of warfare have wholly changed, since its creation as a 
military post ; as have also the habits of the natives of Britain. 
These were in the same state as the New Zealanders are now : 
brave, but childish in their way of warfare, as compared with the 
Homan tactics, matured by long experience and profoundly 
studied observation. Their sagacious enemy dealt with the 
British according to their lights, and placed their own camps 
where they would best serve the purpose of controlling the wild 
natives. 

like Chester, Manchester, and most other chesters of the same 
people, ours was placed close to a river, which flows, as well as 
in the two places named, on the south. It would here serve the 
purpose of the fosse or ditch needed on the other three sides. 

As being readily accessible from north and south, at a time 
that the passage through the lower country to the west was inter- 
cepted by swamps and marshes, it may be assumed that it answered 
well its principal object, as an intermediate station between two 
great military centres in close inter-dependence. 

Its being a place of passage, through which great numbers of 
troops were continually travelling during ten generations, will 
account for the value, artistic and otherwise, of articles found from 
time to time, as well as for the tradition of its wealth. ^A rhyme 
once common at the place preserved this tradition : — 

'* It is written upon a waJl in Borne : 

Bibchester was as rich as any town in Christendom." 

^The I'emainder of this chapter is a Thompson Watkin's Roman Lanca- 
compilation chiefly from the late Mr. aihdre 



10 HI8T0BY OF RIB0HB8TEB. [PART I. 

The finding of a poor soldier's discharge, which Touched to be 
a .copy of a brazen tablet affixed to a wall behind Aug^astas's 
temple, near that of Minerva, at Borne, might give rise to the 
statement in the first line. In such estimation were ^ell-behayed 
soldiers held, that when they had served their time, and got their 
discharge '* with good conduct," their names were engraved on 
brass plates, and these were fastened to the walls of public 
buildings in the capital of the empire. The opinion that it was 
so rich would arise from the great number of coins that have been 
found. The Chester or camp was by no means remarkable among 
Boman posts for size. It was certainly nearly twice as large as 
that of Manchester, and was probably the largest in Lancashire ; 
but it was only one-fifth of the size of Wroxeter, in Shropshire, 
the so-called British Pompeii, and much smaller than Chester and 
other well-known Boman camps. ^ 

Its limits are in parts distinctly visible, the outline of fosse and 
vallum, or (in Lancashire phrase) ^^ dyke and cop," being quite 
apparent, especially on the south-western side, at about forty feet 
from the present church-yard wall. Measuring across from the 
outside of the vallum (or cop) to the outside of the vallum on the 
opposite side, the north-eastern, at about two hundred and fifty 
feet from the eastern churchyard wall, the distance is found to be 
six hundred and eleven feet. The distance from the north-western 
vallum to the river is six hundred and fifteen feet. If the camp 
had been nearly square originally, as many Boman ones were, 
little or none of it can have been washed away. Its present area 
will have been its primitive one; an approximate square of rather 
more than two hundred yards, containing a little above eight 
acres and a half. 

The comers were rounded oS. They faced the cardinal points. 
Through the angle pointing northward, a little below the extreme 
point, a gateway was discovered last year (1888) in course of the 
excavations already mentioned. It was fourteen feet wide. The 
end of the wall at each side of the opening was carefully rounded. 
It was evident here, as elsewhere, how the vallum had been 
constructed. 

The base was formed of boulder stones put together without 
mortar. It lies about six feet below the present surface of the 



?3:^5i/^- 



Ci/itW§y^^.wii/* 




PART I.] ROMAN RIB0HE8TER. 11 

▼iJlum ; and this is in general two feet six inches aboTe the leyel 
of the surrounding ground. It is from four feet nine inches to 
five feet three inches broad at the base. Upon this base was 
raised the earthen rampart, the soil of which it was composed 
requiring to be well beaten or battered to enable it to hold to- 
gether, and not crumble down. 

In all probability a stockade was set on the top. Outside the 
vallum, on the south-western side, is a fosse (or dyke) of which 
the outer limit is about forty-three feet from the vallum. The 
original depth could not be ascertained, as it was sunk in river 
gravel. It is now filled up to within two feet of the level of the 
adjoining fields. An appearance is presented at a point on this 
side of a flat space intervening between the fosse and the vallum ; 
but this is, most likely, due to subsequent alteration, and was not 
part of the original structure. If it were, it would be very 
peculiar and unaccountable. 

Some details may here be given of this rampart, as examined 
in 1888-89. 

Eight cuttings have been made through it, seven in the former 
year, one in the latter. That which we shall call the first was on 
the south-western side, one hundred and fourty-four feet from the 
western angle. Here the vallum is four feet six inches wide at 
the base, which is five feet below the surface. About two feet of 
the original height remains. 

Inside the vallum, but at a distance of four feet from it and 
level with the base, was found a layer of oak shingles — that is, 
pieces of split oak — each about four to five feet long, two or three 
inches deep, and three to four inches wide, placed at right angles 
to the vallum and at about seven inches apart, with their widest 
sides laid horizontally. These shingles are pointed at the end 
next the vallum, and broader and squarer at the other end. Over 
them, and reaching up to the vallum, is a layer of placed clay 
three feet thick. 

Section No. 2 was made close to the western angle. Here the 
vallum is six feet wide at the base, which is at the same level as 
in the former section. This second cutting was carried deeper 
than the other, both outside and inside. Below the base was 
found part of a layer of placed or " imported " clay, which thins 



12 HISTOBT OF BIB0HS8TEB. [PABT I. 

out toward the fosse. Below this layer, on the outside, is a layer 
of red sand two feet in thickness, and under it is gravel. 

Inside were three rows of shingles, all lying in the same direc- 
tion — at right angles to the vallum. One row touches it. This 
row is four feet six inches long. At an interval of a few inches 
is another row of about the same length, and beyond this, ex- 
tending still further into the enclosure, is a third row of much 
longer shingles, from nine to fourteen feet long, pointed at their 
further ends. Under them is a layer of imported dark clay. 

The oak placed upon this substance had stained it in streaks of 
blueish colour. It was curious to see, on the shingles being 
removed, a series of highly-coloured lines drawn, as it were, in 
regular order across this subterranean platform. Upon these 
shingles lay a thickness of three feet of imported clay. The 
lowest substratum of all was gravel. 

Section No. 3 was made nearly mid-way between the western 
and northern angles. It, as well as section No. 4, at ninety-five 
feet from the latter angle, were uninstructive ; so was No. 7, at 
forty-eight feet south of the angle. 

Sections Nos. 5 and 6 must be described together. They 
disclosed the two jambs of a gateway. Here was found a layer 
of shingles extending from the interior through the gateway to 
the length of seven or eight feet outside. They were placed 
obliquely to the line bisecting the angle, or, in homelier words, 
were laid somewhat slantways to the direction of the gateway. They 
were five feet six inches below the surface, and were much larger and 
somewhat longer than any before-mentioned. Under them is a 
layer nine inches in thickness, of which the upper part is fine 
gravel, and the lower decayed matter. Below this layer was 
a fioor of oak planks, smooth, and tightly jointed, stretching 
across the gateway. Under this is a layer nine inches thick, 
composed of gravel and fine dark matter, as before ; and beneath 
were four large shingles, about fourteen feet long, one foot wide, 
and six inches deep, somewhat like railway sleepers. They were 
laid at right angles to the upper layer of shingles, and rested on 
undisturbed gravel. 

. At the end of the vallum, on the north-eastern side, was a 
stout oak post« found standing upright, as if it were a gate-post. 



PART I.] ROMAN BIBCHESTEB. 13 

It, as well as the planks and many of the shingles, have been 
deposited in the Preston Museum. 

There can be little doubt that these correspond to the objects 
spoken of by Dr. Stukeley, the noted antiquary, who visited 
Bibchester in the year 1725. He says: '* Viewing the breach 
of the bank exposed thereby," (that is, by encroachments of the 
the Bibble) '* I saw the joists and boards of a floor of oak, four 
feet under the present surface, and such floors are to be seen 
along the whole bank." 

The *' floor of oak" may have been below the gateway of the 
eastern or southern angle ; and the ''floor along the whole bank" 
may have been the shingles along the interior of the yallum 
extending between these angles ; the vallum itself having been 
swept away on that side, where the river constituted the fosse. 

As for the purpose of these shingles, an eminent antiquary 
thinks that they were intended to form a secure foundation for 
the path behind the rampart, which was the one most traversed, 
as by the incessant tread of the sentries. That this was the object 
appears to be shewn by the fact of the shingles extending outside 
the gaUy and nowhere else outside the vallum. 

They have, as far as the writer has been able to learn, been 
met with in no other Boman camp; but are said to have occurred 
in some lake dwellings, where they no doubt served the purpose 
above assigned to them. 

Another peculiarity of Bibchester Gamp is the gate being 
placed in an angle of the quadrilateral instead of, as usual, in 
the middle of a side ; but the object of the fortification would 
determine this. As a Station on a great north and south road, 
the main street would take that direction, and the principal issues 
would be to the north and south. 

The section No. 8, made in December, 1889, was made in the 
western angle. It revealed a gateway in a position exactly cor- 
responding to that in the northern angle, but it was only half the 
width, seven feet instead of fourteen. No oak planks formed the 
floor ; only shingles such as lie under the path along the vallum 
were met with.* 

^ By an unfortunate misunder- writers of this book is responsible, no 
standing, for which neither of the sketchhasbeenmadeof section No. 8. 



14 HISTORY OF RIBGH£STER« [PART !• 

Generally, a camp formed a nucleus round which other habita- 
tions clustered. Here was some degpree of security, some trade ; 
here was the attraction of more civilised ways of living than those 
that existed in the wild regions surrounding. One can readily 
imagine that in the pleasant river valley, people of gentler tastes 
than those of the bulk of the rude natives would congregate, 
fixing their homes near a centre of something less barbarous, of 
something more orderly than was elsewhere to be found. Here 
they could see and hear things far beyond the conceptions 
of the majority of their race. Whereas, to these, murder and 
havoc were the sources of supreme pleasure, as to savages at the 
present day, whether resident in England or abroad (hence the 
gusto with which accounts of murder are read and the delight with 
which a destructive fire is witnessed); to better natures peace and 
cultivation would be more attractive. However defective, accord- 
ing to our present standard, might the Komans be in civilisation, 
they were immeasurably superior to the savages of the land. 
Around Boman Camps, then, better spirits woidd assemble. 
Their habitations would form suburbs. Such arose around Eib- 
chester, and have caused the notion that the camp was larger 
than had been the case. But, taking in the suburbs, it may 
easily have been as stated by Dr. Stukeley, eight hundred feet in 
an east and west direction ; and considerable portions may have 
been swept away by the river — ^not, however, to the extent of " a 
third of llie whole city," as he imagined. 

The six-inch Ordnance Map (reproduced in this work) represents 
it as nearly double the size of the camp proper, and as extending 
to Oowley Brook ; and such we may fairly consider to have been 
the space occupied by human habitations and edifices of various 
kinds sixteen or seventeen hundred years ago. 

And, first, we proceed to speak of the public buildings then in 
use at Bibchester. 

There was certainly at least one considerable temple, as well as 
one, possibly two others, of smaller size. One of the latter fur- 
nished the four pillars now forming the entrance to the inn called 
" The White Bull," itself an ancient hostelry (see illustration, 
chap, xii.), but quite modem in comparison with the building to 
which the colimius originally belonged. They are six feet seven 



PART I.J BOMAN BIBOHESTEB. 15 

in height and a foot in diameter midway between the ends. 
They are of what is termed ** Dorio'' style, debased. 

Of the same style was the larger temple, whioh was, judging 
from the positions of its remains, one hundred and twelve feet 
long, with sixteen pillars in front and others all around, forming 
a peristyle, as it was called. There was an inscription over the 
southern entrance. It has been found, and when expanded reads, 
(DEO . . . P)EO (SALUTE BiPERATOEIS ..... 

ET JULIAE MA) TEIS D(OMINI( N(OSTEI) 

ET (C)ASTE(OEUM) SU(B CUEA) VAL(EEn) CEESCENTIS 
FUL(VI)ANI LEQ(ATI) EIV8 PE(0 PEAETOEE). T(ITUS) 
FLOEID(IUS) NATALI8 LEG(ATUS) PEAEP(08ITUS) 
N(OSTEE) ET EECT(OE) TEMPLUM A SOLO EX 
EESP0N8U (EE)STITXnT ET DEDICAVIT DE SUA 
PEOUNIA. The translation being, "To the deity; for the 

safety (or welfare) of the Emperor and of Julia 

the mother of our lord (the Emperor) and the 

camps imder the care of Valerius Orescens Eulyianus his Legate 
(and) Pro-Praetor, Titus Floridius Natalis, Legate, our Propositus 
and Governor, from the reply (of the deity or oracle) restored the 
temple from the groimd and inaugurated it, at his own expense." 

The title of the Empress Julia as " mother of the Emperor and 
of the camp " would fix the date of the inscription within a few 
years, but for there being two ladies who bore this designation : 
Julia Domna, mother of Caracalla, and Julia Mamssa, mother of 
Severus Alexander. However, they were not separated by any 
great interval of time ; and we know that the restoration in 
question must have taken place in the early part of the third 
century of our era; between the years A.D. 211 and A.D. 235. 
Julia Domna was the wife of an emperor who may have visited 
Eibchester ; as he spent three years in North Britain previous to 
his death at York. He and his son visited Chester together. 
They would be well known consequently in this district, and 
inscriptions would more probably record their names than those of 
personages total strangers to the place. 

The aspiration for their safety was not realised, whoever of the 
two Julias and their two sons may have been the subject of the 
benevolent wish. Julia Domna starved herself to death from 



16 HISTORY OF BIBCHEBTER. [PART I. 

dread of a oertaiii aspirant to her husband's throne : her son was 
assassinated. The other son and Julia Mameea met the same fate. 

When we read of a temple needing re-building from the ground 
in less than (or, at all events, not much more than) one hundred 
years after the founding of the settlement, we naturally inquire 
what can have brought the sacred edifice into such a state of 
delapidation. It gives us a glimpse of the early histoiy of 
Bibohester. 

About sixty years after its establishment, it was attacked by the 
Caledonians, inhabitants of what we call Scotland, and was in a 
great degree ruined. These fierce barbarians had risen in revolt, 
burst through the Ghreat Wall, killed the Boman general in com- 
mand of the troops [cantoned there, cut the greater part of his 
army to pieces, and made themselves masters for a time of a 
considerable portion of the whole island. They are thus described 
by Dion Cassius, a Boman historian of the time.^ " They dwell 
upon wild and waterless mountains, and barren and marshy 
plains, and have neither towns nor farms, but live upon pasture, 
the chase, and fruit trees ; for they do not taste fish, though these 
are innumerable and inexhaustible. They live in tents, unclothed 
and unshod .... The government is a democracy, and 
they are fond of plundering expeditions. They fight in chariots, 
and have small and swift horses. They have also foot-soldiers, 
very active and very stubborn, in their ranks. Their arms are, 
a shield, a short spear with a bronze apple at the extremity of 
the shaft, so that when shaken it makes a clanking noise to 
frighten the enemy. They have also daggers. They are capable 
of enduring hunger and cold and every sort of misery ; for they 
can plunge into swamps and hold out for many days with only 
their head out of water, and can feed in the woods upon bark and 
roots; and in particular they prepare a sort of food, of which if they 
eat the size of a bean, they feel no hunger or thirst." Such is 
the account of the people that, there is reason to believe, made a 
fearful visitation to Bibchester in the year, A.D. 184. From that 
time forward for nearly thirty years, there was such continual 
disturbance in the country that building or restoration would not 

1 Dion Casaius, LXXVI., 12. 



PAET I.] ROMAN RIBOHESTEB. 17 

be thought of. These are only undertaken in times of peace. 
The marrellous energy of one man, the emperor, Septimius 
Severus, gained this blessing for North Britain : at the cost of 
fifty thousand soldiers' liyes, and eventually of his own. He went 
along with his troops far into the Caledonian wilds ; though so ill 
that he had to be carried in a litter. But he so effectually subdued 
the country that we hear of no more troubles in this neighbourhood 
for many years.. 

The bases of some of the columns of this restored temple are 
probably those still to be seen in the Rectory garden. They are 
of rude workmanship ; not exactly circular, one diameter exceed- 
ing the other by three-fourths of an inch. They appear to have 
belonged to a building in the Doric style. The eventual fate of 
the restored temple was destruction by fire. Excavations made 
between the river and the churchyard showed at a slight distance 
beneath the surface, immediately under the vegetable mould a 
layer of charcoal, evidently the remains of a roof that had been 
burnt. Nearly in the centre of this layer, a cavity had been 
formed, by the uniting of the ends of the beams in their fall, large 
enough to contain a man sitting. Beneath this was a confused 
mass of large jars, some almost entire on first discovery, and 
many remains of red (" Samian ") ware. Several skeletons of tall 
powerful men were lying among them. The conclusion arrived at 
by the explorer, the celebrated antiquary. Dr. Whitaker, was 
that the building had been stormed and burned — some of the 
defenders perishing in the ruins. It is an extraordinary fact that 
no roof tiles or slates were foimd. An ornament of one of the 
comers was a rude statue of a lion. Another sacred edifice may 
be inferred to have existed from the circumstance of portions of 
two cylindrical columns, each with a capital and remains of 
foliage, having been formerly preserved at Salesbury ; one in a 
cottage, the other at Salesbury Hall. They formed part of an 
edifice of a different style of architecture from that of the others 
already mentioned. It was built in the Corinthian style. 

Another public building was, it is likely, the " Forum," the 
usual place for public resort in Eoman towns. It probably has 
furnished an inscribed stone, seen by the antiquary, Horsley, 
"lying at the door of a dwelling-house." He and another 



18 HISTOBY OF RTBCHESTER. [PART I. 

writer (whose name is not known) have given copies of what was 
engraven upon it, IMPEEATOEI CAESAEI MAEOO 

AUEEUO ANTONINO ET IMPEEATOEI 

CAESAEI LUOIO AUEELIO VEEO 

AUGUSTIS, VEXILLATIO LEQIONIS SEXTAE VICTEICIS 

SUB SEXTO OALPUENIO AGETOOLA 

LEGATO AUGUSTOEUM PEO PEAETOEE: so that the 
general meaning can be divined. In English it signifies : "To 
the emperor Csesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus .... and 
to the emperor Lucius Aurelius Verus .... the Augusti : 
a battalion of the Sixth Legion, the Conquering .... 
under Sextus Oalpurnius Agricola, Legate of the Augusti (or 
Emperors) Pro Prsetor." 

The spaces marked above with dots, after "Antoninus" and 
"Verus" probably contained their titles, and the space after 
"Conquering" would contain an account of the nature of the 
work which the battalion (or " vexillation," such being the 
technical military term) had done. If the building had been a 
temple, it might have said, "restored the temple": or, if a forum, 
" restored the forum." 

The anonymous copier of this inscription, speaking of the 
portion between the commencement (restored as here given) says 
that the letters were there "burned off." 

In the reign of Commodus, an emperor who reigned from 
A.D. 180 to A.D. 193, as we have seen, there was a great revolt 
of the northern tribes, who after breaking through the Great 
Wall, poured down upon the stations lying to the south. This 
slab would then be barely twenty years old. Have we not in this 
fire-scarred slab a trace of this insurrection and disastrous event 
in the history of our town, when its public buildings were all 
burnt? 

Of private houses outside the camp in what we have styled the 
suburb, some remains of a room furnished with a heating apparatus 
called hypocaust, (from the warmth being supplied beneath the 
floor of the chamber) were found in the month of February, 
1837, in Dr. Patchett's garden.^ 

^ Dr. B. A. Patchett, son of the occupies the same house as his father 
late Dr. Patchett mentioned, now did. 



PART I.] ROMAN RIBCHESTER. 19 

We are told that the ground floor was roughly paved, and over 
it, supported by rude stone pillars, only a foot in height, was a 
layer of fine cement, three feet in thickness, the upper surface of 
which was laid with flags and tiles. Most of the latter, and some 
of the pillars were taken away, and the floor covered up. The 
room may possibly have been a bath. Its dimensions were 
thirty feet by fifteen, and its walls were three feet in thickness. 
A portion of a leaden pipe, some illegible coins, and fragments of 
glass were found in it. 

Proceeding next to lesser objects of public use, we notice first 
those of a sacred kind, such as altar stones. These are of the 
deepest interest for various reasons, as they bear inscriptions 
indicating the opinions on leligious matters of former dwellers in 
Ribchester, as well as its Roman name. 

The longest known altar here was dug up in the year 1678, 
and is now preserved at St. John's College, Cambridge. It is 
four feet two inches high, " a large and ornamental one," and bore 
an inscription, DEO SAN(CTO) APOL(L)INI MAPON(O) 
PEG SALUTE D(OMINI) N(OSTEI) ET N(UMERI) 
EQ(UITUM) SAR(MATAEUM) BEEMETENN(ACENSIUM) 
GOEDIANI (?).... ANTONINUS LEG(IONIS) 

SEXTAE VIO(TEICIS) DOMU MELITENUS 

which signifies : "To the holy god Apollo 

Maponus, for the welfare of our lord (the Emperor), and of the 
Numerus of Sarmalian horse of Bremetennacum (styled) the 
Gordian, Antoninus, of the Sixth Legion (styled) the ConqueriDg, 
. . . . By bii*th a Melitene." 

On the right side is a figure representing the god Apollo with 
his lyre, still very effective. If the left was ever sculptured the 
carving has perished. The figures on the back are two females 
holding some object (too much worn to be recognisable) between 
them. 

The head of the altar was probably removed when it was used 
as a building stone ; as it was at Salesbury Hall, where it was 
inserted in the corner of a wall almost immediately after its first 
discovery. 

Two other inscribed altars have been found in Britain bearing 
the name "Maponus." On one of these he is styled, as here, 



20 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTEB. [PART I. 

Apollo Maponiis. Moreover, the altar was dedicated to him by 
a centurion of the same Legion, the Sixth. His name was 
Terentius Firmus, he was an Italian, while the officer of that 
corps stationed at Bibchester was perhaps a Maltese. The 
other altar dedicated to Maponus has been found at a station not 
far from the Great Wall, with which Ribchester was so closely 
connected. It is not known what notions were associated with 
this epithet. The Apollo of Eome was considered to be the 
patron of music and generally of refined tastes. Maponus may 
have been a title borrowed from that of some being venerated in 
this region. The Koman readily adopted, amongst his own, the 
gods of the countries that he conquered. '' The devout polytheist, 
though fondly attached to his national rites, admitted with 
implicit faith the different religions of the earth." Some deity 
bearing an appellation resembling this word in sound was 
perhaps venerated by the British tribe, native to the adjoining 
country. The foreign troops would observe the devotion rendered 
to him, and affected by it would try to propitiate him by erecting 
altars in his honour. 

But if the ide£U3 associated with this divine being are obscure, 
there is dear information afforded by this inscription on two 
most important matters: First as to the Boman name of 
Bibchester; and second as to troops forming its garrison. Its 
name was Bremetennacum. 

We must remember that those who gave it this name were 
foreigners, moreover that the natives of Bibchester spoke quite 
a different language from theirs and from ours. So that their 
local names, as pronounced by Botnans, would sound doubly 
strange to our ears. It may however be observed that the first 
syllable of the name is to be met with in the title of several 
neighbouring localities that retain traces of their original Celtic 
appellation such as Bryn, Brindle, Brinscall, Brimicroft. The last 
two syllables may be discerned in Galacum the name of the next 
station on the northern road, as well as in Eboracum (York.) 
How names of places are altered in lapse of time may be judged 
from the fact, that the latter of these two words is derived from 
the former : York is Eboracum changed. There are two ancient 
guide or hand books of this country in which this name occurs. 



PABT I.] • KOMAN RIBCHE8TER. 21 

in one written Bremetonacum ; in the other, Bremetennaoum. 
The more ancient of these books^ is a sort of working road-book, 
containing a b'st of military roads of the Boman Empire, with the 
names of the stations upon them, and an approximate measure- 
ment of the distances between each station. It gives the road 
from Chesterton in Staffordshire, to Whitley Castle in Northum- 
berland; by Manchester and Wigan, with the stations upon it 
and their distances from each other ; and places Bre^netonacum just 
where Ribchester is now, twenty miles more or less from Wigan, 
and thirty-one from Manchester by this route. There was, it is 
true, a direct road from Manchester to Eibchester, but it is not 
mentioned in the book in question, either because it was 
constructed subsequently to the work being published, or 
because there was no important station upon it, whereas Wigan 
(named by it **Coccium") was a regular camp. The name just 
mentioned has generally been assigned to Eibchester, but the late 
Mr. Thompson Watkin, in his book already referred to, has I 
think, satisfactorily established the claim of Wigan to be Coccium, 
and Eibchester to be Bremetonacum. 

The other book* gives a list of the Eoman provinces, with the 
titles of the governors, and of the chief civil and military dignitaries, 
a list of the forces under each, and the names of the places where 
they were in garrison. This work, after giving the names of 
some of the Eoman stations on the Great Wall with their 
garrisons, proceeds to name others in the northern coimties, and 
amongst them Bremetennaoum along with two others on the line 
of road between Eibchester and the Wall. It says that at this 
place was a detachment of " ArmatursB." 

Now the altar inscription before us tells us that a troop of 

Sarmatarum set it up. In all probability Armaturse is a mistake 

for Sarmatarum ; 80 that the book tells us of Bremetennaoum. 

What we know from other sources (to be subsequently noticed) 

about Eibchester is, that Polish lancers, or Cossacks, as we should 

style them, were once in garrison here — Sarmatia, from which 

they got their name, being applied to an immense tract of country 

including Poland and part of Eussia. 

^C&Hed The Itinerary of Antoninus. 'Called NotUia Imperii^ compiled 

It was compiled A.D. 138-140. early in the 6th century of the 

Chnstian era. 



22 HI8T0BY OF BIB0HE8TEB. [PABT I. 

Another altar mentions soldiers of a different race as quartered 
here. The stone was noticed more than three hundred years ago, 
and some twenty years after this first observation, the antiquary 
Camden says of it : '^ In the year 1603, when I came a second time 
to see Eibchester, I met with an altar, the largest and fairest that 
I ever saw with this inscription." DEIS MATEIBU8 
M(AROUS) INQENUIUS ASIATI0U8 DEC(UEIO) AL(AE) 
AST(UEUM) S(U80EPTUM) S(OLVIT) L(AETUS) 
L(IBENS) M(EEITO). Translated it signifies: '*To the 
goddess mothers, Marcus Ingenuus Asiaticus, a Decurion of 
the cavalry regiment (or wing) of the Astures, performs his vow 
(or undertaking) willingly and dutifully to a deserving object." 
The Astures were Spaniards. Another case of natives of the 
Continent of Europe living in Bibchester. 

Camden says that the altar was in the house of one Thomas 
Ehodes. Thence it was taken to Salesbury, next to Dinckley 
HaU, and, eventually, in 1822 to Stonyhurst College, where it is 
now preserved ; but the inscription is nearly obliterated. 

It was the first altar found in Britain dedicated to the goddess 
mothers. Since Camden's time, about thirty-five more dedications 
to these mothers under various titles have been found. ** To the 
Mothers across the sea;" "To the Mothers of the fields;" "To the 
Mothers of the home ;" "To one's own Mothers." 

Sculptures representing these divine Mothers have frequently 
been found on various ancient sites. They appear generally as 
three sitting female figures, each bearing a basket of fruit in her 
lap. They seem to have been considered as watching over the 
houses, property, and welfare of the people. Faith in them 
formed part of the religious creed of dwellers in Bibchester. 

The same author, Camden, informs us that he saw also another 
altar, a "little" one, cast out among the rubbish. It bore an 
inscription, PACIFEEO MABTI . ELEC AVBA . POSUIT 
EX. VOTO, which probably signifies " To Peace-bringing Mars, 
Feliciana Aureliana has placed this in fulfilment of a vow." 

This is the only inscription found in Britain to Peace-bringing 
Mars. Mars was held in old religion to be the god of war. To 
call him peace-bringing sounds a contradiction, unless it be an 



PAST I.] BOMAN RIBCHE8TBB. 23 

anticipation of the saying, '^ If you wish for peace, be prepared 
for war." 

In 1580, was seen '^ att Mr. Preston's, att Preston, a stone 
from Eibchester," which was probably the base of an altar, and 
bore the following inscription, PATER(NIUS) 8ATURN(I)NU8 
I(OVI) O(PTIMO) V(OVIT) L(IBENS).> As translated: 
"Patemius Saturninus has willingly vowed this to Jupiter the 
Best." 

We have here again in addition to Mars, the name of another 
deity worshipped in our town. He generally bore an additional 
epithet — that of ^* greatest :" as being the supreme god of Boman 
mythology, and adored as such, wherever Boman sway extended. 
Another inscription found here is given differently by ita two 
transcribers. 

The stone itself, an altar, has disappeared. It had been 
preserved at Salesbury Hall, where Oamdeu saw it ; Bobert 
Talbot also described it, so both versions are given. According 
to Camden the whole inscription was, PEO MABTI ET 
VICTOBIAE DD. AVGG. ET . 00 . NN . Talbot's version 
being : DEO MABTI ET VIOTOBIAE P. B. . . . NO H . 
00 . NN ^*To the god Mars, and to the victory of our lords the 
Augusti and Oaesar." If Oamden's be the correct reading (with 
an emendation of a single letter, substituting N.D. for D.D.), 
the date could not have been earlier than A.D. 292 : for in that 
year, two personages received the distinctive title of OaBsar from 
the two superior princes that bore the higher style of Augustus. 
The latter two were Diocletian and Maximian : the former were 
Oaius Galerius Valerius and Oonstantius Ohlorus. 

With these persons thus publicly prayed for in our town, many 
historical memories are associated. The father of Diocletian had 
belonged to a most abject and forlorn class — had been a slave. 
He himself became the first in rank of human beings, was more- 
over a statesman of very high order, regenerator for a time of the 
decaying empire, if not the founder of a new. 

Maximian was born a peasant. He was ignorant of letters. 
To the last, even when seated on the throne, he showed by his 
appearance and manners the meanness of his extraction. War 

^The letters I.O.V.L are expanded, according to Dr. Hiibner*8 conjecture. 



24 HISTORY OF RIBOHESTEB. [PART I. 

was the only art he professed : but in this he was a master. His 
valour, his constancy, and experience rendered him equal to the 
most arduous undertakings. 

Galerius had been a herdsman : became a general of great 
military skill : but, a man of stem temper, while he commanded 
the esteem of his subjects, he seldom condescended to solicit their 
affections. Having won a great victory over the King of Persia 
in the far East, he gained an immense booty. It is told of one 
of his soldiers, that a bag of shining leather filled with pearls 
having fallen into his hands, the soldier threw away the pearls, 
but carefully preserved the bag. 

Oonstantius was of better family than any of the others, and of 
less fierce and cruel temper. Britain had been lost to Home for 
ten years, through the usurpation of the admiral that commanded 
the Boman fleet stationed in the British Channel — '' the Channel 
fleet " of those days. The name of this admiral was Oarausius. 
Roman writers say that he was a Dutchman of very low birth ; 
but Dr. Stukeley, who visited and gave a description of Ribchester, 
already referred to, makes him out to be a native of St. David's, 
in Wales, and a prince of the blood royal of Britain. However 
this may be, he persuaded the legions and auxiliaries which 
guarded the island to embrace his party, and boldly assuming the 
purple dress and the title of Augustus, defied his lawful sovereign. 
He is said to have been proclaimed at York, and may have 
visited our town. He held the title of Emperor in Britain for 

seven years. " Fortune," says Gibbon, " continued propitious 
to a rebellion supported with courage and ability." He 
defended the frontiers of his dominions against the Caledonians 
of the North. He invited from the Continent a great number of 
skilful artists, and displayed on a variety of coins, that are still 
extant, his taste and opulence. (One of these, golden, has been 
sold for 150 pounds sterling.) He was murdered by his prime 
mimster, named Allectus, who also assumed the imperial title, and 
held it during three years. He was beaten in battle by Con- 
stantius : who, like William the Conqueror, seven hundred and 
sixty years afterwards, won the island by a single battle. This 
occurred in the year A.D. 298. Six years afterwards Diocletian 
and Maximian resigned the empire to the Caesars Galerius and 



PART I ROMAN RIBOHESTEB. 26 

Oonstantiiis Ohlorus. The altar must have been erected during 
this interval. Constantius got his epithet of Ohlorus — ''the 
pale one " — ^from his complexion. 

Britain fell to his share in the partition of the empire. He 
immediately came over and fixed his residence at York. And 
there, after two years, he died. After his death, he, like his 
predecessors, was numbered among the gods : and the ceremony 
of his apotheosis or consecration is supposed to have been'per- 
formed at York. The tale has been told, and believed, even by 
Oamden, that a sepulchral lamp, kindled at his burial, was found 
still burning when his tomb was opened after twelve hundred 
years. 

His son Oonstantine, called '' the Qreat,'' succeeded him, being 
proclaimed Emperor by the army at York, where he was at the 
time of his father's death, and where he is said by some to have 
been bom. He was the first Emperor of Bome that professed 
the Christian faith. It is quite within possibility that he may 
have been here. At all events, his father was prayed to and 
worshipped in the military chapel within the camp, for in every 
camp was a military chapel, where the ensigns were deposited 
and the deified emperors were adored. 

The lower portion of an altar formerly built into a chimney 
here, is now preserved at St. John's College, Cambridge. It had 
been dedicated to some deity by a person whose name is lost. 

The inscription is given, 

CUM SUI8 V(OTUM) S(OLVIT) L(IBEN8) M(EEITO) 
" Along with his family, he performs his vow willingly to 
a deserving object." 

On the 28th February, 1833, there was found whilst digging in 
the churchyard, a fine inscribed altar, now at Sharpies Hall, near 
Bolton, in the possession of the Marquis de Eothwell. The 
inscription is, PEG SALYTE ET VICTOEIA INVICTI 
IMP MAE AVE SEVEE ANTONINI P F AVG ET lYL 
AUa MATEI D N ET CAS EIS SEPT ES . . . The 
signification of the inscription as translated is : '' For the safety 
(or welfare) and victory of the unconquerable emperor, Marcus 
Aurelius Severus Antoninus, the Pious, the Fortunate, Augustus, 
and of Julia Augusta, the mother of our lord (the emperor) and 



26 HISTOEY OF BIBCHE8TER. [PABT I. 

of the camp." The remainder of the inscription cannot be 
deciphered, and there was most likely part of it detached before 
the altar was exhumed. Its sides bear representations of vine 
branches, now much worn, and it appears to have been partially 
reddened, as if by burning. 

The inscription is in honour of CaracaUa and his mother Julia 
Domna, widow of Septimius Severus. The seventh and part of 
the eighth line have contained the names and titles of the 
emperor Oeta, which have been purposely effaced by order of his 
brother Oaracalla. The same erasure occurs in many inscriptions 
in Britain and all over the Boman world. As the original 
inscription was executed between the death of Septimius Severus 
and the murder of Oeta, its date is fixed within twelve months — 
between February, A.D. 211 and February, A.D. 212. 

One can imagine the feeling in the place, as the stone cutter 
was seen effacing the name of Oeta ; and when the news of how 
he died became spread abroad — that he was killed in his mother's 
arms, while her other son stood by encouraging and assisting the 
fury of the assassins. It would be told in the streets how the 
distracted mother strove to protect her child, and in the vain 
attempt had been covered with his blood, and wounded in the 
hand. It would afterwards be known that neither business, nor 
pleasure, nor flattery could defend the fratricide from the stings 
of a g^ty conscience ; that he confessed in the anguish of a 
tortured mind, that he often beheld the angry forms of his father 
and brother rising into life to threaten and upbraid him. In 
course of time people would learn with satisfaction that he had 
been stabbed by one of his own guards. The tragical end of his 
mother starving herself to death would also be spread through 
Bibchester. 

In the year 1818 an altar, uninscribed, was found in the cellar 
of the "White Bull" Inn. It was kept for some time in the 
back yard of the house, where it was seen by the members of the 
BritieJi Archaeological Association in 1850; but has now 
disappeared. 

A portion of an altar without inscription is preserved at the 
Bectory ; and with it a sculptured fragment bearing two emblems, 
one of which is supposed t6 denote the shears with which the 



PABT I.] BOMAM BIBOHESTBB. 27 

weird Fates, goddesses once believed in here, were supposed to 
sever the thread of human life. 

A rude statue of Hercules from this place is now at the Old 
Hall, at Tabley, in Cheshire. It is two feet six inches in height, 
and represents the demigod holding his huge club, the top resting 
on the ground, in his right hand ; while over the left shoulder is 
thrown the skin of the Nemean lion, a formidable beast, which 
it had been the first of his twelve fated labours to slay. The 
wonderful adventures of this amazing hero would be a frequent 
theme of soldiers' talk. He would be the Jack the Oiant Killes 
to children in Bibchester in those far-away days. 

The first Eoman tombstone, of whose discovery there is any 
record is thus described by Camden : *' Here was lately dug up 
a stone with the portraiture of a naked man on horseback, 
without saddle or bridle, brandishing his spear with both hands, 
and insulting over a naked man, prostrate, who defends himself 
with something in the form of a square. Between the horse and 
the person prostrate stand the letters D.M. Under the prostrate 
person are GAL. SARMATA. The other letters (for there were 
many more) are so defaced that they cannot be read, and I shall 
not venture to guess at them." 

A very similar description of this stone is given in a letter 
written by Thomas Braithwaite, dated Lancaster, 16 January, 
1604, who adds the further particulars that the prostrate man had 
his face turned upwards, and held his right hand up; also 
that the horse had his right forefoot on the same man's head. 
The " square " which he held in his left hand resembled a book 
shut. 

The letters D.M. are usually to be met with on Eoman tomb- 
stones, and, whenever they are engraven on a stone, it is a sure 
sign of its being sepulchral. They denote a cledication " to the 
gods, the shades" (DEIS, or DIS MANIBUS), the divinities of the 
nether world, whither the dead were supposed to go. All sorts of 
fantastic legends about the future state occupied Bibchester minds 
at the time we are treating of. The dead were supposed to go to 
a kingdom ruled over by a god styled Pluto. When once admitted, 
they were prevented from ever quitting the infernal realm by a 
fierce triple-headed dog that guarded its gates. Hercules, whose 



28 HISTORY OF BIBCHESTEB. [PABT I. 

statue has been found here, as already mentioned, was believed 
to have mastered this dog Cerberus, and to have carried off 
from Pluto's dominions a loved girl. 

Beferring to the inscription upon the tombstone, the letters 
read as (JtAL were deciphered incorrectly. They were originally 
either QAL or OAL : and there had been engraved to the left, 
either the single letter E ; making it EQ AL : EQYES ALAE 
8ABMATAEVM ; or two letters D and E, making it DEO AJL. 
DEOVEIO ALAE SAEMATAEVM. In the former case, coupled 
•with SAEMATA, the inscription would mean : Soldier of Polish 
Cavalry ;" in the latter case : ** Sergeant of Polish Cavalry." 

This stone has been lost. 

On the 8th of April, 1876, another similar tombstone was taken 
by the late Mr. P. Wearden out of the bed of the Ribble, about 
two hundred yards above the site of the camp, and on the opposite 
bank, out of which it had been apparently washed by a flood. 
It bore no inscription. It is now in the Blackburn Museum.^ 

It is one of a well-known class, and represents a horse-soldier 
(probably in this case a Polish lancer) spearing a fallen foe. 

Though somewhat rude and out of proportion, the sculpture is 
not without spirit. The horse is too small for its rider, and the 
head of the latter too large for his body. The saddle and bridle 
are well defined, as are also the reins and other trappings. The 
spear is held in one hand and the rider wears a short tunic, and 
a cloak fastened over the breast by a circular clasp. On his left 
arm is a shield, apparently of oval shape, and a short heavy 
sword or dagger is hung at his right side. He is bare-headed, 
his hair in thick bushy curls, recalling to mind the historian 
Gibbon's account of the race and their unkempt locks. The 
military strength of the Sarmatian nation was composed of 
cavalry, and the custom of their warriors was to lead in their 
hand one or two spare horses. Thus they could advance or 
retreat the more rapidly. 

They wore a sort of cuirass, which was capable of resisting a 
sword or javelin ; though it was formed only of horse's hoofs, 
cut into thin and polished slices, carefully laid over each other 
after the manner of scales or feathers, and strongly sewed upon 
an under-garment of coarse linen. Their horses wore similar 

^ I am able to reproduce an engrav- kindness of Mr. W. A. Abram. 
ing of this tombstone, through the 



FAST I.] BOMAN BIBOHESTER. 29 

armour. On the celebrated column of Trajan, at Bome, the 
Sarmatian cavalry are thus depicted ; and it is curious that this 
armour does not appear on the Bibchester sculptures, one of 
which (the lost one) certainly represents a soldier of this corps. 

What a sight it would be now to see a regiment of horse- 
soldiers clad in such mail parading in these streets ! For 
hundreds of years it was an every day occurrence. 

Several tombstones of a similar kind have been found at Kirby 

•Thore, a station on the road from Ribchester to the Great Wall, 

one at Chester, and in 1881 a very £jie one at Hexham, on the line 

of that mighty fortification. They are, however, for the most part 

inscribed. 

The only other Eoman tombstone recorded as found here is 
of a different type. The inscription is given by an anonymous 
writer, whose manuscript has been preserved, and who was 
probably Thomas Braithwaite, of Lancaster, already mentioned. 
HIS TERRIS TEGttTVR AEL. MATRONA QVOND VIX. 
AN. XXVin. M. II. D. VIII. ET. M. IVL. MAXIMVS. 
FIL. VIX. AN. VI. M. in. D. XX. ET. CAMPANIA. 
DVBITATA MATER VIX. AN. L. IVL. MAXIMVS 
S. C. ALAE SAR. CONIVX CONIVGI INCOMPARABILI 
ET FILIO PATRI PIENTISSIMO ET SOCAERE TENA 
CISSIME MEMORIA P. It signifies : In this earth is held 
that which was at one time ^lia Matrona. She lived twenty- 
eight years, two months, and eight days; and Marcus Julius 
Maximus, her son, he lived six years, three months, and twenty 
days ; and Campania Dubitata, her mother, she lived fifty years. 
Julius Maximus, a singularis consularis^ of the Polish Cavalry, 
the husband to an incomparable wife, and to a son most dutiful 
to his father, and to a mother-in-law of very dear memory has 
placed this." 

In the spring of 1882, a stone, probably sepulchral, which has 
borne an inscription, now undecipherable, was found in the bed 
of the Ribble, about four hundred yards above the camp, by the 
late Mr. Geddes, Curator of the Blackburn Museum. The dis- 
covery of two tombstones in the same direction makes it possible 
that the cemetery of the station was situated towards the east, 

^ Officer of rank. 



30 HISTORY OF MBOHESTER. [PART I. 

and may have been in great part swept away by the river. 
Another stone, called by Dr. Whitaker '* sepulchral," was found 
in digging a grave in the churchyard, and therefore within the 
camp. It is still in ex^tence, but in a very worn and dilapidated 
condition. It is built up in the wall over the back door at Standen 
Hall, near Olitheroe. It is sixteen inches and a half in height, 
and represents a Boman soldier carrying in his right hand a 
military standard. The left arm, which, it is said, bore something 
resembling a club, is now broken off. The figure appears to be 
very rudely executed. The stone is uninscribed. It was in all 
probability not sepulchral. 

A noted antiquary, named Dodsworth, in a letter to a kindred 
spirit, Sir R. Cotton, says that he saw here " a little table of free- 
stone, not half a yard square, with the portraiture of three armed 
men cut therein, but no inscription at all thereon." 

The same writer says, in a letter addressed to the same person, 
dated 26 February, 1622, that he had found a piece of a round 
pillar at Ribchester. It was half a yard wide, and " sculpt on 
one side with letters." EN(DN) IMP . OAES 0- ME8 . 
lOQ . DEO . 10 . TEN. These signified : ** To our lord 
the Emperor Osesar Q-aius Messius Quintus Decius Trajanus." 
They, referred to the Emperor Decius, who reigned a.d. 249-251. 
It was a mile-stone. We know the time it was set up. A mile- 
stone of the same emperor has been found at Lancaster. 

Another antiquary. Dr. Leigh, says that he saw a pillar, about 
seventeen inches in diameter, with letters upon it, but those in a 
great measure erased, and not at all legible." It may be inferred 
from what f oUows in his work that it was found several yards 
under ground, and that it is the one above referred to. 

Again, in an old book^ is engraved and inscribed a pillar 
seventeen inches in diameter, supposed by Dr. Hiibner to be 
identical with the one described by Dodsworth, ** the form of 
which looks somewhat like a milliary pillar. It was lying in a 
garden at the west end of the town, and near the river. So much 
of the inscription is quite effaced, as makes it hard to guess at 
I the meanijig of the whole." According to what was deciphered 

I by the author just quoted (Horsley), the inscription, IMP . 

f ^ Britannia Bomanay or JRoman Britain, 



FABT I.] BOIfAN BTBOHESTEB. 31 

OAES .MA 00 P MAX TI . . . . 

, OM . . I 

OIGI .... SEIFE, would signify: "To the Emperor 
Osesar Marcus Aurelius, Oonsul, Ohief Priest, of Tribunitian 
Authority." Space for several Knes of writing existed between 
these first three and the last three g^ven by Horsley in his 
engraving of the pillar ; but the lines have been wholly defaced. 
Some letters of the last three lines are given, but no sense can be 
made of them ; and this is the more unfortunate, as they originally 
noted the distance of Kibchester from some other important place. 
Or it is possible, judging from certain of the letters recorded, it 
would give the distance from Portus Setantiorum, and decide 
what was the locality so named. 

Two important inscribed stones found here are designated as 
" walling stones." The first known of these was in the year 1773 
in the wall of a small house near the church. It is now preserved 
at St. John's College, Cambridge. The dimensions of the stone 
are two feet four inches long, ten inches high. On the front are 
engraved Latin letters, signifying ** The twentieth Legion, Valeria, 
the Victorious made this." On the right side is a figure of a wild 
boar, which was the badge of the twentieth legion, and occurs on 
many sculptures and inscriptions left by it. 

The other stone, also preserved at St. John's College, as 
bequeathed by Dr. Whitaker, is nine and a half inches high, and 
eleven and three-quarters inches broad, composed of a fine red 
sandstone. On it are words and letter, COH. X. > TITIANA 
0. P. XXVII„ which signify : " The century" (or company of 
one hundred men) (called) Titiana of the tenth cohort built 
twenty seven feet. Titianus was the centurion's name. And his 
company bore his name, ju3t as a company in one of our regiments 
is styled, for example, Captain Smith's, from the name of its head 
officer. Likewise our regiments have their badges, taken from 
animals. For instance, the former Fourth Regiment of the line 
had as such the Lion of England, the former Fifth had St. 
George and the Dragon, and the Sixth an Antelope. The Wild 
Boar was a favourite one, as it should appear from ,its being 
the device of two out of the four legions that conquered Britain. 

It would be most interesting to give some details of the history 



32 HISTOBY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART I. 

of the Twentieth Legion, who built Ribchester, but exigencies of 
space forbid ; we must refer the reader to the well-known works 
on the subject. 

In matter of artistic work or ornament, the most interesting 
discovery ever made here was due to a boy aged thirteen years. 
His name was Walton. He was son of Joseph Walton, a 
labourer, and his discovery was made in the summer of 1796. 
He was at play '^ in a hollow that had been made in the waste 
land, at the side of the road leading to the church, and near the 
bend of the river," within the area of the temple already noticed 
as having been discovered in excavations made by Dr. Whitaker. 
The boy, when in this hollow, *• rubbed accidentally," such is 
the expression, upon a number of articles of metal, at a depth of 
nine feet from the surface of the ground. They lay in a heap of 
red sand that seemed to be placed with them to keep them dry, 
and so preserve them from rust. It did not effect this purpose 
altogether, but it most likely kept them from entire destruction. 
They were bought by Mr. Charles Townley, and are now preserved 
in the British Museum. 

First, we would mention what might be termed, in homely 
language, a " saucepan"^ of bronze, of elegant shape, with its 
rim ornamented with perpendicular lines. It is well preserved. 
The bowl is five and a half inches in diameter. 

Second : A similar saucepan, but considerably larger, though 
by no means in so good a state of preservation. Dr. Whitaker 
restored its form from the fragments. The bowl was seven and 
a half inches in diameter. 

Third : The rim and handle of another bronze saucepan, of 
which the bowl must have been six inches in diameter. It had, 
however, totally decayed. 

Fourth : The remains of a bronze vase, being the bottom and 
parts of the sides. It appears to have been about ten inches in 
diameter and fifteen in height, was highly finished, the polish 
still remaining in the inside, and the metal has a hue of silver, 
similar to that of which the ancient mirrors were made. 

Fifth : A rather rude bronze bust of Minerva, with the 

^ In Latin, patella. 



FABT I ] KOMAN RIBOHSSTEB. 33 

Gbrgon's head upon her breast, faatened to a circular disc, three 
and a quarter inchies in diameter. . 

Sixth : Portions of a bronze basin, which when entire was 
twelve inches in diameter, and three inches deep. 

Seventh: A bronze colander, of very elaborate design, six 
inches in diameter, and three and a half inches deep. It is very 
well preserved, but two others, exactly similar, have to a great 
extent mouldered away, leaving only fragments. 

There were found also four circular plates of bronze, four inches 
in diameter, with a moulding at the border slightly hollowed ; 
three similar plates, only one and a half inches in diameter, with 
the addition of a hinge and remains of a tongue, from which it 
was thought they might be a sort oifibultB (brooches) ; four thin 
circular flat plates, four inches in diameter; a fragment, composed 
of a circular plate, with a border, nearly four inches in diameter, 
to which had been attached, by hinges in opposite directions, four 
circular buckles, nearly of the before-mentioned dimension, one 
of which, only, remains. The whole appears to have been 
enriched with carved work and gilt." 

Also, '' two pieces of ornament, seemingly parts of the stem of 
a candelabrum, filled with lead." 

All the above were of bronze ; but there was also found a 
mortar (hereafter to be noticed) ; the tusk of a boar, three inches 
and three-quarters in length ; a piece of leather, with perforations 
in regular lines, as if made by nails ; and a piece of wood, ten 
inches long with a mortice. 

The inost valuable article found was a bronze helmet (see 
illustration) ; a very elaborate and beautiful work of art, striking 
the beholder with surprise and admiration. It consists of two parts : 
the face, which resembles a mask or visor ; and the rear portion 
for covering the skull. These parts fit each other exactly, and 
were fastened by rings and studs, some of which still remain. The 
mask imitates precisely the human features, which are of a 
remarkably eiffeminate type. Mr. Townley, the purchaser of it 
from Joseph Walton, gives the following description of it. 
*.* The superior workmanship of the mask to that of the head- 
piece is remarkable." (He thinks the mask was made some ages 
before the head-piece.) ^^ It, the mask, measures ten inches and 



34 HISTOBY OF BIBOHESTBB. [PABT I. 

a half from its junction with the skull-piece at the top of the 
forehead to its bottom under the chin. A row of small detached 
locks of hair surrounds the forehead a little above the eyes, 
reaching to the ears, which are well delineated. Upon these locks 
of hair rests the t)ottom of a diadem, which, at the centre in the 
front, is two inches and a quarter in height, diminishing at the 
extremities to one inch and an eighth ; and it is divided horizontally 
into two parts, bearing the proportionate heights just mentioned. 
The lower projects before the higher, and represents a bastion 
wall, separated into seven divisions by projecting turrets, with 
pyramidal tops exceeding a little the height of the wall. Three 
apertures for missile weapons of defence are marked in each of 
the turrets. Two arched doors appear in the middle division of 
this wall ; and one arched door in each of the extreme divisions. 
The upper part of the diadem, which recedes a little, so as to clear 
the top of the wall and of the turrets, was ornamented with seven 
embossed figures placed under the seven arches, the abutments of 
which are heads of genii. The central arch and the figure that 
was within it are destroyed ; but the other six arches are filled 
with a repetition of the following three groups : A Venus, sitting 
upon a marine monster ; before her a draped figure with wings, 
bearing a wreath and a palm branch, and behind her a triton, 
whose lower parts terminate in tails of fish. Two serpents are 
represented on each side of the face, near the ears ; whence the 
bodies of these reptiles surround each cheek and are joined under 
the chin. From the general form of this diadem being usually 
appropriated to female deities, and the circumstances of the lower 
diviflion being composed of a waU and turrets, in the same 
manner as the heads of Isis, Oybele, and the Ephesian Diana are 
decorated, added to the effeminacy and delicacy of the features of 
the mask, we may conclude that it alludes to those goddesses : 
but the manner in which the face is accompanied by serpents, 
strongly indicates that it also comprises the character of Medusa. 
The union of various characters recalls the pantheic representa- 
tions of the goddess Isis, who, according to certain ancient 
authors, comprehends all the female deities ; these deities being 
only personifications of the various powers and qualities attributed 
to Isis.^ When the accompaniments of this mask are attentively 
^This goddess was a fashionable object of deyotion in Hadrian's time. 



PABT I.] BOlfAN BIB0HB8TBB. 35 

considered, I am persuaded they will be found to represent thi^ 
goddess in her generating, preserving, and destroying capacities ; 
which primitiyely constituted her universal dominion, and 
characterised her as the Dea Triformis^' — the triple formed 
Goddess. 

The skull part of the helmet is ornamented with six horse^ 
soldiers, and eleven on foot, all armed and in fighting attitudes. 

Dr. Whitaker, in a letter to Mr. Townley, states that he saw 
the whole of these remains in the summer of 1796 (soon after 
their discovery), \7ith the addition of a sphinx, of bronze, which 
from the remains of solder on the lower side, and also from its 
curvature, appeared to have been attached to some convex surface, 
probably to the top of the helmet," He then describes the loss of 
this sphinx by the children of Laurence Walton (a brother of 
Joseph Walton), to whom it had been given to play with. The 
suggestion that the sphinx belonged to the top of the helmet is 
not at all improbable. As it is evident that the helmet, from its 
delicate and fragile nature, pould not have been made for actual 
warfare, the question arises, for what was it used f We are yet 
in the dark upon this subject ; though the most probable suppo* 
sition is that it was intended to be used in processions. Yexy few 
such elaborately embossed helmets have been found within the 
limits of the Boman Empire. In 1878, there was published in 
Vienna, a work, entitled: << Antique Show-helmets and Sepul- 
chral Masks :" in which all the known examples of ancient masks 
in the museums of Europe are embraced ; amongst them (plates 
Nos. 4, 5, and 6)2appears the Bibchester example. Here is 
something to be proud of : of a specimen, holding such a place 
among the remains of the Gfreat Empire. 

Other valuable relics found have been the following : A finger, 
of about life size, of a copper or bronze statue : a ruby, like that 
of a signet ring, with a figure supposed to represent the god 
Mars : a ring [found near the river, of gold, with a cornelian 
stone, on which were engraven a bird, and these words, AYE 
. MEA , yiTA, signifying: "Hail, my life:" believed to 
be a present by a lover to his mistress, the bird being a raven. 
The poet, Horace, invoked this bird in order to have a favourable 
augury in behaU of his beloved Galatea. 



36 HI8T0BT OF BIB0HE8TEB. [PABT I. 

This ring is still preserved in a family, descended from Dr. 
Whitaker. The stone is hexagonal ; each end division contain- 
ing an A, and the four larger divisions, each two letters. ^ No 
!|^man ring exactly like it has been yet met with. 

A small gold cup, with handles, is said to have been found at 
the back of the *' White Bull." It is not known what became of 

it.. 

'* Tradition also records a singular discovery, viz., the skull of 
an ox, covered with some remains of leather, and studded with 
gold. It is very possible that such a preparation might have 
been used for some sacrificial purpose." 

Along with the altar discovered in 1833 were found a small 
brooch and ring of brass, a circular pendant, apparently inscribed 
with some characters now illegible, and three coins. Of these the 
ring, a plain bronze one, is preserved along with the altar at 
Sharpies Hall. 

A handsome bronze fibula (or brooch), well preserved, was 
found in March, 1 834, on the opposite side of the river, at Har- 
wood Fold, Olayton-le-Dale. It was some years ago in the 
possession of the late John Ecdes, Esq., of Leyland. It appears 
to have been mislaid. 

A massive gold brooch (a drawing of which I am enabled to 
give in this work, through the courtesy of the late Mr. Geddes), 
now in the Blackburn Museum, was found in 1884, just outside 
the old gatewayjj^already described, in excavating for a sewer, 
at a depth of about eight feet. Its weight is 373 grains, or a 
little more than the weight of three sovereigns. It is of the 
harp-shaped type, measures two inches in length by one inch 
across the bow. The . centre and one end have ornamental 
projecHiGinS: with beaded work. The part forming the pin is 
perfect, as is . also a strong ring for attachment by a cord. 
According to the expression of an eminent antiquary, it is 
«< magnificent." .Only three of gold were known before tahave. 
been {ot!md. This makes the fourth in that precious metal;, 
btonze articles of the same shape :being much more common. 
. A lew yef&rs since the churchyard Vas considerably extended to 
the Ayestw^^Td, and, no doubt, as the now portion becomes utilised, 

I Bonum Lancashire, l5i-6, . 



PABT I.] BOMAN BIB0HS8TEB. 37 

further relics will be brought to light, the Roman level being 
invariably come upon, when digging new graves, at a depth of 
about three feet and a half, marked by a stratum of burnt wdody 
and fragments of pottery. In digging a new grave, in 1874, the 
sexton found, in the layer of burnt wood, a very perfect Boman 
steelyard, now in the possession of the Marquis de Bothwell. 

The lever (which is graduated, and marked with numerals), 
the hooks, and chains, are of bronze or Oorinthian 'brass, ^but the 
weights are of lead. It has evidently been used for weighing only 
verj small articles. The length of the beam is six inches and 
seven-eighths. Another object recently found in the churchyard 
is what may have been either a stylus or a bodkin. It appears 
to be of copper or bronze, with a thin coating of gold, and is four 
inches in length, is round all the way to the point, with the 
exception of the head, which is flat, with a slit, as if for the 
insertion of a tape. It was preserved at the Hectory. 

As at most Eoman stations, a number of querns or hand-mills 
for grinding corn have at various times been found. A very flne* 
one is preserved at Tabley Old Hall in' Cheshire. It is about 
fifteen inches in diameter. 

A mortar, which was found with the helmet in 1796, is the 
most perfect of the kind found in Lancashire. It is complete, 
with the exception of a slight breakage near the spout. It beturs 
a stamp^ which tells that it came out of the workshop of a man 
named Boriedus. Two portions of vessels of " white earth," dis- 
covered by Dr. Whitaker in 1813, bore on their curved edges AL 
BINVS and VAL IX. They were no doubt mortars. 

Two handles of amphoree (large jars), marked C.I.S., were 
preserved at the Eectory a few years ago. The same stamp has 
been found at Wilderspool in Cheshire, which was a great place 
for manufacturing' pottery in Homan times. Quantities of frag- 
ments of Samian ware have been found, but few with the makers' 
names. A fragment discovered in 1815 bore the mark MAXIMI, 
and a fragment found in 1888, now in the Preston Museum, bore 
VAETN. In excavations made in 1850, we are told, in the 
angle between the river and the junction of the Cowley brook, a 
large quantity of Eoman pottery was found, consisting of numerous 

BORIEDI OFFIOINA 



38 



HI8T0BY OF BIBCHBSTEB. 



[PABT I. 



fragments of Samian ware, chiefly of dishes^ many marked with 
the potter'd name; one flagon with both handles perfect, and 
others broken; fragments of glass and common pottery, nails, 
bones ef animals, with which were tusks of boars and swine. 

The top oi a great two-handled jar is at the Holme, near 
Burnley. It is eighteen inches in height and the diameter of the 
mouth is six inches. 

A fragment of a very coarse whitish-yellow vessel, now preserved 
at the Bectory, bears the word FECHT (MADE) ; and a similar 
fragment has an illegible potter's name. 

In course of the excavations made in 1888 the central portion 
of a small earthen vase was met with. It had lost its rim and 
base. The body of the vessel, three inches and a half high, and 
two inches flve-eighths in diameter, is marked with screw-like 
indentations within and without. It is of rude workmanship. At 
the same time two instruments for cutting leather, and a shoe-sole 
studded with nails, of very modem aspect, were found. All these 
are deposited in the Preston Museum. 

All the early writers about Ribchester — Leland in 1540, 0am- 
den in 1582 and in 1603, Dr. Leigh in 1699, Stukeley in 1725, 
and Horsley in 1732 — speak of the large number of coins found, 
whilst Dr. Whitaker says:- — ^^ Besides inscriptions, the smaller 
antiquities discovered here are innumerable. The coins, of which 
many of the large brass kind are fotmd, are generally so much 
corroded as to be scarcely legible. Denarii of the Upper Empire 
are not uncommon/' 

Of the coins now traceable, or of which descriptions have been 
preserved, Mr. Thompson Watkin has given the following list : — 



NERO* 



Gold. 



VITELLIUS. 
VESPASIAN. 



Silver. 
First Brass. 



VESPASIAN. First Brass. 



VESPASIAN. Silver. 
TITUS. Silver. 

TITUS. Silver. 



Reverse. IVPPITER GUSTOS. (JUPITER, 
THE GUARDIAN). The god Jupiter 
seated left, holding] a thunderbolt and 
sceptre. 

Reverse obliterated. 

Mars standing with spear in right hand, a 
trophy in left. S. G. By decree of the Senate. 

S.P.Q.R. OB GIVES SERVATOS within a 
wreath. (The Senate and People of Rome 
for Gitizens preserved.) 

Reverse obliterated. 

GONGORDIA (Goncord), a female figure. 

Reverse obliterated. 



[PABT I. 



ROMAN RIBOHESTEB. 



39 



DOMITIAN. 
TRAJAN. 



Fint Brass. Seen by Dr. Stnkeley. Rererse not given. 
Gold. 



TRAJAN. 



HADRIAN. 



FAUSTINA. Gold. 



C0N.V.P.P.8.P.Q.R. OPTIMO PRINOIPI. 
In the exergue AUM. IT AL. The letters 
signify : The Senate and People of Rome 
to a most excellent Prince, Ck>n8iil for the 
fifth time. Father of his country.'' "The 
Feeding of Italy." The Emperor is figured 
wearing the toga (Roman civilian dress), 
distributing food to two infants. 

Silver. P.M. T.R.P. COS. II. PP. (Chief Priest ; 

of Tribunitian authority; Consul for the 
second time ; Father of his Country.) 
Female figure seated ; in right hand a censer, 
in left a cornucopia. 

Debased ROMVLO CONDITORI. To Romulus the 

Silver. . Founder. (Romulus, with head uncovered, 

marching to right, carrying a spear and a 

trophy.) 

Obverse, DIVA FAUSTINA. The goddess 

Faustina. lUverse, AETERNITAS. 

(Eternity, represented by a figure standing 

to left, holding globe and sceptre. 

Second Brass. ABVNDANTIA AVG. The Plenty of 

Augustus. A figure of Plenty standing 
holding cornucopia (horn of abundance). 
Silver. Reverse obliterated. 

VALERIANUS. Second Brass. FELICITAS AVG. The Happiness of 

Augustus. 
Third Brass. VOT. X. (With ten good wishes) within a 

wreath, around it CAESARVM NOS- 
TRORUM. Of our desars. 
Silver. URBS ROMA. The City of Rome. Rome 

represented by a seated female figure. In 
the exergue T.R.P.S. Money struck at 
Trdves. 
Several illegible coins, first, second, and third brass, from Ribchester, are in 
the possession of the Marquis de Rothwell. 

A first brass of Domitian in tolerably good preservation, found in 1886, was 
presented by the Rev. F. J. Dickson, Rector of Ribchester, to the Preston 
Museum. We give both sides of this and the following coin, the reverse only of 
the previous pieces being recorded. Obverse, IMP. CAES. DOMIT. AVG. 
CONS. XI. CENS. PERP. P.P. The Emperor Caesar Domitian Augustus, 
Consul eleven times ; Perpetual Censor; Father of his Country. The head of 
Domitian, right. Border of dots. Reverse, S.C. By Decree of the Senate. A 
figure, left, holding ivory staff in right hand ; in left, a spear resting on the 
ground ; spuming with'right foot a captive seated on the ground. Border of 
dots. 

Coin of Nerva, already mentioned as found in 1888. Obverse, IMP. 
NERVA CAES. AVG. GERM. P.M. TR.P. II. The Emperor Nerva 



MARCUS 
AURELIUS. 

SEVBRUS. 



CRISPUS. 



VALENS. 



40 HISTOEY OF EIBCHBSTEE. [PABT I. 

CsBsar Augustus, Germanicus ; Chief Priest; of TribunitiAn Authority twice. 
Head of Nerva, radiate, right fieyerse, IMP. 11. COS, nil. P.P. S.G. 
Emperor twice, Consul four times ; Father of his Country ; by Decree of the 
Senate. A figure standing ; in right hand, a ploughshare, in left a cornucopia. 
Four other coins, like the last described of third brass, but illegible, were 
obtained in the recent excavations. 

Postscript. 

It is only right to add that the excavations made in 1888 and 
last year were carried out mainly through the instrumentality of 
the writer of the above chapter. Mr. Shortt has, however, with 
his usual modesty, omitted to mention this important fact. I only 
wish the leading landowners in the district would rise to a sense 
of the importance of this matter, and organise (as they easily 
could) excavations on a much larger scale than what has been 
possible in the last two years. It is a 3hame that in RibchesUr 
itself there should scarcely be a Boman curio of any value. 

The following ** Chronology" and "List of Boman Objects 
Found at Bibchester," has been compiled by the Bev. Jonathan 
Shortt, B A. :— 

CHRONOLOGY OF ROMAN RIBCHESTER. 

Founding of the Chester. 

Walling Stone of tne Twentieth Legion. 
„ Stone of Titian's Regiment. 

Building of Forum by Sixth Legion. 

Mile-stone of Marcus Aurelius. 

Burning of the Chester by Caledonians. 

Altar set up in honour of Caracalla. 

Restoration of Temple. 
238-244. Altar to Apollo Maponus by Sixth Legion. 
249-25L Mile-stones set up by Emperor DECIUS. 
298-305. Altar to god Mars and Victory. 
396. Departure of the Twentieth Legion. 

410-416. Withdrawal of Roman troops from Britain. 



A.D. 


. 124. 




If 




)> 




161-162. 




161-180. 


■ 


184. 




211-212. 




211-235. 






RELAPSE OF RIBCHESTER UNDER CELTIC DOMINION. 



LIST OF PRINCIPAL OBJECTS RECORDED AS FOUND. 
Remains of three Temples ; the largest found July, 181L 
Inscription on a probable Forum, seen 1730. 
Altar to Apollo Maponus ; dug up in 1678. 
„ to Goddess Mothers, seen April, 1580. * 

to Mars Pacif er, seen 1603. 

with name ; " PATERNIUS SATURNINUS," seen 1603. 
to god Mara and Victory, seen 1604. 



If 



PABT I.] BOMAK BIB0HB8TBB. 41 

Altar ** With his famtty/' insoribed, seen 1818: 
„ uninscribed, seen 1833. 
„ in honour of Osraoalla, found 1833. 
„ preserved at the. Rectory, umnscribed, 1888. 
Tombstone of Sarmatian soldier, seen 1(S07. 

„ Do. uninBoribed, in Blaokbum Museum, found 8 April, 1876. 

„ Julius Maximus, seen 1607. 

Slab with figure of Boman soldier, seen 1773. 

„ „ Herculfis (t) < ' 

„ „ Three armed men (?) 

„ „ Shears of Fate (?) 

Hypocaust, discovered February, 1837. 
Seven Bronze utensils, found 1796. 
Bronze helmet, with mask, found 1796. 
Mile-stone of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, seen 1612. 

„ „ „ DeoiuB, seen 1612. 

linger of a Inonzt statue, 1699. 
Gold ring with cornelian, 1699. 
Gold cup (?) 

Skull of ox, covered with leather and studded with gold (?) 
Brooch, pendant and ring of brass, found 1833. 

,, of bromse, found March, 1834. 
Quern.' 

Steel-yard, 1874. 
Stylus or bodkin, (?) 

Nineteen coins, decipherable, found at various times. 
Many coins, quite defaced. 
Handles of jars, with makers' ciphers. 
Mortar, the most perfect found in Lancashire. 



Mgr. R. Gradwell has sent me the following derivation of Bremetonacum. 
** It is evidently a Briti^ or Celtic word. The last two syllables may be omitted 
in considering the meaning of the words as * ac ' merely denotes a district, and 
* um* is a Latin termination. There remains Bremeton, ' Bry' or *Bryn ' stands 
for a hill ; but the * Meton * is not so clear. In the Breton tongue, it is used as 
a term for a fox, as we use Reyniurd. Now this would give us a reasonable 
explanation, viz. : 'Fox Hill,' for the country was wild and desolate enough, and 
the vnld beasts could roam at their wilL" Aa will be seen in chapb ii., frequent 
payments occur for fox heads so late as the seventeenth century. 



42 



HISTOmr OF RIB0HB8TEB. 



[part it. 



!=> Au K; T XX. 

OHAPTEE I. 




HE Parish of Eibchester was formerly included in the 
Hundred of Amounderness, and comprised the 
townships of Alston^ Dilworth, Dutton, Hothersali, 
and Eibchester ; but in '^ modem times" it became 
a portion of the Blackburn Hundred ; and in 1868 the two former 
townships were made into the Ecclesiastical District of Longridge. 
The History of Eibchester down to the abandonment of Britain 
by the Eomans, has been fully dealt with. Of its history from 
that time to the fourteenth century little is known. In 1382 
Eibchester was harassed and burnt down by the Soots.* All we 
know is more or less conjectural. In the Domeadajf 8urwf we 
are told that Earl Tosti had sixteen villages in Amoundeniess 
dependent upon Preston, among which were : " Actun (Alston) 
one carucate ; Eibelcastre (Eibchest«r) two carucates." In this 
district there were three churches^ at St. Michael's, Preston, and 
Kirkham ; and the inhabitants were " few." The early ways of 
spelling the names of the townships in the parish are here given 
in tabular form. (See also appendix.) 



Modern Nftme. 



Eibchester 

Hothersali 

Dutton 

DUworth 

Alston 



Domesday 
Name. 



Bihdcfutre 

Hadreshall 
(1200) 

Dutton (1200) 

Dylleword 
(1200) 

Actun 



Name Temp. 
Ed. m. 



Name Temp, 
Hen. Vin. 



Ribelcestre 

Hudezsall 

Dutton 

Dilleworth 

Alsden 



Eybchester 

Veeresee 

Dutton 

Dilworth 

Howston 



Probable Derivation 
and Meaning * 



"The castra (camp) 
on the Bibble." 

** The house of?'* 



''The town of the 
Duttons." 

"The swampy 
settlement" 

"Athel's-town. 



>» 



^■Inq. Non. , ,^, 

'» These derivations are given with 
the utmost difBdence— being deduced 
from Taylor, Blackie, Atkhison and 



other eminent philologists. The 
science of philologv is dark and mys- 
terious to the uninitiated. 



OHAP. I.] 



aXmCBAL RISTOBT. 



43 



The first Lords of Bibohester were the De Lacyes, the Duttons, 
the Cliderhows, the OSLaytonSy the Prion of St. John of Jerusalem, 
and the Motons. In 42 Hen. HE (1257.8) the Manor of 
Bibohester, says Baines, was held by Edmnnd de Lacye. ^ 

In 20, Edw. I (1292) Biohard de Dutton, son of William de 
Dutton, released and quitclaimed to Hugh de Oliderhow and his 
heirs, all the right which he had by gift of his xmole in the town- 
ship of Dutton. * Also, about the same time, Bichard de Dutton 
quitclaimed to his uncle Biohard all his lands in Dutton which 
he had from his father. The deed was witnessed by (among 
others) '' Henry de Kighley, then seneschal, William de Mutton, 
then constable of Oliderhowe. Adam de Osbaldeston, Bobert 
Muttun, and Bichard de Boulton.* 

Adam, his son, granted his lands in " Hayhirst '' in the 
township of Dutton to William de Dutton, in a deed without 
date. ^ 

This Adam de Dutton was probably brother to Bichard de 
Dutton ; as in a deed, also without date, we find him giving and 
granting to ** John, son of Elias, the miller of Dutton, a certain 
part of my land lying within these boundaries : beginning at the 
land of Thomas son of Lambert, following the said land to the 
land of Jordan the clergyman, following the land of the said 
Jordan to the exit of Hayhirste, following the said exit to the 
land formerly of Bichard of the Ulnesbothes, and following the 
said land to the said land of Thomas son of Lambert ; for a grain 
of pepper, to be paid yearly. Witnessed by Hugh de Gliderhowe, 
Thomas, son of Bichard de Ulnesbothes, Jordan, his son, clergy- 
man, Henry de Clayton, etc." 

Bobert de Dutton gave his brother Adam his lands in Dutton, 
between the high way of Dutton and the thread of the water of 
Dodilbroc, and between the land of Hugh de QHderhowe and 
Henry de Melner, with buildings and orchard, paying annually 
to the Chief Lord, Henry de Clayton, four silyer pennies at the 
feast of St. ^gidius. * 

Adam de Dutton, son of Bichard, gare his brother Bichard de 
Dutton all his land ^' in the township of Dutton between the land 



^ Hiit. of Lane, ^ (1st edit.) Hi., 342. 
s Tovmdey MSS., voL D.D., U46. 
3 ToumeUif MSS., D.D., 1U7. 



* Ibid., D.D.. 1148. 

s Towndey MSS., D.D., 1136. 

« TMcL^ D J)., 1138. 



44 



HISTOBT OF BIBGHEBTEB. 



[PABT II. 



of Bobert son of William de Button and the dyke which goes 
nearest to Langlarohe and between the exit and the end of 
Dodilbroc " on payment yearly of four silver pennies. Witnesses : 
Bichard de Bolton, Bobert his son, Bobt. son of Elias de 
Bibbilchester, Thomas de Dodil, et dliis,^ 

Whitaker quotes from the Harh M88. several charters (with- 
out date) relating to Bichard son of XJghtred de Dutton. The 
following (also without date) from the ToumeUy MS8,f apparently 
relates to another son, Balph de Dutton, who granted to Balph 
son of Adam de Blackburne all his land in *^ the territory " of 
Dutton within certain boundaries. '^ Ernnysclogh " ; the lands of 
Henry de Ourdeclyne and Adam the Forman; '^ Bakendesclough ;" 
^' Houslone," and the '^hedges of John de Bumyl" are the bound- 
aries. Witnesses (among others) Bichard de Alston, Walter de 
Bayley, and Bichard de Balderston.' 

William de Dutton, son of Bichard, gave his lands in ^^ Hayhirste 
in Dutton '' to Hugh do Olyderhowe upon payment of six silver 
pennies.' [In 10Edw.n.(ldl7),Adam,sonof HugodeOliderhow, 
held these lands.] 

He also granted ^\to Alexander son of Balph the Tyneke all 
that land in Hayhirst which Bichard de Ennetessil bought of 
Ohristiana wife of Bobert de Hayrst and of Oimmiala her sister," 
on payment yearly of two silver shillings. Witnessed by (among 
others) Adam de Salebury, William son of Sivard, and William 
Mutun.* He also granted to his son Bichard de Dutton '^ aU that 
portion of land which his mother Alice had by way of dowry, 
within these boundaries, beginning at the land of Lambert, 
ascending Bodilbroc as far as the Glappandeclogh," thence '^ as 
far as the ditch Bothcollot," thence to the issue," etc.; ** to be had 
and held and in multure in his mills of the Bibel, for a yearly 
payment of two pence." Witnesses, Henry de Clayton, Henry 
de Cundedive, John de Bimil, et diis^ 

No dates are appended to the above deeds, but they would be 
drawn up between 1270 and 1310. 

In a deed, without date, Amabilia, formerly wife of Wm. de 
Porte, quitclaimed to Bichard de Alston lands in Alston. Wit- 



1 I'owiirf^yMSS., DD.,1142 
3 Toumdey MSS., DD., 1140 
<» Tovmdey MSS., DD., 1139 



* Ibid,, DD., 1134. 

« Toumdey MSS., DD., 1136. 



CHAP. I.] GENEBAL HISTORY. 45 

nesses: William^ B6n of William, parson de Alston, William de 
Brockhole, Bobert de Hodersale, olericus, etc.^ 

The Glajtoiis were the Lords of Bibchester about the end of 
the fourteenth century. Whitaker states that '^A William de 
Button grants his land in Button to Henry de Clayton," and that 
'^ a Ealph de Olayton styles himself Dns. de Button 14 Edw. III. 
(1340-1)."» 

For only a few years were the Claytons Lords of Bibchester, as 
in 27 Edw.m. (1353-4) we find Bobert Moton described as such 
in a deed, in which "Alice, daughter of Bobert Francys, gave and 
confirmed to John de Lee, junior," a certain house in Bibchester, 
which formerly Boger the chaplain held, as it lies between the 
land of Symon de Preston and the land of Bobert Motton, lord of 
Bibchester." Witnesses (among others), Nicholas Motton and 
Bichard de Townley.* In 1355 Bobert Moton gave William of 
WhaUey his manor of Bibchester.* In 1361 William Moton, 
chaplain, along with John de Osbaldeston, chaplain, received the 
grant of the manors of Salesbury and Clayton, and all the lands 
and tenements, rents, returns, and services which Bobert de 
Cliderowe had in Preston, Bibblecastr', Button, Bynckeley, Wilp- 
shir', Oswaldestwyssil, Cliderowe, and Litelpenhulton, along with 
a water mill near Bibbilcastr', with the homages and services of 
all the free tenants of his in the aforesaid manors and townships. 
Witnesses, Adam de Hoghton, Bichard de Shirebume, William 
de Clifton, Knights; John de Alvetham, Gilbert de Legh, Henry 
de Clayton de Button, ^t aliuy^ But the Claytons must have 
regained possession of their manors (or of a portion of them), as 
Mr. Abram states that "Henry de Clayton held manorial estate in 
Button in 1373."* And in 1364 "John, sbn of John, son of 
Gilbert de Clayton, quitclaimed to John Osbaldeston and William 
Moton" all the right he had in " those two tofts with the houses 
built thereon in Bibbilcester'." Witnesses: Bobert, son of Bobert 
de Cliderowe, Henry Clayton de Button, Bobert, son of Bobert 
Moton, Thomas Bannastr' de Osbaldeston, et aUisJ 

In 39 Edw. m. (1 366) Bichard, son of William of Schypindogh, 

^T<yumdey MSS., D.D. »/Wd. 

> WhU. WhaUey [ivth edit] ii. 467-8. •JJiit. of Blackburn, 557. 

^Ihidi ^Timneley MSS. 



46 HISTORT OF RIB0HB8TEB. [PABT n. 

gave to Jolm de Osbaldeston and William Moton, chaplains, all 
his lands which he had <* after the decease of William/' his 
^^ father, in the town of Eibblecestr', to be held of the chief lords." 
Witnesses: Bichard de Townley, at that time seneschal of the 
wapentake of Cliderow, et aHis,^ 

Then, in 1372, William, son of Bichard de Dodehull, quit* 
claimed to William Moton, chaplain, all the right he had in the 
lands which John Osbaldeston and the same William Moton, 
chaplains, had by his gift in the town of Bibbilchaster.' And 
in 1327 Henry Moton, son of William Moton, quitclaimed to the 
Abbey of WhaUey his mill in Bibchester.* But even previous to 
this (in 1190-1200), we find Adam de Windell granting to Walter 
Moton, who had married Amabell, his daughter, lands in Bibble- 
cestre and Dilleworthe. Witnesses : Oalfrid, Dean of Whalley ; 
J. de Lasey, constable of Cheshire/ 

Whitaker states that ''in 1373-4 Henry de Clayton grants the 
manor of Button to Bichard de Townley, In the Townleys of 
Townley it continued till it was given to Bichard Townley, a 
younger son, in whose descendants and name it remained until 
the death of Henry Townley."' This statement of the Historian 
of Whalley is but one of many erroneous ones made by him in 
his aoooimt of Bibchester. We are amazed at such inaccuracy, 
for Dr. Whitaker had access to the manuscripts from which I am 
quoting. The Townleys were never Lords of the Manor of Bib- 
chester or Dutton ; and in spite of former adverse criticism we 
can only repeat what we said in the History of Longridge^ as to 
the carelessness of the Editors of the fourth edition of the Sktory 
of WhaUey. 

We have quoted Mr. Abram's statement as to Henry de Clayton 
holding ''manorial estate" in Dutton in 1373; but from the 
following deeds the statement seems doubtful : — 

" I, William Moton, chaplain, have given to Bichard de Brad- 

^Pnd. holding the "manor'* of Dutton. 

^Ibid. Baines makes the curious statement 

^Chart Whall. Abbey, 635. that Richard de Oaldeootes was iden- 

^Piecope MSS. tical with Richard de Towneley (iii., 

•Whit. WhaUey, 11, 468. 388). In the T^wndey MS&, voL 

•Hitt. of Lm^ndge, 169-7a We D.I). 983, Richard de Galdecotes is 

are quite aware tiiat in one or two e3q>res8lj called *'Capellanus." 

MSS. the Towneleys are described as 



GHAP. I.] QBNERAL HI8T0BY. 47 

Idegh, ohaplain, and to Henry and hia hain all the measoagea and 
landa wlii<^ I had in the towns of Bibbeloester, Dutton, Ghepin, 
and in the hamlet of Baylegh, in the town of Aghton, to be held 
of the chief lords. These being witnesses : Adam de Hoghton, 
Robert de CQiderowe, Bichard de Townleye, Thomas Bannastr' de 
Osbaldeston, John de Balegh, and others. Qiven at Bibbilcester 
on the Sunday next after the feast of Saint Wilfrid the Bishop, 
43 Edw. UL. 1370)."* 

In the same year (1370) Oecilia, relict of Nicholas Moton, and 
Alicia, her sister, quitclaimed to Eichard, son of Thomas 
Hyohecockson, all their right which they had in the lands in 
Bibchester, which Bichard had <' by grant of Nicholas Moton," 
recovery being made through Bichard, son of Boger Willyson, 
by a certain John Franceys.' 

The Singletons of Ohingle Hall, Whittingfaam, were for many 
years large landowners in the Parish of Bibchester, being Lords 
of the Manor of Alston. The following deed (dated 1365) from 
the ToumeUy M88. is interesting. '' I Margaret de Knoll in my 
pure widowhood have granted to John son of Bawnlegh all that 
land with haU a messuage, which I had after the decease of 
Banulph de Singletone my father, in the high field' of Dillworth 
in the town of Bibchester to be held, etc." Witnesses : Bobert 
de Gliderowe, Bobert Moton, it aUis. 

But in 1312 Bichard, son of Adam de Hoghton, gave Bichard 
his son, his manors of Alsden, Hodershall and Dilworth in 
Bibchester." 

Apparently, then, the Singletons were Lords of these manors 
from about 1200 to 1300. 

Then the Hoghtons became Lords of the Manors of Alston, 
Dilworth, and Hotbersall. In 1358 we find Adam de Hoghton, 
Knight, gave ''to Bobert son of John Wilcockson of Bibilchester 
all his land that he had in the township of Bibblecaster by gift 
of John son of Henry de Whallay and [which] formerly belonged 
to the aforesaid John Wilkokson, father of the aforesaid Bobert : 
rent being paid to me and my heirs annually, for the first twenty 
years of two silver shillings, and afterwards of a rose only. 

^ Tcwndey MSS., D.D. * A farm in Dilworth (see xi»p)i8 

.« iWrf. 8tm oaUed " The High House."^ 



48 HI8T0EY OF RIBCH^STEE. [PART II. 

Witnesses : Eobert Oliderowe, Gilbert de Leghe, Biclxaid Nowell, 
Bichard Knoll, Jordan de Kenyon, et aliis. Given at Preston."* 
The Hoghtons became Lords of the Manors 6t Bibchester and 
Dutton about the year 1400, in whose family they remained 
(along with the manors of Alston, Dil worth, and Hothersall,) until 
the close of the sixteenth century. Dr. Whitaker ignores this 
important fact. It is very hard to believe that he could make 
such a terrible omission. The Hoghtons have left indelible 
traces of their long lordship. The very signs of the leading Inns 
in the parish of Bibchester speak of the long connection of this 
historic family with the district. No less than four Inns bear the 
sign of "the Bull," and one more, at least, formerly bore the 
Hoghton bull as its sign. This omission of Dr. Whitaker's is on 
a par with his omission of almost all mention of the Bev. George 
Ogden, who was Vicar of Bibchester for a quarter of a century, 
and who was, moreover, the most distinguished vicar the parish 
has had. I write strongly because Dr. Whitaker must have been 
aware of his omissions. His industry and erudition are, of course, 
wlel known; his opportunities for acquiring information were 
unequalled. His visits to Bibchester were frequent; and we 
suppose he did not fail to closely examine the church books. It 
is, then,''unfortunate that a writer so often quoted should have 
perpetuated omissions of so serious a character as the ones I have 
named.^ The Hoghtons then succeeded the Motons as Lords of 
the Manor of Bibchester. In 1406, Bichard de Hoghton "allowed 
Bichard Ewood, chaplain, to receive from WiUiam Moton 
chaplain full seizing of all the lands in the town^ips of Dutton, 
Ohipin, Bibbilcester, Gosenargh, Hodersale, and Aghton in 
Blackbumshire."* These lands had on the 28th January in the 
same year been " quitclaimed to WiUiam Moton and his heirs by 
Nicholas de Winckly, parson of the Church of Asshton, in the 
Oouniy of Chester, Bichard de Twistef eld, Vicar of the Church of 

^ Hoghton MSS. accepted any statement of theirs 

3 Since I wrote^the aboye I have without consulting the oriffinal 

noticed that Fishwick, the well-known authority for it, the result of ten oeing 

local historian, in the Preface of his to confirm " his unbelief.*' I venturo 

reoently-publi^ed History of Bock- to say that Fishwick's statement is 

dale, says he has not '* much faith '* quite within the mark, 
in tne accuracy of either Baines or * Hoghton MSS. 

Whitaker, and that he has "not 



CKAP. I.] OXNERAL HISTOBT. 49 

fiochdale, Biohard de Bibchester, Richard Seddon, Eiohard 
Heron, Bichard Mathen, Thomas Anandesley and William 
Hajhurst, chaplains."^ In 1421, '* Johanna and Thomas Bobinson 
Johanson held land in Bibohester. Given at Bibbelcester on 
Wednesday next after the Disoovery of the Holy Cross."' 

At an Inq. held at Preston 10 Hen. Y. (1422), Sir Bichard de 
Hoghton was declared to have held half the manor of Alston.* 
And in 1425 he also held the manor of Chipping, half the manor 
of Hothersall, and an eighth part; likewise he held half the 
manor of Dilworth of the heirs of Bobert de Dilworth; and a 
parcel of land in Hothersall called Ulmon Bidding of God and St. 
John of Jerusalem.^ 

In 1444, ^< Henry de Hoghton, son and heir of Bichard de 
Hoghton, Knight; Henry de Kighley, Esquire; John de Hoghtov, 
son of Edward Hoghton ; and Thomas de Tunstale, chaplain, 
appointed Bochelou de Werden their lawful attorney to receive on 
their behalf full seizing in all the lands, etc., which they had by 
f eof&nent of Margarete, wife of John Shorte, and Agnes del Hogh, 
sister of the said Margarete, in the township of Button."* 

In 50 Ed. III. (1396-7), Adam Hoghton and Thomas Banaster, 
Knts., gave John de Bavinshagh the water mill of Dilworth at 
" Le Liim," on payment yearly of 68. 8d. 

In 1418, at an Inq. taken at Lancaster, it was declared that 
Will, de Hill was seized of a plot of land called SprodpuUey, 
which was held of Thurstan de Lyvalx de Bibchester, in socage, 
etc. ; and that on accoimt of the idiocy of the said William the 
lands were in the King's hands/ 

In 1459, << Alicia Halgh, formerly the wife of William Halgh, 
gave to Alexander Halgh, son of Bobert Halgh, and his heirs all 
that messuage called Shipley Bidding, lying in the township of 
Bibchester, which formerly belonged to Johanna, wife of Thomas 
Bobinsoi^ Jonson." Witnesses: Henry Townley, Ughtred 
Hodersall, John Lynuls, Henry Cotome, Oliyer Hayhirst.* 

In the same year (1459) '^ Alicia Halgh" confirmed to Alexander 
Halgh lands in Bibchester and Hodersall, which formerly belonged 

1 Ibid, » Towndey MSS., D.D, 

« Ibid. • Piccope MSS. 

8 /Ih^th Sru* Y/»v tAA 7 nh^h SLw vAw 



« Ibid. 

' Cheth. Soc., xcv., 

* Jbidf xdx., 12. 



146. 7 Cheth. Soe.j xct. 

" HoghUm MSQ. 



50 HISTO&T OF BIBOHESTER. [PABT II. 

to Thomas Ooldisburgh and Emma his wife,^ 

In 1466 Thomas Shorte ratified and confirmed the possession 
which John Talbot, junior, Esq., had in all the lands which the 
aforesaid John lately had by feoffment of John Shorte.' 

In 1467-8 *^ Henry Hoghton, Esq., and John Hoghton, son of 
Edward Hoghton, being seized along with Henry Kighley and 
Thomas TunstaU, chaplain, now defunct, through feoffment of 
Margarete Shorte and Agnes de Hogh, her sister, in all those 
messuages which the sai:!. Margarete and Agnes had in Button, 
remitted and released to John Shorte all their right in these 
premises." Witnesses: ^' Eichard Banaster, at that time Mayor 
of Preston ; Lawrence Aynesworth, and James Singleton."* 

In 1473 ** Alexander Halgh, late of Eibchester, gave to Eobert 
Preston, of Preston, all his lands lately called Goddisbroke Londes 
lying in the Hees of Bybchester," and all his lands below a close 
of Thomas Blackburne.* 

And two years later (1476) " Thomas Pensay quitclaimed to 
John Holgate all the right he ever had in Eibchester and Hordir- 
sail which he had by gift of Alexander Halgh." '^ 

In the same year (1475) "John Talbot, Esq., son and heir 
apparent of John Talbot, of Salesbury, lately defunct, quitclaimed 
to John Halgh all the right he ever had in all the lands within 
Eibchester and Hodersale, which John Talbot, who lately died, 
had by gift of his father Eobert. Witnesses : Eichard Lynalls, 
gent., Thomas Blackbume, and William Cottome."* 

In 1483 "Eobert Preston remitted to John Halgh his claim on 
the lands called Ooddisbrockes, which he had by gift of Alexander 
Halgh, son of Eobert Halgh, of Eibchester.' 

The Talbots of Salesbury owned lands in Eibchester for many 
years. 

In 1482 " Sir John Talbot, of Sailebury, granted to Eichard 
Banaster of Alyetham, Nicholas Townley, Laurence Aynesworth, 
and Eoger Talbot, Knts., Eli Orombelholme, and Oliver Hall, 
chaplains, lands in Eibchester. ^ 

* Hoghton MSS. A "mem.'* is » Ibid. 

appended to this deed to the efifect * Hcphtan MSS. 

that the "intayle** is void, becanse ^ Ibid. 

Thomas Goldisburgh had given the «, Tovmdey MSS., D.D. 

said lands to Robert HiJgh. ' Ibid. 

« Toumdey MSS., D.D. « Ibid. 



OHAP. I.] QENEEAL HISTORY. 61 

In 1495 « Ealph Webster gave and granted to John Talbot, E»^ 
all the messuages that descended to him hereditary or otherwise 
in Bibchester." Biohard Lynals and Wm. Johnson, alia^ Wm. 
Ecdeston, were made his lawful attomejrs. Witnesses: Bd. 
Longton, Ed. Shirebume, 'KP^* Jas. Walton, Mayor of Preston ; 
Thos. Fencap, John Dowe, EUese Gotom, etc. 

In 1506 Sir John Talbot, <<son and heir apparent of Sir John 
Talbot, of Salebury, along with his three brothers, released to 
John Singleton, of Ohingle Hall, £jit., all the lands in Bibohester 
he had of John Lord or Banulph Webster. The Talbots continued 
to hold lands in Bibohester until 1652, when they were seques- 
trated, and sold to Adam Boulton, of Salesbury. 

The Hothersalls, of Hothersall Hall, have been connected with 
Bibchester longer than any other family. In I John (1199) 
Warine, son of Bobert de Hadreshall, held 2 bovates of land in 
Hothersall. Thomas de Hadreshall died in 1256-7, seized of 
lands in Hothersall and Alston. In a deed, without date, Adam, 
son of Qerard de Hodersale, gave Bobert, son of Stephen de 
Hodersale, and Boger, his son, three acres of land in Alston, 
lying in Whytecker, near the land of Waser de Samlesbury on 
tiie west. Witnesses : Thomas de Hodersale, Henry, chricua de 
Preston, Hugo de Hodersall, et aliiB. Full particulars of this old 
Bibchester family will be found in chapter xii., along with notices 
of the Towneleys, Walmsleys, Osbaldeetons, and other noted 
families who long held lands in Bibchester. 

The connection of the Knights Hospitallers of St. John of 
Jerusalem with the parish is traced in chapter iii. 

In 4 Hen. VII. (1488-9), the King granted the forfeited estate 
of Sir James Haiyngton to *' our cousin Thomas, Earl of Derby, 
lately Lord of Stanley, the most beloved husband of our dearest 
mother, for all his expenses incurred in our services, without any 
rent or payment."* 

In 3 Edw. VI. (1549-50), William Eccleston, of Eccleston, gent., 
having paid £1,731 18s. 8d. into the Court of Augmentation of 
the Crown, and ^' by advisement of our most dear uncle and our 
counsellor Edward, Duke of Somerset, governor of our Person, 
and Protector of our Kingdoms,'* obtained along with Antony 

^Ibid, ^Patent Roll, M. 20. 



52 HISTOBT OF BIBOHESTEB. [PABT n. 

Lajton, gent., a grant of lands in Bailey, Bibohester, and Dutton, 
which formerly belonged to the '' late Ohantry in the chapel of 
Bailey."* 

In 6 Eliz. (1563-4), in consideration of asum of £1,107 178. Id., 
Charles Jackson of ffyrbeoke, co. York, Esq., and William Mason 
of Egmanton, co. Notts., gent., had granted to them '*a parcel of 
land called Dutton Lee," containing 12 acres of land; Button 
Common, 20 acres ; a rood of land occupied by George Hayrst ; 
half-a-rood of land occupied by James Cowell; a rood of land 
occupied by John Baylie ; a rood of land occupied by Bichard 
Crumbleholme ; and a rood of land occupied by Henry Hayrst^— 
all of which ^'were parcel of the domain or manor of Dutton, 
formerly belonging to the late Monastery of Whalley," and had 
been '^ secretly and subtlely kept from the Queen and her fore- 
fathers." • 

In 36 Eliz. (1594) says Baines, Sir Eichard Shirebume died 
seized of the Manor of Eibchester. ' In this family it remained 
along with the Manor of Dutton until the death of Sir Nicholas 
Shirebume, the last of the line, in 1717. Along with the other 
extensive possessions of the family, the Manors of Dutton and 
Eibchester became the property of the Duchess of Norfolk, the 
only daughter of Sir Nicholas Shirebume. From the Duchess, 
who died without issue in 1754, the property passed to Edward 
Weld, Esq., of Lul worth, grand-nephew of Sir Nicholas, county 
Dorset. On his death in 1761, his sen, Edward Weld, Esq., became 
Lord of the Manors ; being succeeded on his death in 1775, by 
his only brother Thomas Weld, Esq. He died in 1810, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son Thomas Weld, Esq., ''who aiter the 
death of his wife entered the priesthood of the Church of Eome, 
and in due time became a Cardinal." In 1829, the property was 
sold to Joseph Fenton, Esquire, of Eochdale, in whose family it 
has since remained. The present Lord of the Manors is James 
Fenton, Esquire, of Dutton Manor, Eibchester. 

Eeverting to the Lordship of the Manor of Alston (in which 
Dilworth and Hothersall seem to be included) after having been 
in the Hoghton family for four centuries, it was sold by Sir H. P. 

^Ibid, M. 45. • HUt. of Lane., iii, 382. 

a/6ui,!M. 26. 



OHAP. I.] GENERAL HI8T0BT. 53 

Hoghton about 1800 to William Gross, Esquiroi of Bed Soar, 
Grimsargli ; his grandson, WUliam Gross, Esquire, of Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, being the present Lord of the Manor, although he 
does not own much, if anj, property in the parish. 

In the Duchy of Lancaster Pleading^ (1549-50) is a long account 
of a dispute between John Townley, gent., of Dutton, and Bichard 
Harryson, yeoman, of Stydd, about a piece of land called 
'' Karlynhurst," in Dutton, being ^' part and paroell" of the lands 
left to the said John Townley by his father, Bichard Townley. 
It seems Bichard Harryson was ''by the color of certen dedes, 
charters, evydencee, mynyments, and writinges" in poesession of 
the land in dispute, and refused to give up both the papers and 
land. John Townley therefore prayed for "letters of prevye 
sealle," which were duly granted.^ There are no papers to show 
how the matter ended. 

In the following year (1550-1) Bichard Orompton, clothier, of 
Burye, being lawfully seised of lands and tenements in Bibchester 
and Hoethersall, complained that deeds and papers, as well as 
debts, ''amounting to a hundrythe poundes at the least," had 
been unlawfully seized by Thomas Greenhalghe, of Burye, gent. 
Amongpst the g^ods seized were " dyvers sommes of money in 
golde and sylver, whereof the most part thereof was in gold 
angelles, duckettes, Byalls, crownes, and other golde," amounting 
to £320. This money had been delivered to Greenhalghe " upoQ 
especiall trust and confydens," inasmuch as the said Greenhalghe 
had married the plaintiff's bastard dowghter." When required 
to re-deliver the moneys and papers the defendant refused, and 
so the plaintiff, not desiring to lose *'his hole substance that he 
should have to lyve upon," and having no remedy at common 
law, prayed for " letters of pryvey seale." In his answer to the 
Bill of Complaint, Greenhalghe declared that " about five years 
ag^ the plaintiff delivered unto him one box containing evidence 
and deeds relating to lands in Bibchester and Hothersall, saying, 
' Thomas have and take this boxe and writinges for these woU I 
gyve to thee and thye chyldern.' Accordingly he had since 
received the rents due for the said lands."' 

Iftue. Pleadings, v. T2. ^ J6td, iii. 6. 



54 HISTOBY OF HIBOHESTEB. [PABT H. 

In 22 Eliz. (1582) a dispute took place as to a right of way 
over certain lands, ^* parcell of the inheritance of Henrie Townleye 
of Dutton, gentleman, into a certain more or waste ground called 
Langridge and Fauney." This right of way the complainant, 
Bobert Seed, of Eibchester, who leased a messuage and tenement 
from ''one Bobert Lynolles, gentleman," stated was proved by 
long usage and by "certen dedes" which had lately come into 
the possession of Henry Townley, Thomas Cooke, and John 
Sharpies. The right of way was now ** forciblie and ryotouslie 
stopped uppe" to the great hindrance of the plaintiff, whose only 
exit it was from his farm. He was thus debarred from fetching 
*^ turve, coles, slate, stones," and all other necessaries, and being 
" but a poor cotinger," desired that the " Queues ma*«" proces of 
pry vie scale" might be directed against the defendants. To which 
the defendants replied that they were not aware that Bobert 
Lynols was lawfully seased of the messuage and tenement ; and 
further that Henrie Towneley " hath lycensed" the complainant 
to use the road belonging to a neighbouring tenement, in considera- 
tion of which the plaintiff " hath payed unto the said Henrie 
Towneley the some of four pence yearly, and hath likewise given 
a daye harrowinge." And considering the right of way daimed 
to be hurtful and prejudicial the defendants admitted the charge. 

In 1553, the return of the Muster of Soldiers was 20 men. 

In 1583, a fifteenth was levied, the amounts for the parish 

being:— ^^ ^ 

AlBton-cam-Hotheraall 14 

Datton : 15 

Kibcheutor-cum-Dilworth 35 

Among the freeholders in Lancashire in the year 1600, were : — 

Bicus Huthersall de Huthersall, gent. 

Henr. Townley de Button, gent. 

Bicus Warde de Bibchester, gent. 

Johes Bodes de Bibchester, gent. 

In 1601, Bibchester contributed towards the relief of prisoners 

and soldiers in the Marshalsea. 

In 1 624, upon a fifteenth was paid : — ^ , 

Alston 23 llj 

Bibchester and Dilworth 74 4j 

Dutton 31 loj 



CHAP. I.J GENBRAL HISTORY. 65 

In the same year the following items occur : — 

A 8TJBSIDT FROM THB OLERGT OF THB DIOCESE OF CHESTER. 

£ iL d 
Btoria de Ribohestr 7 0* 

[Hindly, Vicar] * 
Blackburn Hundred— 
** The taxinge of the Ministrey towftrds the Shipp of Warr." 

Bibohester, xijd 
1639. Contributions in aid of the warr against the Scotch. 
Blackburn Hundred — 

V. Blackburn, Adam Bolton 10 

V. Whaley, Wm. Burn 10 

The Rest are poor Curates 
1:0:0. 
26 : 14 : 8 Contributed from Amoundemes Deanery. 

In the lists of Esquires and Gentlemen in Lancashire, who 
refused the order of Knighthood at the Ooronation of Charles I. 
(1625), we find the names of the following gentlemen in this 
district. 

Henry Townley of Dutton, gent., x^. 

Kichard Duckett, of the same, gent., x^. 

Thomas Sherburne of Little Mittvn, Esquire, xiij2. vj«. viijc^. 

* Henrie Doughtie of Thomeley, gent, x^. 

John Roades, of Thomeley, gent., jL 

Thomas Bourne, of Thomeley, gent., xl. 

James Norcrosse in Ribchester in Dilworth, gent., x^. 

John Warde of Ribchester, gent., xL 

John Cottom of Ribchester, gent., x^. 
Amoundemess Hundred- 
John HothersaU of Hothersall, gent., x^ 

Six centuries ago an Act was passed called Statutum de Militibus rendering 
everyone who held a Knight's fee and possessed an income of £20 per annum 
(raised to £40 in the xvth. century), liable to be created a Knight, or in default 
pay a fine. Although these fines had been enforced during the reign of Mary 
and Elizabeth, they do not seem to have been imposed by James I. 

Accordingly when the usual proclamation with reference to the obligatory 
Knighthoods were made, most of the persons concerned treated them as a mere 
matter of form. Soon, however, advantage was taken by Charles I. of the 
almost universal non-compliance with the proclamations, to send Commisssoners 
to collect the fines (varying from £10 to £25) from the defaulters. And as the 
fines for Knighthood were from £60 to £70, most, probably all, who were 
summoned compounded. No less a sum than £3,553 was raised in Lancashire 
alone by the ingenious but unscrupulous King. ^ 

Mr. W. A. Abram printed in the Preston Gtcardtan some very 
interesting documents concerning irregular traders in Eibchester 

* Blank in originaL ^ Record Soc. voL xii. 

* Did not pay the Composition. 



56 HISTOHY OI- EIBCHEBTER. [PART II. 

and district, in 1634-5. The campanj of Mercers, etc., objected 
to what they csdled their privileges being infringed, and petitioned 
the Privy Council to stop the country traders from vending flax 
and linen. John Outler, of Bibchester, was singled out as the 
leading offender, and accordingly the following petition was 
presented against him. 

'' To his Majestie's Judges of Assize att his Ma' tie's Castle of 
Lancaster. The humble peticion of Robte. Walton sheweth, — 
That whereas one John Cutler of Eibchester in this County, shop- 
keeper, hath for the space of 2 yeares and a halfe or thereabouts 
kept a shopp, being by his confession a convicted recusant, an 
utter enemie of the blessed word of Gt>d both in argument and 
lyfe, and hath commonly for the most parte weekly used to go 
whear preests of his profession are harbored to say masse ; hee 
hath denyed his bodily service to his Majestic, being elected by a 
jury to serve as constable in this towne settinge his face against 
the whole towne, saying he would do no service, for hee paid for 
his profession or his conscience, and soe standeth out and will live 
as he listeth. Tour Lordships peticoners humbly desire this : 
That on his Ma'tie's behalf your Lo. wilbee pleased to call ye said 
Cutler before you and to offer or cause him take the oathe of 
Supremasie, whereby it may appear upon his examination 
wheather there bee in him any loyalty to his Ma'tie or not, or 
otherwyse to take suche course therein as in your Lor'ps wisdom 
may bee thought flttinge, wherein your peticoner and all that are 
f aithf ull Frotestantes about us shall pray to God for your Lor'ps' 
great prosperity." 

Cutler replied by stating, among other things, that his " sho^ 
of divers wares" was " in a villag towne not standing in any high 
road ways, either for carriers or travelers for any profitt ; " and 
that he was *^ a man of good quality and faire conditioned, not 
grynding or extorting upon the pore or dealing hardly with any, 
and being a great comforte and comodity for neighbours for 2 or 
3 myles," and desired the Judges " to stay the proceedings until 
his master shall return from London, who at his coming will 
manage the cause, being himseK a free man of the Cittie of 
London." Among others, the following signed this petition : — 
John Cutler of Eibchester; Thomas Cutler of Alston; Henry 



CHAP. I.] OEN1SBAL HISTOBY. 57 

Walmsley of Alston ; John Whaley of Dilworth ; John Seede of 
Hothersall; Henry Whittingham of Goosenar; James Eaby of 
G-arstange, and Thomas Eooles of Hothersall. The ^Commissioners 
to whom the matter was referred, decided in favour of the country 
traders, conceiving that "the severall trades are rather to be con*^ 
tinned (being in remote places from Preston) than suppressed, for 
that many thereby purchase relief for themselves and families, 
where otherwise they would live very poorely or be cast on the 
countrie or goe a begging, and especially the use of selling fflaxe 
only which is a thing so frequently used in our County of Lancaster 
that if it bee taken away all the poorer sort of people who live by 
spinning and weaving linen clothes all yeare long (except in the 
time of harvest), and not being able to travel to markett, being 
5, 8, or 10 miles distant, will be forced to begge for their releife 
and a meanes to encrease our poor in abundance ; " and on the 
other hand against the public convenience was to be found '' only 
for the private end and benefitt of some few of the Inhabitants of 
the Towne of Preston." Against this decision the company appealed; 
but from the following memorandum it would seem a "submission" 
was made: — I, John Cutler, of Hibchester, yeoman — that whereas 
Eichard Blundell enf ormed against mee for selling cloth and flax 
contrarie to the law, I now do asum [?] and promes to bye and sell 
nether doth nor flax for myself hereafter contrary to the law, and 
to acknolidge this my promes before Mr. Christopher Banaster, 
and to this my agreement I bynd mee and my assignes in Twenty 
Pounds. In witnes my hand this 25th of September, 1635. John 
Cutler— (Witnesses) Eichard Hodgkinson, Arthur Sowerbutts. 

The extent and character of the trade done by such a local 
tradesman as John Cutler can be seen from the subjoined list of 
" Wares sold by John Cutler of Eibchester, 1633-4."^ 

163.^ Imprimis, sold to Rie. Pldnson Cloath for to be appareU, £3, June 
the 19th. 
Aagost the 22th, sold to Bob*te Gatterall Cloath for Women's pettiootes. 
Septemoer the 7th, sold to the wyf e of Rob'te Walton 4 yardes of Red cloathe. 
October the 7th, fflaz sold by John Cutler to 2 strangers. 
13th of November, cloth sold to Bob'te Walton for stockinges. 
December the 22 or 29th, 2 suites of cloath sold to Adam Knowles. 
The 15 or 16 of January, cloath sold to John Pope for gamasshows. 

^ Prett. Chtard, Sketches in Local 
Hist,, 175. 



58 HISTOBY OF BTBCHESTER. [PART U, 

February the 6ih, sold to Rob'te Walton 3 yards of oloth for breeches. 

March the 23, Bed cloath sold to John Walmesley , of Bayley, for a peticoate. 

1634. In Aprill, app*ell sold to Agnes Birley, Widow, value of 608. 

In December, 1633, apparell sold to John Holden, value of £4 138. 4d» 

Aprill, 1634, Silke and dyrers small Wares sold to Mr. HothersalL 

Maye the 9th, Cloath sold to William Carter. 

Maye the 15th, 5 yardes for a suit, sold to Bic. Bibchester, fidler. 

Maye the 15th, a suit sold to Bic. Hairst of Button township, threed, silk, 
andfustans. 

The 20th Maye, whyte ffustans sold to Bichard Bibchester. 

The sayd 20th day, cloth sold to Bob'te Baddiffe for shirtes. 

The sayd moneth, sold to Abraham Claton, tobacko and pypes. 

Tabbaoko sold by ^ 'utler duly weekly. 

June the 14th, p*chment sold to Bobte Cunliffe, and a suit of appareU to 
Charles Pickaringe. 

June the 13th, silke and threed and bast sold to Betwith Bolton. 

July the 11th, app'ell sold to Geoffrey Sharpies, 45s. 

June, a suit of cloth and ffustian to Edmund Carter, threed, buttons, &c. 

June the 19th, cloth for children*s app*eU sold to Willm. Carter. 

July, clothe sold to Georg Hairst for breeches, primo die. 

July the seaoond, acquavyty sold to Bob. Walton, p*chment and Inke. 

July the 8th, cloth sold to Tho : Preston. 

Ultimo die JunU, clothe sold to Bic. Cottom. 

Uiidecimo die JvlUy sope and starch sold to Bobte. Walton, paper evry week. 

24 Day of Julye, green lace and pep. sold to Alice uxor Tho. Dewfairst. 

The said 24 day, threed Bold to John Michell. 

Primo die Julii^ hoppes sold to Mr. Walmsley , apparell on the other day, £3. 

22 of July, a soldiers coat cloth sold to Bic. Dewhurst. 

July the 25, bast, pep., and cloth sold to Widowe Seede, Hugh vryie. 

July the 27 (Sabbath Day) halff an ounc of tobbacko to Bic. Parkinson. 

Primo die AugusU, 2 suites sold to Mr. Bichard Crombleholme. 

The 5th of August, hoppes sold to Mr. Walmsley, and doth to Uxor Tho. 
Bodes. 

The 9th of August, Geoige Claton bought 27 haspes [Hanks] of ym. 

October the 27th, Much fflax, cloth, and wares sold by Jo. Cutler in abund- 
ance, to many sundrie persons. 

Aprill 17th, 1634, wares sold to Mrs. Hothersall. 

Dec. the 3rd, apparell sold to Thomas Oddie. 

Fflax sold to Ane, uxor Bob'te Walton, the 13th of December^ 1633. —Fflax 
sold to Agnes uxor Christavell Dewhurst, the 13th of Dec.— Fflax sold to Ane 
uxor Bob*te Walton, 19th of May, 1643.— Fflax sold to Bob'te Sheperd, July 
the 23, 1634.— Fflax sold to Jennett Mitton spinster, August the 15, 1634.— 
Fflax sold to Mary, uxor Henry Meroer, August 19, 1634.- Fflax sold to Mary, 
uxor John Pope, Sept. the 2, 1634. 

Duiing the ciyil war, Bibchester was the scene of more than 
one fight. Staunch Eoyalists the people were mostly, with a 
sprinkling of Roundheads. In April, 1643, the Earl of Derby 
invaded the Kibble Valley. ** Therefore," says an old chronicler, 



CHAP. I.] OENBRAL HI8T0BT. 59 

''not long after his regayuing of F^^eston and burning at 
Lancaster, hee calls his Oommanders and Souldiers to Preston 
again with his dub of the ffleld ; and having them in a bodye 
with his afEoresaid piece of Ordenanoe and Horse, the [between 
10th and 20th April] or thereabouts sets forward and marches by 
Bibchester, from thence over Bibble at Salesbury boat and by 
Salesbury Hall and soe wets well neare gotten to Whaley before 
he was discovered ; his Clubmen according to their practice, 
plundering in most of the townes they passed by or thorrow.'*^ 

Taken by surprise the Earl of Derby was routed, '' and made 
no stay till he ccune to Mr. ffleetwoods house at Penertham." 

In 1648, Cromwell made a forced march into Lancashire to 
intercept the Scots under the Duke of Hamilton. On the 14th 
August, he halted for the night at '' Mr. Sherburne's house called 
Stonyhurst about Hodder Watter." Next day he resumed his 
march over Longridge fell, and after a toilsome journey engaged 
the enemy at Longridge chapel. Captain Hodgson has left a vivid 
account of this battle' which residted in the complete defeat of the 
Boyalists. The fight was sharp. We are told '' the bullets flew 
freely ; then was the heat of the battle that day. I came down " 
says Capt. Hodgson, ''to the Muir, where I met with Major 
Jackson, that belonged to Ashton's regiment, and about three 
hundred men were come up ; and I ordered him to march, but he 
said he would not till his men came up. A Sergeant belonging 
to them, asked me, where they should march ? I shewed him the 
party he was to fight; and he, like a true-bred Englishman 
marched, and I caused the soldiers to foUow him; which presently 
fell upon the enemy, and, losing that wing, the whole army gave 
ground and fled. Such valiant acts were done by contemptible 
instruments ! " Well did the gallant Captain's regiment deserve 
" quarters in Preston " that night, and to sleep " quietly." 

A description of the dramatic scenes which occurred in !Eibchester 
Church during this period wiU be found in chap. iv. 

BECTJSAKOY AND GATHOUO SX7FFEBINGS. 

During the latter part of the sixteenth century, and frequently 
during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Becusants 
suffered much. Nowhere did they suffer more than in the parish 

ChtStiu Soc.t Ixii., 31. ' Autttb. of Capi. Hodgson, 33. 



60 HISTORY OF BIBCHE8TER. [PABT II. 

of Eibchester. For nearly the whole of the subjoined information 
I am indebted to Mr. Joseph Qillow, the leading authority on the 
subject. 

In 1613 a return was made of the Eecusants in Lancashire, but 
no names of those in this parish were given. In 1607 Katharine 
Cutler, and in 1681 Eobert Fairclough were returned as recusants. 

From the RoyaUst Composition Papers I have obtained the 
information upon which is based the following narrative of the 
sufferers in the parish of Eibchester : — 

John Barker, gentleman, accused of treason, had his estates in 
Dutton, among other places, "forfeited to the Commonwealth." 

In Aug., 1653, the Trustees reported that Henry Tomlinson of 
Lancaster, gent., had purchased in that month a tenement called 
" Weetely house," in or near Blackburn, and a cottage in Dutton. 
They therefore ordered the County Commissioners to let Henry 
Tomlinson have quiet possession of the said lands. ^ 

In April, 1655, a report was issued that search had been made 
among the bookes of convictions and seizures for recusancy for 
the case of Thomas Seede of Goosnargh, without success ; but 
there wa« a Thomas Seede of Eibchester, who was convicted of 
recusancy, 5 Chas. I. (1630). This estate was seized in 1646, and 
"prized" as follows: — ffarfield, 2 acres, 13s. 8d.; Acre, 1 acre, 
8s. Od.; Croft, 1 acre 2 roods, 10s. Od.; Camtells, 1 acre 2 roods. 
Us. Od. ; Wenfield, 2 acres 3 roods, £1; Cowfield, 3 acres, £1 2s. 
Od.; Mooreground, 2 acres, 10s. Od.; Mosie, 3 acres, 16s. Od.; 
Outsyde, 3 acres, £1 ; sum total, 19 acres 3 roods, £6 10s. 8d. 
The report also states that mention is made " of the estate of 
Thomas Seed of Gk)osnargh, a Papist, to be lett to himselfe for 
the rent of £4 10s. Od."» 

In June, 1653, the Trustees reported that Eobert Holt, of 
London, merchant, did purchase several messuages and lands in 
Alston, in the parish of Eibchester, late parcell of the estate of 
James, late Earle of Derby. They also made the usuid order as 
to possession.* 

A long and very diffuse account is given of a petition of Lady 
Ann Lucas and Thomas Walmsley, of Dunkenhalgh and London, 

^Eopal C^m. Payers, 1st Ser., vi., Ibid., viii., 118, 120. 

297. *IbicL, xix., 516. 



CHAP. I.] GENERAL HISTORY. 61 

for the restoration to them of a tenement in Biboheeter, the pro- 
perty of the late Justice Walmsley and Nicholas Walmsley — 
which property had been sequestered in 1643 — (as to frds thereof) 
owing to the recusancy of the then tenant, Leonard Walmsley, 
who had married Elizabeth, the daughter of the lessee, Thomas 
Dewhurst of Eibchester. Some further details of this matter will 
be found in chap. zi. 

William Dewhurst, of Dewhurst, Dutton, gent., was returned 
in 1644 as a delinquent ^^for being in arms against the King." 
We are told that he '^ came in upon my Lord ffarifax', his passe, 
31st June, 1644, and hath lived in the Parliament Quarters ever 
since, and farmed the most part of his estate from the Committee 
of Yorkshire." Wm. Dewhurst also took the '^National Covenant 
before William Barton, minister of John Zacchary ;" and he also 
took '^ the Negative Oath." His estates are returned as being in 
** the Townes and fields of Dewhurst," in Blackburn, Eybchester, 
and Hothersall parishes, the yearly value *' before these troubles" 
being £134. He was fined £268. The documents in connection 
with the case are extremely lengthy — a simmiary of them will be 
found in chap. xi. 

The Hothersalls, of Hothersall Hall, who remained staunch 
Catholics amid the trying ordeal to which they were subject, 
annually suffered the fines and penalties of recusancy — two-thirds 
of their estates being forfeited according to the act. 

The Becusants in the joint township of Alston-cum-Hothersall 

in 1667 were: — 

Thomas Bleasdale and Ann his wife. 

Jane, wife of James Bleasdale. 

Bichard Fairdough and Margt his wife. 

[The Fabclonghs were of an ancient yeomanry family settled in Ribchester and 
Alston. Some of them resided at the Bough, or Bought, (now called 
the Boot) where Father Vavasour established his chapel (see chap, y.) 
Other menbers of the family resided at Leagram, and were also 
Becusants. 

Thomas SuddaU and Anne his wife. 

William Cutler. 

George Cutler. 

Grace Harrison, widow. 

Agnes Daniell, widow. 

Christopher Bogerson. 

Alice Sanderson, widow. [She was the widow of Wm. Sanderson, of Alston, 
who died in 1666, and her maiden name was probably Singleton. They 



62 HISTORY OF RIBCHE8TER. [PABT II. 

were a respectable family of the middle class. Their son, Nicholas, 
bom at Alston, in 1648, made his humanities at St. Omer's, whence he 
was admitted into the English College at Rome, in 1666, and, having 
been orduned priest therein 1670, came to the Mission in Lancashire.] 

Elizabeth, wife of Henry Winckley. 

Wm. Walmsley and Anne his wife. > 

Wm. HothersaU, gent, and G-race, his wife (see chap. xi.). 

Elizabeth, wife of Lawrence Pemberton, husbandman. 

William Turner, and Miles, his son. 

Richard Wilkinson. 

Henry Walmsley, and Elizabeth his wife. 

Christopher WiUacy, and Jane his wife. 

John Sharpies. 

Thomas Sharpies. 

Margaret wife of Richard Bilsborrow. 

Anne Albine. 

Thomas Grregson, and Catherine his wife. 

Jennet Gregson, widow. 

Richard and Henry Gregson. 

Ellen Seed, spinster. 

John Tasker, and Margaret his wife. 

Anne, wife of Robert Hacking. 

William Brittaine, and Alice his wife. 

Thomas Sagar. 

Elizabeth Cunliife, and Anne her daughter. 

Wm. and Richard Albine. 

Lawrence Philips. 

Thomas HothersaU, gent (see chap. xi.). 

Elizabeth, wife of Henry Marsden. 

George Duckett, and Anne his wife. 

Robert Ireland, and Jennett his wife. 

Anne Hitchin. 

Ellen, wife of Richard Greenwood. 

Grace, wife of Wm. HothersaU. 

Thomas Halsay, and Elizabeth his daughter. 

Katherine Osbaldeston, widow. 

OUver Ley. 

EUen Norcrosse, widow (see chap. xi). 

Robert Sharpies, and Alice his wife. 

1679-80. REOUSAITTS IN AL8T0N-CTJM-DILW0ETH. 
Richard Kay, yeoman, outlawed. 
Thomas Bleasdale, yeoman, outlawed. [His daughter, Jane, married John 

Westby, of White HaU, Esq., in Aug., 1684.] 
William Cutler, of Alston, husbandman, outlawed. 
Richard Wilkinson, husbandman, outlawed. 
Richard Shuttleworth, husbandman, outlawed. [His son Thomas Shuttleworth 

was tried and convicted of high treason for taking part in the Jacobite 

rising of 1715 (see post,) 
MUes Turner, outlawed. • 



CHAP. I.] OENBRAL HISTORY. 63 

Thomas Grogaoo, outlawed. 

Thomas Hotheraall, gent., outlawed. [He took part in the Jacobite rising of 
1715 ; and being outlawed made his escape and lived in retirement 
with his sister, Mrs. Leckonby, at Great Eooleston (also see chap. xi)]. 

Robert Tomlinson, yeoman, outlawed (see pM<)* 

REOUa/LNTS IN ALSTON-CTTM-HOTHBBaALL, OOmTIOTED AT LANOASTBB 

ASSIZES, JAN. 15, 1716. 
Robert Tomlinson, husbandman. 

Thomas Gleave, servant. 

Mary Hothersall, spinster. 

Grace Dewhurst, widow (see chap. zL). 

James Hornby, husbandman. 

William Herd. 

John Hothersall, gent, (see chap. xi.). 

Christopher Robinson, husbandman. 

George Ashton, husbandman. 

Isabel Hothersall, spinster (see chap. xi.). 

James Rogerson, husbandman. 

Thomas Hothersall, husbandman. 

William Rogerson, husbandman (see poH). 

Thomas Harrison. 

Robert Harrison, husbandman. 

John Hothersall, the younger, husbandman. 

John Cowell, husbandman. 

Thomas Hothersall, gent, (see chap. xi). 

Margaret Billsborrow, widow. 

Ralph Whittaker, husbandman. 

William Danson, labourer. 

William Troutbeck, tailor. 

Sir Walter Vavasor, a reputed Priest (see chap. vi.). 

James Bradley, husbandman. 

John Duckworth [or Duckett] (seepoft). 

Thomas Kitchin, husbandman. 

Richard Hothersall, husbandman. 

Greorge Rogerson, husbandman. 

Thomas Sudill, labourer. 

Alice Winckley, widow. 

Thomas Kighley, smith. 

William Hothersall, husbandman. 

Richard Bilsborrow, husbandman. [Although registered as a husbandman, 
Bilsborrow possessed a fair estate, valued at £20 a year. He was 
outlawed in 1716 for taking part in the Jacobite rising.] 

Thomas Gr^;son, husbandman {aide pott), 

John Hothersall, husbandman. 

Anne Hothersall, widow (see poit), 

John Sudell, husbandman. 

Robert Daniell, gent. [He came of a good Catholic family ; and was outlawed 
for taldng part in the Jacobite rising of 1715.] 

Wm. Walmsley, yeoman {a%epoit). 



64 HI8T0EY OF KIBCHB8TER. [PAKT II. 

Joseph Kay, husbandman. 

1667. JOINT TOWNSHIP OP BIBCHESTER-OUM-DILWOBTH. 
Thomas Cutler, and Elizabeth his wife. 
Robert Harris. 

Ellen Cottam, and Alice her daughter. 
Anne, wife of Roger Dewhurst. 
Anne, wife of Roger Sherborne. 
Anne Fairclough. 
Anne, Wife of John Wood. 
Mary Wood, widow. 
Edward Walmsley, and Mary his wife. 
Mary, wife of John Bolton. 
Bridget Hesketh. 
Edward Ecdes. 
John Norcrosse, linen webster. 
Mary, wife of Jeoffrey CowelL 
Anne, wife of Lawrence Cottam, junior, of Dilworth. 
Anne Cottam, of Dilworth. 

John Fairclough, of Dilworth, and Jennet his wife. 
Elizabeth, wife of Richard Cottam, junior, of Dilworth (see chap. xi.). 
Thomas Seed, and Jennet his wife (see chap. xi.). 
Dorothy Herd, widow. 
Jennett, wife of Thomas Lynne. 
Grace Lynne. 
John Eccles, junior. 
Margaret, wife of John Hacking. 
Elizabeth Hayhurst, widow (see chap. xi.). 
Ellen, wife of Greorge Hayhurst, of Dilworth. 
Alice, wife of Adam Robys. 
Thomas Roughley, and his wife. 
William Pearson. 
John Jackson, and Ellen his wife. 
Dorothy, wife of Thomab Towneley. 

1680. 
Lawrence Cottom, yeoman. 
Thomas Cottom, yeoman (see chap. xi). 
Ellis Cottam, of Dilworth. 
Henry Cottam, of Dilworth. 

1716. 

Richard Wahnsley, Esq., and Jane his wife, and Elizabeth and Anne his 
daughters. [Richard Walmsley, Esq., of ShoUey Hall, seems to have 
been residing at Ribchester at this time. His wife was Jane, daughter 
of John Houghton, of Park Hall, Esq. ; she died Nov. 13, 1722. His 
sister, bom at Park Hall, in 1656, became Abbess in the English 
Benedictine College at Cambrai, from 1697 to 1701, and again from 
1710 to 1713, and died there Jan. 6, 1726. Richard Walmsley, who 
registered his estate as a non- juror in 1717, died Aug. 19, 1737. Hia 
daughters Elizabeth and Anne, both died unmarried In 1733 and 1732 
respectiyely.] 



OHAF. I.] OENEBAL HISTOBY. 65 

Thomas Bolton and his wife, and Lancelot his son, and Elizabeth his daughter 
[Thomas Bolton, of Ribchester, meicer, registered a leasehold estate 
in Billington, in 1717. He died in 1723. His son Lancelot Bolton, 
was high Constable of Ribchester for many years. He died at 
Ribchester in 1747.] 

John Cottam and his wife (see pott). 

John Walmsley and his wife (see pott). 

John EBgginson, yeoman (see pott). 

Francis Halsall, yeoman. 

Edward Abraham and his wife. 

Thomas Pope and his daughters Jenet and Alice. 

Wm. Rogerson, yeoman (see chap. xi.). 

Mary Barton. 

Mary Sharrock. 

Margaret HalsalL 

1667. TOWNSHIP OF BUTTON. 
Elizabeth, wife of Robert Ash. 
Mary, wife of Richard Hayhurst 
Anne Hayhurst. 
Thomas Garter. 

Dorothy, wife of Richard Groodshay [Goodshaw] and Katharine her daughter. 
Richard Sowerbutts and Jenet his wife. 
Ellen, wife of Wm. Orte. 
Ann, wife of Robt. Barton. 

1716. 

Lawrence Hayhurst and his wife {nee pott). 

Dorothy WpmbelL 

John Hartley and his wife. 

Henry Pope and his wife. 

Wm. Jackson, yeoman. 

Robert Read and his wife, and Jane his daughter. [Robert Read died at 

Preston in 1726.] 
Sarah Whittaker. 
James Lumley. 
James Hartley, yeoman. 
Elizabeth Cutler. 
Elizabeth Stanley. 

THE BEBBLLIONS OF '15 AND '45. 

The nsing of 1 7 1 5 met with a good deal of support in Eibchester, 
principally from the Sherbumes, Hothersalls, and other Catholic 
families. Mr. J. 0. Payne, in his recently published Recordt of 
the EngUth Catholics of 1715 j gives some interesting particulars of 
local incidents in connection with the rebellion. Bic. Sherbum, 
late of Preston, gent., on the evidence of Thomas Rishton, of 
Qorn Gore, geut., was said to have been outlawed for high treason, 
and after making his escape ''from Preston, after the battle 



,TOUY OF BIBOHESTEB. L 

there," is said to have oouwevent its *^^^®'^i^ ' .^^ of Bib- 
■ one WiUiam Crombleholme, t^^g^S^^'^VBic Sherl)urne.''^ 
an estate called Stidd, in the town'^Sj^^ , ' flax-dresser. 
Chester, belongs to John, younger brotlU* ' ^ o^^ a place 

Another informer was Nathan Marsh, of^^^ when John 
In his deposition. Marsh stated " that he wasp^^^^^ name 
called Dutton Lee about Michaelmas last" (17l5W:g^th of 
Wareing, of Bayley, '* drunke the Pretender's health Bj,^^e gir 
and title of King James the Third of Eagland and K^ are 
Scotland." Great efforts were successfully made to implickne 
Nicholas Sherburne in the rising. Some of the depositiomito 
extremely amusing. Much is made of a ** lead pann and sol* 
lead;" and **four of Sir Nicholas's coach horses" were said tc- 
have been sent to swell the rebels' forces. We are also told 
" that there was above 30 of y* Eebells at Stonyharst the Friday 
at night before the action at Preston.* A tradition lingers among 
the descendants of the Pyes of Buckley Hall that a foray was 
made upon Ribchester for horses by the rebel cavalry with but 
limited success, as the sturdy Hanoverian farmers received timely 
warning, and turned their horses loose on the common and moor- 
land. In the parish register occurs the following eatry of burial : 
"1716, Oct. 3. Tho. Shuttleworth de Alston, executed for treason, 
in church." 

Among the sufferers for participation in the rising, most of 

whom were non-jurors, were the following : — 

Bobert Tomlinson, yeoman, of Alston, leasehold estate under M. Nelson, gent., 
of Fairhurst, and under Sir Charles Hoghton, Bart. 

John Hothersall, gent., of Hothersall Hall, outlawed. 

William Rogerson, of Hothersall, leasehold house and 14 acres of land in his 
own possession. 

John Duckworth, alias Duckett, yeoman, of Alston, leasehold property, for- 
merly granted by Sir Henry Hoghton to Anne Duckworth, then Anne 
Dewhurst. Also 14} acres in Eibchester during term of 500 years at a 
peppercorn rent. 

Thomas Gregson, of Alston, house and 20 acres in fee simple in Alston, and 6^ 
acres more on decease of his mother, widow Gregson, and a leasehold 
estate in Alston, 16s. 

Anne Hothersall, widow, of Alston, leasehold houses in Alston and Ashton. 

Richard Bilsborrow, husbandman, outlawed, estate valued at £20 a year. 
I Robert Davine, outlawed. 

*ifec. £ng Cath,, 144. a/6irf., 144-7. 



\! 



CHAP. I.] GEHERAL HISTORY. 67 

William Walmsley, yeoman, of Alston, 2 messuasfes and 33 acres in Alston, 
one called **Bushell's" and the other ** Walmsley" tenement, leasehold. 

Richard Walmsley, Esq., of Sholley Hall, £205 4s. 6d. 

Thomas Bolton, mercer, of Ribcb ester, leasehold estate in Billingtou, £12. 

John Cottam, yeoman, of Ribchester, a messuage and 30 acres in fee simple in 
Ribchester, and 4 acres in Dil worth leasehold, and 9 acres in Dilworth 
in fee simple, 6 acres in Dillworth Moss, leasehold, and 9 acres in 
Wrightington in fee simple, £14 5s. 8d. 

John Walmsley, husbandman, of Dilworth, a leasehold messuage and 7 acres 
in Dilworth. 

John Higginson, yeoman and miller, Dilworth, a messuage and 8j^ acres in 
Dilworth and Ribchester, and 4 acres in Dilworth in fee simple ; also 
a milne and croft in Dilworth in his own possession, £8. 

Lawrence Hayhurst, yeoman, Dutton, a leasehold house and 20 acres in 
Dutton. 

William Rogerson, of Hothersall, husbandman, house and 14 acres. 

Lawrence Cottam, of Dilworth, gent., leasehold house at Ribchester, £27. 

Richard Trafford, of Ribchester, gent., annuity of £10 out of Croston, etc., the 
property of his brother John Trafford, and annuity of £25 from estate 
of Humphrey Trafford, of Trafford, Esq. [Son of John Trafford, of 
Oroston ; Humphrey Trafford was his uncle.] 

The severity of the Government was extreme, the poor fugitives 
being hunted down in the hills whither they had fled. On Long- 
ridge Fell a barracks was built to serve as the headquarters of the 
soldiery of the district from which the homes of the humble 
adherents of the Old Pretender were harassed. 

These severe measures no doubt tended to lessen the enthusiasm 
of the people of Ribchester towards the Young Pretender, who 
apparently did not receive much local support in the rising of 
1745. Por whereas no record remains of any notice being taken 
of the defeat of the Rebels in 1715-16, the church bells at Rib- 
chester were rung three several times in 1745-6, when the Duke 
of Cumberland defeated the Jacobites at Preston, CarKsle, and 
Culloden. 

The following list of the poor of Ribchester at the close of the 

seventeenth century is interesting ; — 

A true copy or List of the poore of Ribchester and their necessity. And 
their monthly allowance since ye 29th of April, 1693. 

8. d. 
Imps paid to Mary Hayhurst for one month towards the maintaineing 

of one yoimg child 02 00 

I paid to Lawrence ffish for keeping one child of Thomas Blackbome for 

amonth 03 00 

paid to John Turner towards ye keepeing of a lame child and other 

younge children 02 00 



68 HISTOEY OF KIBCHE8TEE. [PAET II. 

paid to Margarett Sharpies, widow, being old and not able to worke f. 

one month 02 00 

paid to Alice G-reenwood, widow, ffor keepeing severll young children 

for ye month 02 00 

paid to Elizabeth Lindell, being lame and not able to worke for month 01 00 
paid to Hugh Parker for keepeing of severll younge children ff. month 01 00 
paid to James Sharpies being sick and not able to worke ffor month... 04 00 
paid to Bichard Newsham being lame and not able to keepe himselffe 

ff. month besides his apparrell 06 00 

paid to Anne Hacking being troubled with the ffaleing sickness monthly 

besides her apparrell 05 00 

WINDOW TAX IN 1752. 

From a document whicli has been preserved the subjoined list 
is taken : — 

**Mr. Entwistle, 14 windows, assessment 9s. Od. ; John Hyde, 
16 windows, 14s. Od. ; John Pye, 14 windows, 9s. Od. ; Josiah 
Peele, 9 windows, 2s. Od. ; Eobert Greenalls, 8 windows, 2s. Od. ; 
Eichard Greenall, ditto ; Eichard Greenall, hatther, 9 windows, 
2s. Od. ; John Cottam, 9 windows, 2s. Od. 

The parish of Eibchester is pleasantly situated on the south- 
eastern slopes of Longridge Fell. It is bounded on the north by 
the parish of Chipping, on the east by the parish of Mitton, on 
the south by the river Eibble, and on the west by Grimsargh 
and Goosnargh. 
The total acreage of the old parish of Eibchester was 8,150 acres. 

The country is hilly, rising in the valley of the Eibble from 
100 feet to 1,022 feet above sea level on the summit of Jeffrey 
Hill. The river Eibble washes the southern boundary, while small 
brooks help to swell its volume of water from the hills which 
enclose its valley. 

Dr. Stukeley, writing in 1725, says Eibchester "is prettily 
seated on a rising knoll upon the river ; at some distance all around 
inclosed with higher ground, well clothed with wood and hedge- 
rows : beyond which the barren mountains, or fells, as they 
generally call them here."^ ' 

The beauties of its scenery have often been described in glowing 
terms. The great charm consists in its diversity. From the 
heights of Longridge Fell one can gain a splendid view. On the 
north the Cumberland hills; to the east Pendle, with Clitheroe 



CHAP. I.] GENEEAL HISTORY. 69 

Castle nestliiig at its base ; to the south the Kibble — 

"Than which no lovelier river flows 
Down to the western main."^ 
with all its picturesque windings and turns ; southward and west- 
ward the coast line of the Irish Sea interposes a " silver streak" 
between the Welsh mountains and the sky. The climate is 
bracing, the wind for eight months in the year being in the west ; 
and the air (where unpolluted with nineteenth century " sanita- 
tion'') is remarkably pure. The temperature is very variable; 
there being a marked contrast in the climate of the north-western 
and south-western sides of the Fell. 

Geologically, Ribehester is just outside the Lancashire coal 
field. The underlying rocks are members of the Yoredale series, 
which includes millstone grit, and slate, and limestone. The 
Mountain Limestone, as it is sometimes termed, abounds in the 
district, although not nearly so much developed as in Yorkshire 
and Derbyshire. Good building stone has for generations been 
foxmd in the higher portions of the parish. " Longridge stone" 
was for years in great demand. " Along the banks of the Ribble," 
adds Mr. P. 0. King, to whom I am indebted for the above 
information, "notably at Eibchester, may be seen the glacial 
deposits in sections, where the fossils of the drift are obtainable."^ 
Besides the stone for which Longridge is noted, slate is also found. 
A quarry called *' Buckley Delph" was at one time largely worked. 

Vegetation is not particularly profuse in the district — the soil 
scarcely being suitable. Trees do not obtain any very great size, 
with one or two exceptions however. Yews and oaks were at one 
time largely grown. A few years ago there was a magnificent old 
oak close to Alston Hall (the old Hall). It was one of " the 
shows" of the country. Mr. W. Dobson says, " it was one time 
used as a shippon: it was 42 feet in circumference at its base, and 
at 18 inches irom the ground was 36 feet in circumference. It 
was hollow, and one could see the sky from the interior."' I 
regret to say that the old oak has been cut down. 

As in other parts of Lancashire, so in Bibchester parish, the 
conditions of agriculture have undergone a remarkable change 

iParkinson's Poems. ^Bamhlea by the Jtibble, in. 19. 

Hist, of Longridge, 258. 



70 HISTORY OF RIBOHESTEE. [PART II. 

since the beginning of the present century. There were in 1886 
only 1 3 acres under the plough. * A hundred years ago the farmer's 
anxiety was not (as it is now) about the price of cattle, or milk 
and butter, but about the price of corn, as is clear from old diaries 
we have in our possession. Naturally the land is poor and sterile, 
but the steady industry of the small farmers has improved its 
natural condition even to the highest portions of the parish, so 
that for grazing purposes it is extremely valuable, the average 
price being from 30s. to 100s. an acre per year. For centuries 
moorland, bog, and morass had limited the cultivable area of the 
parish. Most of Lougridge Fell and the ridge which extends into 
Dutton were common land down to 1807. The following is a 
summary of the enclosure awards : — 

At the house of Mr. John Wharton, Innkeeper, in Dilworth, in 
the County of Lancaster, 27 July, 1808, Adam Cottam, Edward 
Lovat, and William Harper, gentlemen, Commissioners appointed 
imder an Act passed in 1808, entituled " an Act for enclosing 
lands in the Parishes of Chipping, Mitton, and Ribchester,'* and 
certain other like Acts, did meet and fix the boundaries of Dutton 
and Bibchester as xmder : 

Dutton. Commencing upon the FeU at the great stone heap 
west of the Beacon, and proceeding south-westward adjoining the 
manor of Thomley by a small heap of stones to an upright stone 
called the White Stoop, and forward to a heap of stones called the 
Cripple Oak, then proceeding southward in a direct line to a large 
stone in the White Slack called the Grey Stone, where the junction 
with Thomley ends, etc., etc., etc. And we hereof do declare that 
all the land contained within this last described boundary (except 
the Farm and Land called Linalls, hereinbefore described as part 
of the Hamlet of Bailey) is within the parcel of the manor of 
Dutton. 

We do also ascertain, set out, determine, and fix the Boundaries 
of the Manor of Eibchester as follow : — Commencing upon the 
Fell at a large stone in the White Slack, called the Grey Stone, 
and proceeding southward adjoining the manor of Dutton across 
that part of the Fell called Gannow, in a direct line to an upright 

^In 1829 Baines sa^s one fourth of (MSS. Shepherd's Library, Preeton. 
the land in the parish was arable. 



CHAP. I.] GENEEAL HISTORY. 71 

stone called the Long Stoop; thence, continuing in the same 
direction to a Boundary stone on Toad Hole, adjoining the Long- 
ridge and the Qlitheroe Eoad, and across the said road, and forward 
to another upright stone called Biddysnape Stone, from thence to 
a spring near Eiddysnape House. Thence by Fawney, Dod's 
Corner, " where it enters the ancient enclosures," then down the 
brook to Hayhurst Oommon. On the west and north sides some 
of the boundary points are Eatocks, ** through Woodcock Hall," 
Francis Green, Simmy Nook, Ward Green Brook, White Oarr 
Brook, " Knowl Green Bridge," and " Dilworth Inclosures." 

In 1844 "the chief employment is weaving, which is carried 
on in connection with farming operations. But we heard heavy 
complaints of rack rents and miserably low wages, with uncertain 
work ; and, in truth, the place has every appearance of poverty, 
and offers a painful contrast with the historical recollections which 
it bears, and the beautiful scenery which invites the eye and 
gratifies the taste on every side around it."^ 

There are no markets held in the parish. The fairs are all held 
in Longridge. Three fairs used to be held annually in Ribchester ; 
they'are now discontinued. 

Agricxilture was the staple trade for a long time ; but in the 
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries cotton and woollen weaving 
seems to have been much in vogue. In 1821, ** of the 707 famiKes 
in this parish, 100 of them are employed chiefly in agriculture ; 
and 577 in trades, manufactures, or handicraft; the remaining 30 
are either engaged in professional pursuits or unemployed."* 
Wood-turning, quarrying, and cotton weaving have for the last 
hundred years been the chief induGtries of the district. 

The parish is well provided with roads; sQveral follow the track 
of the Roman roads, as will be seen from the map which accom- 
panies this work. Perhaps the most noted roads are the two over 
Longridge Fell, and Written-stone-lane. Down the lower road on 
Longridge Fell came Cromwell on his forced march to intercept 
the Scots. It is currently reported that the great soldier used 
strong language as he slowly made his way along the rough and 
difficult road. These characteristics the road bears now. Written- 
stone-lane is a portion of a Roman bridle-path about four feet iii 

^Pic. Hist Co., Lancaster, 1844. ^Baines's Directoi-y (1825) ii., 634. 



72 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTEK. [PABT H. 

width, with steep banks on either side, and water coursing down 
its sides. Its weirdness and seclusion well fit it as the scene of 
ghostly stories. Its name is taken froin a stone which bears the 
legend, "Eavffe Badcliffe laid this stone to lye for ever, a.d. 1655." 
(See post. J 

The Folk-lore of the parish is in many respects particidarly 
interesting and noteworthy. Baptisms, weddings, and funerals 
are made the occasions for the usual " feasts." The custom of 
placing a rope across the road to prevent the departure of newly 
married couples from the church gates until *' blackmail" is paid 
still prevails. 

Cofl&ns were filled with box, bays, and rosemary ; " and the 
bodies of some had laid with them a copper coin and a willow 
wand — the former to pay the boatman with, and the latter to 
drive off evil spirits. I have seen," adds Mr. E. Kirk, **box 
leaves, after lodging more than twenty years in a coffin, come out 
fresh and green." ^ 

The public-house signs of Eibchester parish, past and present, 
are— The White Bull, The Black Bull, The Blue Bell, Eed Lion, 
Bay Horse, The Dog, Dog and Partridge, Duke William, Cross 
Keys, Hall's Arms, White Cross, Pole Cat, Moor Cock, White 
Lion, Old Oak, Corporation Arms (formerly Old Black Bull), 
Spencer's Arms, Towneley Aims, Durham Ox, Wheat Sheaf, Bull 
and Eoyal, and Forrest's Arms. The sign of the Bull speaks of 
the long lordships of the Hoghtons ; that of the White Cross per- 
petuates the memory of a white cross long since despoiled by 
ignorant vandals ; those of the Pole Cat, Moor Cock, etc., remind 
us of the existence of vermin and game ; the rest are called after 
the owners, or have no local significance. 

The games of quoits, "guinea-peg," and football seem to be 
indigenous to the district. 

No memory of the " cucking stool" survives ; the stocks were 
in use so late as 1829. 

A few "legends" are told in connection with Eibchester. At 
Hothersall Hall, 'tis said, the Devil had undertaken to oblige 
some inhabitant with whatsoever he should desire in return for a 
surrender of the dalesman's soul when it left the earth. He had 

^ Manch, Int. Club Papers III. , HI. 



CHAP. I ] GENERAL HISTOBY. 73 

been allowed three wishes, one thing — the only one recorded — 

the Hothersall man asked for, was a rope made from sand of the 

river Bibble. In case of failure his Satanic Majesty had 

consented to be '' laid*' under one of the laurel trees growing in 

the vcdley. 

" The Devil and mate then went to the strand, 
In a jiffey they twisted a fine rope of sand, 
And dragged it along with them over the land ; 
• But when they brought the rope to be washed, 

To atoms it went— the rope was all smashed ! " 
So the Devil was ** hoist with his own petard," and sleeps 

peacefully under a laurel tree in the Ribble valley. 

Mr. Wilkinson says the ** Hothersall Hall Devil" was **^tV?" 

under the root of a large laurel tree at the end of the house, to 

protect the family from molestation so long as the tree exists. As 

the old rhyme has it — 

Rowan, ash, and red thread. 
Keep the Devils frae their speed. 

Mr. Y/ilkinson also states that ^^ it is a common practice with 
the housewives in this district, to tie a piece of red worsted thread 
round the cows' tails, previous to turning them out to grass for 
the first time in the spring. It secures their cattle, they say, from 
an evil eye, etc." 

Je&ey Hill is said to have long been the haunt of a freebooter, 
named ** Ned of the FeU." Written-Stone-lane is haunted by the 
ghost of a murdered man, and the ^'written stone" is said to 
have been put dowD to appease the restless spirit. A ^^ Woman 
in white" haimts "Daniell Plat;" and at Walton Fold was a 
demon who committed many strange vagaries until " laid " by a 
priest, the Eev. Jas. Fisher. Holly Hall was for a long time the 
domicile of a spirit. The parish is perambulated on a change 
of the Lord of the Manor. The last perambulation took place in 
1829. 

Some of the old social customs are interesting and worthy of 
mention. For particulars of many of them I am indebted to Mr. 
E. Kirk's valuable ** papers " published by the Manchester 
Literary Club.^ Plough Monday commenced the year ; on this 
day the school reopened after the Christmas holidays. Old 

» Momck, Lit, CM Papers HJ., 109. 



! 



74 HISTORY OF RIBCHE8TER. [PART II. 

" Kesmus " (Christmas Day) and Old New Year's Day were both 

observed as holidays. ** There was a saying " says Mr. E. Kirk, 

**that between Christmas Day and Old Christmas Day, days 

were a * cockstrine* longer, t.e.y increased in length by the space 

of time occupied by a cock in crowing." The second of February, 

Candlemas Day, was a noteworthy day. Farmers changed (as 

they do now) the tenancies of their land ; and ploughing began 

on this day. " Many of the peasantry, who had spent all their 

past life toiling in farm eervice, took this opportunity for changing 

their state from single to double blessedness." The old injunction 

was ~ on 

Oandlemaa Day, 

Pat Cards an' Candles away. 

Valentine's Day, Shrove Tuesday, Collop Monday, Cock Thurs- 
day, were celebrated in a hearty and festive way, as were Braggat 
Sunday (Mid-Lent) and Easter. The custom of rolling dyed eggs 
on Easter Monday is still in vogue, notably at Preston. "Lifting," 
says Mr. E. Kirk, has long since disappeared from the district. 
The last instance Mr. Eark knew of, was at Farington, in 1864, 
when several persons, including Mr. Kirk, were thrown up by a 
number of females and caught again, " in manifestation of joy 
at the arrival of the first load of ccittoD after the great famine."^ 
April 30, is called ** Mischief Neet." On May-day the farmers 
give up possession of their buildings. Of the weather the popular 

rhyme is— 

A weet and windy May 

For fillin' bams wi' com and hay. 

Another weather truism is : — 

When th' wind's ith' east 

Its neither good for man nor beast. 

" Before the days of Clubs the fair of the district was held on 
Rogation Sunday and the rest of the week, and every house 
within certain bounds held the privilege to sell ale and porter, 
and continued to do so down to my own recollection."* 

The collection of tithe sheaves led to a curious custom.® Teanla 
Neet was the last night in August. Fires were lit in order to 
" leet th* souls o* their relatives out o' purgatory." So it was said 
of the Eoman Catholics.^ 

1 Ibidy III., 110. » Maneh.Lit.aubPaper8lII.yl03. 

a Ibid. * Mnneh. IM. Club Papers III.. 109. 



CHAP. I.] GENEBAL HI8T0BY. 76 

Christmas was right-well observed. Every child had its mince 
pie, of huge dimensions. The present writer has often '* let Kesmus 

in " by calling out : — 

Owd wives ansa 

An' bake your pies, 

It*s Kesmus Day ith* morning. 

** Beasts were believed to be converted into bees at midnight of 
Christmas Eve ; and I know," says Mr. E. Kirk, " some people 
who," in 1875, ** waited up to test the truth of the belief."* 
** Campin* " was a favourite winter's enjoyment. 

But then, as now, courtship constituted one of the chief charms 
of country life. " Foreigners " who came a-courting had to 
"stand treat," or get **secked." "Sitting up," somewhat after 
the Scotch fashion, without (perhaps) the Scotch evils, was an 
ordinary thing. No **chap" might meet his "woman" on a 
Friday evening. That was " jinglin neet." " If he did, he would 
be sure to set all the old frying pans and kettles in motion, as if 
a thousand bees were aswarm."^ A good story is told by Mr. 
E. Kirk, who, being a native of a neighbouring parish, had his 
mind permeated with the old folk lore of the district. " A father 
in the Nook was trying to dissuade his daughter from marriage, 
and quoted St. Paid as saying : * Those that marry do well, but \>f 
those who do not do better.' The lass retorted : * I'm content to /\^ 
do weel ; but let them do better as con! ' "* 

The dialect of the parish of Eibchester has lingered longer than 
in most parts of Lancashire. Shut o£E to a great extent from the 
outer world, the people easily preserved their primitive character 
in manner and speech. It is well known that there is a consider- 
able difference in the dialect of the County Palatine on either side 
of the river Ribble. Some of these differences are remarkable. 
The "O'er Eibbler," as the dweller on the South side of the 
Bibble is called, uses ed^es for hills ; we use fells ; our calves are 
coves; his are ccmves. We say momm\ not maurmn\ for morning. 
His young women are wenches, ours are lasses. To tea/r South of 
the nibble is rent, iu Eibchester, rive, A lung paand 6* butter in 
Eibchester, would be converted into a raand paand o'* huther at 
Ohorley. 

1 Ibid « Ibid. 



76 



inSTOBY OF BIBOHESTEB. 



[PABT H. 



More into detail I cannot here enter ; I can only add that the 
publication by the Manchester Literary Club of a Lancashire 
Glossary has'supplied a long-felt want. 

The population and acreage returns are appended : — 



Alston 

Dilworth... 
Dutton ... 
Hothersall 
Ribchester 



Area in 
Acres. 




] 


Population. 




1801. 


1821. 


184i. 


1861. 


1881. 


1989 


476 


768 


807 


1098 


1.589 


1226 


524 


969 


845 


959 


2116 


1809 


388 


621 


563 


312 


259 


1033 


188 


190 


169 


159 


132 


2093 


1172 


1760 


1727 


1357 


1282 



The first two townships form the Ecclesiastical district of 
Longridge; the three last form the Parish of Eibchester; the 
extra-parochial chapelry of Stydd id included in the parish of 
Eibchester. The Local Government and Parliamentary boundaries 
are very confusing. 



Hundred of 
Blackburn. 


Hundred of 
Amoundemess. 


Darwen Division of 
Lancashire. 


Blackpool Division 
of Lancashire. 


Ribchester 


AlHton 


Ribchester 


Alston 


Dutton 


Hothersall 


Dutton 


Hothenall 


Dilworth 




Dilworth 





/ 



CHAP. II.] 



THE CHURCH. 



77 



OHAPTEE n. 



®i)r^ ©tyurirlj* 




LTHOUGH there is no record of the Parish church 
of Eibchester, dedicated to St. Wilfrid, in the 
Domesday Survey, it is certain that it was in 
existence at a very early period. In Saxon times 
Eibchester formed a portion of the very extensive parish of 
Whalley.* In the Status de Bloffhomeshire, supposed to have been 
written in the fourteenth century, mention is made of the churches 
of Blagbome, Ohepyn, and Eibbchester, being built about 696 — 
" the devotion of the faithful having increased, and the number of 
believers in Blagborn augmented." According to this document the 
parish of Eibchester was separate and distinct from that of Whalley. 
The statements we have quoted are very improbable, and have no 
confirmation so far as we are aware. Canon Eaines states that a 
church was built before the time of Hen. 11.* Dr. Whitaker 
considered that the foundation of the church was no earlier than 
the reign of Hen. II. • He also gives the following extract from the 
presentment of the Jury of Blackbumshire at Lancaster Assizes, 20 
Oct., 1246. Qmd eccUsia de Walhy est in donacione domini Regis 
oceasione eustodis Edm de L&scy. M vaUt per annum vii^ marcas, 
M Petrus de Cestria earn tenet. JSt eeclesia de Ribhecestria similiter 
est in donacione domini Regis per eadem custodiam, JSt Imbertus 
ckricus earn tenet et valet per annum xl marcas,*' The Taxation 
Roll of Pope Nicholas IV. (1291-2) gives the annual value of the 
parish church of Eibchester at £22. 

In 1338, Henry de Oliderhowe granted lands in Eibchester for 
a chaplain. 



^ Dr. Hibbert-Ware states that in 
1296, the churches of Blackburn and 
Whalley, ** formed, along with the 
church of Bybbcestr' and the church 
of Chypvn, the assemblage appertain- 
ing to the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction 



of BlMVbxxrTL"— Foundations of Man- 
chestei*, iv., 99. 

« Hist, of WhdUey, II. 472. 

> Ibid., II., 459. 

^ JWd., II., 462. 



78 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART H. 

In a charter dated 24 Edw. II. (1365), among other things, to 
which reference is made in Chapter xii., right was also retained 
to build " a bridge of stone or of wood " qtiod bene liceat Reetori 
ecclesie de Ribchester vel Bom. de Osbaldeston.^ 

In 1405 Sir Eichard de Hoghton founded a Chantry, dedicated 
to the Blessed Virgin Mary, on the North side of the choir in the 
Church of Ribchester. Sir Richard's daughter Katherine, the 
wife of Hugh Venables, Baron of Kinderton, rented certain lands 
in Dutton, Ribchester, and Chipping, in trust, for a chaplain to 
celebrate divine service daily in this chapel, or in a second 
chantry on the South side of the choir (usually called the Hoghton 
choir), and not the original one as has been generally supposed 
by Whitaker, Raines, and other writers. The choir on the north 
side is called the Dutton choir. In 10 Hen. IV. (1409) John del 
More ^'•persona ecclesie de Ribcheater^^ gave Sibyl, wife of Roger de 
ffulthropp, his manors of Salesbury and Clayton, and lands in 
Preston, Ribchester, Dutton, etc.* 

In the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries, various 
grants were made of lands in Ribchester to the vicars and chap- 
lains of the church, reference to which is made in chapter IV. 

Iq 1488, " Variance and discord" having arisen between "Ellis 
Crombleholme, Priest of the perpetuall chauntrye of our Lady in 
Ribblechester on the one part,* and John Blackbume, son and 
heire of Thomas Blackburne, on the other part," Alexander 
Hogton, and John Talbot of Salesbury, Knts., were appointed 
arbitrators in the matter. The dispute was about "the right and 
tytle" to the possession of certain lands and other free rents of 
tiie chantry in Ribchester. The award was as follows : — "John 
Blackburne shall have halfe an acre of meadow lying betwixt 
the house of St. Saviour' and Chesterbrook and the crooked rodes 
lying in Ribchester Eyes ; " and on John Blackburne producing 
his title deeds the free rent shall be awarded to him; Ellis 
Crombleholme was awarded " a toft, a barne, and 2 landes [?] of 
arable lands."* 

• 

^ Tmondey MSS., 00. gatherer and lover of antiquities. 

* From " a jsaper books sent me by Thomas Talbott, Ano. Dm. 1668." 

my loTing friend Mr. Ohristofer ^ Stydd Church. 

Towneley, of Lancashire, a painefuli * Hoghton MhJS. 



/ 



CHAP. II.] THE CHURCH. 79 

In 1492, John Boyes, of Eibchester, gave Elias Orokholme 
[Orombleholme], perpetual chaplain of the chantry founded in 
honour of the Blessed Mary the Virgin, a parcel of his land lying 
in an angle of the southern part of Bernard Park,'* and all his 
land ** lying in Isabel Hole." Witness: Eichard Lynnols, 
Bobert de Eibchester, John Blackburne.^ 

The following is extracted from the Ohartulary of Whalley 
Abbey. Compotm fratri Roht, Sdihton et Ric. ffill, Burch, de 
Whalley^ anno dni. Johis Paslewe Abhatia, (1534.) 

In ffir ma/rum, 

£ B. d. 

Ribchester 00 02 01 

Button 00 04 00 

According to the Valor JEJoclesiasticm of Hen. VIII. (1534)'jthe 

Rectory of Eibchester was worth : in Manse, with glebe and 

divers tenements belonging to the same, £8 58. lOd. per annum ; 

in Tithe of grain, £20 ; of wool and lamb, 208.; of flax and hemp, 

10s.; in small tithes, oblations, etc., as per Easter EoU, £8 13s. 8d.; 

Total, £31 9s. 8d.; Eeprises, in Sinodals and procurations, 6s.; 

and worth clear, £39 9s. 6d. Hence the tenth, £3 18s. lljd. 

In 1541-2, Thomas, Bishop of Westminster, *'beinge parson 
of the parish churche of Eibchester, within the Countie Palantine 
of Lane, and being lawfully possessed of the same parsonage did 
demyse, graunt and lett to ferme all the glebe lands, oblacons, 
tythes, and profettes belonging unto the same parsonage unto one 
Edward Claydon and Eobert Hothersall, for a terme of certen 
yeres now ended," complained that in spite of the clauses in the 
lease whereby the lessees undertook "to kep upp the howses and 
hegges as also to keep savely the woodes," the said lessees had 
not only allowed the " howses and hegges " to decay, but had also 
destroyed a " great parte of the said woodes," and in addition 
refused to pay the rent due, amounting to £10. The Bishop 
therefore prayed for ** the Kinges letters of Privey Scale." ^ 
Apparently the Bishop was unsuccessful in getting his wrongs 
redressed, for two years later (1543-4) he again applied for letters 
of privy seal to the Chancellor of the Duchy, Sir John Gage, K.Q-. 
In his pleading, the Bishop stated that Edwaid Claydon, of 
Eibchester, had bound himself in £20, to pay £10, presumably 

1 ffoghton MSS. « Due, Pleadings, ix., B 20. 






80 HISTOBY OF BIBCHESTEB. [PABT II. 

ihe amount of rent due; which sum the defendant refused to 
pay, "craftyly and ontruelye entendinge to defraude yor said 
Cempleynant."* In 1546-7, the King granted ** to John, Bishop 
of Chester and his successors the advowsons, donations, pre- 
sentations, etc." of the ^'Parsonships, Eectorships and Churches of 
Oottingham, co. Tork, and of Eibchester in the the Archdeaconry 
of Bichmond, co. Lancaster," to be held of the King and his 
heirs "in pure and perpetual alms, and paying annually, 
£3 18s. Hid."* 

In 1548, the Commissioners of Edward YI. reported as follows 
on the Endowments, Tenants, and Eentals of the Chantry in the 
Parish church of Bibchester : 

The mancon howse w% other edifices belongyng to the same 
scituate and beynge in the towne of Eybchestre worth by yere to 
be lette f arm xx** 

It. one cloise called Eitchough nere adionyng to the sayme cont. 
by est. iij acres two cloises of arable lande called the bankhayes 
cont. by est v acres one cloyse of arable lande called Stoney- 
f urlonge cont. by est. ij acres one cloise called Wythen lache cont. 
by est. iij acres one cloise caUed Wooday cont. by est. vj acres one 
cloyse called the three acres cont. iij acres one cloyse pasture called 
preist medowe cont. by est. iij acr wherof belongyth to this Chaun- 
trie but ij acr one cloise called Orley cont. by est. v acr the third 
pte of one cloyse called Atough w<^^ third pte conteynyth v acr 
and one cloyse called the croft conteynyng by estimcu}. one acr in 
all XXXV acr w^h is [in] thoccupacon of the sayde Incumbent 
worthe by yere to be lette ferme Iviij* viij^ 

The wyffe of Thomas MycheU holdyth ij pcelles of lande con- 
teynynge one rode lieng in the fEeildes of the saide towne nere 
Bible water re.t vj*^ 

The pasture of vj CataUes goynge in the pasture ther called 
Eyerley in thoccupacon of the saide Incumbent worth by 



• • • < 



yere xuij** 

It. one pcejil of g^unde lyenge w*hin the cloyse of Thomas Cop- 
penholme cont. by est. ij rodes adionyng nere to the Steyde in the 
handes of the sayde Incumbent by yere xviij^ 

» Due. Pleadings, xiu., W 11, .• Patent Boll, M 29, v., 790. 



i 



CHAP. II.] THE CHURCH. 81 

It. the third pte of one tente lyenge in Bibohestre biforsayde in 
the occupacon of the said Incumbent by yere v" 

It. one grounde called Morchase lyeng ther in thandes and oc- 
cupacon of the sayde preist woethe by yere vj* 

Wyllyam Jenkyson holdyth one tente ther w*h thapptn^nce and 
rentyth yerlie in the sayde termes equallie v^ 

Wyllyam holdyth one tente ther nere Avergate w*h two 
closes cont. by est. iiij aor and one litle woode buttande agynst 
Nutberke cont. by est. one acr di rentynge yerlie e.t xj^ iij** 

Robert Hayhurst holdyth one tente w*h thapptn^nce lyenge in 
Rybchestre in the countie of Lancastre rentynge yerlie at the 
termes of x^ iij<i 

The wyff of Thomas Talbot holdyth one pcell of a Same and 
one pcell of land cont. by est. iij rode lieng in the said towne rent- 
ynge yerlie ij» v<* 

Thomas Sharphulles holdyth one tente w% thapptn<>nce ther 
and rentyth yerlie in the said termes equallie vij* ij^ 

Bauf Sharphidles holdeth one tente w% a gardyne ther cont. 
by est. half one rode rentyng yerlie at the sayde tetmes equallie 

iiij* jd ob. 

Richarde Holte holdyth one tente w^h thapptn^nce lyenge in the 
sayde towne rentynge yerlie in the sayde termes equallie. xj" vij<^ 

Willyam Talbot holdyth one cotage ther rentynge yerlie e.t iij« 

Willyam Rathmell holdyth one tente wth thapptn^nce lyenge 
in the sayde town and rentyth yerlie in the sayde termes 
equallie iij* v^ 

James Oowle holdyth one t^jnte w*h thapptn^nce lyenge in But- 
ton in the coimtieof Lancastre rentynge yerlie e.t. equallie xiij* vij'^ 

Robert Barker holdyth one tente w^h thapptn^nce lyenge in the 
same towne rentynge yerlie e.t. equallie vj* ij** 

Henry Gierke holdyth one tente w^^h thapptn^nce lyenge in 
Ghippinge in the saide countie rentinge yerlie e.t. equallie.... xvj* 

John Moore holdyth one tente w% thapptn*nce lyenge in the 
towne of Goosenarth in the sayde countie renting yerlie in the 
aforesaide termes equally xj" 

Robert Barnes holdyth one tente w^h thapptn*nce lyenge in the 
same towne of Goosenarth in the sayde countie and rentyth by 
yere at the sayde termes equallie ,.,, xj* 



82 HISTORY OF BIBOHBSTER. [tABT H. 

The wyff of Eleyz Dewhurst holdyth one tente w% thapptn<»nce 
thei: and rentyth yerlie in the said termes equallie vij" ij*^ 

The sayme wyffe holdyth ij butte of lande cont one Eode lyeng 
in the croftes ther buttand upon the yerde of Eicharde Sharphulles 
rentinge yerlie e.t iiij*^ 

The wyff of Wyllyam fforest holdyth one tente with thapptn^nce 
lyenge in the said towne rentynge yerlie and equallie e.t. ... viij* 

Eichard Blackbome for rent going furth of his landes ther by 
yere xiij*^ 

Thomas Dewhurst holdyth one bamesteide w% ij rodes of lande 
lyeng in the towne biforsayde rentyng yerlie e.t. xiiij^ 

The same Thomas holdyth one parcel of lande lyeng in Eyb- 
chestre Eyes cont. by est. one rode rentyng yerly in the saide 
termes equallie vj^ 

Olyu Hayhurst holdyth one pcell of grounde cont half one rode 
lyeng in the baksyde of his tente ther rentynge yerlie e.t. 

equallie ij^ 

Sm" totall of the rentall xj^ xx^ ob. 

Shortly after this report was received the King granted (1552) 
the possessions of the late Chantry to Thomas Beve, of London, 
gentleman ; John Johnson, of London, ** ffyshmonger" ; and 
Henry Herdson, of London, "Skinner," for the sum of £1,572 
Is. 5^d. Amongst the tenants mentioned in the grant is "the 
wife of Thomas Michell, late 'Oantanista' of the same late 
Chantry." Mention is also made of a rent of 2s. 6d., arising from 
part of the said late possessions, to be paid to "Eobert Lundell" ; 
and of a rent of 15s. lOd. due to " Peter Houghton Esquire."* 

" Geo. Wolset, Dr. of Laws, Parson of Eibchester," with the 
consent of the Bishop and Dean, " let to Chris. Parker" the glebe 
and demesne lands, tythes, etc., for 90 years; rent to be paid "to 
the Parson during his life, afterwards to y® Bishop." The Bishop 
bore all the charges, paying to the Vicar " such sume as shall be 
appointed;" the tenant repaired " the chancell and the mansion 
place, which shall belong to y« Vicar," and no great timber to be 
cut down except for necessary repairs. 

In 4, Edward VI. (1550-1) John Talbot, junior, Esq., of Sales- 
bury, "complained" about "onemansyon" in Dutton, "lately 

1 Patent JMZ, M 24, Tii., 832. 



CHAP. II.] THE CHXTBCH. 83 

seised to the use of the King," and which was part of the 
possessions of the lately dissolved chantry in Ribchester church, 
and *' in certen closes called Hichhaughe and Stonyfurlonge" also 
in Dutton, which had been leased to him by Humfrey Hatton, 
executor of George Qrymisdiche, to whom the premises had been 
granted in 1543 for a term of 21 years. In his petition, John 
Talbot goes on to say "about seven weeks last paste one Sir 
Eichard Sherburne, Kt., procured^tnd caused dyvers and sundry 
persons to the number of x^ persons to enter into the said two 
closes, claeymynge and pretending the. same to be the inheritance 
[of] Sir Richard Sherburne." Thereupon ensued a struggle in 
which John Talbot was " clerely expulst and putt owt." And to 
make matters worse, Sir Richard Sherburne levied and ** took to 
his own use the issues and proffittes" of the lands. An injunction 
was granted; but Sir Richard Sherburne replied that *' Hugh 
Shyrbum, Esquyer, was lawfully seised in the said 2 closes of 
land ; " and had let them to James Tarleton, Clerk, then 
Incumbent of the said late chantry, at a yearly rent of 4s. Sir 
Richard also claimed that the lands had descended to him, as 
grandson and heir of Hugh Sherburne, and that therefore the 
King had no right to grant the lands. ^ How the dispute ended 
we do not know. 

In 1555-6, Sir John Parrot purchased these lands, which 
comprised two acres of land in the tenure of '* Richard ffyelden," 
and four acres in the tenure of George Byrley, formerly assigned 
for the "maintenance of a Priest called the lady Priest in the 
Church of Rybchester."'^ 

In 1559, John Daniell and Richard Ashe, ** wardens of the 
parish church of Ribchester," petitioned about the same lands. 
The cause of complaint was that the churchwardens had been 
asked to pay " two severall rents for one thinge." In the course 
of their lengthy pleading they state that the lands in question 
were originally "appointed to the sustentacion menteneince and 
keepinge of one priest called our ladies priest in the church of 



* Due, Lane. Pleadings^, T. 9. very distinguished soldier. ** Hist, of 

^ Sir John Parrot or Perrot, was thatmost eminent statesman. Sir John 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and a Perrot." London, MDCOXXVIII. 



84 HISTORY OF RIBCHE8TEE. [PART H. 

Eibohester." The yeaxly value of the lands was vijs ; and ** one 
Thomas Haughton, Esquire, nowe hathit.'*^ 

In 1579, " Alexander Houghton, of the Lee, and John Talbot 
of Salburye, Esquires," complained about the conduct of the sub- 
lessee of the Rectory of Eibdiester. From their statement, which 
is extremely voluminous, it appears that in 2 Eliz. (1559), "George 
WiKet, deceased. Doctor of Laws, and laite parson of the Rectorie 
and parsonage of Ribchester, and John, laite Bushoppe of Chester, 
then patron and Ordinarie of the Rectorie aforesaide, and 
William Cliffe, Clarke, Deane of the Oathedrall Church of Christ 
and oure ladie. Saint Marie in Chester, and the Chapter of the 
same were lawf ullie seased in their demeane as of fee 6f and in 
the aforesaid rectory, with aU the glebe lands, etc.;" and they 
" being so seased did by their Indenture bearinge date the 
twentithe day of Maye in the Second Teare of the reigne of our 
sovereign ladie Queene Elizabeth" did lease the said rectory 
lands unto Christopher Parker, late of Rudam [Radholme] in 
BoUande, deceased, for a term of ninety years at a yearly rent of 
£39 15s. 6d., to be paid to the Rev. George Wolfitt during his 
life ; and then to the Bishop of Chester and his successors, " at 
the Bushoppes Stalle within the Quere or Chauncell" of Chester 
Cathedral. The distress clause was inserted in the lease. In 22 
Eliz. (1580), Christopher Parker sub-let a moiety of the rectory 
lands to ** Robert Swinglehurst, of ffarocke Howse [Fair Oak], 
' in Bollande, for the yearly rent of £19 17s. 9d. The plaintiffs 
then go on to say that they had purchased the interest of Robert 
Swinglehurst, "in the saide moytie and one hauffe" of the 
rectory lands " for the sum of four hundrethe markes ; " and find 
that Alexander Parker, son of Christopher Parker, having pos- 
session of the original lease, etc., is "publyshing and setting 
forth " his intention to make default of payment, and so break 
the original lease. This object say the plaintiffs, is to get a new 
lease, to which they object, and accordingly pray for a writ of the 
Privy Seal. In the meantime John Sherburne, gent., obtained 
Alexander Parker's interest in the rectory lands. John Sherburne 
then replied, controverting the plaintiff's statements.' It will be 

* J)uc. ofLanCt Pleadings, viiL, ID. « Due, Pleadings, Ixxvii., H 10. 



CHAP II.] THE CHXmOH. 85 

noticed that the date of the original lease is stated to be 2 Eliz., 
(1559), whereas Canon Baines gpives the date as 2 Ed. VI., 

(1549).* 

In 1 Jas. I (1604), the ohurch landp were let to "John 
Dewhurst and four moie for 3 lives ; the Bishop to find a Minister 
at his own copt."' 

The stipend of the Vicar of Ribchester was very small, only 20 
marks (£6 13s. 4d.), and at this low figure it seems to have 
remained for over one hundred years. In the Baker M88. of the 
University Library, Cambridge, is the following, taken from an 
account of the See of Chester in May, 1619 :— 

" For the increase of the Bp's Yearly Bevenue, whereas Eib- 
chester Lease was to be renewed, and the Farmers had offered 
him lOO^^^i Fine, and (as some of the Inhabitant aflftrmed) would 
rather give him 1,000*»^' Fine than go without it, there being only 
one aged life remaining in their Lease. He utterly refused to 
take any money for a new Lease thereof, but said he would (if 
ever it fell-in [in] his time) better the Vicarage thereof yearly 
(^ch ig yet but twenty marks yearly), and would reserve the rent 
for succeeding B'pps : And thus he refused their Fine about 10 : 
or 11 : years, and when he grew sick and weak, fearing lest his 
successor might for private gains defeat his good Intention, he 
made means to the King to confirm it, who thereupon wrote his 
Letters to remain in Begistry perpetually unto succession, for the 
reservation of it in Desmesne to the Bprick : in perpetuity." 

In 1633 the Bishop was ordered by the King never to renew 
this lease, and when fallen in to let it for no longer than the 
Bishop's life. 

In 1629 occurred a rather remsirkable incident, which is given 

in full. 

" decimo sexto " By vertu of a Comission Directed from the right rererend 
die Augnsti, father in god John by the pyidenc of god nowe lord Bushopp 
1629. of Chester vnto Cristofer Hindley Gierke vioar of Ribchester 

bearing date the xijth of August 1629 : Conserringe the 
ffiUiaeon of a Bastard Chyld begotten by one John Rodes of Ribchester, 
milliner [{.«., miller] vpon the body of Dorithie Helme of Ribchester afore- 
said. Thearfore by vertue of the sayd Comissio the said Cristofer Hindley 

1 Cheth, Soc., viil., 58, 59. *Pdl. NoU Book, iii., 61. 

2 Qheth, Soc, viii., 59. 



86 HISTOBT OF RTBCHESTBR. [PART 11. 

haith called him before him iFowerteen sufficient discrett honest wyres ; 
whoe vpon their sacred oathes taken k sworne, vpon the holy testament, doe 
saye that the sayd John Rodes is the trewe and lawful! father of the said 
basterd Chyld by all pbabillity [probability] and trewth wch they and ewy 
[every] of tiiem can or hawe knowne or learned by or ffrom the sayd Dorithie 
Hellme. 

"Whose oathes weare taken by the sayd autchriti^ the xvjth day of 
Auguste above writen before the sayd Cristor. Hindley and their names 
hearto subscrybed in the prsents of ts viz :— 
Imprimis Jur Ane vxor John Cottam 

Jar Elizabeth vxor James lingard 
Jur Grace vxor John Ck>ttam 
Jur Alice vxor John Derwin 
Jur ffrances vxor Edward Hothersall 
Jur Margrett vxor WUlm Sharpies 
Jur Alice vxor James Helme 
Jur Mary vxor Tho: Walche 
Jur Mary vx Tho: Bolton 
Jur Agnes vx John Birley 
Jur Elizabth vx Anthonie Hothersall 
Jur Mary vx Jo: Bolton 
Jur Elizabth Abbot vidu 
Jur Elizabt vxor Edward Ecles 
teste John Walmesly 

teste John I. Bomsbotham Chrophor 

Churah Warden. Hindley 

** The sayd Bastard Chyld after the sayd Dorithie had taken her Corporall 
oathe and tiio wives oonseming the true fatheringe of her said bastard : was 
Lawfullje offered & tendered vnto the sayd John Rodes : whoe obstinatly & 
vtterly refnseth to take the sayd Bastard: according as the Lawe haith 
comanded him in yt case. 

ita tester. 

Chrophor 

Hindley. 

teste I John B.omsbotham 

Church Warden."! 

The Oromwellian Survey Commissioners reported as follows : 
the particulars given in detail are of value and interest : — 

'* The impropriate Bectory and Parsonage of Eibchester, in the 
County of Lancaster, with all the tythes, lands, and hereditaments 
thereunto belonging, was in the 20th day of Tune, 1 James [1603] 
leased by Bichard, then Bishop of Chester, unto John Dewhurst, 
of Dewhurst, in the County of Lancaster, gent. ; John Sherburne, 

Consistory Court Records, Chester. 



CHAP, n.] THE CHUBCH. 87 

of the same County, gent. ; Henry Heyhurst, sonne and heire 
apparant of John Heyhurst, of Heyhurst, in Dutton, in the same 
County, gent.; Hugh Serle, of Chesbanke, within the Townshippe 
of Sibchester, within the said County, yeoman ; Thomas Dudell, 
of Alston, in the said County, yeoman ; and Balph EatolifPe, of 
Dilworth, in the said County, yeoman ; excepting one tenement 
or cottage then in the occupation of the Vicar of Nextros, for the 
terms of three lives (viz.)» ^^® ^^^® ^^ ^^® ^^ John Sherburne ; 
William Dewhurst, sonne and heire of John Dewhurst, in the 
County of Lancaster, yeomen; and Thomas Cottam, sonne and 
heire of John Cottam, of Heyhouse, also Hayhouse, in Dilworth 
aforesaid, yeoman, and for the longest lives of them, yielding and 
payeing to the said Bishopp and his successors the yearly rent of 
Thirty-nine pounds, sixteene shillings, and sixpence, at the 
Nativity of John Baptist and the Nativity of our Lord, by equall 
portions. And for non-payment of rent after the space of two 
months (it being lawfully demanded), the Bishopp and his suc- 
cessors to re-enter. The Bishopp is to find a Minister there during 
the tyme at his owne charge. And alsoe, to free the tennants and 
inhabitants of the said Parrish from all subsidies, fifteenes, tenthes, 
Synodals, and procurations, and all taxes, lays, impositions, or 
payments which may any wayes become due by reason of the said 
Parsonage or Bectory, or any part thereof ; And that the tenant 
shall have sufficient howsebook, fi^ebook, ploughbook, and 
lodgebook in and upon the premises, for necessary reparation, 
maintenance, uphoulding, and fencing thereof. The Tennants to 
mayntayne the premisses, chauncell, etc., with hedging, fenceing, 
and ditching the same, and so to leave it at the end of the said 
tearme, and in the meane tyme to cutt downe no greate timber 
trees without lycence of the said Bishopp or his successors, except 
for necessary reparations of the premisses or some part thereof. 

" The Impropriate Rectory is now held by Eichard Sherburne, 
of Stonyhurst, in the County of Lancaster, Esq., Tiho is Lord of 
the Manor; there is one life in being only, viz., Mr. John Sher- 
burne, aged seaventy-three yeares. There is, belonging to the 
Parsonage, a fiaire Parsonage house built with bricke, and one 
bame, about five bayes in good repair ; there was another bame 
of about eight bayes, which is blowne downe about three years 



88 HISTOEY OF RIBOHESTER. [PAKT II. 

agoe, and not yet built againe, most of. the tymber lost* 

"There belongeth to the Parsonage about one hundred acres 
of land, and about twenty acres of it is woodland, in which both 
tymbet and underwood is much destroyed since these late troubles. 
The gleabe and house have beene worth in the best tymes sixty 
pounds per annum. There is also three Tenements and twelve 
Oottages more which belong to the said Parsonage and Bectory. 

** There is belonging to the parrish ffive Townships, viz., Rib- 
chester, DUworth, Howston [Alston], Veeresee [Hothersall], and 
Button ; the tj'thes of the said parrish have beene estimated worth 
Two hundred and fifty pound per annum, besides the gleabe and 
Tennants' rents, but they are now held by the Tennants during 
the lease. 

" The Minister hath power to ffish, so far as the gleabe land 
goeth, but there is not any benefit made of it. 

" The Bishopp hath always allowed twenty marks per annum 
towards a Ministery out of the rent ; they are at present without 
any Minister, only hire soe often as they can, and pay the Minister 
so farre as the twenty marks will goe, and make up the rent of 
theire owne purses. There was one Mr. Harley, Curate there, 
but was put out by the Committee of Divines in Lancashire for 

his insufficiency, and being scandalous in his life and conversation." 

The Particulars of the Gleabes and of the Tenements and Cottages as 

f olloweth upon the Racke. 

£ s. d. 
The herbage of the woodland to be worth per annum 04 : 00 : 00 

One pasture of Gleabe, called Cow Close, consisting of eight acres, 

valued per annum 03:06:08 

Another pasture, called greate Carr, consisting of tenne acrefi, 

valued per ann 06 : 00 : 00 

One close, caUed little Carr, consisting of five acres, valued per 

ann 02 : 13 : 04 

One dose, caUed Curden Hey, consisting of twelve acres, valued 

per ann 06 : 10 : 00 

One meadow, oaUed great Meadow, consisting of six acres, valued 

per ann 07 : 10 : 00 

One close, caUed the Dogbotham, consisting of seaven acres, valued 

per ann 06 : 10 : 00 

One close, caUed Horse Roane, consisting of three acres, valued 

per ann 03 : 05 : 00 

One close, called Paratt, consisting of foure acres, valued per ann. 02 : 10 : 00 

£41 : 05 : 00 



CHAP. II.] 



THB OHTTROH* 



89 



One other dose, called Marybone dose, oonteyning foure acres, 

valaed per ann. 03 : 00 : 00 

The waste about the Parsonage, estimated to be above seaven 

acres, valued per ann 04 : 10 : 00 

One dose, called Witridding, by estimation foore acres, valued per 

ann 04 : 00 : 00 

Two closes, called Great Eyes and Litle Eyes, consisting of nyne 

acres, valued at per ann 07 : 16 : 00 

£19 : 05 : 00 
41 : 05 : 00 

Intoto £60:10:00 

Rent per ann. Rack rent. 
One Tebement in the occupation of John Seede, by 

estimation eleaven acres, and he payeth per 

ann 00 : 16 : 04 06 : 13 : 04 

One other Tenement, in the occupation of Edward 

Seede, estimated about eleaven acres, payeing 

per ann 00 : 16 : 04 06 : 13 : 04 

One Tenement, called Outber Tenement, in the 

occupation of Elizabeth Cottam, estimated 

about eleaven acres per ann 00 : 16 : 04 06 : 13 : 04 

£20 : 00 : 00 
GOTTAOBS. 

Richard Heyhurst, for Viccaridge ground where 

the Vicarage house stood, per ann 00:01:00 00:06:01 

Edmund Wood, one Cottage, payeing per ann ;. 00 : 02 : 00 00 : 10 : 00 

John Berliffe de Francis Green, one cottage 00 : 09 : 04 01 : 00 : 00 

Then follow cottages tenanted by Edward Heyhurst, Thomas Duehurst, 
Percival Duehurst, Richard Heyhurst, Thomas Boulton, Richard Cowell, Mrs. 
Brooke, Arthur Sowerbutts, Joseph Hanson, William Ribchester, Richard 
Norcrosse, George Reade, James Reade, Robert Mychell, Jeffrey Sharpies, 
who paid among them £10 4s. 4d., making the total into £12 138. 4d., the 
amoimt received from cottage property. *' All the cottages have some garden, 
orchard, or small paroell of ground belonging to them ; these pay no Herriots 
to the Lord but the rents at Midsomer and Christmas. 

The Bishopp presents the Vicar, and hath alwaies allowed him as is before 
mentioned. 

Totall of the Gleabe 93 : 03 : 04 

The Tymber that belongeth to the Parsonage of Ribchester, now growing in 

Carrewood. 

Thirty-one trees, valued at twenty shillings a tree 31 : 00 : 00 

Eighty-one trees, valued at ten shillings per tree 40 : 10 : 00 

Thirty-seaven trees, valued at seaven shillings per tree 12 : 19 : 00 

Seaventy-nyne trees, valued at five shillings per tree 19 : 15 : 00 

Ffoure trees valued at three shillings per tree 00 : 12 : 00 

Twenty-nyne poles, valued at two shillings per pole 02 : 18 : 00 



90 HISTORY OF RIBOHESTEE. [PART H. 

Thiity-six poles. Talned at one BhiUing per pole 01:16:00 

Eighty-eight poles, valued at sixpence per pole 02 : 04 : 00 

£111 : 14 : 00 



The Parson^e and Tennants houses are to have tymber for their repair out 
of the aforesaid wood. 

The Survey having bin returned about three years, and the life then seaventy- 
three years of age. 

Query, whether now alive. 
The Rent of Thirty-nyne pound, Sixteen Shillings, and Sixpence 

Is apportioned : — 

To be sould with the lands 10 : 16 : 06 

To remayne upon the tythes 29 : 00 : 00 

In toto 39 : 16 : 06 



Will Wbbb, 1660, Dec. 11. 

During the civil war, Hibcheeter dmrcli was the scene of 
notable disturbances, a full account of which is given in chapter iv. 
In 1661, the Eectory lands were let to John Tibboles* in trust for 
the Bishop of Chester and his family. In 1680, they were let to 
William Sergeant and Dr. Dove, * with the exception of one tenement, 
the surplice fees, the Easter roll, and tythes of Dutton township, 
which were given to the Vicar. 

Subjoined are the Easter and Michaelmas dues and surplice 
fees for 1684, as recorded in the church books. 

EASTEE DUES FOE EIBOHESTEE. 

ffor every hous and^back side threepence halfpenny 

ffor a man and wife four pence \ 

flfor every Communicant two pence I rp^ j^ ^^ ^ 

ffor every Plough a penny \ ., -S^^^ 

ffor half a Plough an hSf penny ^^ ^^^^' 

Eggs ever hous an half penny ) 

And ye Master orfMistris or Dame of ever^ Hous shall pay down ye sd two 

pence for every Comunicant in their family to y« Vicar. 
Michaelmas dues and other dues agreed upon as aforesaid by ye Vicar and y« 

Parishioners of Bibchester. 
ffor every Pigg one shilling and sixpence 
ffor hiJf a Pigg nine ]^nce 
ffor every GsJf five smllings 
ffor half a Calf two shillings and sixpence 
ffor every Lamb two shillings and sixpence 
ffor a ffleece of Wool eight pence 

ffor every Goose sixpence jlw ^^^ v» 

ffor every Cow and Calf to the number of five two J- *" *^ -^^^ 

pence and then five make half a Calf and seven a ^ ^^^^* 

whole and soe in the rest 
ffor every ffoal a penny 
ffor every swarm of Bees a penny 
ffor every Barren Cow a penny 
And in everything tjrthaDle seven make a whole and 

five a half 

* Mr. Tibboles was appointed regis- • Archdeacon of Richmond, 

trar of the Diocese of Chester, in 1662. 



To be paid to the 



CHAP, n.] THE OHUBOH. 91 

Note, that the Party concealing any of these things shall pay double for the 

thing so concealed 
And that Pigg and Goose may be taken in money or in kind, whether y^ Vicar 

pleases 

8UEPLI0E FEES. 

For every Christening on Sundajrs at the time appointed by the Kubrick, 

nothing 
ffor a Christening at Church on a week day, a shilling 
ffor every Christening in the Churoh if not at the time appointed by the 

Kubrick, a shilling 
ffor every Christening at the Parents hous or elsewhere by the Vicar or his 

Deputy out of the Church (if the child be not sick), a reasonable reward 
ffor every Churching if at the time appointed by the Kubrick, four pence 
ffor every Churching out of the Church, or in the Church if not at the time 

appointed by the Kubrick, one shilling 
ffor every Marriage by Banes two shillings, within the Parish 
ffor every Clandestine Marriage six shillings and 8 pence 
ffor every Clandestine Christening and Churching one shilling of all perswasions 
ffor every Buryal whatever of the Parish of Kibchester whether in Church or 

Church Yard, one shilling 
These ffees, Dues, and Perquisites were agreed upon by the Vicar, the Gentle- 
men, and others whose names are hereunder written 
Witness our hands, 1684 

Tho : Hothersall Geo : Ogden Vicar of Kibchester 

Edm Naden Kich : Kippaz 

Jo. Ward Cur't 

Kich : Carter Jam. Norcrosse 

his mark Kichard Willson 

Will Norcrosse Ab. Townley 

Bichard Wilkinson J. Townley 

W. Dewhurst Tho. Bleasdale 

George Harrison George Katcliffe 

Kichard Barlow James Lund 

Wm. Peele 

In 1706, the lease was made to Robert Callys "after a fine 
post in court, and trust delivered up by Dr. Thane, upon con- 
sideration of £210 fine to the Bishop.''^ 

Bishop Gastrell states that the annual value of the Rectory in 
1706, was £38 19s. Id. ; of which £13 6s. 8d. went to the Bishop 
of Chester. The tithes of hay and com in Button produced 
£13 3s. 5d. ; small tithes and Easter dues, £9 12s. Od. ; and 
surpHce fees, £3. 

Gastrell also states there was ** reserved by indenture £5 6s. 8d. 
for a Priest serving within the church of Kibchester."® In 1725 
the lease of the Rectory lands was let to John Cooper. 

1 Cheth. Soc,, viii., 59. « Chetham Soc., xxii., 471. 



92 HISTORY OF EIBOHESTEIl. [PAET U, 

In 1818, Bibcliester was returned as a Vicarage, the value of 
the living being £140 15s. Id.; the chapel of Stydd being 
returned as '' annexed to Kibchester." The present value of the 
living (which is termed the Eectory of Eibchester and the Vicarage 
of Stydd) is returned at £300, with a residence. The tithes are 
valued at £198 10s. Od. 

THE FABEIO. 

No apology is necessary for my reproducing the excellent 
architectural description of Eibchester Church written by Mr. 
W. A. Waddington in his Sketches on the G alder and Jtthhle. 

" The Church, dedicated to St. Wilfrid, is parallel in point of 
antiquity with the present Church of Whalley; the greater 
changes too were effected about the same time. The Chancel is . 
Early English of about the year 1220, and still retains its eastern 
lancet lights. The inner Porch door is one of the finest specimens 
of this style in the district, and is in an excellent state of preserva- 
tion. There is an Ancient Chapel forming a distinct aisle to the 
north, its present most remarkable features are the really 
beautiful windows, which display the wonderful traceried forms 
and richness of detail of the Decorated Period at the time of 
Edward HE. The Tower as usual is perpendicular in style, its 
Belfry windows being varied by the introduction of an additional 
mullion ; many of the other windows are insertions of different 
dates, and strangely enough in choosing the style for the hand- 
some windows recently erected in the south aisle, no attempt has 
been piade to equalize this disparity. The dormer windows on 
the Nave roof are certainly very rude, but exhibit one of those 
< accidental ideas ' which, if skilfully developed, is capable of 
picturesque effect." 

Prior to 1666, we know little or nothing of the Fabric of the 
Church. From the churchwardens accounts the following items 
are extracted : — 

1666 £ B. d. 

Sept. 4 To Edward Osbaldeston for making of plaister and for point- 
ing the Steeple, being 7 dayes work 7 

for helpe to get the ladder, and for to lay up the falling 

stones betwixt the Church and the Chancel 4 

1666-7 To Bichard Pemberton [Blacksmith] for generall things don 

fory« Chui€h 5 11 



0Aa^. ii."] the ohuboh. 

1668 Tayd to Bichard Pemberton y« Smyth as will appeare by 

his booke, and for the use of the Chnroh 112 

Payd to Thomas Lambshey the plmmner for catting the 

leades and other work thereunto belonging 4 2 10 

For lead and carriage 3 12 

1669 Spent when we met the plnmer, and gave him an earing, and 

made ye bargaine with him 3 

Spent upon 12 or 13 men to help np with the leades unte ye top 

of the steeples 4 

Paid Henry Newsome for mossing and mending 6 roodes, and 4 

yards of old slate 17 

Spent on ye slaters at seyrall tymes when wee attended on them 

to see the work well done 2 6 

1670 Payd to Bioh. Ryding for wall part of the churoh yard wall, 

and pointing all the said wall round about, aud laying on 

ye battlent stoneS) and pointing pt of ye steeple 2 10 

To the glacier, and for attendance 8^ 

For painting of the glass 5 dayes 6 

1679 Paid for mending and mossing ye Church 14 4 

1680 Pd to Hugh Seed for 36 Skue ? stones for ye steeple windas . . 10 6 

Paid for one loade of Slate 11 

Paid to Edward Seed and James Sharpies for greatinge and 

setinge ye said stones 9 4 

Paid to James MeUinge for glasse and setixige up for ye church 

Windes 16 

1684 Spent 29 of May, lor ye gentlemen and 24 men and ourselyes 

when viude the church for repairs 9 

1686 For Beautifying the Church 3 10 

Spent on our Parishioners when the Church was set to be 

Beautified ; 7 

Paid and spent in attending ye beautifiers with lathers and other 

instruments for one whole month 8 4 

1686 p' to George Bawcklife for 19 days work and goeing with 

Thomas Hille to buy timber, stone, steps, and spent 118 

pd to Willm Dewhuret for stones and morter comers, throughs, 

andnaUes 16 1 

pdto ye masons for hewne work and for waiting and getting 

stones 3 3 10 

Spent on ye masons when ye got ye stones in Bible, and given 

in tobacco 2 7 

Paid for nyne load of lyme 8 3 

Paid to Lawrence Cottam for leading ye hewn work from Lum 

Mills 6 

Paid for glasse at Bibchester and Longridge 16 4 

Paid to Edward Eccles for 3 ime [iron] bars 16 10 

Pd to Christopher Towles for Slitte Daills 12 6 

1706 Spent a viewing the wall joyning to Dutton Quire 2 

ffor putting out our ashes in the wall 10 

ffor 161b. lead for the Pulpit window and fixing it 3 



I 



94 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART H. 

Spent when the chnroh was set to whiten 5 

601b. of Spanish white and carriage 3 6 

1711 for beautifying the church 3 

for laying 160 yards of flags at 4d. per yard 2 13 4 

Paid Robert Seed for slating over Sir Charles Quire (the Hoghton 

choir) 10 

1722 For 80 feet of new glass 13 4 

1728 for repairing 3re church wall and cross 12 6 

1733 Jon Entwistle for oak boards for ye steeple 117 

To ye plumer for worke and lead 5 2 4 

1760 Pd Jno Hall concerning leads 9 18 6 

1762 To 65 yards of flaggs to James Pye 3 5 

To Robert GomaU for Uflb. Iron 2 8 

For over a hundred years the fabric of the church underwent 
no repairs of any great extent. In 1881-2 the chancel was 
restored and put into thorough repair by the Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners, and "the Rector and Parish restored the Chancel- 
Arch " at the same time. Heating apparatus was also supplied 
at the cost of the Parish and Jonathan Openshaw, Esq. 
THE BUTTON AND HOGHTON CHOIES. 

These choirs, chapels, or chantries are on the north and south 

sides respectively of the church. They were both founded by the 

Hoghtons, as we have seen. After the Reformation the Dutton 

choir seems to have belonged to the Hoghtons and the Towneleys 

of Dutton. The portion belonging to the Hoghtons was sold, says 

Canon Raines, to Mr. RothweU. " In 1729, Richard Townley of 

Belfield, sold to John Riley the middle part of Dutton choir, being 

a seat therein, five feet square, reserving power to pass and repass 

to other parts of the said choir, not thereby granted."^ In 1800, 

William Pye, gent., disposed of the seat by his will. It is now 

claimed by the representatives of Mrs. Alston of Ribchester. But 

Mr. Dobson points out that in 1856 Richard Towneley of Belfield, 

sold the other portion of the choir to James Bolton of Preston, 

from whom it passed to the Walmsleys of Showley, and from them 

to George Barton and Christopher Alston.* That some misimder- 

standing prevails as to the ownership of the Dutton choir is clear 

from the following resolution extracted from the Churchwardens' 

Accoimt Book : — 

As to the temporary and necessary repairs of the North Chapel, or 
Chantry, or Side Chapel, the Rector and Churchwardens here record that 

^Chet. Sot., xxii., 473. ^BambUs bp the lUme, ii., 108. 



CHAP. II.] THE OHUBOH. 95 

in allowing James Fenton, Esq., to do the said repairs they neither admit 
nor deny Mr. Fenton's rights or claims, but for their own protection and that 
of the Parishioners the j do here state the said repairs are to be without 
prejudice to any claim or right on either or any side and not to be considered 
or taken as any evidence of repair by or for on behalf of any person or 
persons whatsoever. 15th August, 1882. F. E. Perrin, Rector. 

Into the merits of this question we do not propose to enter. 
We merely say that Mr. Fenton, as Lord of the Manor, is generally 
considered to be the rightful owner. The Hoghton choir, on the 
south side, also belongs to Mr. Fenton. 

THE INTEEIOE. 

The interior of the church possesses but few objects of interest. 
An ancient altar and piscina are to be seen in the Dutton choir ; 
" the arches which divide the choir from the nave are," says Mr. 
Waddington, '^coeval with its general features."^ An oaken 
screen once occupied the chancel archway ; ** the tympanum of 
the arch was fitted with a rude painting of the Eoyal Arms" (see 
accounts 1707-8) ''of the time of Queen Anne, and on the east 
side was a large hagioscope or squint. The painting is now (1869) 
preserved in the church, and it is much to be regretted that the 
praiseworthy spirit which prompted its preservation did not extend 
its conservative influence to the screen itself, and the many speci- 
mens of ancient woodwork which must have existed prior to the 
substitution of the vile caricatures of church furniture which 
crowd the edifice." We regret to say that the "praiseworthy 
spirit," which animated the restorers of the church prior to 1869, 
was wanting in the last restoration, as the painting of the Boyal 
Arms has disappeared. 

The roof of the nave is of peculiar construction, '' of about the 
year 1500" (the figures 1527 being cut on one of the beams) ; 
while that of the chancel is of plain oak. The pulpit is hexagonal 
in shape, and made of dark oak. It is elaborately carved with 
'' the spiritless ornaments" of the time of Charles I., and has the 
monogram 0. H. (Ohristopher Hindle, then vicar), and the date 
1636 cut on one side. The pews are old-fashioned and mostly 
open. The font which stands close to the south-west entrance is 
of an extremely plain character, and the stone of which it is built 
is disfigured with paint. 

^Sketches on Colder and BibUe, 



^6 HISTOBY OF BIBOfiESTEB. [pABT U. 

OHUEOH FUENITTJEE. 

£ 8. d. 

1666 Aug. 26. for mending of the church streete and the partition 

behind the church and the bell house 10 

for 5 quarters of Scotch doath for two napkins 2 

Spent the same day 4 

Disbursed unto Tho. Cutler for eyle, spiking, and pack thread. 2 

1667 Nov. 6. for a Joynd beare 14 

for one Blacke cloath to oo' the Beare 18 

for a forme to set little children on when they come to bee buryed 14 

To Tho: Cutler for oyle, paper, and othr things 2 6 

for the makeing of the cloath for the beare 8 

1668 July 13. payd for one spade for the church use 00 02 00 

1669 paid to Willm. Dilworth for making the church style, and 

in mending of formes and gates of ye church 00 13 

Spent att the setting up of the church style upon the helpers... 00 9 

1672 payd to Will. Dewhurst for a Lock and a Key 10 

pa'd at Chippin to ye Comissary Court for an order for ye cheast 

in ye church for want of 3 lockes 06 4 

1674 disbursed for serge for ye pulpit, Bobs, thread tape and tajliors 

wages , 05 9 

for mending of ye geate in ye pulpitt 00 4 

1675 May 10. payd to Mr. Haggate concerning ye boxes for collecting 

money for ye poore and charges att that tyme 05 

Spent when ye great Bible was sent from Ixmdon 12 

payd to Willm. Dewhurst for his expence att London wth Mr. 

Henry Hothersall 5 

1676 To Henry Seede for covering ye great Bible 00 00 08 

1677 Aug. 10. Spent at meeting upon some of the 24 about making 

a seat in ye Church for ye Churchwardens.... 00 04 10 

Aug. 26. To Richard Pemberton for mending the dyall and 

making links for ye Church yate .....^ 00 01 00 

Pd for exohanginge ye Church powder 00 02 03 

1678 paid for a booke of prayers at ye prayer day Appointed by ye 

King 00 00 10 

paid for a booke of Homilies and one other booke of Common 

prayer 01 08 00 

1679 paid for a new geate in ye reding deske and for ridding of ye 

groundeworke 00 01 00 

for mending ye russe of ye Church 00 Qj 06 

1680 paid to William Dewhurst for ye bsar cloath 01 00 08 

paid for silke tape and thread and maiking ye said cloathe 00 01 10 

1681 for ye church plate scouring 00 00 06 

1683 paid for a Book of Cannons 00 01 00 

paid for matts f or ye Comunton Table 00 04 00 

1684 paid for a new church Steele 00 03 06 

paid for a wiscate 00 00 05 

1687-8 paid for hanging the litle church doore and a prayer booke for 

ye Queene 00 01 09 



CHAP, n.] THB OHXJBOH. 97 

pd to Bichard Carter for ye liaokhome and mending ye Church 

bottles 00 00 10 

1688-9 Bought and paid for the Serplioe 01 13 04 

1692-3 paid to William Dewhurst for the Beer Cloath and other things 01 16 07 

paid for 3 beesamee 00 00 03 

paid for a booke of articles, proclamations, and prayer bookes... 00 03 00 
1707-8 pd when bargained for drawing ye Queen's Arms, the Creede, 

and Lord's Prayer and tenn Commandments 00 02 00 

pd to Mr. EUinson in part for ye Queen's Arms, ete 01 13 00 

pd him more 01 U 00 

paid for hearse cloth 01 10 04 

1708-9 pd for a table of degrees and a bord for fixing ye same on 00 01 02 

1711-12 pd to ye apparitor for ye Book of Inquiry ^ 00 01 00 

1719-20 For making ye new Surplice 00 10 00 

1724-6 pd Ed. Entwistle for a new herse cloth 01 09 Oli 

1732-3 To Mr. Atherton for a new hers doth 01 10 01 

1734-6 A Whip for ye dogg's 00 00 06 

1736-6 Paid ye joyner for ye new pew 02 06 00 

THE SINGING GALLEET. 
" The original ffaculty of which this is a true Cooppy of the 
Grant fEor erecting a gallery at the West End of the Parish 
Church of Eibchester, etc. To all Christian people to whom these 
presents shall come be seen or in any wise appertain, William 
Stratford doctor of Jjaw Commisary in and thorought the whole 
archdeaconry of Eichmond in the diocess of Chester lawfully 
constituted, Sendeth greeting. Whereas it hath been certifyed 
unto us under the hands of the Eeverend Thomas Johnson, Clerk 
Vicar of the Parish Church of Eibchester in the County of 
Lancaster and archdeaconry aforesaid. John Alston, Eobert 
Ehodes, John Dobson, John Kay, and Matthew Ellison Church- 
wardens of the said parish. That a Gallery with seats therein for 
the ujse of the Singers of Psalms may be very conveniently erected 
at the West End of the said Church next the Bellfrey to enter in 
a direct line 'from the North side to the South eight yards wanting 
Two inches and in breadth from the back to the front seven £Eeet 
and in height from the ground to the basis thereof eight feet with 
convenient stairs leading to the said intended Gallery to begin in 
the Bellfrey, and to be carryed on with a streight drift to the 
back of the gallery and to contain in breadth one yard and three 
inches and that the erection of the said gallery with seats therein 
together with Stairs leading thereto of the situation and dimensions 
aforesaid will not be any damage to the £Eabrick of the said, 



98 HISTORY OF BlBCHESTER. [PART It. 

church or prejudicial to any of the panshioners of the said parish 
and whereas the said Yicar and Churchwardens have petitioned 
us to grant them our license and authority to erect a Gallery with 
Seats therein together with convenient stairs leading thereto in 
the place above described at the expense of the Parishioners of 
the said parish for the purpose af osesaid. We therefore the said 
Commisary having duly considered the Importance of the said 
petition, Do by these presents grant to theni the said Thomas 
Johnson, John Alston, Eobert Ehodes, John Dobson, John Kay, 
and Matthew Ellison our License and Authority to erect a Gallery 
with seats therein together with convenient stairs as a passage to 
the said intended Gallery in the pla<)e above described according 
to the dimensions and for the Uses aforesaid at the Expense of 
the Farishoners aforesaid the Eight and Jurisdiction of the 
ordinary allways saved and reserved. GKven under the seal of 
our office the twenty-seventh day of July in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and thirty-six. 

Bob* Heblethwait 

Deputy Eegister." 

1736-7 AUowed for the GaUery 07 01 08 

1739-40 Bought Holland as appears by Mr. Peder'sbill 02 09 03 

1742 Nov. 22. Roger Coop for painting Two Chembims upon two 

Pannalls on ye Singing Pew 00 05 00 

1742-3 For two ahus boxes to Robt Ward 00 01 06 

For an almonick for the Vestry 00 00 04 

1749-60 To Tho Eastham for whip 00 00 06 

George Hearst a coat 00 10 00 

1762-3 A New Bier Cloth '.., 01 16 06 

1764-6 for Irish Cloth to mend SurpUce with 00 00 Oli 

1766-6 To Thos Eastern for whip lash 00 00 04 

1771 To 12 yds of fine Irish doth at 2s. 6d 16 

To Thread and Buttons 8 

To making Surplice 10 

To necking old surplice 2 

Eiod for old surplice 4s. 6d. 

1772 To a new Bible 2 6 6 

New register 2 10 8 

Carriage of Old Bible and Register 4 

Reed for old church Bible £0 16s. Od. 

1777 To John Singleton for cleaning Candlesticks 2 6 

1781 A cushion for reading desk 16 

1788 Paid Mr. Ainsworth for License 6 

Ditto for a Marriage Register 10 

To a Closet for SurpUce 9 6 



OHAF. n.] THE OHUBCH. 99 

1784 To 6 glass bottles 2 

To a Stone pillar, etc 16 

To James Norcrosse for repairing Seats in the Churoh 1 18 3 

Beceiyed from Doctor Whitaore for a seat in Church^ 2 6 

1786 To 13 yds of Irish Cloth at 2s. lOd. per yard 1 16 10 

John Srigley*s Bill for painting ohnroh 3 13 

To Mr. James Fye for flaggs and carriage , 1 

1787 To Wine for private Sacrament 

1791 Received for pew of Josh Walton 2s. 6d. 
Received for pew of Richd Dewhurst 7s. Od. 

1792 To Corks and washing wine bottles 

To a new surplice at 2s. and 4d. per yard 1 

Marriage Register 

1793 Receive for Roof money £0 7s. Od. 

1794 Taking iron moulds out of surplice 

Prayer Book 1 

1795 To strings for new Prayer Book 

1796 To a Prayer Book for Clerk 

To Mrs Alston for a bottle of wine for private sacrament 

1798 Book of artides and Form of Prayer 

1801 Washing the Bier doth and green doth for Communion table.. 
Beesoms and brush 

1802 Green Cloth for Reading Desk 

Joiner^s Bill for making fbmms, repairing reading desk, gate, etc 7 

1803 14 yds of doth for Surplice at 3s. 6d. per yard 2 

Rich Holden for straw and carriage 

Fender, tongs and Poker for the Vestry 

Mrs Relph for making surplice* 16 

Mrs Rdph for washing SurpUoe 6 times At Is. 6d 

1804 Washing Table doth and Napkin twice each 

New Seats 76 

1823 Book for Publication of banns of Marriages according to Act of 

Parliament 

1871 Mr. Tiplady for banns of Marriage book 

1873 Amount received for Drones found in the Church yard, £1 
1883 Inventory of Church Furniture : 

One crimson Altar Cloth 

One Linen Altar Cloth 

One Linen Napkin 

An Alms Dish The Bishop of Manchester. 

THE 8INGEE8. 
The references to the choir are not numerous :— - 

1733 To ye singers of Blackbom 9 

1771 Singers on the 5th of Novr 2 6 

*The Rev. T. D. Whitaker, LL.D. "Wife of the Vicar of Ribchester. 



16 





7 








6 


10 


4 


8 


6 


1 





1 








3 


12 





3 


4 


4 





1 


6 


3 


74 


2 


6 


1 


6 


9 





10 





7 


6 


16 





7 


6 


1 


4 


9 





8 





14 


6 



100 HISTORY OF BIBCHESTEB. [PABT II. 

Coals, Is. 2d. ; Powder, Is. 4d. 2 6 

1773 To two Hautboys 1 1 

To mending, and new Bazoon 2 17 

1780 To repairing Bazoon 3 

1798 Joseph Walton for Reeds 3 

1801 Vilonoelo 6 5 

Do. Case 12 

Do. Carriage from X«ondon 5 

Do. Do. from Preston 10 

1822 Paid for liquor when Longridge singers came to Bibchester 10 

The choir is a mixed one, and occupies the old gallery erected 
in 1736. 

THE BELLS AND CLOCKS. 

The earliest record of the existence of BeUs in Bibchester 
Church is in 1650; but there can be no doubt that there were 
bells in the church long before this. 

The Commissioners of Edward YI., in their return of goods at 
** the Chauntrie in the p'orche Church of Eibchestre," said 
" Plate, None." At the '* chapel of Longryge, SyrEobt. Cottom 
p'st and John Tomlynson chyrch rove " deposed " that there ys 
one belle yett remaynige at y^ said chapell." The Bell was 
valued at yj's vjd, and weighed fifty pounds. Canon Raines 
points out 'Hhat many of the chantries are returned as being 
without plate or ornaments, and yet in all there must have been 
a chaHce and paten, a missal and an alb, but in various instances 
these were concealed and withheld."* Of ornaments we find 
Longridge chapel possessed one chalice of silver weighing 7f 
ounces, valued at twelve pence. 

Probably this was the case at Eibchester, which at this time 
had one of the most richly endowed chantries in the county. One 
'^ ornament " Bibchester had ; land being given '' to the fyndinge 
of a Lampe in the p'ish church there but whether the same was 
geven to have contynuance for ever we know not ; of the yerely 
value of . . . vijs." The Bells are mentioned in the first 
year's (1666) accoimts of which any record remains: and seem 
to have been a constant trouble to the '^ gentlemen," judging by 
the amoimt of money spent upon them. Doubtless the tower of 
the church had been damaged during the civil war, when 
Bibchester was the scene of more than one skirmish ; and for ten 

* ffistary'of the ChantrieSt L» xxiv. 



CHAP. II.] THE OHTTEOH. 101 

years workmen seem to have been busy \ritli the bells. Mr. 
Marsh appears to have had a good deal to do with them, and we 
think it is probable that Jackson and Marsh, of Wigan, were the 
casters of the Bibchester Church bells. Mr. Sinclair has given a 
very interesting account of the " lost trade " of bell-casting at 
Wigan.* 

The more interesting items of e^^penditure are given in 
chronological order. 

1666 Aug. 26. Laid out for three bell strings 15 

Spent the same day 6 

1667 for mending of the bell wheeles' 1 

for a swine skin to mend ye bells wthall 6 

1668 payd to Bioh Cowell for woode towards making of the beU 

wheeles.. 7 6 

payd to WiUm and Rioh. Dillworth for goeing to Preston to 

view 3r« bell wheeles 2 

payd to Tho Yeates far three pieces of woode to bee spoakes 
for the bell wheeles, and for a gange of old spoakes to bee 

gins for the slate 4 4 

payd to Willm Dilworth for the worke of Sixty [days] in 
Making 3 whole Bell wheeles and making a . . . . 
frame for lifting the leades, and other necessaryes about 

ye church 3 4 

payd to Tho Cutler for candles for to work by for the Car- 

pentere, and for nayles for the BeU wheeles 3 11 

1668 payd to Roger Dewhurst for helping ye plumer 2 6 

payed to Henry Hayhurst for 4 trees bought of him by 
Willm. Dilworth, and James Lunde for, and towards 
ye bellwheeles, and for Lats, and for Loading ye said 

trees 2 8 

for mending cotters, bits, and wedges 2 

payd to Mr. Talbot for oUder wood for shields 6 

1670-1 April 12, payd to Rich. Pemberton for smithwork about ye 

bells 4 

1676 Spent when ye great bell dapper was peeoed and for ye 

workmanship 5 

Spent on Mr. Marsh and others when he came to sorte y^ 

wood for ye BeU frames 11 

Spent at ye first ringing of ye Bells 3 

1683 for mending ye chappel bells 3 6 

1702 paid Leo Boys for a hogg's skin 2 

1719-20 Assistance for taking up the Middle beU twice 3 

1793 To Robert Railton for hanging great BeU 2 6 

To „ for stay for great BeU 4 2 

To Robert Railton hanging great BeU a second time •••,«,,»» 2 1 6 

^Sinclair's Wigan, i., 204-6. 



102 HISTORY OF RIB0HB8TBR. [PABT H. 

To WiUiam Harrison for haxiging great Bell first time 4 4 

To Harrison for hanging two bells as per Bargain 10 

Deducted off Bell founders' Bill 4 15 2 

In 1822 the present peel of six bells was hung. They were 

cast by Mr. Hears, Whitechapel, London; and are a fine specimen 

of the campanologist's art. It is not a little remarkable that the 

cost was provided by a church rate, and that no opposition was 

offered by any non-church going ratepayers. Evidently all were 

proud of their old Parish Church. From the Account Book it 

appears that the cost of the bells was £245, irrespective of the 

fixing charges. Some of these I append : — 

£ 8. d. 

1821-2 Three oak trees from Mr. Riohd. Parkinson 19 3 7i 

Carriage of do., 158. 9d. ; breaking up do. at Preston, £2 5b. Id. 3 10 

Paid Mr. James Foreman for hanging the Bells • 17 7 

Paid Rev. Jas. Quartley for Timber • 3 5 9 

Paid John Roberts for altering soundholes, repairing walls, etc. 14 

Paid Carr. of Bells from Liverpool to Blackburn 2 4 

Paid Carr. of do. from Blackburn to Ribchester, Turnpikes, etc. 13 6 

A miscellaneous item is added : — 

1825-6 Hog's bird for the use of the Bells 2 

THE CLOCK. 
Apr. 16th, 1650. 

It is ordered that the Churchwardens shall finde oyle for the 
dock and bells, and to look to, and take care j^ they bee kept in 
good form, and order. 
Apr. 16th, 1650. 

It is ordered by the xziiij of this parish, y^ the Olerke shall 
tent the docke and shall have payd unto him yeerely for his 
paines and care herin v^ 

1669 payd to the Gierke for ten ngyeclock^ 5 

1670 payd to Willm. Dewhurst, shopkeeper, for dressing of ye clocke 2 4 

1671 payd for one rope for clock .•, 2 

1671-2 payd to John Jenkinson for making of two plummes for ye 

clocke and for ye tying of ym ,, 2 6 

1672 payd for drawing ye figures and varnishing of ye same of ye 

clock ,, 16 

1719-20 Spent on Peter Howhorth (?) when he set up the clock 16 

In 1813 the present handsome clock was placed in the tower. 
The following are the items referring to it in the Churchwardens' 
Account Book.: — 

^ This entry occurs year aftw year. 



CHAP. n.J THB OHUECH. 103 

£ B. d. 

1 813-14 New Turret Clock, £70 ; fixing up, £8, p. Mr. Alker 78 

Clock frame and Bevel wheels • 2 

Clock face covering with lead and painting 6 19 2 

Clock face on the outside, per Edwd. Hesmondhalgh 2 15 6 

Iron work for the dock, per Richard Rogerson 2 15 6 

Carriage of the clock from Wigan 3 10 

Carriage of the clock faces from Preston 10 

Mr. Robinson, wood merchant, of Preston, for wood 12 13 3 

Richard Ashworth's bill for allowances of Beer for Workmen.. 19 4 
Paid Lawe Walton for Workmen drilling a hole through the 

Steeple. , 8 

pd Joiner's Bill, per Edward Hesmondhalgh 8 15 

The cost was raised by ** forty-three fifteenths." The maker 

of the clock was Mr. Alker, of Wigan. What became of the old 

clock we do not know ; the account book simply says that 2s. 6d« 

was paid in 1814-15 for the cost of its carriage to Preston. In 

1822-3 occurs the following entry : — " Henry Wilkinson repairing 

church clock, broken by G. Boothman, 15s. Od." Also we find 

that, in 1823, ''two journeys to Qoosnargh to fetch Mr. Thos. 

Banks to regulate and repair the clock, per Mr. Gregson," cost 

4s. Od. 

THE BELL EINGEES. 

As the serton had his '' coat" and " whip," so the ringers had 
their '' gloves " provided at the expense of the parish. The fol- 
lowing resolution is the first reference we have found relating to 
the ringers : — 
April 16th, 1650. 

It [is] agreed this day at a Meeting of y® Gentlemen and 24 

men of this pish, vtdelct that Willm Carter, Ather Dewhurst and 

Thomas Cuttler shall have for ringing upon the Sabbath day and 

for Church service and all other times When y® p'ishoners shall 

have occasion, for pay : Six payer of gloves about y« prise of 

sixpence a payer yearly to be bought by the Churchwardens at 

y« charge of y« s*^ pish. 

Bichd. Walton The. Hothersall 

Ellis Hesmondhalgh Abrah. Townley 

George Ratcliffe Edm. Naden 

Bichard Leming Jams. Norcrosse 

James Lund Bic. Barlow 

For ringing on the 5th November the ringers received 6s. 8d, 
April 16th, 1650. 



104 mSTOBY OF RIBCIHESTEB. [PABT U. 

It is ordered by the zxiiij of this parish that the p'sons y^ do 
ringe on Noyember the fift shall have allowed vi" — ^viij*^ 

RINGING ANNALS, VICTORIES, ROYAL 

BIRTHDAYS, Etc. 

It was the custom at Ribchester Church to ring the '* Curfew " 
Bell at four in the morning, and at eight (as it is at the present 
time) in the evening, every day from All Hallow's Day to Lady 
Day. It is called the «' Curfew" Bell; but the Rev. J. C. Cox 
inclines to the opinion that the former custom is a relic of early 
mass, which, before the Reformation, was sung at that early hour. ^ 

The earliest mention of the " Curfew " Bell is as follows : — 
Apr. 16th, 1650. 

It is ordered by the xxiiij y* Corfewe shall bee runge duly 
[and] orderly, viz. : att eighte of the clocke att night and fewer 
of the clock in the morning, and to begin att All Hallows Day 
being the first of Novem[ber] and to continue till the 25th of 
March next following, and a man [to] bee hyred by y« Clerke, and 

y« Churchwarden of Ribchester for .... sar 

thereof , and to have for the same xx"* . . * . want 

of p'f ormance of this duty .... eight or foure every [day] 
and orderly as above said during the time shall abate for such 
Due order, or neglect out of his wages for every time four-pence 
and the clerke and the churchwarden of Ribchester are too see 
this order duly observed and kept. 

The next resolution has reference to the Saint's Bell, or 
HandbeU. « 
Apr. 16th, 1650. 

It is ordered by the xxiiij of this parish y^ the handbell shall 
[be] kept in the hands of Willm. Hayhurst of Ribchester till 
contrary. 

Its use here is not dear, except it was for summoning the 
*^ gentlemen " to meetings, and the like. The bells were rung 
regularly on May 29, Nov. 5, on the anniversary of the Sovereign's 

^ " In Kethe'a sermon, preached at * " Sometimes called the * Sannoe 

Blandford Forum, 1570, p. 19, it is Bell 'and the ' Sacring Bell.* It was 

stated that there was a custom m the a small bell formerly rung at the 

Papal times to ring bells at All elevation of the host, and at different 

Hfulow-tide for all Christian souls." parts of the service during Mass, as 

Bmnd*B Antiquities, 1.^295, for calling to prayer, etc.'*— Raines 

Hittory of Chantries, II., 259. 



OHAP. II.] THE CHUBOH. 106 

birthday and accession to the throne. Our glorious victories by 

sea and land were loyally and joyfully celebrated, nor were many 

of the prominent social, political, and religious movements of the 

day left unhonoured and unrung. 
1667-8 Jan. Payd for ringing for the joy of the Victory which the 

King had at the sea'against Uie Dutch ^ 10 

1668 May 29. Payd for ringing and in drink the same day * 6 8 

Nov. 5. payd for ringing ye 5th November ' 6 8 

Nov. 5. payd to Ringers for ringing two King's dayes ^ ... 10 

1669 payd for ringing upon ye Coronation Day 7 

1684 payd for ringing ye ;iOth January 5 

1668-9 Spent on the Ringers when the rung for the Earle of Darby *. 00 01 00 

Feby. 7 At the proclaiming King William and Queen Mary 00 02 06 
pd to the Ringers on St. George's Day being the Coronation 

Day 00 06 00 

Paid to the Ringers the last day of thanksgiving '100 06 00 

16901 Paid to the Ringers on the last Generall Day of thanksgiving 00 05 00 

1692 Paid to the Ringers on gunpowder & treason day 00^06 00 

1692-3 Spent on the Ringers when the*newe8 came of y«. Victory at 

sea being a day of rejoicing i 00 05 00 

1701 Nov. 12. pa ye Ringers upon y« thanksgiving day forye great 
Victory obtained by her Majestes armies both by sea and 

land espall at Vigo 00 03 00 

1705-6 pd to ye Ringers upon ye 8 of March 00 02 06 

1706 To the Ringers for ye Victory at Ramellies and Barcelona... 00 03 00 

To the Ringers on the Queen's nativity 00 02 06 

Payd for Ringmg at the Victory at Turine 00 02 06 

Paid to the Ringers upon the Union « 00 03 00 

Pd for wood and coals for the bonefire 00 01 00 

1707 Aug. 19. pd to ye Ringers for sounding ye Victory obtained 

Andouard [Oudenarde] 00 02 06 

pd to ye Ringers when nuse came of ye takeing of Ly le [Lille] 00 02 06 
pd to y« Ringers for sounding ye triumph over ye f rensh at 

BruseDs 00 02 06 

1709 ffeb. 17. Being ye thanksgiving day for our great Victorys 

obtained Spain ^ 00 10 02 

1710-11 At ye good nuse of ye taking of Dowa 00 02 06 

When nuse came of taking Bethune 00 01 06 

1711-12 ApL 11. When nuse came of ye peace to«yo ringers 00 01 04 

1712-13 att y« Releasing of Doctor SachevriUs 00 02 06 

♦This "Victory" was one of the * Birth of Edward Stanley, eleventh 

most humiliating defeats the British Earl of Derby, 

fleet ever experienced. * La Hogue. 

« The bells were rung for many « Act of Union, Scotland and 

years upon " Roval Oak Day " and England. 

^*Guy Fawkes' Day."— One such re- ^ i apture of Minorca, etc. 

cord of each is deemed sufficient. ■ In March, 1713, after 3 years 

'Anniversary of King Charles 2nd'8 imprisonment for preaching against 

Coronation and Birthday. the Dissenters. 



106 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART II. 

1714 May 29 to ye Ringers 00 OS 06 

Aug. 1 Spt when ye King was proclaimed 00 06 08 

Sep. 18. When nuse came of the Kings safe arivall^ 00 01 04 

Spt at ye Coronation 00 07 06 

1727 Oct. 10. Spent at his present Majesty's Coronation 00 07 08 

1728 June 11. At ye inaugration of King George ye 2nd to ye gent 

and Ringers 00 05 00 

Oct. 30. pd to ye Rinfifers on King Geo : Birthday® 00 02 06 

1741 May 24. When Newse came of assaulting Carthagena 00 05 00 

1743 July 1. When news came of the Victory over the French 

attDettingen 00 04 00 

1745 July 25. Spent at the newse of the Emperor's Coronation ... 00 02 06 
To the Ringers w^ newse came of the Duke entering Preston 00 01 00 
To the Ringers wn newse calne of the Rebels being subdued 

at Carlisle 00 01 00 

1746 at ye Thanksgiving for ye glorious Victory obtaind over ye 

Rebels at CuUoden in Scotland commanded by ye Duke 

of Cumberland 00 11 00 

1748-9 ApL 25. Spent on the Thanksgiving for peace 00 06 09 

1757-8 To News from the King of Prussia 00 01 00 

Expended a second time for news of the K : Prussia 00 01 00 

1758-9 Expended when news came that King of Prussia had van- 
quished the Austrians 00 01 00 

1758-9 Expended upon taking Cape Breton 00 02 00 

Expended upon conquering the Russians 00 01 00 

Objected agst To Gun Powder for 5th November 00 03 04 

Expended on taking Guadaloupe 00 01 00 

On Prince Ferdind vanquishing the French 00 02 06 

On taking Crown Point 00 01 00 

On taking Quebeck 00 02 00 

On Admiral Hawke conquering Conflans 00 02 00 

1760 Rejoicing on taking Montreal ^ 00 01 00 

Expended on the Musician and Singers 00 04 00 

Expended on the Defeat of the Austrians 00 01 00 

1762 To expences on news of taking the Havanna 00 02 06 

1776 Paid to James Walton for 11 quarts of ale expended at a pnblick 

Rejoicing day 4 5 

1780 Ringing for Burgoyne and Houghton* 10 

Ditto for News 10 

To Ringers rejoicing of Rodney^ ,.. 3 

Ditto Burgoyne taking his seat 2 

1793 To Ringers spent in ale for good news 12 6 

1801 Illuminations for peace, Octob. 4th, Powder, Ribbands, etc. ... Id 3 
Ale for Ringers at the Ratification of Peace 16 

^ George I. Hoghton as Members for Preston. 

* George II., Oct. 30th. Burgoyne' s return was petitioned 

* Election of Colonel (afterwards against— without success. 
General) Burgoyne and Sir Henry 



/^ 



CHAP, n.] THE CHT7SCH. 107 

1805 James Crenen's Bill for ale for MuBidans ; Thoa. Alston's Bill 
for ale for Ringers, etc. ; John Hey's Bill for Powder and 
Paper on the Rejoicing Days 16 7J 

1820 Minute-Toll for the Princess, 6 hours 2 

„ for the Queen, 10 hours 2 6 

„ for the King, 12 hours 3 

1821 Paid Ringers at the Coronation 4 6 

1823 Dinners and ale for the Ringers 12 6 

1829 Relaxation 16 6 

1831 Ringers at the Coronation 10 

1839 Ringers at the Coronation 10 

CHUECH PLATE. 

As we have already seen, no return was made of the plate 
belonging to Eibchester Church in the time of Edward VI., with 
the exception of one lamp value vijs. Judging from ^he small 
amounts recorded in the Accounts the church plate was of little 
value. 

1666 Dishurst for one pewter flagg me and newe pewter dishes bought 

at Preston 6 

1687 paid for a Bason for ye Church 17 

1708-9 paid in exchanging ye ould flagons for neue 17 6 

1815 Chalice and two Cups 17 U 

1883 Inventory of the Communion Plate :— 

One covered flagon. 

One Pafen. 

Two chalices. 

EPISCOPAL AND MINI8TEEIAL VISITATIONS. i 

In the days when pluralism, with its consequent non-residence, 
was common, it was necessary that the parish should provide 
hospitality for the frequent "changes" of ministers. From 1681 
to 1706 we find more " strange" ministers preaching at Eibchester 
than usual. This was perhaps owing to the Eev George Ogden's 
non-residence (see chapter iv.). We have identified most of the 
clergymen ; and in some instances have added a few notes about 
them (see chapter iv.). The "chappell," so often mentioned, is 
Longridge Ohurch, which so late as 1868 was a chapel-of-ease 
under Eibchester. 

It is worthy of note that the "gentlemen" distinctly record 
having "elected" their curates in 1685-6, in 1691-2 fUsJ; and 
likewise record their power of giving them " notis" to remove, in 
1705-6 ; and of regulating their salary according to their " good j 

behaviour in the Parish," so late as 1767-8. We sometimes 



108 HISTOEY OF BIBCHESTEE. [PAET II. 

wonder if there are any of the '' gentlemen" of Bibchester to-day 
who would like to exercise such great powers, now happily taken 
from them. 

1666 For the Apparator's fee 18 

Spent at drink att Ghippin when the p'sent^t was made, and 

deleviewed in to the Deane 10 

1667 May 29. Spent upon Mr. Sherborne minister .....00 1 2 

1668 Payd for ye Deane's fees at ye same time yt we were swome 9 
Spent by us 5 churchwardens upon Oe selves and O horses 

goeing to Preston to have been swome but were disap- 
pointed 5 6 

for the charges of 4 churchwardens goeing to Wigan, July 
10th, for the obteyning an order from the Byshp for 
repairing of ye church, and spent upon oe selves, horses 
staying one night, and in goeing home ye next day 3s a 
piece 12 

Spent in goeing to Wigan for to certify the ByP how the 
customs of the parish had formerly beene, in charge on 
oe selves and oe horses ^s a piece for 3 men 9 

payd to Mr. Dwight for an order at ye same time 10 

1670 July 17. Spent on Mr. ffoster when hee preached 00 1 [2] 

Aug. 13. Spent on Mr. Ingham and his wife son to ye Vicar 

when he preached 00 [1 3] 

Dec. 13. Spent when Mr. Marsh son in law preached 00 1 3 

1671 Sept. 17. Spent on Mr. Roades 00 1 6 

Oct. 21. payd for the diner and drink for Mr. Deane when 

hee preached 00 01 06 

Spent when Mr. Hartley preached 00 02 00 

1673 Julyl. Spent when Mr. Bentley preached 00 02 04 

Oct. 5. Spent when Mr. Harrison preached 00 02 06 

1677 Aug. 26. paid for meat and drink when Mr. Naden and Mr. 

Marsh were paid their charges to go to Chester 13 

To Mr. Marsh and Mr. Naden for their charge in goeing to 

Chester 6 

1678 pd for a dinner for Mr. Ingham of jffullige 00 02 06 

pd for a dinner for Mr. Walmsley that preached at our church 

and his company 00 04 00 

1678-9 paid to ye Register of ye Commisary Court for careying and 

paying ye Money to Sir Joseph Cradock 2 

1679 paid at five severall times in entertayneing five severall 

Ministers at ye Church and Longridge Chappell 00 04 03 

paid for repaireinge of Chappell at ye Request of ye Lord 

Bishop 02 03 06 

1681 paid and spent upon Mr. Ogden and other gentlemen 00 01 00 

1682 In wine and ale to welcome Mr. Ogden at Ribchester and 

Chappell 00 05 00 

Spent when Banks preached and on other too ministn 00 09 02 

1683 Spent when Mr. Whytehead preached ....c. 00 04 04 



QHAP. II.] THE OHXmCH. 109 

Spent when Mr. Seed preached 00 05 05 

Spent at Ohappell when Mr. Whytehead preached 00 02 06 

Spent at Ellis Slaters on Mr. Kippax 00 02 00 

1684 Spent on Mr. White and other Ministers yt came to preach 

at onr Church ont of ye parish 00 04 08 

Spent on Mr. Butterworth and Mr. Goulton y« Kings 

Pteaoher and other preachers 00 07 09 

1685-6 Paid for entertaining Mr. Gee of Whalley 00 02 00 

Spent on the King's Minister at Longridge 00 06 04 

Spent on Mr. Kippax and the King's Minister at Longridge. 00 04 00 

Spent when Mr. White preaoht at Longridge 00 01 06 

Spent on Mr. ffellgatte and his father a severall times on the 

Sabeth dayes and other times 00 05 06 

Spent when Mr. Kay preached at Ribchester 00 05 03 

Paid when wee elected Mr. ffelgate to be our Curat 00 04 00 

Spent when Mr. Butterworth came to hear Mr. Kippax preach 

at Longridge 00 01 02 

Spent when Mr. ffellgate came the first time to preach at 

Longridge 00 00 08 

Spent on Mr. Haydock when he preached at Longridge 

Chappell 00 02 09 

1686-7 Spent and paid at ye visitation at Lanc^ and paid to ye coort 

in money 1 16 3 

Spent at too severall times on Mr. Coolton at Longridge 00 04 00 

Spent on Mr. Barrowclough at Longridge 00 01 06 

Spent on Mr. Barton at Bibchester and Longridge 00 03 06 

1687-8 Spent when Mr. Bushell preached 00 02 08 

1689-90 Spent when Mr. Sheirley preached 00 01 06 

1690-1 Spent on Mr. Butterworth and Mr. Bland 00 02 06 

1691-2 Spent at Carters at the Ellection of Mr. Butterworth 00 08 02 

Spent at severall tymes when Mr. Woodes preached 00 03 00 

Spent at Longridge on Mr. Harrison 00 01 08 

item spent at Longridge on Mr. Gregson 00 02 04 

Spent at the Ellection of Mr. Gregson 00 07 01 

1692-3 Spent on the Viokar of Chippin 00 00 06 

Spent on my Lord Bipp of Chester and his attendants on 

Wine and Aell 00 18 10 

Spent upon Mr. Ogden at severll times upon his removall to 

Ribchester 00 06 00 

1693-4 SptonMr. Nayden when he preached 00 02 00 

given to a poore Ireish minister 00 01 00 

pd to a passenger haveing losses by fire 00 01 00 

Spt on ye Mr. Bristowe at Longridge 00 01 04 

1698-9 Spent when Mr. Briska preached 00 02 06 

1702-3 Spent at Anne Carter's when ye petition to my Ld Bishop 

was signed by ye 24 3 

Nov. 30. Spent at ye Blew bell wn Mr. Callis letter came 

from ye Bishop 16 

1704 May 2. Spent'at Anne Carters when Mr. Robinson preached 00 01 00 



116 HiSTOEY dp BiBCfiESTEE. [PABT H. 

1705-6 Spent on Mr. Ingham when he preached 00 02 06 

PdforMr. OgdenandMr. Morton 00 03 00 

Spent when we gave Mr. Morton notis to remove 00 02 01 

1707-8 SptonMr. Taylor when he preached 00 01 00 

1713-14 Spent on Mr. Waremg when he preached 00 02 06 

1715-16 When Mr. Dickson preached 00 02 06 

1717-18 Spent in treatingMr. Waremg, Mr. Hohne and Mr. Parkinson 00 09 00 

1718 May 29. In treating Mr. Leper, Mr. Langfield, and Mr. 

Rawthmell when preached 00 07 06 

1719 Spent in treating Mr. Leper, Mr. Wareing, Mr. Norcross, 

Mr. Ohamley and Mr. Coughill, Mr. Langfield 00 15 00 

1724-25 Spt in entertaining Mr. Dickson and Mr. Bradbury 00 07 10 

SptonMr. Read when he preached 00 02 00 

1727 8 Spent in entertaining Mr. Bowker 00 01 02 

1728-9 Spent when Mr. Dewhurst preached 00 02 06 

1729-30 Spent upon Mr. Norcrosse when he preached 00 02 06 

1730-1 Spent upon Mr. Pepelow 00 0100 

1733-4 When Mr. Winder preached 00 02 06 

1738 Spent on Mr. Dixon when we speaks to him to officiate after 

Mr. Johnson's death 00 01 06 

Oct. 29. When Mr. Heber first preacht and entertainment... 00 08 01 

1741 Sep. 27. When Mr. Mathews preacht 00 02 06 

June 27. When Mr. Wetherhead preacht 00 02 06 

Aug. 2. When Mr. Southooat came 00 03 09 

1742-3 Entertaining Mr. Whitwell, Mr. Ward, Mr. Longworth, 

Mr. Winder, Mr. Norcrosse 00 14 00 

1745 June 16th. Entertaining Mr. Bobison and the Curet of Kirk- 
ham when he first came 00 02 06 

1747-8 When Mr. Wright Curt of Kirkham preacht 00 02 06 

When Mr. ffox preacht 00 01 00 

;VhenMr. WitweU preacht , 00 01 00 

to Mr. AyrtonCurt Entertamement 00 02 06 

1750-1 Spent on Mr. Hunter when he came to preach 00 01 00 

1751-2 Spent on Mr. Jeffard when he came to preach 00 02 00 

Spent when Mr. Penny came to preach 00 01 00 

1754-5 Mr. Heskin when he came to preach 00 02 00 

1757-8 Expended when Mr. Milner preached 00 02 06 

1764 To Mr. Farrar for doing duty 00 02 00 

To Mr. Sharp's Entertainment on Sacrament days 00 07 00 

1767-8 Alowed Mr. Armitsted towards his Expenses on Sacrt days 

in consideration of his good behaviour in the Parish 00 06 06 

1773 Allowed Mr. Atkinson when at Ribchester* 00 02 06 

MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITUEE. 
The following items wiU be best included under one head : — 

1668 To Richard Watson for one foxeheade 10 

To the said Richard Watson for 18 Noap heades 16 

To Richard Ward for 13 Noap heades Oil 

^Mr. Atkinson was ^GurateTTof Bibchester. 
Walton-le-Dale as well as Vicar of 



Chap, ii.] ttine cfirtmcH. Ill 

Payd for 68 Noap heados 2 10 

1676 Dec. 6. For writing ye name« of all persozus above 26 years of 

age : 3 

1678 Pd to Mr. Ward for a fox head 1 

1679 Paid for exchangiDg ye oharoh powder 2 3 

1678 Pd for buriaUs in woolen 00 00 10 

1679 Paide and laide oat in materialls and workmanshipe for build- 

ing ye bone house 03 00 00 

1680 Spent at Whalley at a Quarter Sessions being commanded to be 

there to by the Justisses to make presentments of Recusants 00 02 03 

1681 Paid to Lawyer Greenfield for his opinion drawinge ye petition 

that was preferred to ye Bisshopp and ye parish ingagnt 

and his Clarke and in writing them over 00 12 06 

Pd for engrossing ye parish Ingagement fixing two hundred 

scales to it and odd 00 03 06 

1682 Spent at Leonard Boys when we tendred our hay penny 00 06 06 

ffbr Mr. Warde's fee of ye Inner Temple and letters 00 13 07 

Spent upon Mr. Callice at ye Gilde^ 00 01 06 

1683 Paid to Widdow Yates for one Bare[?] '. 00 00 06 

Paid for a warrant from Mr. Bradyll for to take up frequent 

gamsters at Button Lee 00 02 00 

1685 Paid for a dyall post setting on Longridge Crosse 00 04 06 

1710-11 Spent at ye CoffiBe house (Preston) 00 00 01 

To Esqr Houghton's huntsman 1 fox head 10 

1746 Pd for an act against immorality and profiEoness 00 00 09 

1747.8 When ye first petition was drawn 00 01 00 

foramesinger to put it into ye post office 00 01 00 

at ye drawing ye later petition by Sr Hen: order« 00 00 08 

to Mr. Threlfell for 21 of gunpowder 00 02 08 

1780 In expenses to Sergeant and Constable 16 

To expenses in carriage and to make up even money 14 8^ 

1781 Paid for a Letter of Enquiry from the Bishop 4 

To George Raddiffe Making answer to Enquiries 3 6 

1796 Paid to Two Letters when the Bishop came to confirm 8 

1827 Rev. Jas. Quartley for trespassing croft and church yard 6 

Mr. Sharp for a copy of the terrier 116 

Copying the tenier in the parish book 2 7 

THE EEOTOEY. 

In the first Begister occurs the following: '< Memorandum— > 
That in y« year 1682, I, George Ogden, Vicar of Eibchester, built 
y« vicarage hous there, at my own charge. Except three pounds 
odd shillings were contributed towards the same by some well 
affected persons. Upon this accoimt Mr. Abraham Townley, of 
Dutton, gare twenty shillings. But since I have writ thus far I 
have found it for a certain truth y^ y^ said inhabitants of Dutton 

^Preston Guild. Sir Henry Hoghton. 



112 



HISTOKT OF RIBOHESTEB. 



[PABT n. 



have for several years together both to y« King and poor overated 
me in many pounds before I discovered it. I have therefore no 
reason to thank them for y« above said kindness. — Aug : y« 2^ 
1701." 

In 1 884-5, the present handsome house was built ; the greater 
portion of the cost being met by a grant of £1,500 from the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners. It is a matter for regret that no 
relics of the old Vicarage have been preserved, in spite of the 
strict injunctions given to the workmen engaged in its demolition. 

COLLECTIONS ON "BEEEFS"— OUT OP CHUECH- 

WAEDENS' ACCOUNT BOOKS AND EEGISTEES.^ 
In Burn's History of Pa/riah Registers, Sandwich, Kent, is 
described as having the largest list of collections on briefs; no 
less than 235 collections being entered in the registers between 
1707 and 1736. But in the Eev. 0. Kerry's History of St. 
Lawrence^ Sy Reading (published in 1883), a list of no less than 284 
Collections on '' Briefs" is given within exactly this same period. 
Mr. J. E. Bailey in Mcmchester Courier Local Gleanings gives a list 
of sixty-five entries of sums collected in Stretford, between 1661 
and 1679. To Mr. Bailey and Mr. Kerry I am indebted for 
many particulars of the collections in oases where the Eibchester 
entries are too brief. It is noticeable that a large number of these 
collections were made at Eibchester, and that in the earlier years 
the amounts collected exceeded those at Stretford and other parishes. 
It should be added that most of these entries (in several cases 
shockingly mutilated by the pages of the register being cut appa- 
rently with scissors) down to the year 1700 occur in the first 
register ; the remaining entries are scattered through the Church- 
wardens' Account Book, 



* **Brief8,"80caU«dfpom the brevity 
of the terms in which they were 
expressed, "were Letters Patent of 
reoommendation authorizing ooUec- 
tions for charitable purposes," and 
"were publicly read in parish 
churches." After the Restoration, 
"briefs" became "an abuse, and 
Fepys has the following note in his 
Diary : *1661, June 30, Sunday. To 
church where we observe the trade 



of briefs is come now up to to con- 
stant a course every Sunday, that we 
resolve to give no more to them.' 
This note wiU account for the ludi- 
crously smaU amount of many of these 
collections. 'Briefs' were abolished 
9. Geo. IV., 15 July. 1828. One of 
tne last issued, dated May 20, 1825, 
is given in full in The History of 
Longridge ; (also see chapter xi.). 



CflAP. II.] THE CHUKCH. 113 

1661 Collected was a brief e in the parish church at Ribchester, July 7, for 
the reliefe of Drayton in the County of Salopp, the iumm was eight 
shillings and foure pence and was paid over to Henry Langton of 
Drayton towne. 

1661 Collected was a briefe in the parish church at Ribohester July 21st for 
the reliefe of Southwouldas, Saubbay in the County of Suffolk the 
sum was three shillings and tenne pence, and paid over to Lanclett 
Boulton [Southwold— Collected at Stretford, 3s.] 

1661 Collected was a briefe in the parish church at Ribchester, Sept. 8th for 
the reedifying of the church of Pontef ract the sume of six shillings 
and eight pence. Paid over to Mr. Clayton, vicar of Blackbome. 

1661 Collected was a briefe in the parish church at Ribchester, Sept. 29tb, 
for the repairing of Steeple and the church of Rippon in Yorkshire, 
the sum of three shillings and eight pence and payd over to Lanslot 
Bowlton high Constable. 

1661 Collected was a briefe in the parish church of Ribchester, the 3rd 

November, for the repairing of Twoo Churches in Scarowbrough 
Towne, the sum of three shillings and six pence and payed over to 
Lancelot Bowlton, high Constable. [Scarborough, Yorkshire.] 

1661-2 Collected was a briefe in the parish church of Ribohester the 29th 
January, for the reliefe of William Cowperthwaite in the parish of 
Cendall, County of Westmoreland, for a sudden fire, the sum of 
two shillings .... and paid over the said .... [Part 
of the page is here cut out.] 

1661*2 Collected was a briefe in the parish church of Ribohester the 9th 
Ff ebruary, towards the relief of Thomas Welby who lost his vessel 
by shipwreck neare Dublin, the sume of ffour shilling and two 
pence, and paid over to Lancelot Bowlton, high Constable. 

1661-2 Collected on a briefe in the parish of Ribohester 2nd March towards the 
reliefe of Thorn. Thornton, James Nelson, and Christopher Mibier 
of Sowerby in the parish of Thirske wth Emly county of Yorke and 
payd over unto Launcelot Boulton High Constable, the sum was 
3s. ijd. [Stretford contributed 2s. 6d. on the 16th February 1661-2.] 

1662 Collected was a briefe in the parish church of Ribohester the 30th 

day of March 1662, towards the reliefe of Willm. Jenkinson of 
ffarliton in the parish of Melling and County of Lancaster and 
payd over unto Lancelot Bowlton, high Constable— the sum was 
3s. 4d. 

1662 Collected was a briefe in the parish church of Ribohester the twenty 
. . . day of Aprill, 1662, towards the reliefe of Towne of Bridge 
North in the County of Salop, the sume of ffoure shillings and five 
pence and payd over unto Lancelot Bowlton high Constable, att 
whose hands the briefe was then received. 

1662 Collected was a briefe in the parish church of Ribohester and fr6 house 
to house the twentyth second day of June 1662 towards the assisting 
off the Trade of Isbrig (?) the sum of seven shillings and eleven 
pence & paj-d over unto the high Constable, by Tlio. Yates collector. 



114 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART II. 

1662 October 29th, 1662 [Collected was a briefe in the parish] church of 

Ribchester in a streete in London 

and was paid over unto .... By Mr. Ingham.* 

1662 Nov. the last 1662, Collected [was a briefe in the] parish church of 

Eibchester [for the relief of] John Woolrich of Creswell [in the 
county of Stafford] the sum of two shillings .... and payd 
over to Edward B[owlton ?] * 

1663 Collected June 21st by an order from the high constable for the relief 

of p'sons suffering shippwrack living in the Isle of Ross the sum of 
five shillings and seven pence and payd over unto him. 

Collected July 3rd for the relief of a man who had his [house ?] burnt 
in the Parish of Leland by order of the Justices of Peace made att 
the quarter Sessions last before the third of July the sum of . . . 

Collected July 12th by a briefe for Willm Smith and other inhabitants 
of the Towne of Hexham in the county of Northumberland the sum 
of ffive shillings andfoure pence, and payd over unto the p*ish high 
constable. [In the Stretford Registers the sum ef ** three shillings 
and aleven pence " is recorded as being collected for the " violent 
fire " at " Hexhom.*'] 

Collected July 26, 1663, by a Briefe for the reliefe off John Miller off 
Workington, in the county off Cumberland nine and vid., and payd 
over unto the hands of ... . 

1664 Collected April the third, 1664, a briefe for the repairing of the church 

and steeple of St. Peter in the port of Sandwich in the County of 
Kent— was collected; the sum was five shilling^ and nine pence and 
payd over unto Ralph Chritchey, Collector, and received his aquit- 
tance. [Stretford contributed 2s. 5d.] 

1664 Collected Apr 10th, 1664, a briefe for the repairing of the church of 
Witheham in the County of Sussex the sum of foure shillings and 
five pence and payd over. . . . [Mr. J. E. Bailey states that 
the sum of Is. 9d. was collected on the 27 March, at Stretford, **for 
the repair of Wtlham Cvrch fired by lightining in the Cvnty of 
Sussex." And adds, "there is no Welham in Sussex. Is Welham, 
near Market Harboro*, intended' ?" There can be no doubt that 
Witheham or Withy ham, near Tunbridge Wells was intended, and 
not Welham.] 

1664 [Collected .... a] briefe for the relefe [of .... the] 
inhabitance of Heigh [tington in the parish of Wast] ing borough, 
and [ . . . . the sum of] three shillings [ . . . . and 
payd over] unto Ralph Chryeley. 

1664 [Collected .... a] briefe for the reliefe of [gran]tham in the 
county off [Lincoln, the sum of] twoo shillings and ]. . . . and 
payd over] unto Edw Blackhouse. [" A voyalant fire " caused the 
damage to the town.] 

1664 Collected .... was a briefe for the Towne of .... in the 
county of Northampton the sum of ffoure shillings andfoure pence 
and payd over unto Willm Jackson. ' 

* Pieces of the pages are here cut I., 23. 

out with scissors or knife. * Here again the page of the Register 

• Manch. Courier Local Gleanings^ is horribly mutilated. 



CHAP. II.] THE CnrRCH. 115 

1664 Collected was a briefe Aug 6th, 1664, for the reliefe of the losses of 

Richard Morcrof t of Aughton in the County of Lancaster, and paid 
over unto the said Rich. Morcroft the sum of four shillins^. 
[Morecroft was a **dyer" in"Ovghton" (Hoghton) and received 
2s. 8d. on the 7th Aug^ist from Stretford Parish.] 

1664-5 Collected was a briefe, Jan. 1, 1664, for the reliefe of Henry Lisle in 
Gisborough in the County of Yorke towards great losse by fire, the 
sum of three shillings, and paid over unto Lawrence Osbaldeston. 
[Stretford contributed 2s. 3d.] 

1664-5 Collected was a briefe Jan. 8th, 1664, for the reliefe of the losses which 
happened by fire for the Market towne of flookburgh in the County 
of Lancaster the sum of twoo shillings and tenne pence and payd 
over unto Tho. Swarthbrick, Apparatour. [Stretford contributed 
one shilling and a leven pence, on the 16th April] 

1665 Collected March 31« 1665 att the request of the Bysp, the Earl of Derby, 

and others for Gilbert Greene, of Wigan, the sum of 3s. 3d. 

1665 Collected April 9th, 1665, for John Machgragh, a Captaine in Ireland, 
by order frd the Commisrs for grievances : the sum of 2s. 3d. 

1665 Collected by briefe May 28, 1665, towards the repaire of Tinmouth 
Church, the sum of three shillings and three pence : & left wth Tho. 
Yate to be returned. 

1665 Aug. 13th, Collected was a brief for the reliefe of divers p'sons who 
suffered greate loss by tr. . . . dworing ? in shilling fleete in the 
East Riding in the County of Yorke, and payd over to Mr. Bushell 
to be returned to some of the pities, the sum of three shillings and 
twoo pence. 
Aug. 25th, Collected in the parish of Ribch : towards the repaire of the 
parish Church ef Clun in the county of Salop, the sum of two shil- 
lings and three pence — left in hands of the Gierke. 
Aug. 29th, Collected for and towards the reliefe of John Osborne a 
Russia Merchant the sum of twoo shillings and foure pence, and 
payd over into the hands of Rich. Hamond. [According to Stretford 
and Sparsholt registers, John Osbome*s two ships met with ship- 
wreck and other disasters]. 
Oct. 26th, Collected for and towards the reliefe of Waymoth and . 
Melcome Regis, in y^ County of Dorset the sum of twoo shillings, 
and payd over unto Rich : Hamond [a violent fire]. 
Collectejl in November 1667 in the parish of Ribchester, from house to 
house in the County of Lancaster, for and towards the repaire of 
the Towne of Neport in the County of Salop, the sum of fifteene 
shillings and twoo pence, and payd over unto Captain Marsden high 
Constable, and an acquittance received for the same [Newport]. 

1668-9 Jan. 21, 23, 28, Collected in the parish of Ribchester from house to 
house by order of his m*atie*s proclamation for and towards the repaire 
and rebuilding houses in London of the poorer sort of people the 
sum of Twelve shillings, and payd over to Rich. Marsden high 
Constable for that yeare. 
' ffeb. 21st, Collected in ye parish church of Ribchester by order of 
Letters Patent for and towards the robuiklini' of the church at 



116 HISTORY OP RIBCHESTER. [PABT H. 

Haverhill in the county of Suffelke the sum of sixe shillings and 
twoo pence, and payd over unto the hands of Mr. John Marsh. 

1669 July 18, Collected in ye parish church of Ribchester by order of Letters 

Patent for and towards ye rebuilding of the chappell and other 
houses burned in Tiberton in ye county of Salop, the sum of three 
shillings and eight pence, and payd over unto the hands of . . . 
August 24th, Collected in ye paririi church of Ribchester by order of 
Letters Patent towards the reliefe of the inhabitance of Brocton in 
the County of Stafford, wch suffered great losse by fire wch happen 
on the May 5th anno Regni Caroli 18th, the sum of twoo shillings 
and nyne pence, and payd over unto Tho ; Liver, and payd more 
three shillings 9d. 
1669-70 January 30th, Collected in ye church by Letters of request from his 
m'tie's Commissioners for the reliefe of distressed people, for John 
Sanderson hys wife and children, and Elizabeth Wentworth, who 
dwell in the Isle of Wallie belonging unto the Kingdom of Ireland, 
were robbed and had their houses burnt by psrrates.^ 

1670 May 1st, Collected in ye parish of Ribchester by Letters Patent for and 

towards the reliefe of the inhabitants of Cottonend in the parish of 
Harington in the county of Northampton, suffering great losse by 
fire the sum of five shillings and tenne pence halfpenny and payd 
over unto Rich. Ward, Junior Constable. [At Stretford 36. lOd. 
was collected]. 

June 5th, In ye Church of Ribchester towards the reliefe of the 
inhabitants of Mool-Brane in ye county of Salop, and payd over 
unto Tho. Liverman, Collector, the sum of fiv& shillings and a half- 
penny, and received an acquittance. [In Stretford Register the 
town is called ** Mool Brace "]. 

July 10th, Collected in ye church of Ribchester towards ye reliefe of 
the inhabitance of Isleham in ye County of Cambridge, the sum of 
five shillings and three pence. [Iseham : Stretford collected '* fore 
shillings."] 

Sept. 18th, Collected in ye church of Ribchester towards the reliefe of 
the inhabitance of Wolsingham in ye County of Durham, and payd 
over unto Thomas .... the sum of nyne shillings and eight 
pence [" a voyalant fire."] 

Octo^. 30th, Collected in ye parish of Ribchester for and towards y^ 
reliefe of the inhabitance of Becllels in ye county of Suffolk, the 
sum of three shillings, and payd over unto Thom.. Liverman of 
Stafford. [Beckles. Stretford contributed 3s.] 
1670-1 Jan. 1st, Collected in ye church of Ribchester for and towards the 
reliefe of John Dyne, of Bentley in ye County of Stafford the sum 
of three shillings and four pence, and payd over unto Tho. Liverman, 
of Stafford [Mr. J. E. Bailey gives thd Stretford entry as " John 
G V . . . her of Hensley or Bensley."] 

1671 Collected through all ye Hamlets and Towne of Ribchester, in June, 

1671, for and towards the redeeming of English men out of bondage 
from under the Turkish pyrates, the sum of £1 12s. 3d., and payd 

' No amount is stated in the Register. 



CHAP. n.J THE CHURCH. 117 

over unto Mr. Cronch, Secretary unto ye BjbP of Chester, and an 
acquittance received. I say the sum is 1 12 3. [These collections 
for captives were very frequent in many parishes in England about 
this time.] 
June 30th, Collected in y^ parish church of Ribchester for and towards 
the reliefe of ye inhabitants of ye towne . . . in ye county of 
Wilts, and payd over unto Abr. Townley, high constable, 0. 3. 0. 
August 13th, Collected in ye parish church of Ribchester towards ye 
reliefe of the inhabitants of Yaram in Yorkshire, the sum of foure 
shilling, and payd over unto .... [In Stretford register we 
find the place called '* Yarvm."] 
Collected in ye parish church of Ribchester for and to- 
wards ye reliefe of ye inhabitance of ye towne of Halton, in ye parish 
of Whitbork in Yorkshire, and paj'd over to Henry Misson (?), the sum 
of twu shillings. [Stretford contributed 2s. lOd.] 

1671-2 payd to Richard Ward for writing a List of ye money col- 
lected for ye ransoming Englyshmen out of ye power of 

the Dutches 19 

1672 payd upon a briefe for ye use of Stephen Harrison and others 

of Coulen 00 01 06 

payd to a brieflfe for ye use of Joseph Walton & others 00 02 00 

payd to a briefe for yf" use of John Scheton k others 00 01 00 

payd upon a briefe to Matthew Shopheaine & others 00 03 00 

payd upon Certificate to Thomas Lester k others for theire 

use 00 01 06 

payd upon a briefe yt came fro severall of ye Justices of Peace 

of South Hampton for ye loss of 13 000 and a 100 pounds 00 03 00 

1672 April 16, 17, 18, Collected in ye parish from house to house for and 

towards ye reliefe of part of ye inhabitance of Oxford by reason of 
a great loss by fire, the sum of 6 : 10, and payd over unto Mr. Abr. 
Towneley, high constable. 
Unto Thom. Lester, a very poore man, the sum of one shilling and 
sixpence. 

1673 March 30th, Collected towards ye reliefe of ye inhabitance of 

the towne of ffordinbrige in ye county of Southampton three shil- 
lings, and payd over. [" A voyalant fire."] 

April 13th, Collected towards the relief of the inhabitance of Bulking- 
ton in Warwickhire, the sum of one shilling and sixpence, and 
payd over unto Accworth Chambler, collector. 
Collected in May from house to house for and towards ye relief of the 
inhabitance of Russell Streete of St. Martin's in ye fields the sum 
of nyne shillings, and payd over unto. 

June 1st, Collected towards ye reliefe of James Feny, and others of 
Peny, of Hinstock (?; in ye county of Salop, one shilling and eight- 
pence, and paid over. [In Stretford register, " James Perry, of 
Hinslock."] 

.... Collected for the relief of certain persons dwellin in Barrow 
of R . . seborough in Yorkshire, the sum of two shillings, and 
payd over. 



118 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART II. 

July 18, Collected for ye relief e of y« sufferers by fire at ffordingbridge 
n the county of Southampton the sum of three shillings, and paid 
over unto Willm. . , . 

May 26, Collected by order of a briefe for and towards ye reliefe of 
Stephen Harrison and others of Milburne-gate in ye citty of 
Durham, who sustained loss by fire, the sum of one shilling and 
eight pence, and paid over unto James Harness (?). 

26, Given by Churchwardens att y© request of ye minister of 

Colne, and ye inhabitance of ye aaid parish unto George Cowper, 
the sum of xviijd, [The Rev. James Hargreaves was Incumbent of 
Colne at this time.] 

June 9th, Collected in ye pariah of Ribchester by order of a briefe for 
and towards ye reliefe of the distressed inhabitance of Ligrave in 
ye parish of Luton in y county of Bedford, the sum of twoo shillings 
and payd over unto Thos. Liverman. [Leagrave, or Lightgrave. 
Sparsholt contributed 3s. 4d.] 

Aug. ij., Collected by order of letters patent for and towards ye reliefe 
of ye great losse by fire in the sugar warhos in London to ye value 
of 60 thousand pounds, ye sum of three shillings, and payd over unto 
Thomas Liverman. 

Aug. 18th, Collected in ye parish for and towards ye reliefe of ye in- 
habitance of ye towne of Ballington in ye county of Warwick the 
sum of one shilling and sixpence, and paid over unto 

Sep. 1st, Given by ye churchwardens att ye request of divers persons 
of good quality of the parish of Boulton. 

Collected for the sufferers by fire in Redboum in ye county of Herts, 
the sum of Is. 8d. 

Nov. 1, Collected for ye sufferers by fire in Benendent in the county of 
Kent ijs. Od., payd over unto Thos. Livermore. [Stretford register, 
" Bolend."] 

1675 April 10, Collected for the sufferers by fire in Wallop in the county of 
Southampton, the sum of 2s. 6d., and payd over unto Abraham 
Milldell. (?) 

1677 paid upon severall Brieffes and some other pasangers 00 07 02 

1678 pd upon severall brieffes & to serve distressed psons upon 

ye brieffe for building Powles church and other charges 

for attending ye same at Preston 00 06 06 

1683 ffor seven Brieffs 00 18 00 

paid to two pasingers 00 Ql 00 

paid to ten Breifes 01 01 06 

1684 Collected for ye fire at Newmarket by ye minister and churchwardens, 

15s. 6d. 

paid to Mr. Kippax f or a Breeiffe 00 03 00 

paid to Mr. Kippax for a Breeiffe 00 03 00 

1689-90 paid for the money getting away for the Irish Protestants ... 00 02 00 



OHAF. n.] THE CHTJBOH. 119 

Novemb : y« 18tli [16]94. 

Then reed upon a brief for y* poor French Protestans y« sum of 
one poimd seven shillings and a penny. 

Witnes my hand, 

Geo. Ogden Vicar. 
Paid to Dr. Wroe the warden of Manchester 
who paid it to y« Bishop. 

B. 

Ribchester 10 00 

Alston 05 04 

Hothersal 04 06 

Dilworth 03 06 

Dutton 03 09 

Eecd for these four Briefs of Mr. Ogden Vicar of Ribchester 
Octob. ye 4th [16]96 as follows 

8. 

1 fforye fire at York (Loss iB18,000) 05 04 

2 Trinity Hospital in HuU 01 07 

3 Rockerdine in Shropshire 01 06 

4 ffor Nether Haven all by fire (Loss £4590) by me Richard Bagnall 

Colle 01 06 

May, 1704, given to nine breifes as follow, viz.: 

1 Wappin brief (Loss by fire £13,040) 2 6 

2 Odells brief 1 

3 Brompton brief (Will Brampton of Stockton Salop) 1 

4 Massingham brief (Norfolk) 1 3 

5 forddes bridg (Fordingbridge, Hants) 1 6 

6 Tuxford (Notts) 2 6 

7 Rottesly 1 

8 Hen. Sare 9 

9 The[?]amend 6 

1704, 14 July. C'Uecd then 

South Molten fire (Devon) 1 3 

1705, 25 March. CoU. then 

for Stony Stratford fire (Bucks) ^. 2 3 

Upon a peti^on fr. Hen Taylor of West Haughton was collected 
three shillings and delivered it to him. 31 May, 1705, 

Witness P. J. Morton, Coll. 

Anne Mouka. 

COLEOTIONS IN Y^ Pgn CH: OF EIBCHESTEE IN 

YE YEAEE 1706 AND 1707. 

1706, June ye 22nd Colected upon y« Briefe for ye Towne^of Tow- 

chester in y« County of Northampton ye sum of 00 01 04 

Novembr ye 24th Colected upon ye briefe for Morgans Lane in ye 

County of Sury (Southwark, Damage by fire £2706) 00 01 05^ 



120 HISTOEY OF RIBCHESTER. [PABT H. 

1706, Janr ye 10th Colected upon ye briefe for Groat ToringtoR in 

ye County of Devon (Damage by fire £1600) 00 00 09J 

Janr ye 19th Colected upon ye briefe for Basford Ch : (Notts, 

Repairs) 00 00 0^ 

1707, April j6 23rd Colected for ye town of North Marston in ye 

County of Bucks (Loss £3460) 00 01 03J 

July, ye 20th Colected upon ye briefe for Shire Lane (Middlesex 

Loss by fire £3505) 00 00 09 

Augst 3rd Colected upon ye briefe for Spilsby (Lincolnshire, Loss 

by fire £5984) 00 01 06 

Augst 31st Colected upon ye breife for Brosley Ch : in ye County 

of Salop (Damage £1390) 00 00 05 

Octobr 26th Colected on ye briefe for Littleport in ye isle of Ely 

(Losij by fire £3931) 00 00 09 

Septbr 14th Colected upon >e briefe for Joseph Wakelin 00 00 09 

1708, April 12th Colected upon ye briefe for Shadwell (Middlesex, 

Loss by fire £6137) 00 01 03 

April nth Colected upon ye briefe for Southam (Warwick, Loss by 

fire £4454) 00 01 00 

May 16th Colected upon ye briefe for Wincanton (Somerset, Loss 

by fire £2930) 00 10 00 

May 16th Colected upon ye breife for Orford (Suffolk, Repairs 

£1450) 00 08 OOi 

1708, May 19th Colected upon ye briefe for Dursley" Ch : (Gloucester 

Damage £1995) 00 09 00 

May 19th & Colected upon ye briefe for Charles street (Westminster, 

Loss by fire £3891) 00 10 00 

May 19th & Colected upon ye briefe for Uper Borman 00 11 02 

March 20th Collected upon ye briefe for Create Yarmouth in ye 

County of Norfolk (Loss by fire £1228 00 09 04 

Collected ye same day for ye briefe for Heavytree in ye County 

of Devon (Loss by fire £991) 00 08 06 

March 20th Collected upon ye Briefe for Lisburn in Ireland (Ijoss 

by fire £31,770) 00 01 09 

Collected upon ye Briefe for Alkonbery-cum- Weston (Calcum- 

bury cum- Weston, Huntingdon, Loss by fire £3,318) 00 01 04 

1709 Collected in ye Ch : upon ye briefe for Harlow Ch : (Harlow 

Essex, Loss by fire £2,035) 00 01 06 

Collected in ye Ch : upon ye briefe for Market Resin (Market 

Rayson, Lincoln, Loss by fire £1228) 00 01 04 

Collected in ye Ch : upon ye briefe of St. Mary, Redcliffe, 

Bristow (Repairs £4410) 00 01 01 

Collected in ye p'sh upon ye briefe for ye poore Paletines 01 00 00 

Collected in ye Ch : upon Stock briefe (" Stoak" Suffolk, Loss 

by fire £2463) 00 01 08 

1711 Collected in je parish church of Rib in ye yeare 1711, breife 

for Woolwich Church (Cost of Rebuilding £5069) 00 01 00 

1711 Collected in ye Ch : for Long Milford breife (Long Melford, 

Suffolk Rebuilding) 00 00 10 



CHAP, n.] THE CHTJROH. 121 

Colleoted in ye ch : for fradmore and Market Rayson breife 

(Tadmore, Yorka. Loss by fire £1169) 00 00 llj 

1712 Collected in ye psh ch. for Whitchurch breife (Salop. Damage 

£5497 00 02 00 

Collected also for Thams street breife (Thames Street, London. 

Loss by fire £1111) 00 00 08J 

Collected also for Hichd Slayter breife (Ric. Salter. Coleman 

Street, London. Loss by fire £1720) 00 00 08 

Collected also for West Tilbury Church breife (Essex, Re- 
building £1117) 00 00 10 

Collected also for Charles Empson breife (of Booth, in Howden, 

Yorks. Loss by fire £2,000) 00 00 09 

Collected also for Little Brickhill breife (Bucks. Loss by fire 

£1270) 00 00 08 

1713 Collected in yo psh Ch. of Ribr in ye yoare 1713 for Adderley 

Church breife (Salop, Damage £800) 00 00 09 

Collected also for Woodam Ferris Church briefe (Essex, Re- 
building £1425) 00 00 10 

for St Clement's Church breife (Hastings, Damage £1550) 00 00 11 

for Ringle los by fire breife 00 00 11 

for Warmingham Church breife (Rebuilding Steeple, Cheshire, 

Cost £885) 00 00 08J 

for Wm Adams los by fire breife (of HeathiU in Sherif Hales, 

Staflford-£108) 00 00 llJ 

forPensford Church breife (Somerset, Damage £2472) 00 01 00 

for Borton Church breife (Burton-upon-Trent. Damage £3100) 00 01 08 

1713 for Colerton ch breife (Coleorton, Leicester. Damage £2412)... 00 01 07 
for Southwell ch breife (Notts. Repairs £3800) 00 01 10 

1714 Colected in ye psh ch of Ribohester in ye yeare 1714 for 

Witheridge Chilto Brief (Devon and Berks) 00 01 00 

for Qualford ch breife (Salop, Rebuilding £1366) 00 01 06 

for St Maryes ch breife (Devon, Loss by fire £1392) 00 01 01| 

for St Margt breife (Clifie Church, Kent Repairs £1384) 00 01 07 

for Leighton ch brief (Salop. Cost £1516) 00 01 06 

for St Jon Baptiste briefe (Southover, near Lewes. Repairs 

£1510) 00 01 00 

for Buesham— brief 00 01 03 

for Dorchester— brief (Loss by fire £2537) 00 02 00 

for Blandford- -brief (The Forum. Loss by fire £7780) 00 03 07 

for Bottisham— brief (Cambridge. Loss by fire £3659) 00 03 00 

for Shepwash— brief (Shipwash) 00 01 03 

1715 for Wm Boyer— brief (Loss by fire at Whitefriars) 00 01 00 

for Derbych— brief (All Saints', Derby, Rebuilding) 00 01 00 

for Warwick— brief (Preston Bagots and St. Nicholas, fire) ... 00 00 09 

for Ruthin— brief (Denbigh. Rebuilding, £3128) 00 00 10 

for Harksey— brief (? Torksey, Lincoln) 00 00 09 

for New Shoram brief (New Shoreham, Sussex) 00 00 10 

for Cow Keepers brief (Great loss of Cows in Middlesex, etc. , 

£24,539) 00 04 00 



122 HISTORY OF RIBOHESTER. [PART H. 

for Kentford brief (Snflfolk) 00 01 00 

for Dryneton brief (StaflFord) 00 01 00 

for St Peters ch brief (Chester) 00 02 00 

for St Giless ch brief (Newcastle under Lyne) 00 02 06 

for BlemhUl ch brief (BlymhOl, Stafford) 00 01 06 

1716 for St Maryes Oh brief (Lichfield Rebuilding Cost £4966) 00 02 06 

for Liverpoole brief (Fire, Loss £3005) 00 02 02^ 

for Walkerith (Walker Kith, Lincohi. Loss by fire £1425) ... 00 01 00^ 

for Mitcham brief (Surrey) 00 01 06 

for Upton brief (in Westham, Essex) 00 02 00 

for Burton brief 00 02 06 

for Spalding brief (Loss by fire £20,560) 00 06 06 

for Thames Street brief (London. Loss by fire £7632) 00 04 00 

for Jon Aron brief (Loss by fire at Little Drayton) ... 00 01 06i 

171T for Chelmarsh (Salop) 00 02 06 

for Houndsditch (London. Loss by fire £5383) 00 03 06 

for Ottery (Ottery St Mary, Devon. Loss by double fire £44666) 00 02 06 

for Rigmont (Ridgmont— Bedford) 00 01 00 

for Roland (? Poland— Reformed Churches in great,) 00 04 02 

for Harsloft (Derbyshire) 00 01 00 

for fframpton (Dorset. Loss by fire £1560) 00 01 OSJ 

for Oldbury (Gloucestershire) 00 01 02^ 

for Hethwaite (Healthwaite Hill, Yorks) 00 01 02^ 

forBedwin .• 00 01 06 



I 



CHAP. III.] CHAPEIiRY OF STYDD. 123 




CHAPTER m. 

HE historj' of the manor of Stydd is closely connected, if 
not quite identified with that of Stydd church. The 
first Lords of the Manor were probably the Knights 
Templars, as in the church at Stydd is a very ancient 
cofl&n-tomb^ inscribed with the double cross of the Templars, which, 
in Dr. Whitaker's opinion, " must unquestionably have belonged 
to one of the ancient masters of the house." We are unable to agree 
with this somewhat sweeping assertion. In the first place the 
Hospitallers were possessed of Stydd before the suppression of the 
Templars. The Templars were suppressed in 1312, and a list of 
their possessions, which were granted to the Hospitallers, appears 
in Philip de Thame's work (to which reference is made below). 
Stydd is not in this list, but is put in the list of those originally 
given to the Hospitallers. In the next place a cross with 8 points 
is a badge of the Hospitallers. What sort of cross is meant by 
"the double cross" of the Templars? The earliest deeds are 
without date. Alan de Singleton, son of Richard, confirmed 
" Deo et Sancto Salvatoria de sub Langrigh et fratrihus ibidem Deo 
servientibtMf" four acres of land in Dil worth, which his father had 
given them.* Wil. Mutun, de Ribelcester, confirmed ** J)eo et 
heate Marie Virgini et hospitali Sancti Salvatoria subtus Longrig et 
Magistro et fratribm ibidem Deo servientibicsy^^ all the land in the 
town of Ribchester which his father had given them. Witnesses 
(among others) : Will de Samlesbury, Ada de Hochton, Thomas 
de Hodersale.' 

By Inq., held at Appleby, 20th October, 1292, it was found 
that the predecessors of the then Prior of the house of St. Saviour 
belonging to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, in the time of 
Hen. III., after Charter made 37 Hen. HI. (1252-3), had acquired 

* This coffin-tomb is now covered » Whit. WhaUeij, II, 464. 

up. ' JOid, 



124 HISTORY OF RIBOHESTER. [PART U, 

(between 1258-72) two carucates of land, 100 acres of wood and 
moor, and 408. rent in Dutton, Ribchester, and Alton in Black- 
bumshyre, from a certain Adam capellano cmtode domm Sanct. 
Salvatoris de Dutton de assensu Alesie de Lasci,^^ during tbe minority 
of Henry de Lasci, Count of Lincolnshire, then chief lord.^ 

In the Towneley MSS, is a deed without date, but probably of 
the same date as the one just quoted, in which William, son of 
Richard de Dutton, granted to Adam de Blakeburne and his heirs 
an annual rent of 12d., which the grantor had "for the land of 
Alexander BothcoUot ;" and an annual rent of 8d. for the land* of 
"Adam the Forman.'* Witnesses: Lord Adam, master of the 
House of St. Saviour ; Henry de Cundesclyne, John de Burnhul, 
Robert de Huntingdene, Richard Faber de Dutton, and Adam le 
Forman.* 

From another deed, also without date (but probably 1285-90), 
we obtain the following information : Richard, son of Thomas of 
the Hirste, granted to the Prior of the Hospital of St. John of 
Jerusalem in England, and to the brethren of the same house 
serving God, abiding at St. Saviour in Ribbelisdale, all his right 
in eight acres of land in Goderitheleghthenes in Ribbelcestria, 
which Walter Motun gave to the said Hospital. Witnesses : 
" Wm. de Mutton, Constable of Clyderhowe ; Henry de Clayton, 
Hugh de Clyderowe, Wm. de Dutton, Edward de Osbaldiston, and 
Henry de Kitheley, then seneschall of Blackbumshire."® 

In 12 Ed. in (1338) occurs the following, taken from the 
Towneley MSS. " To all faithful Christians to whom this writing 
shall come, I Philip de Tarig (?) Prior to the blessed house of 
Saint John of Jerusalem in England greeting." The Prior grants 
to Richard son of Adam Award de Dutton, and his heirs, five 
acres of land in Dutton, lying in the close called "Le Bankfield," 
and a plot of land in the same towne called " hychelayse," also a 
plot of land lying next to ** Le Stone Brigg," on the western side 
called " Bernard Acre," also lands called "Londoles" and "Le 
Codec " ; on payment of a yearly rent of 6s. 8d. at the feast of St. 
Michael. "These being witnesses: Brother Carte, Brother 
Radulph Gasget, Brother John Archer (?), Brother John de 

1 Quo Warvy 376, & (Whit. Whalley ^ Tovmdey MSS., D.D., 1141. 

ii, 461). 3 Towneley MSS., D.D. 



CHAt. ill.] chapelrY of stYDi). lis 

ffrough, Brother Simon ffandbounder (?), Brother John Tame. 
Given at Mekhebume.'** 

Setant Alexander Capellamts Maltster hospital 8cH Sakat&ris et 
ejusdem Loeifratres dedimua RicardofiUo Alicio de Salebury et heredihua 
Sms, illam terram quam hahemtu de dono Ranulphi de Salehury in 
puram elemosinam in Assarto de Clayfinlanog juxta viam cum commia 
pasture Reddendo inde Armitatium nobis et Sticcessorihas duos denarios 
Sis testihus Waltero Glerico de Clayton Hugone de Soshaldistun 
Swano de Hoddrishall Helya Glerico Willimo de Rayntum Willimo 
Racum Hugone de Helya Ricardo filio Radulfi aswardo ejusdem ville 
Roberto de Bolton Roberto de Clohus Ricardo de Salebury, et aliis,^ 
(N.D.) 

Ejiow that Eobert de Oofil granted Adam de Blackburn and 
his heirs all the lands he had in the town of Dutton called le 
Hugh and le Berecroft, for a yearly payment of six silver pennies 
at the house of St. Saviour in Eibeleddale. Witnesses, Adam de 
Osbaldestone, William de Dutton, et aliis,' (N.D.) 

In the same year, 1338, a most valuable report was drawn up 
by the Grand Prior of England. It has been printed by the 
Camden Society. From it we obtain an accurate account of the 
inner life of the Order, as weU as a list of their possessions. 
Stydd is generally spoken of as being a " preceptory." Such was 
not the case : It was a '^ Camera " ; one of the smaller estates 
under the preceptory of Newland, in Yorkshire. These Camera 
were not of sufficient importance for the appointment of Com- 
manders, and were either administered by bailiffs, or were farmed 
out. The proceeds from the lands of a Camera like Stydd went 
directly to the headquarters of the Order at Clerkenwell, and did 
not maintain any of the fraternity within their own limit. The 
reference to Stydd in the Eeport of Philip de Thame, the Grand 
Ptior, is very brief. " Le Stede." Farmed out. Gross income, 
£6 138. 4d. Expenditure, nil. Balance for Treasury, £6 13. 4d. 
We give the reference as printed by the Camden Society : — 
Camera Sancti Salvatoris, vocata le Stede^ in Gomitatu Zancastria — 
£t dimmittitur ad firmam^ de anno in annum, reddendo inde ad 

Thesaurariam de Clerkenwell, ultra cantariam unius Capellani quam 

• 

* Towndey MSS., 0.0. 1196. » Towndey MSS., D.D. 2131. 

« Towndey MSS,, D.D. 2021. 



I 



126 HISTORY 0]P RlBCflESTER. [PART II. 

inveniet sumptihus suis propriis'^Summa Fdlorisy summa patet x 
marcas.^ It may be thus translated: — ** Station of our Holy 
Redeemer called Stede, in the same county (Lancaster).'' And it 
is farmed out by the year with, proceeds thence to the Clerkenwell 
treasury, besides one chaplain's chantry, which it will provide at 
its own cost, 10 marks. Total value, total, 10 marks. 

Almost absolutely nothing is known of the history of the Manor 
for two centuries. It is probable that little or nothing of any 
importance took place. But, continuing our history of the Manor, 
we find that after the dissolution of the religious houses, the Manor 
of Stydd (along with other lands) was granted in 35 Hen. VIII. 
(1543) to Thomas Holt, Esquire, of Grizlehurst, for the sum of 
£1727 15s. Od. In the Roll, Stydd is described as '' Our Manor 
of Stede," with all the appurtenances lately belonging to the Priory 
or Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, formerly existing; 
" and parcel of the late possessions of the Preceptory formerly 
existing of Newland, co. York." The names of the tenements are 
given as " Sandholmes, Staynebrigge, Parkehyll, Southe Rakys 
Milne, Clowghe Banke, Ryecroft, Stedewoode, Clayes le Sands, 
Whyte Worthe, Hedlands, Maggot Hayes, and the Parke lying 
and existing in the parish of Stede ;" and lately " demised or let 
to Alexander Osbaldestone and formerly part of the possessions of 
the late Order." The usual privileges of " Court Leet or Frank 
Pledge " are included among the provisions of the grant ; the 
lands being held subject to the " service of the thirtieth part of a 
Knight's fee," and an annual rent of £9 lis. Od. to the King 
and his heirs. Mention is also made of an annual rent of 
£4 10s. OJd., to be paid for lands lately belonging to the late 
Monastery of Cockersand.'* 

In 5 Edw. VI. (1552), Thomas Holt, now Sir Thomas Holt, Kt., 
complained that ** Dame Elyn Osbaldeston, widowe," [widow of 
the above mentioned Alexander Osbaldeston] being " fermor " of 
his lands in Stydd, had, during the last eight years, " caused a 
greate nomber of greate Trees " to be felled upon his land, and 
then converted them to her own use. The plaintiff affirmed that, 
during the last three years he had " required license " of his 

. ' Camden Soc, 2, Ixv., 111. ^ Patent Roll, M 21, iv., 725. 



CHAP. III.] CHAPELRY OF 8TYDD. 127 

tenant '^ for himself and his servants to come and go unto the 
greate trees and woods standing and being upon his own premises" 
in order that he might fell them according to his rights of owner- 
ship. Nevertheless Dame Osbaldeston ** utterly denied and 
refused " his request ; and when attempts had been made to 
remove the timber she caused ** divers of her servaunts him 
wrongfully to stone and disturb." After reciting that the lands 
had formerley belonged to the " Commander of Newlande," and 
had been lett to one John Oowell for a term of years by Henry 
VIII., and that the right to fell trees had been excepted in the 
lease, Sir Thomas Holt prayed for Letters of Privy Seal.* 

In the replies and counter-replies which followed from Dame 
Osbaldeston, Tristram Bollinge, and Sir Thomas Holt, nothing 
very material is elicited. 

In 4 and 5 Phil, and Mary (1557-8), the Manor of Stydd was 
granted to the Prior and Brethren of St. John of Jerusalem, and 
their successors **to be held in pure and perpetual alms for ever."* 
Both Whitaker and Baines as well as all other writers on Stydd, 
omit to record this re-grant of their possessions to the Order 
of St. John of Jerusalem. Sir Thomas Tresham was at this time 
Orand Prior of the Order in England. 

I give the following deed in full, as it seems to be of importance, 
and has never been even referred to by any previous writer on 
Stydd :— 

" To the Right Honorable Sir Robt. Rochester, Knt. Sheweth . . . 
your orator, John Haworth of Sommertoun in the countie of Lincolne . . . 
that one John Haworth, grandfather of yo^ said orator, was seased in his 
demesne as of fee at the will of the lord aocordinge to the custom e of the 
manor of stede in the countie of lane, of and in one mease or tenement called 
the deane house and . . viij acres used and occupied as p'cell and apper- 

taininge vnto the said house being in Dutton wtin 

the p'cinte of the said manor of stede the wch gaid mease and 

viij acres have been vsed to be svrrendered wtin the courte 

of the said manor of stede in fee simple fee taile for life .... to any 
person or persons that womld reseave or take the same the tyme whereof the 
memore of mane is not to the contrary. And the said John Haworth so 

being seized att Dutton did surrender and delivir all and 

singuler the premises accordinge to the custome of the said manor into the 
hands of one Thomas Tomlynson then steward of the said manor for this 

^ Due. Plecbdingsy vii., H 5. '■* Patent Roll, xiv., R 931. 



i28 * HISTOEY OF RIBCHE8i?Efe. [pART 11. 

intent and consideration that the said Thomas Tomlynson shulde at the 
next Courte to be holden at the said manor of stede present the same deliver 
and surrender the same mease and eight acres of landes . . . into the 
handes of the lord of the manor of stede to the vse of the said John Hav worth 
for term of his life the remainder vnto Thomas Havworth sone and heir of 
the said John and Anna his wife and their heirs. 

The said Themas Tomljoison at the next court holden 1st of June, 21 
Henry scvynt (1505) surrendered the mease <bc. into the hands of the 
Prior of St. John of Jerusalem, then being lord of the said manor, that the 
said John Havworth might thereof be admitted tenant as is aforesaid 
rehearsed. The said John Havworth paid his fine, <S:c., and was put in 
seisin of the premiss' and admitted tenant .... as by the copy of the 

rolles of the court of manor of stede doth appear After 

which Thomas died in the life of John Havworth and after the said John 
died and the said Anna Havworth held by the custom of the said manor 
having issue Thomas and John Havworth now yoi* said orator and the said 
Anna seised of the premises at Osboston co. Lane, did surrender at the next 

court 

please your mastershippe ... to graunt the king and queenes . . . 
writ . . . directed to the said Robert Alstone commanding him . . . 
personally to appear ... in the court of the duchie of lane, to answer 
to the said p'misses. 

In 2 Eliz. (1560) a portion of the lands lately belonging to the 
dissolved monastery [of Cockersand?] was granted to Egidius 
Parker and Brian Parker, of London, gentlemen, for the sum of 
£595 lis. 4d. Eeference is made in the Roll to lands lying in 
Ribchester, now or lately in the tenure of Godfey Dewhurst at an 
annual rent of 2s. Id.^ 

In the same year (1560) a grant of lands formerly belonging to 
the late priory of St. John of Jerusalem in England was made to 
Nicholas Pynd and Thomas Eeve, of London, gentlemen, for the 
sum of £2,040 los. 4d. Among other lands were four acres 
called " Carlynghurst'' in Dutton, in the tenure of Ealph Belfield, 
gentleman, to be held of the Queen as of her manor of East 
Greenwich.® 

In 22 Eliz. (1580) a long Bill of Complaint was entered in the 
Duchy Court by Lady Alice Littleton, widow, late wife of Sir 
Edward Littleton, Kt., against Francis Holt, lord of the manor 
of Stydd, for breach of the marriage covenant between her 
daughter Constance and Thomas Holt, son and heir apparent of 

1 The MS. J8 here quite illegible ^ Patent Boll, M. 32, iv., 951. 

from damp. ^ /6t(/., M. 38, iii., 950. 



OHAP. in.] CHAPBLBY OF 8TYDD. 129 

the said Francis Holt. Six hundred marks (£200) was to be the 
bride's dowry ; her father-in-law expectant promising to convey 
to certain trustees the manor of Stydd and other property. 
Instead of acting up to his part of the contract, Francis Holt was 
alleged to have secretly conveyed the property to some persons 
unknown to the complainant. She therefore wished to prevent 
her daughter's children from being disinherited.* Francis Holt 
duly answered the Bill of Complaint ; nothing of importance, 
however, is contained in his reply. 

We next meet with a grant which is rather puzzling. According 
to it, the manor of Stydd was granted, 9 Jas. I. (1612), to George 
and Thomas Whitmore, of London, gentlemen, **for various good 
causes and considerations." The various tenements enumerated 
are ** a cottage in Stead in the occupation of Agnes Ha worth, 
annual rent, 2d. ; tenements in Cheping, Brabing, Thurnley, 
Chagley, Aighton, Baley, and Billingfield, co. Lancaster, parcel or 
reputed parcel of the manor of Steade, annual rent, 18s. 4d. ; 
annual rents or tithes of 19s. reserved on the lands granted 
to Eichard Oromesholmes ; a close called Wellfield in Dutton, 
annual rent, 4d. ; a messuage in Dutton in the occupation of 
John Hayhurst, annual rent, 16s. Od. ; land in Dutton, in the 
occupation of John Woodcocke, annual rent, 12d. ; tenement in 
Ribchester, called Dingley, in the occupation of Christopher 
Stead, annual rent, 7s. Od. ; land called Hemes, in Dutton, annual 
rent, 6d." Included in the grant are "the perquisites and privi- 
leges of the Court of our manor of Stead, which manor of Stead, 
and the premises mentioned, are of the clear annual value of 
£4 Os. 7d., and were formerly parcel of the possessions of the late 
Preceptory of Newland in the county of York."* 

But, in 1650, "Mr. Holt, of Q-rizlehurst" is described in the 
Cromwellian Survey as " Lord of the manor of Steed," so that we 
feel inclined to look with suspicion on the statements contained 
in the Roll from which we have just quoted. 

Summarising the above deeds we find that from about 1260 to 
1544, the Prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem was 
Lord of the Manor of Stydd. From 1544 to 1557 Sir Thomas 

* Due, Pleadinfftj Ixxvii., lii. ^ Patent MoUy M 15, xxvii., 1924, 



130 HISTORY OF RIBCHE8TEE. [PABT II. 

Holt, of Grizlehurst, was Lord of the Manor; in 1557 the lordship 
reverted to the Prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem ; 
and in 1559 Sir Thomas Holt again regained the Manor. From 
this time down to 1667 the Holts were Lords of the Manor. Then 
the Shirebumes of Stouyhurst purchased the manorial rights. Fol- 
lowing the Shirebumes came the Walmesleys of Showley ; and, 
finally, the present owners, who are Trustees for the Diocese of 
Salford. T. G. Walraesley, Esq., of Showley, granted the estate 
to certain trustees for the Diocese of Salford; the managing trustee 
is Mr. John Turner, solicitor, Preston. The estate is contiguous 
to the fabric of Stydd Church, except on the south side, whore is 

the small cemetery. 

THE CHUECH. 

Stydd Church is, without doubt, one of the oldest existing 
places of worship in the county Pa'atine. An exceedingly interest- 
ing history attaches to it, although much of its earlier history is 
lost in obscurity. The church is pleasantly situated on gently 
rising ground about half a mile to the north-west of the village 
of Ribchester. The way to it lies through winding country lanes 
and fertile meadows. The church itself is by no means a striking 
edifice, and at first sight is beheld with something akin to pain 
and disappointment. Built of the durable, though homely, grey 
grit-stone which abounds in the neighbourhood, and being in a 
somewhat dilapidated condition^ as well as isolated and desolate, 
the fabric presents a rather melancholy sight. But when we 
remember its antiquity, and our minds become more closely 
identified with the hallowed associations of the sacred place, all 
thoughts of pity and regret vanish : we can only meditate upon 
its ancient glory and past owners. 

Li 1501, Nicholas Talbot left by will maintenance for a priest 
** to sing for twelve months at Stead, where fader and moder are 
buried." Canon Rainds connects this Talbot with the Talbots of 
Bashall. The payment of a stipend of 40s. for a *' curate" of 
Stydd was a charge on the property conveyed by Henry VIII. to 
Thomas Holt. I find, however, no mention of such a charge in 
the Patent Roll^ from which I have quoted (see page 126); but 
that there was such a charge is, I think, quite clear. In 1650, 
'* Steed" was returned as a parish church, ** being a donative from 



CHAP. III.] CHAPBLRT OF STYDD. 131 

the Abbot of Cockersand, but now from Mr. Holt, of Grizelhurst, 
Lord of the Manor of Steed," with £6 ISs. 4d. per ann., " paid 
hitherto to the Minister att Eibchester, Beinge Accompted Parson 
at Steed." In 1690, Gastrell says, *'the Vicar of Eibchester 
Instituted to Stidd, and invested w**> all the Rights belonging to 
it." Its value in 1706, according to the same authority, was 
" £3 I9s. Id., viz., from Stidd Hall, £2; from 3 other Estates, 5s. ; 
Composition for Tyth Hay, Is.; Tyth Com, £1 10s, ; Composition 
wth Huntington Hall for Great Tythes, 3s. ; for Tyth Hay, Id."' 
At this time the ** parish " of Stydd comprised 1 3 houses and 16 
families. In Canon Ealines's opinion, the Adowson of Stydd was 
not alienated by Thomas Posthumus Holt when he sold the Manor. 
However this may be, the Vicar of Stydd appears always to have 
been identical with the Rector of Ribchester, although not neces- 
sarily instituted at the same time. Now, at any rate, Stydd is 
merged in the parish of Ribchester. 

It is generally supposed that divine service was only celebrated 
within the walls of Stydd Church twice in each year since the 
Reformation. But Bishop GastreU distinctly states that it was 
" served by the Vicar on New Year's Day, Good Fryday, and some 
other Sundays in the summer time."* From 1830 to 1885 service 
was held once a month, and since 1885 every Sunday during the 
summer, and once a month in the winter time. Large congregations 
fiequently assemble to join in a service conducted with a simplicity 
altogether in harmony with the character of " Old Stydd " itself. 

The ground plan of the building forms a small parallelogram, 
46ft. 5in. in length, by 20ft. 6in. wide, inside measurement, the 
only addition to it being a small and rather rude porch over the 
door on the south side, and there are remains of the masonry of 
other buildings to which the church was attached on its west side. 
The walls are thick, and have eight buttresses supporting them at 
the corners. The west wall has a door and two light windows side 
by side in the upper part of it — both blocked up with masonry. 
There is no bell turret. The whole of the north side retains its 
Norman features unaltered, having two narrow round-headed 
windows (9 inch lights), and a doorway between them with a 
dog-tooth label mould. The east wall has one three-light window 

^Cfhcth. Soc, xxii, 476. ^Ihid, 478. 



132 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTEE, [PART n. 

of a later date. The south side exhibits great varieties of date 
and style in very small space. The doorway towards the west 
end has a beautifully moulded 13th century arch, with pillars on 
either side. The window next it is of three Kghts, nearly round- 
headed, and without cusps — the whole being square. The middle 
window is a Norman one like that on the north side, the splay 
being curiously widened out at the base. The easternmost is a 
square-headed, " perpendicular " window, with three cusped 
lights (15th century). The roof is covered with heavy stone tiles ; 
and the ancient coping remains in part.* The church has a small 
cemetery (now disused) on the south side, in which are the remains 
of a stone cross. No tombstones are visible, although many 
interments formerly took place. 

Inside, the original roof remains in part, being of simple tie- 
beam form, without king posts. One of the beams has the sacred 
monogram carved on i*^3 under side ; and on another tie-beam is 
carved an emblem, said by some to represent the sun, or an 
eight-pointed star. A flight of stone steps (? originally leading 
to the Rood loft) now leads to a pulpit (on the south side) of good 
oak panelling. A rather curious screen of 17th or 18th century 
work, divides the Sanctuary from the rest of the church. Within 
the screen are modem and ugly painted wood seats. Only one of 
the original oak benches of good design remains. Forms are 
provided for worshippers in the body of the church. A smaU 
piscina, and a curious oak chest also remain. 

The following interesting note appears in the Church Book : — 
" December y® Ist, 1703. Memorandum. This day Mr. Ogden, 
Vicar of Ribchester, gave y® Communion Table at Stid Church, 
and caused the long seat in the church to be fixt under the South 
Window: and has likewise bestowed a Dapper linnen Cloth 
almost a yard and a half in length, and about y« same breadth, 
lettered in the middle, with these words, this for the Holy 
Sacrament at Stid — to be lodged and decently kept in or at y® 
clarks of Ribchester his hous for ever." 

* The above architectural descrip- Ribchester, by Mr. H. A. Prothero, 
tion IB mainly taken from a memoran- Architect, Cheltenham, 
dum made in 1888 for the Rector of 



CttAP. m.] CHAPELRY OF STYDD. 133 

Before describing the monuments and the font, I give Mr. 
Frothero's suggestions as to restoring the church. It will I think 
be allowed that his ideas are conceived in an antiquarian spirit ; 
and if carried out they will result in a much desired improvement 
to this historic and interesting church. 

STTOGESTIONS FOR RESTORATION OF STYDD CHURCH. 

Writing in July, 1888, Mr. Henry Allen Prothero, of the firm 
.of Middleton, Prothero, and Phillott, Cheltenham, says: — "The 
whole thing is very charming just as it is, and outside it should 
be repaired and made good where it is decayed, without any altera- 
tion^ or even any unnecessary touches to its stone work. The only 
exceptions to this recommendation are : — 

faj That a new and more decent east window should replace 
the present one. fhj That plain crosses should be placed on the 
two gables, fcj And that the porch should be rebuilt. The 
roof should be stripped and the timber carefully examined. New 
trusses will probably be required, and boarding would be better 
than the present plaster. Good English oak should be used 
throughout. The present stone tiles should be carefully taken 
off and used again, supplemented with others like them. The 
plastering should be carefully repaired. It is not unlikely that 
painting may be found under the present whitewash. Search 
should be made for it. The walled up west window should be 
opened out. Also the north door. The stone flagging might 
remain for the most part, supplemented perhaps with plain tiles. 
The monumental stones should be carefully preserved (and not 
turned out of the church.) The font should remain untouched, 
but a cover might be provided for it. The steps at the east end 
should be rearranged. Of the old fittings, the pulpit should be 
preserved. If the sounding board can be found, it should be 
replaced. The remains of the screen, though curious, as shewing 
the past existence of a tradition, are practically beyond preserva- 
tion. A new screen might be put up. Oak seats might be 
placed in the chancel. Chairs would suffice in the nave ; if 
permanent seats are adopted they might be like the old bench 
now left, which ought in any case to be preserved. As the 
church will now be in regular use, it should be lighted and 
warmed. Hanging lamps of suitable design should be procured 



134 mSTOBY OF BIBOHESTEB. [PABT It. 

and a stove in the north-west comer would probably be found 
sufficient for warming the church, with a good thick padded 
curtain over the door. It is difficult to estimate the outlay really 
necessary for repairs, etc. — but probably from £500 to £600 would 
do the whole substantially and well." 

For years people have talked about restoring Stydd church, 
but nothing of any moment has been done. We are therefore 
glad to learn that the present Eector of Kibchester has made a 
beginning. The nucleus of a " Restoration Fund " was formed 
in October, 1889, at a meeting held at Stydd, of the ** Order of 
the Temple, Prince of Peace Preceptory, Preston." It is to be 
hoped that the restoration scheme will meet with hearty support, 
not merely in the district but all over England. 

We now turn to the font and monimients in the church. The 
font stands on the north-east side of the church ; it is octagonal 
in shape, and made of dark grit-stone. Its rugged and massive 
appearance (see illustration) is considerably enhanced by the 
strong broad foundation of stone upon which it rests. On the 
upper part are shields bearing the following sacred and heraldic 
monograms and devices: — (1) Jesus. (2) Heart, hands, and feet 
of Christ. (3) The initials T. P., possibly intended to denote the 
donor, of whom many (all probably inaccurate) conjectures have 
been made. I venture to suggest that the monogram refers to 
Sir Thomas Pemberton, who was Preceptor of Newland, under 
which Stydd was a camera. Many authorities consider that P. 
stands for Prior and not for a surname, others think the letters 
stand for Turcopolier — one of the official titles of the Order of 
St. John ; but, however this may be, it is not a little remarkable 
that in the chapel attached to the Preceptory of Newland, it is 
stated that there was some stained glass with coats of arms on it. 
Among others are : — " Or, on a cross sable, five bulls' heads 
argent, two and three gules, and a chevron between three pheons 
argent."* It will be noticed that these arms are very similar to 
those marked 7 and 8 on the font at Stydd. And as Sir Thomas 
Pemberton followed close after Thomas Newport, as Preceptor of 
Newland, it seems probable — the arms of Newport being on the 



lianks's Walks about Wakefield, 242, 3. 



CHAP. III.] 



CHAPELRY OF STYDB. 



135 



font at Stydd — that the font may have been a gift to the camera 
from the Freceptory. But to resume the description of the shields. 
(4) A quatrefoil on a chief a long cross. (5) A leopard's head 
jessant-de-lis; the arms of Cliderhowe of Salesbury. (6) Lion 
rampant jessant-de-lis, the arms of Hothersall of Hothersall.^ 
(7) Five bulls' heads cabossed in cross. (8) On a chevron between 
three pheons as many mullets, the arms of Newport, of Salop. 

We must confess that we feel glad we are able to give a fuller 
explanation of this old font than has been given before. Dr. 
Whitaker makes no attempt to explain any of the arms save one 
(No. 4) which he assigns to the Knights Hospitallers. Other 
writers confess their inability to say to what families the shields 
belonged, although Latham deliberately asserts, without any 
proof whatever, ** that the shields on the upper part bear the 
arms of the Talbot family, but no date."' Every effort has been 
made to identify shields Nos. 4 and 7, but without success. It is, 
however (as I have said), possible that the font was a gift to Stydd 
from the Preceptor of Newland.' I ought to add that I am much 
indebted to Sir Henry Dryden, Bart., F.S.A., and Mr. Joseph 
Gillow, for their help in the matter. 

We next turn to the monuments in the church. Dr. Whitaker's 
description of the condition of these monuments in 1790-1800 is 
very graphic. " But the inside of this small, neglected edifice is 
still more interesting, having had divine service only twice a year 
since the Eeformation ; no reading desk was ever erected, and 
prayers are read out of the pulpit, which is durably elevated on a 
basis of stone ; opposite [t.^., on the north side] appears a coffin- 
tomb of high antiquity, broken open, and the fragments lying in 
most picturesque disorder, the floor strewed with ancient grave- 
stones, some inscribed with Longobardic letters, now too obscured 
to be retrieved, and by way of contrast to this scene of squalid 



^ This is only conjectural, the arms 
being so common. 

^ Latham^s Stydd Chapel 1 15. 

^ Thomas Newport was Preceptor 
of Newland and Temple-Bmer, Re- 
ceiver of Common Treasury, made 
Turcopolier, nominated Grand Prior 
in 1501, and Bailli of Aquila by 
Mutition in 1502. He was a member 
of a distinguished Shropshire family. 



During the siege of Rhodes in 1522, 
he persisted in embarking from Dover 
in a violent storm, and was lost at sea 
with all his forces. {Vide Porter's 
Knights of Malta, ii., 289, 295, 322. » 
Sir Thomas Pemberton, Kt., a mem- 
ber of a well known Northampton- 
shire family, was Preceptor of New- 
land 1535 to 1538, shortly after which 
the Order was dissolved. 



136 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PARt 11. 

antiquity, here lies under a slab of beautiful white marble the 
late Catholic Bishop Petre, who lived and died at Showley."^ 
The coffin-tomb here mentioned by Dr. Whitaker is thus com- 
mented upon by the Rev. E. L. Cutts : — "A very curious stone ; 
this and the example from Eivenhall are the only English examples 
which have been met with in which the canopy is introduced."' 
The tomb, " which had been broken into for the lead of the inner 
envelope," was inscribed with the "double cross" of the Templars. 
An engraving of it is in the History of Richmondshire, The cross 
is now completely worn off the tomb. In the floor, beneath where 
the altar once stood, is a double coffin-stone, having two floriated 
crosses upon it. Although considerably defaced, and a portion of 
it lost, we are able to make out the inscription, which is in Longo- 
bardic characters : — 

AMEN. HIO. lAOET. DOMINVS. ADA. DE. CLIDEEOV. 

M(ILES). (P)ROPICIETVR. DEV8 HIC. lAOET 

ADE. OVIVS. A.IE. P.PICIETVE DEVS. 

The Cliderhowes of Salesbury were, as we have seen in Chapter 
I., large benefactors to Eibchester and Stydd, as weU as to the 
adjoining chapel at Bailey. An illustration of this coffin -stone is 
in Cutts's Sepulchral Slabs, plate Ixiv. Adjoining Sir Adam and 
Lady Alicia de Cliderhowe's tombstone are two others bearing 
crosses, without inscription. The last visible inscribed tombstone 
is that of Bishop Petre. The inscription cut on the white marble 
stone is as follows : — " Sicjacet Illmfmrn et Itev^dm B, Franciscus 
Petre de Fithlars, ex inclyta et vetmta prosapia, in comitatu Essexia, 
EpiscoptLS Amoriensis et Vic, Apostol, in JDistrictu septent. Quern 
viginti quattMr annos provide ac solicite moderatm henejicientis et aposto- 
licis virtutihus fovit et ornavit, turn plenus dierum honorumqtce operum, 
praemissis multis eleemosynis, ohiit in Domino Anno at, stca Lxxxrv., 
die xxrv. JDecembris, anno mdcclxxv. R,I,P,^^ Translated, its 
meaning is : — Here lies the most Illustrious and Eeverend Lord 
Erancis Petre, of Fithlars, of an illustrious and ancient family in 
the coimty of Essex, Bishop of Amoria and Vicar Apostolic of the 
Northern District ; which he governed with discernment and care 
for 24 years, being its patron and ornament by his kind acts and 

1 Whit. WhalUy, ii., 466. « Cutts's Sepulchral Slabs, 86. 



C3IAP. ni.J CHAPELRY OF STYDD. 137 

apostolic virtues : tlien full of days ^nd good deeds, after bestowing 
many alms he died in the Lord on the 24th December of the year 
1775, of his age the 84th. May be rest in peace. 

Some account of Bishop Petre may be interesting. The Right 
Eev. Francis Petre, bom in 1691, was the second son of Joseph 
Petre, Esq., of Fitblers, co. Essex, by Catherine, daughter of Sir 
W. Andrews, of Denton, Bart. He was educated at Douay 
College, where he was known by the name of " Squib," aliases 
being necessary in times of persecution, and continued through 
custom till a late period. He was elected coadjutor to Bishop 
Dicconson, V.A., of the Northern District, cum jure successionisy July 
7, 1750, and was consecrated Bishop July 27, 1751. He succeeded 
to the Northern Vicariate upon the death of Bishop Dicconson, 
April 24, 1752, and governed till his death at Showley Hall, where 
he principally resided, Dec. 24, 1775, aged 84. In the Parish 
Register, Bishop Petre's burial is thus recorded : "1775, Dec. 27, 
Francis Petre, Esq., Showley, a Romish Bis'p." 



\ 



i38 HISTOEY OF RIBCHES^ER. [PART It. 



OHAPTEE IV. 

®lj^ ^eKi0v» of |libjctj^0tjw* 

1246. (Before.) Drogo. 

1246L Imbertus. 

1292. Eobert de Pokelington. 

1343. (Before.) Walter de Wodehouse. 

1343. WiUiam de Wakefield. 

1351. William de Homeby. 

1364. John de Lincoln. 

1367. (Before.) Lambert de Thyrkyngham. 

1367. William Bolton. 

1391-2. Eicbard de Wallmesley. 

1395. John Farmer. 

1414. (About.) John del More. 

1419. Bicbard Ooventre. 

1419. Jobn Ellyswyk. 

1466. (Before.) Robert Bromlaw. 



1476-7. 


William Talbot. 


1505. 


Robert Crombleholme. 


1527. 


William Clayton. 


1532. 


Thomas Thirleby. 


1542-3. 


George Wolfytt. 


1552. 


James Liungard. 


1572. 


Christopher Alsop. 


1573-4. 


Henry Norcrosse. 


1616. 


Richard Learoyde. 


1617-8. 


Christopher Hindley. 


1647. 


William Ligham. 


1681. 


George Ogden. 


1706. 


Thomas Johnson. 


1738-9. 


John Heber. 


1775. 


John Griffith. 


1776. 


John Atkinson. 


1798. 


Isaac Relph. 






CttAP. IV.] RECTOES OF RIBCHBSTER. 139 

1801. James Quartley . 

1829. Boulby Thomas Haslewood. 

1876. Frederick Eugene Perrin. 

1885. Francis John Dickson. 

Drooo (Before) 1246. 

Dr. Whitaker says, * * Drogo, parson of Eibbecestria, was drowned 

in Eybel." 

Imbertus, 1246. 

Of this Eector but little is known. 

Robert de Pokelingtone, 1292. 

I have not found any mention of this Eector. Dr. Whitaker 

includes him in the list of Eectors. 

Walter de Wodehouse (Before), 1343. 

Dr. Whitaker states that Walter de Wodehouse resigned the 

living in 1343. 

William de Wakefield, 1343. 

This Eector was instituted 10th Nov., 1343, on the presentation 

of Queen Isabella. He is styled '^ capellanm,^^ 

William de Horneby, 1361. 
In a deed dated 37 Ed. IH. (1363) *<WiU'us de Homeby 
persona de eceli^ae de Rihllecester^ et Johcmnes de Hormhy^ persona de 
eccli*a de T . . athum^^ occurs.* 

John de Lincoln, 1364. 
This Eector was instituted 1st March, 1364. Dr. Whitaker 
calls him a ** presbiter," and says he resigned the living.* 

Lambert de Thyrkyngham (Before), 1367. 
Nothing is known, so far as I am aware, of this Eector. 

William Bolton, 1367. 
William Bolton, chaplain, was instituted 27th Feb., 1367, on 
the presentation of John of Gaunt (as were the next six Eectors). 
He resigned the living, but no date is given. 

EiCHARD de Wallmesley, 1391-2. 
This Eector, who is not mentioned by Whitaker, was party to 
a deed dated 16 Eic. II., between John Niccson de Eibblcester 
and Eichard Ayglat de Dilword, concerning a piece of land in 
Eibchester called " Nicson Hayhirst.'' 

^Piccope MS.S., iv., 3. •Whit. Whalle^/y ii., 462. 



140 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [pART ll. 

John Farmer, 1395. 

This Eector was instituted 8tli Nov., 1395. He is designated 
** clerk," and resigned the living. 

John del More (about) 1414. 

Nothing is known about this Eector, except that Dr. Whitaker 
states that he resigned the living. 

ElCHARD COVENTRE, 1419. 

This Eector was instituted 5th April, 1419. He was a clerk, 
and resigned the living. 

John Ellyswyck, 1419. 

Instituted (according to Dr. Whitaker) 3rd Dec, 1419, John 
Ellyswyk (or Elleswick) held the living over thirty years. In 29 
Hen. VI. (1451), Thomas Coke de Eibchester gave John Talbot, 
and John Ellyswyk, Eector of the Church of Eibchester, a parcel 
of land called " Nicson place," in Eibchester.^ 

EoBERT Bromlaw (Before) 1466. 

Nothing is known, so fax as I am aware, of this Eector. 

William Talbot, 1476-7. 

This Eector was son of Giles Talbot, of Slaidbum, and was 
descended from the Talbots of Bashall. According to Whitaker's 
pedigree printed in the History of Craven, the Eev. William Talbot 
was a son of Edmund Talbot of Bashall. This is a palpable error. 
In 5 Edw. rV. (1466) John Talbot de Salesbury, Esquire, con- 
firmed to John Baron, John Atherton, Thomas Talbot, Esquires ; 
William Talbott, Eector of Eibchester Church, and Lawrence 
Ashton, Eector of Ashton-under-Lyne, all the lands, etc., which he 
had in the county of Lancaster.^ In 8 Edw. lY. (1469), he is de- 
scribed as " Gapellanm nttp.y de JSdtsford inp^ochia de Clyderhowey 
Quoting from the Rolls of Parliament, Whitaker says that in June, 
1467, Edward IV. reserved the grant made to Edmund and Eichard 
Talbot of the next presentation of a covenabill and abille persone 
to the parishe chirche of "Eibbylchestr.' The Eev. William 
Talbot, who is called ** doctor," resigned the living before 16 
March, 1496-7. 

1 Towndey MS.S., D.D., 490, 1. • Hist, of Whallet/, ii., 462. 

« Towndey M&S. 



CHAP IV.] BBCT0K8 OF EIBCHESTER. 141 

EoBEBT Obombleholme, 1496-7. 

The Rev. Robert Orombleholme was presented to Ribohester, 

16 March, 12 Hen. VII. (1496-7.) He resigned before 31 July. 

1527. 

William Clayton, 1527. 

This rector was presented 31 July, 1527, under the King's 

authority by John Voysey, " Decano Capelle nostre '* and Edward 

Belknap, Knt. He died in 1532. 

Thomas Thirleby, 1532. 
The Rev. Thomas Thirleby was presented 21 Dec, 1532. He 
died before 9 June, 1542. 

George Wolfytt, 1542. 
The Rev. George Wolfytt, or Wolset, LL.D., was instituted on 
the King's presentation on 9 June, (or 9 Feb. according to 
Whitaker) 1542. He was also incumbent of Chipping, and was 
nominated by Sir Richard Hoghton of Lea, as chantry priest of 
the Dutton chapel; but Canon Raines says, "it is uncertain 
whether his presentation to this richly endowed chantry came into 
operation." In 1547, Dr. Wolfytt was one of the King's 
preachers for the county of Lancaster. His relations with some 
of his parishioners were not very cordial, judging from the fol- 
lowing statement made by him to the Chancellor of the Duchy: — 
In most humble and lamentable wise shewith and complayneth vnto yor 
most Honorable good Maistershippe yor humble suppliant and daily Orator 
George Wolfet Gierke doctor of lawe and Chapleyn to our late soveraign 
Lorde of famouse memory Kynge Henry the eight Thatt where yor said 
Orator hath and holdith nowe towe benyfices or parsonages sett and beyng 
within the Oountie of lane, of the gift and graunt of our late soveraign Lorde 
the one beyng called Ribchester and the other Cbyppynge in the ^which yor 
said Orator accordyng to his abilitie and of his charitable mynde of longe 
tyme borne towardes his pore parishioners and other the^Kynges subiectes 
there for the relieff of whom yor saide Orator hathe always vsed and yet 
vsith to kepe his hospitalitie famelye and housholde there ^towarde the 
reffressyng and helpyng of the povertie of his saide parisshes And So itt is 
nowe right honorable sir thatt yor said Orator in perseveryng thus his 
charitable mynde and purpose accordyng vnto his bounden dewtye hath byn 
of late gretly inquieted vexid and troblet by one Robt. Bootman Mynstrell 
one of yor said Orators parishioners beyng a man of affrowarde and a perverse 
mynde the which by the investigacon and intysement of one Sir^Richarde 
Sherebourn Knyght beyng a man of an exacte power and auctorite within the 
said Countie of Lane, entendyng the utter vndoyng of your said Orator and 



142 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTEB. [PABT II. 

of hifl pore famely for ever And thereby to dryve away yor said Orator and 
his said famelye from the habitaoon of his said benyfices And also in lettyng 
yor said Orator in extendyng his said charitable almes to pore parishioners 
of his said parisshes hath of late entred with force of armes contrary to the 
Kynges peace the bases (?) of yor Orator called the parsons buttes leing and 
beyng within the feldes of his said parische of Elbchestet and wasted and 
consumpnied the grace then therapon growyng att his Will and pleasure butt 
also into a certen tenement and house of yor said Orators lying within the 
Town of Ribchester aforesaide the whiche havyng the possession thereof by 
wronge as above is said and without the Will and Aggreament of yor said 
Orator did nowe of late by negglygence burne the same House and as the 
common voyce and fame goith Willyngly to the gret hyndraunce and damage 
of yor said Orator and also to the gret perill and Jubberty of consumyng of 
the hole towne And also the said Robt. haith nott only bett and strikken 
dy vers of the pore parisshoners of yor said Orator beyng ympetent and for 
aged whythe owt any resonable cause by them gyven by the which strokkes 
they were in daunger of there lives butt also did cause them to be indited 
prively att a generall sessions there to the grett damage and hyndraunce of 
them And to the grete feare of all the rest of the poore of the said parrishes 
And also hath caused yor seid Orator and other of his famely to be in suche 
feare by his maliciouse demeanor and threttenynges and other of his 
adherentes that yor said Orator and other of his saide householde dare not 
repare to his Churche of Ribchester for the execucon of there dutye 
accordyngly. In consideracon whereof it may please yor acceptable goodnes 
always to right equitie Justes and quiete extended to do call afore yor good 
Maisterschippe the said Robt. Boteman and Sir Richarde Sherebourn and one 
John Booteman Mynstrell an nother of the adherentes of the same Robt. And 
them nott only to enjoyne for there good aberyng and behavor towardes 
yor said Orator and other of the Kynges subiectes there but also to cause 
them and every of them to recompence and satisfye yor said Orator of his 
grett costes damages and Charges by hym susteyned in thatt behalf And yor 
said Orator shall daily pray vnto Allmyghty god for yor good Maistershipps 
estate long to enduere. ^ 

Dr. Wolfytt died in 1553 or 1554. His will is thus cited by 
Canon Raines : — 

** February 1st, 1552-3, George Wulfet, doctor of lawe — ^to be buryed 
within the chauncel of Rybchester yf I dye there er els where in Christen 
man's buryall -to every one of my godchyldren within Rybchester, Chepen 
and Wishawe parishins xiid. to put them in remembrance to praye for my 
soule. To Alyce Cragge dough ter to John Oragge a doughter to my sust^* 
Alyce his wief iii li, to be payd by William Wren — to William Cragge 
brother to the said Alyce iii li to be payd by my brother Jeffrey Wolfet. I 
wyll my scarlet gowne lyned with blacke damaske and my beste murrey 
gowne having the sieves and the forequarters lyned with tawney sarcenet to 

» Due. Pleadings, ii., W 13. 



CHAP. IV.'l BBCTORS OF RIBCHESTER. 143 

be praised and solde and the money to be bestowed on the poore honse- 
holders — the residue to be dispersed by my executors in charitable dedes to 
the pleasure of Ahnighty God and comfurthe of the poore and indegent 
people, not meanynge hereby to burden or charge his conscience in suche 
bestowinge but onlie to commytte the same to his discrecion, accordinge to 
such expectation and affiance which I haue to him — my brother Jeffrey 
Wolfet executor and Robert Patchett and Syr Thomas Thorpe overseers. 
Proved 7th August 1554, by Mr. Robert Cressie official of the Archdeacon 
of Notts. "» 

Sir James Liungard (before) 1562. 

Sir James Liungard was instituted in 1669 according to the 
Piecope MSS., but John Townley, of Dutton, by his will dated 
1562, left "to Sir James Liungard, Vicar of Eibchester, 
xiijs iiijd."' He resigned in 1571-2. 

Christopher Alsop, 1571-2. 
This rector was instituted 22 March, 1571-2, according to the 
Piecope MSS., and resigned in 1573-4. 

Henry Norcrosse, 1573-4. 
The Eev. Henry Norcrosse was instituted 9 March, 1573-4, on 
the presentation of John Whitaker, or Whitacre, of Henthorn, 
Esq. Little, if anything, is known about him, although he 
apparently held the living for over forty years. The Norcrosses 
are an old Eibchester family, and it is supposed one of his sons 
was George Norcrosse " scholler of Cletherall " who received 
" ij yeardos wollen and ij linen, and iijs iiijd in money."' The 
burial of Mr. Norcrosse is thus recorded in the register : "1623, 
Aug. 14., Henry Norcrosse, Viccar de Eibchester." 

EiCHARD Learoyde, 1616. 
The Eev. Eichard Learoyde, B.A., (or Learoide) was instituted 
on the presentation of the King, 17 Dec., 1616 ; and on Jan. 21, 
1616-17 was instituted to the "rectory of Stidde"* on the presen- 
tation of Francis Holte, of Grizlehurst, lord of the manor of Stydd. 
Mr. Learoyde was vicar for a very short time, resigning in 1617. 
He was one of the curates of the Collegiate Church of Manches- 
ter; and in 1622 "was presented for serving divers that refused 
to kneel at the Communion and for not having read the Canons."* 

* Chft, Soe,, Ix., 195-6. * 2%e Spending of money of Robert 

« ^urtees Soc., RkK Wills, NowtU, 

♦ Bainei MSS. 



144 HISTOEY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART II. 

He died 22 August, 1623, and was buried in the Collegiate 
Church of Manchester. His goods were valued at £94 Os. 1 Od. 

Christopher Hindley, 1618, 

The Eev. Christopher Hindley, or Hindle, was instituted 5 Feb. 
1617-18, on the presentation of the Bishop of Chester. Mr. 
Abram (who has written an interesting account of the Hindley 
family)^ thinks that the Eev. C. Hindley was baptised at Harwood 
Church, 10 March, 1592; "and that he was the son either of 
John Hindley, or of Andrew, both of Cowhill." I have been 
unable to ascertain who he married. He had five children, four 
baptised at Kibchester, ** Eodae Hindley daughter of Christopher 
Hindley, Vicker of Eibchester Church," bapt. March 14, 1623-4; 
Elizabeth, bapt. Jan. 14, 1626-7; Anne, bapt. March 7, 1629-30; 
Andrew, bapt. April 16, 1620-1 ; and Jane, bapt. at Blackburn, 
April 28, 1633. The story of Vicar Hindley's sufferings, and the 
bold stand he made for his place and principles has been told with 
much eloquence by the Eev. John Walker. We are able to 
amplify the narrative from the original MS8. 

Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy is well known. But his 
diligence and patient industry in compiling that work — a task 
which occupied nine years — are not generally known. The 
valuable collection of his papers in Bodley's Library, Oxford, 
proves the admirable method of the preparation of his great work. 
In the Sufferings of the Clergy a very vivid account is given of the 
case of the Eev. Christopher Hindley (or Hindle), but in vol. iii. 
of the Walker MSS. a more detailed account of the Vicar of 
Eibchester's sufferings is to be found in the bold handwriting of 
the Eev. George Ogden, the immediate successor of Hindley's 
great opponent Ingham. From these MSS. the following account 
is taken: it is to be regretted that a portion of Mr. Og^en's 
letter is torn off. Mr. Hindley was a staunch royalist, and 
appears to have been formally deprived of his living in 1647. 
He continued, however, to preach in the church until 1649, when 
the following scene took place. ** I have lately been at Eibchester 
(says Mr. Ogden, under date Nov. 23, 1705), and have here 
enclosed sent you a certificate or some remarks upon y® life of Mr. 

'^HisL of Blachbum, 638-40, 



CHAP. IV.] • KBCTOBB OF EIBOHEBTBE. 146 

Hindle and Mr. Ingham, my Predecessors, both vicars of Bib- 
chester, in Lancashire. Mr. Ingham was an inferior, ignorant 
man in comparison of Mr. Hindle, and a religious knave. I need 
give but this one instance among a thousand. Ignorant Ingham 
ingratiating himself with some fiery, rebellious zealots in this 
Parish, procured a Certificate or Letter Commendatory under their 
hands, and also about thirty pounds in money, making them 
believe he would only be Minister of Longridg Chapell in y« 
Parish of Eibchester, but away goes Ingham to London and 
" procures some authority to be vicar or Minister of Eibchester 
Church and to eject Mr. Hindle because he was an honest, sober, 
loyal. Episcopal Clergyman. Thus he was forced to quit his 
place. But Mr. Christopher Hindle was a man whose f^ame will 
never dye till vertue and Learning shall become so useless as not 
to be regarded. 

" 'Tis reported from persons of great worth and Credit, y* y^ said 
Mr. Hindle in Cromwell's time was summon'd to appear before a 
sort of an Assembly of Divines, at WhaUey, 4 miles from Eib- 
chester. Mr. Hindle did appear with an Hebrew Bible, and other 
Hebrew Books, and by his Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, he confuted 
and confounded them all with all their English Oratory. They 
found both his courage and Learning very great. 

** When Ingham had got into y« pulpit one Sunday morning at 
Eibchester to eject Mr. Hindle by y« help of his wicked accom- 
plices, they say, Mr. Hindle standing upon y« highest Pulpit Step, 
preached a Sermon, or utter'd a speech to his friends, some of 
Oliver Cromwel souldiers being present, thus, or to this effect : 

** *My dear Friends and Parishoners (The introductory para- 
graph is unfortunately too much torn to be printed. Mr. Hindle 
continues:) 

" * First to begin with that which should be most dear unto a 
Nation our Holy Mother, y« Church and y® Establishment of 
Beligion in its purity, and lustre, who is not sensible how far y« 
Ark of God, namely our Eeligion, y« glory of our English Israel, 
and y« Christian worlds, has been prophan'd by Sacrilegious 
hands ? whilst the name of Gospel, and Eeformation, has been 
used as a stalking hors to cloak ye blackest designs, y« sun ever 
look't upon ; insomuch y* the Church of England, may complain 



146 HISTORY OF RIB0HB8TEB. [PART II. 

and cry out as once y^ church of Israel did (Esa xxiv. 16). My 
leanness, my leanness, woe unto me ; the treacherous dealers have dealt 
treacherously y yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously. 

" * The Prince of Darkness is never so perniciously fortunate in 
his mischief as when he transforms himself into an Angel of Light : 
How well our Beligion is reformed and secured your selves may 
judge by y<* present complexion of our dear mother stript,* mangled, 
and wounded to death by y« sons of her own bowels, her Govern- 
ment dissolved, her Doctrine trampled into a puddle, the extracted 
purely from the fountain of living water ; her Discipline threaten' d 
nor dareing to appear against professed Heresies and Blasphemys ; 
her sacred forms of worship vilify'd and scorned ; her Embassadors 
of Christ for Peewe and reconciliation imprisoned, disturbed in 
their own churches, impoverish't and reputed as the filth and off 
scouring of y« world ; her Temples either defaced or demolish't, 
or els lock't up by a wicked Military Power, and lastly y« true 
Protestant Religion is now squeezed into such a narrow room, that 

few or none dare own f ession of it, that we are 

obliged to ma solemn protestation. 

**'But, as if all this was not guilt enough to weigh them down 
to the bottomless Pit, there have been added to that Scarlet Sin of 
Murthur, y® Blood of one Sacred Person, of more value, than ten 
thousand of the best of his subjects, the light of our eyes and the 
Breath of our Nostrils, in whose life and Government all the 
Thousands that reside within these three kingdoms are really 
concerned, and nearly concerned, as in y^ life of their Oommon 
Parent. An Act so horrid and prodigious, that no language can 
express it : so no History can parallel it. It is no slight contribu- 
tion that some of you have given to y« miserys we complain of but 
know not how to remedy. A man may be accessory to the guilt 
of Blood-shedding more wayes than perhaps you are aware of. 
Two onely I shall name, 1st the contributing assistance to y« 
Fact before it is committed ; and 2ly by approbation, and justi^- 
cation of y« fact, after it is committed. 

" * I would to Qt)d it was in the Power of my Prayers, to dear 
those who sit at Westminster of this deep guilt ; and some of you 
of your assistance, and adherence to them in contracting it ; and 
y* we may not incur y« divine wrath as y« people of Israel did, 



CHAP. IV.] BBCTOES OF BIBCHBSTBE. 147 

when they sinned themselves out of y« Blessing of a King ; See 
how God threatens them, with a severe punishment (Esa iii. 5.) 
Ye people shall he oppressed^ every one hy another j and every one hy his 
Neighbour ; y* Child shall behave himself proudly against y^ Ancient^ 
and the base against the Honorable,^ " 

Mr. Ogden then goes on to give the account of eye-witnesses 
of the scene. " Thos. Outler, now Saxton of Eibchester Oh : was 
saxton in y« tyme of Mr. Hindle's p'sentation. The s^ Thos. 
declares that he was in y* ch : "when Mr. Ingham was sett in y« 
pulpitt (Mr. Ingham and his wicked crew got y« pulpit before 
Mr. Hindle came in) and Mr. Hindle came to preach, but Ingham 
would not suffer him to come into y« pulpitt, so y* Mr. Hindle 
then did preach standing upon y« high step, ffurther y« s<* Thos. 
Outler declares y* he knew old Eic. Hayhurst, who was Bing- 
leader of all y* Eude Eable ag* Mr. Hindle — ^he had many 
sons, 7 or 8 — but 3 especially viz. : — Wm., John, and Jonathan, 
under their father's direction and appointmentwere y® most 
furious p's'ters of Mr. Hindle, and Benj. Hayhurst .... 

; this Jonathan was Oaptain, this 

Benja was Lieutenant, this John was purse bearer, and py^ y® 
wicked crew. Notwithstanding this hot persecution ags* Mr. 
Hindle it is declared y^ Mr. Ingham went up to London and 
cimningly gotfc ord<^ for Eibch. Ohurch, and so threw Mr. Hindle 
out." 

James Etsford declares: "he knows Mr. Hindle very well, y* 
he was about 60 years old when he was a preacher at Eib., and 
was very well appr^ of, both for his life and doctrine ; he was 
about 30 y' vicar of Eibel^ ; he never had above 20 marks per 
an. : and, further, y® saide James declares that he (Mr. Hindle) 
preached 16 years and had little or no wages at all, and one of 
his parishioners, Mr. Jonathan Hayhurst, a (c . . . ) Oliv' at y® 
tyme, and y« s*^ Mr. Hindle a full kingsman and godfather to y« 
s^ Edfi after he had done preaching in y« ch. he gave him ro. 
egg (?) and pusht him also with his hand upon y« sholder to east 
him upon his face (and said, * There, ye Vicar ! Is this man fitt to 
preach, and is drunk ?') — but it was a reflection, and a very false 
and lying slander thrown upon y® gentleman with y« mouth of 
envy and deadly hatred ; but y^ Opt. himself was drunk, and had 



148 HISTOEY OF EIBCHESTEE. [PABT H, 

been drinking all day. And a br. [brother] of y^ O'ptain and a 
hot Oliverian, John Hayhurst, overtook Vicer Hindle, who was 
called Christopher Kindle, in y* rode [sic] betwixt Preston and 
Ilibohester, and knockt him off his horse, as y« Vicar related 
with his own mouth to y® 8<^ James, and other bigg boys about 
14 or 16 years old, and said to them also y' yonder villane, 
John Hayhurst, had burst his head, and *but for y« wisdom 
of God had taken my life.' These 2 p'sons and others with 

maketh and unjustly 

contrived false oaths ag^' y« parson (they charged him, and some 
other base fellows swore ag' him, y' he was an adulterer, a 
drunkard, a blasphemer, a conjurer — all which was very false, 
and unjustly layd ag^t him). And all y« p'rish know the cause 
why the Hayhursts and some other base fellows did so p'cute him 
was because he (Mr. Hindle) was a Kingsman and they 
Oliverians." 

The Eev. Q-eorge Ogden states that he found ** in Mr. Hindle's 
manuscripts that he had the consent, approbation, subscription, 
and petition of y« Parishioners of Blackburn Town and Parish, 
for y« Vicarage of Blackburn, worth about £150 per annum, in 
y« gift of ye Arch Bp. of Canterbury, but y« iniquity and charge 
of ye Times hindred."* Mr. W. A. Abram, the historian of 
Blackburn, says, however, that Mr. Ogden's statement is irrecon- 
cilable with facts. For in 1661 "a petition of the parishioners" 
of Blackburn "was presented to the King, which recites explicitly 
that the inhabitants of Blackburn parish did, in the year 1647, 
^ unammotcsl^, without the opposition of one man, elect and chuse 
Mr. Leonard Clayton, Master of Arts, etc., to be our Vicar, the 
place being vacant by the death of the former incumbent.' "* 

The facts appear to be that, after his forcible expulsion from 
Ribchester Church, Mr. Hindley went to live with his brother 
John Hindley at the family farm at Cowell, near Blackburn, for 
we find James Etsford stating that he knew Mr. Hindle 'had land 
of his own at Cowel, in Blackburn parish, and there he lived 
many years, and came and preached at Ribchester and at OoweL 
He died about three years before the King's return.' Mr. 

■* WcUker MS.S., vol. iii. *^Manch» Cour. Loc, Gleanings, 



CHAl*. IV.] MCTOES OJP RIBCHESTEB. 149 

Ogden also adds that the following petition was made by Vicar 
Hindley: — 

To ye Right Honourable the . . . . 3r« honoorable Coart of High 
. . . . Petition of Christopher Hindle .... your Petitioner hath 

just whose names are here under .... Then by 

sinister means wrong .... Petitioner dirers years now last past 
although they hare been by gentle entreaty often required to right your 
Petitioner according to Equity, yet they utterly refuse to doe the same and 
yt in regard they know your Petitioner is not able to endure suite to right 
himself in the premises he having a great charge of Wife and Children. 
Therefore ye humble desire of your Petitioner for god's glory is yt your 
Honour will be pleased to suffer your Petitioner to sue before you in forma 
Pauperis, etc. 

By virtue of a reference of Judge Thorpe dated ye 2Sth August, 1650, we 
called Mr. Christopher Hindley, Minister of Ribchester and John Haworth 
one of ye late Agents for ye Sequestrators before us, to account for arrears 
of stipend at 20 marks per annum. 

Sevill Ratdiffe. 
John Starkie. 
Padiam, November ye 25th, 1650. 

This is a true copy out of Mr. Hindles own Manuscripts all which his 
Relations will not part with for a hundred pounds. As Mr. Price the Vicar 
and Tho. Waterhouse Clark of Blackburn told me Geor. Ogden, Vicar of 
Ribchester, this day, Nov. 7th, 1705. 

In reviewing the history of Mr. Hindley's sufferings, it is only 

right to bear in mind that Mr. Ogden was himself a staunch 

Royalist, and also that his information was obviously derived 

from the Vicar's sympathisers. But Mr. Hindley's devotion 

and zeal, as well as his courage, are, we think, amply proved. 

Mr. Hindley died at Cowell in August, 1657. ** His family 
had," says Mr. W. A. Abram, "in 1703 this certificate of his 
burial : — * August y« 29th, 1657. Then was Christopher Hindle, 
Vicar of Ribchester, buryed at Church-Kirk, near Blackburn. 
John Hargreaves, chapell clerk there.' " The entry in the 
Church-Kirk register is, " Christopher Hindle, minister of God's 
word, of Cowell." 

William Ingham, 1647. 

It is probable that the Rev. W. Ingham was one of the Inghams 
of Fulledge. The early part of his career at Ribchester is closely 
identified with his predecessor, Vicar Hindle. As we have said, 
the story of his appointment to Ribchester must not be implicitly 



150 HISTORY OF RIBCHE8TER. [PABT Ii: 

believed. His successor (Mr. Ogdea) terms him **an inferior, 
ignorant man, and a religious knave." This was the language 
of an opponent. Mr. Ingham was formally instituted to " Stydd 
OhapeP' by the Bishop of Chester " 26 Aug., 1661." Probably 
this was in confirmation of his previous appointment in 1647. 
He was married twice ; his first wife's burial is thus recorded in 
the register: 1668, July 9, Bur. was Mary, ye wife of Willm. 
Ingham, vicar. In less than three months he was again married 
(22 Sep., 1668) to Grace Hesmondhalgh, the entry in the register 
being : Nwpt, fuerunt WilVmm Ingham, Vicar et Gracea Kesminough. 
He had several children by his first wife, but no entries of the 
baptism of his children occur in the register. He was buried in 
Eibchester Church, Oct. 25, 1681 ; the entry in the register being: 
Buryed was William Ingham, Vicar of Eibchester, i'th* chawcell 
— ^in Mr. Ogden's writing : Minister about 20 [sic] years. 

From Mr. Ingham's will, dated 14 Oct., 1681, we gather that 
he lived in a house leased from Mr. Thomas HothersaU, of 
Hothersall. He left to tl^e children of his daughter Anne Boyes, 
ten pounds. To the children of his son William Ingham, ** that 
thirtie pounds that he oweth me." To the said William Ingham's 
son " all my lyberarie, transcripts, and noats, except my Bible," 
on condition of his paying £5 within twelve months to Mr. 
Ingham's widow. Other legacies were £15 to his daughter Anne 
Boyes ; 5s. to his son William ; 5s. to his daughter Mary 
Calvert ;^ 5s. to Elizabeth Hesminhalgh ; to each of his grand- 
children, one shilling. He also bequeathed " to the poorest of 
the poor of Eibchester in lieu of my doule," £1 3s. 4d. The 
residue of his goods (valued at £87 12s. 6d.) was left to his wife 
Grace, who was appointed executrix. 

In Heywood's Dia/ries^ under date 1675, is the following: 
**John [son of Eichard Hey wood, and elder brother of the 
Diarist], married Mary Eamsbottom, daughter-in-law to Mr. 
Ingham, now minister of Eibchester, by whom he had five 
children. John dyed beyond the seas, in Barbadoes, in the year 
1662, or 1663 ; Mary, his wife, dyed a widow, anno 1672."* 
Mr. Ingham's son, William, seems to have been a clergyman, as 
he is mentioned as preaching at Eibchester in 1670 (see p. 108.) 

^ See chap. viii. * Oliver Heywood's Diaries, i., 106. 



CHAP. IV.] BSCTOES OF RlBCHBSTEB. 161 

Geoege Ogden, 1681. 
It is not a little remarkable that the most distinguished Vicar 
of Bibchester, the Eev. Qeorge Ogden, B.D., should have been 
treated with such scant courtesy by Whitaker and Baines. Both 
give the date of his induction as 1699^ whereas he was presented 
18 years previous to that date. There seems to be but one excuse 
for their errors : Mr. Ogden's name does not occur in the registry 
books at Chester. No name occurring between those of Vicars 
Hindley and Heber. But had Dr. Whitaker, and Baines' 
informant examined the Eibchester Church books at all closely 
they could not have failed to note vicar Ogden. Canon Baines 
states that Mr. Ogden was born at '* Kirk-Sandal, near Wake- 
field," but Mr. J. M. Ogden conjectures that Kirk-Sandal or 
Kirk-Burton, near Doncaster, was his birth-place. And if the 
inscription on Mr. Ogden's monument is to be trusted, he was 
bom in 1636, which is somewhat doubtful. On Nov. 10, 1662, 
he was admitted to Jesus College, Cambridge : The abstract from 
the College books being ** Qeorgim Ogden^ Ehoraoensisj examinatua 
et approhatus admissus est in ordinem Stzatorum sub Tutore suo Mro, 
GuUelmo Cooke, ad titulum ejmdem,^^ In 1666, he took his B.A. 
degree; and in 1668, his M.A. degree, ^^per Lit, Reg, obtained 
for him " (says Canon Baines) " by the Duke of Manchester — 
why is not stated."^ On his monument it will be noticed he is 
described as B.D., and as Fellow of his College, yet he is not 
registered as either in the College books. Canon Baines states 
that " in a letter from Sir Henry Cooke, of Wheatlet, Bart., dated 
Aug. 18, 1663, and addressed to Mr. Ogden, at that time an 
Undergraduate at Cambridge, he (Sir Henry) mentions having 
received from him ' two Latin letters,' and of his having ^ now 
grown to years of discretion,' and promising him his patronage. 
It is clearly the letter of a warm friend, if not relation." His 
old College tutor, Dr. William Cooke, President of Jesus College, 
is also described by Canon Baines as ^* Ogden's friend and 
correspondent." In June, 1674, Dr. Cooke certified along with 
others ** that he, the said Dr. Cooke, and no other," was the 
College Tutor of Mr. George Ogden, at that time Minister of 
Harewood, Yorkshire. 

^ Bailies M.SS. 



152 HIdTOBY OF EIBOHESTHB. [pABt H. 

Mr. Ogden was appointed Vicar of Harewood in 1673. While 
there he made several interesting notes in the registers which are 
given in the History of Harewood. From them we gather that 
" George Ogden, Minister of Harewood, came hither to dwell, on 
July 16th, 1673. . . . Samuel Ogden, brother to the said 
George Ogden, cloth-maker, became parish clerk of Harewood, 
February 25th, 1676.''" He repaired the *< Vicarage House," 
according to a memorandum in the registers. In the list of 
Vicars, he is erroneously stated to have been Vicar of Harewood, 
1673-1701.' 

In 1680, Mr. Ogden was elected a FeUow of the Oollegiate 
Church of Manchester. He had previously obtained '^ letters of 
pre-election " from the King, which however were superseded by 
a royal appointment in favour of Dr. Wroe. Canon Eaines adds^ 
'' Great was Mr. Ogden's indignation, but the Chapter sympathised 
with him, and on the 30 May, 1675, it was ordered in the Chapter 
House, that Mr. Ogden's turn should be the next, and a minute 
to that effect was recorded." In the same year (1681) he was 
collated to the Vicarage of Eibchester, and seems to have been 
assiduous in his duties, not only as Vicar, but as the natural 
leader of the parish affairs. But being a tnan of learning and 
taste, and fond of society, we cannot wonder that he preferred to 
pass a good deal of his time in Manchester. He wets taken to 
task by the Bishop of Chester (Dr. Stratford) in the subjoined 
letters' : — 

To Mr. Ogden,— Sir, I doubt not but you will remember that you promised the 
last year, that at May next, you would betake yourself to your Vicarage, and 
for ye future you would personally reside upon it. Tho' the time then prefixed 
by you be now past, yet (as I am informed) you have not performed your promise. 
I therefore beseech you once more to consider the obligation you are under to 
residence, not only from ye promise you made to me, but from ye laws of our 
Church, and from ye oath ye tooke at your institution into your Vicarage, and 
from many other sacred ties which I now forbear to mencon. If you shall say 
that you are not by youre oath oblig'd to reside because £*p Pearson dispensed 
with your absence, I question not but your own coBscienoe will say ye contrary, 
because you cannot but know that your Dispensation expir'd many years since. 
For I find in ye register that you was dispensed with no longer than you could 
with convenience finish the repairs of your Vioar-house, and yet your Dispensation 
bears date Aug. 31, 1682, that is almost 10 years ago. 

^ Jones's, Hwrewoodi 88. ' Manch* Cour, Loc. Gleanings, 

9 jidd., yo. 



COttAP. IV.] RBCtORS OF RfBCHBSTliR. 15^ 

Now I appeftl to yourself whether you could not have conveniently finished 

ye repairs of your house in fewer years than ten ? Yea, whether you could not 

.have conveniently finished them in one year? I pray let me know speedily 

whether you intend forthwith to reside or to resigne. I present my servise to 

your Lady.— I am, Sir, your alBfectionate brother, N. CssxaiEVB. 

Chester, June 2, '92. 

To Mr. Ogden, — Sir, — I hope you are by this time come to a resolution about 
Ribchester, whether to reside or to resign. You own yotirself to be under ye 
obligacons, not only of former promises but of other sacred and solemn ties to 
reside ; and the more your obligations are the stronger is the bond induced by 
them. 

But you add, yt your residence is equally required in both places, and you 
presume you are as much in point of conscience to ye one place as ye other. I 
suppose you was not of this opinion ye last year, when you promised (without 
reserve) to go the next May to Ribchester, and to make your next residence there. 
And tho' I will not deny your obligation to reside at Manchester, yet your obli- 
gation to Ribchester is the stronger will be manifest (to omitt others) by these 2 
consideraeons. 

First yt the oath of perpetual residence at Manchester is disjunctive, viz., 
either petually to reside or freely to submitt* to ye penalty ; so yt iff you volun- 
tarily pay the mulct imposed in case of non-residence you do not violate your 
oath, tho' you do not personally reside. 

21y That you had Institution to Ribchester, and the care and charge of all ye 
Souls in ye parish committed to your trust, which you had not at your Admission 
at your fellowship of Manchester. 

I have much more to say upon this subject, but shall reserve it to a more free 
discourse by word of mouth. I desire you therefore to come to me with all ye 
speed you conveniently can ; it will cost you but one day's time. I shall treat 
you not only as a Clergyman (as you desire) but as my Brother. I shall desire 
nothing of you, but what I shall give you such reasons for, as (I am confident) 
your own conscience will approve of. I pray present my respects to your Lady. 
I am,, Sr, your affectionate Brother, N. Cbbtbiens. 

Wigan, July 8, '92. 

These admirable letters had their effect upon the Vicar. 

Mr. Ogden was an antiquary. Dr. Stukeley mentions him as 
having left a large collection of ^* Coins, intaglios, and antiquities," 
and adds " many urns have been found thereabouts (Ribchester) 
but all lost and disregarded since Mr. Ogden's death." Canon 
Raines describes him as " the personal friend " of Leigh, the 
Antiquary, " whose vanity, pretence and ignorance, are severely 
tasked by Dr. Whitaker." Ogden's interest in his parish was 
keen and intelligent, as his correspondence with the Rev. John 
Walker, and the numerous entries in the church books testify. 

Mr. Ogden was married three times, according to Canon Raines, 
(1st) Deborah, widow of Mr. Lowe, of Manchester, May 5th, 



i54 HISTORY OF RiBCri:B8fEll. [PABT Tt. 

1670 ; (2nd) Frances .... who was buried in the Col- 
legiate Church, Manchester, July 7, 1 703 ; (3rd) Alice, daughter 
of Mr. [?] Thomas Haworth, of Manchester, Nov. 7, 1703. He 
had three sons, (1) John, buried at Eibchester, Sep. 11th, 1682 ; 
(2) Thomas, died March 13th, 1718; and (3) George, about whose 
identity there is considerable doubt. Canon Eaines appears to 
think the son was married in 1696, but also suggests he may be 
the " Dr. Ogden in Chester," whom the parish clerk of Eibchester 
distinctly calls Vicar Ogden's son. If such be a fact. Dr. George 
Ogden was bom in 1702. In Chester Cathedral is a monument 
to him and his wife. The Eev. George Ogden died July, 1706, 
and was buried in the vaults of the Collegiate Church, Manchester, 
July 27th. Fixed to a pillar in the chancel, near to St. Mary's 
Chapel, in the Cathedral, is an oval marble tablet to his memory. 
(See engraving.) 

In his will, dated 23rd July, 1706, "he refers" (says Canon 
Eaines) *'to a deed dated 30th Jan., 1704, whereby he conveyed 
to Thomas Haworth, of Salford, gent., and Eobert Asheton, of 
the same, clerk, Fellows of Christ's Coll. in Manchester, and 
George Corbishley, of Manchester, gent." a farm in Eothwell, co. 
York, in trust for Alice his wife during her life, and then to his 
sons. This he confirmed. To his brother Samuel Ogden, he left 
20/-, having " already placed his said brother in a good 
condition."^ His arms are : Sable on a fesse, between six acorns 
slipped, or, three oak leaves vert. Crest : A Boar passant sable, 
under an oak tree ppr. Motto : Audentes Fortuna Juvat. 

Thomas Johnson, 1706. 

The Eev. Thomas Johnson, B.A., succeeded Mr. Ogden as 
Vicar of Eibchester. I have been unable to trace his career prior 
to his appointment to Eibchester, Aug. 3, 1706. His children 
(who died young) by his wife, Elizabeth, who was buried at 
Eibchester in 1761, were John, Thomas, and Hannah. 

In the Stonyhurst M8S*, "Mr. Thomas Johnson, Vicar of 
Eibchester," is returned as having leased from Sir Nicholas 
Shirebume, of Stonyhurst, " a tenement or farm " for 21 years at 
a rack-rent of £4 5s. Mr. Johnson was buried at Eibchester in 
1738. 



Tablet of the Rev. George Ogden, B.D. 



' 



CHAP. IV.] REOrotlS OF BlBCHESTEK. 156 

John Hebeb, 1738. 

The Eev. John Heber (born Nov. 22, 1703) was the son of 

Eeginald Heber, of Marion, co. York, Esq. He matriculated at 

Oxford, from University College, 30 May, 1723, but does not 

appear to have taken his B. A. or M.A. degrees (although described 

as "A.M." in Whitaker*s WhalUy), In 1728, he was appointed 

Eector of the family living (Marton) which he held along with 

with the rectory of Ribchester (to which he was instituted Feb. 

26, 1738) until his death. He married at Whalley, May 14, 

1745, Dorothy, daughter of Roger No well, of Read. He had two 

sons — Reginald (see a short notice of him in the list of Curates of 

Ribchester), and John (died young). Mr. Heber was uncle of 

another Reginald Heber, the celebrated Bishop of Calcutta. He 

seems to have been regularly at Ribchester, as his signature is 

appended to most of the resolutions passed during his tenure of 

the living. He died, aged 72, at Marton, June 27th, 1775, and 

was buried there. 

John Gbiffith, 1775. 

The Rev. John Griffith, B.A., was instituted to Ribchester, 
Aug. 29, 1775. According to Whitaker, he died in the following 
year. I have been unable to find any particulars about him. 

John Atkinson, 1776. 

The Rev. John Atkinson was appointed Vicar of Ribchester, 
July 27, 1776. He was appointed one of the King's preachers 
for the County of Lancaster, 25th Nov., 1786. He was also 
Curate of Walton-le-Dale, where he appears to have spent most 
of his time. 'Evom. I^q BlackJmrn Mail^ Dec. 20, 1797, I extract 
the following:— "1797, Dec. [15], Died, at Hilton Four Lane 
Ends, near Bolton, in the 54th year [?] year of his age, the Rev. 
Mr. Atkinson, Vicar of Ribchester, Sub-Curate of Walton-le- 
Dale, Chaplain to one of Her Majesty's Regiments, a King's 
Preacher, and a most piously benevolent man. Mr. Atkinson 
was on his return home from Manchester, where he had been 
for the advice of a physician, having lingered under a bad state 
of health for some time." In the church at Walton-le-Dale, 
there is a tablet with the following inscription : — " To the memory 
of the Reverend John Atkinson, Vicar of Ribchester and Curate 
of this Chapel, who died Dec. 15, 1797, aged 51." It will be 



l66 filSfORY OJ^ RtBCttESTEft. [pART tl. 

noticed that there is a discrepancy between the newspaper record 
of Mr. Atkinson's age and that cut on the tablet. 

Isaac Rblph, 1798. 

The Eev. I. Eelph was Curate of Bibchester for 22 years prior 
to his appointment as Vicar, July 11, 1798. He seems to have 
been most attentive to his duties as Vicar, and acted as Begistrar 
of the parish. It is said that he was drowned in the river Bibble 
in 1800 or 1801, but I am unable to verify the assertion ; and no 
entry of his burial appears in the registers. From the church- 
wardens' account book we learn that "Mrs. Belph" (wife or 
mother of the Vicar) was living at Bibchester in 1803 (see p. 99). 

James Quabtley, M.A., 1801. 

The Bev. J. Quartley succeeded Mr. Belph as Vicar of Bib- 
chester. He was married, and had one daughter who survived 
him, Henriette Jane, who left a small charity to the poor of 
Bibchester (see chap. x). Mr. Quartley had a good deal of bad 
health, and went to live at Lytham, where he died Feb. 12, 1829. 

BouLBY Thomas Haslewood, 1829. 

The Bev. B. T. Haslewood, B.A., son of Oanon Dickens 
Haslewood, of Durham, was bom Jan. 30, 1 796. He graduated 
at St. Peter's College, Cambridge, (Sen. Opt.) 1818, having been 
previously educated at Durham Grammar School, and was 
contemporary with Dean, and Admiral, Bamsay. Before his 
appointment to Bibchester, he was Curate of Bishopwearmouth, 
imder Dr. Gbay, afterwards Bishop of Bristol. It is said on good 
authority that the Bishop of Chester offered the living of Bib- 
chester, in 1829, to the Bev. Samuel Wilberforce, afterwards 
Bishop of Oxford and Winchester, because, ''being so near 
Stonyhurst he wanted a good man." However, Mr. Haslewood 
received the appointment, and was instituted April 16, 1829. He 
was the select preacher at the Bishop's visitation at Preston, July 
5, 1832. The sermon, afterwards published in pamphlet form 
''by desire," is soundly Evangelical, and appears to be an 
admirable example of Mr. Haslewood's style. The subject was 
" the doctrine " and work of " the Apostles." 

Mr. Haslewood married Margaret Ogden, of MiMeld, near 
Sunderland, (Mrs. Haslewood died Feb. 21, 1854). He had six 
sons (three of whom died young) and two daughters. The sons 



CHAP. IV.] RECTORS OF RIBCHE8TBR. 157 

became clergymen, viz. : — ^Rev. Dickens Haslewood, M.A., Vicar 
of Kettlewell, near Skipton ; Bev. Wm. Maude Haslewood, M.A., 
(recently deceased) was Vicar of Great Harwood ; and Rev. Boulby 
Haslewood, B. A., Vicar of Oswaldtwistle. For the long period of 
47 years Mr. Haslewood remained Rector of Ribchester, and was 
in many respects a model parson, and was highly esteemed by his 
parishioners, although it is to be regretted that the old Parish 
Library was allowed to become gradually dispersed, and the 
numerous Roman antiquities discovered during his incumbency to 
be irrecoverably scattered. He died May 28, 1876, aged 81, and 
was buried at Ribchester. A marble tablet was erected in the 
church to his memory (see chap. viii.). 

Frederick Exjgeke Perrin, 1876. 

The Rev. F. E. Perrin, M.A., succeeded Mr. Haslewood, and 
was instituted to the Vicarage in 1876. 

Mr. Perrin was formerly Curate of Whitewell, and Chaplain of 
Waddington Hospital, near Olitheroe. He succeeded in accom- 
plishing many urgently needed reforms in the parish ; was largely 
instrumental in getting the living doubled in value, and also in 
the restoration of the church, besides obtaining a grant from the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners towards the building of a new rectory. 
He was proud of the historical associations of his parish, and had 
formed a large collection of antiquarian curiosities. He died 
rather suddenly. May 10, 1885, aged 63, and was buried in Rib- 
chester parish churchyard. A Brass was placed in the chancel to 
his memory (see chap viii.). Mrs. Perrin survived her husband. 
Two of his sons are clergymen — Rev. F. E. Perrin, M.A., Curate 
of St. Paul's, Preston; and Rev. W. E. Perrin, Curate of St. 
Paul's, Wednesbury. 

Francis John Diceson, 1885. 

The present Rector of Ribchester, the Rev. F. J. Dickson, M.A., 
is a son of the late Joseph Dickson, Esq., a member of a well 
known firm of solicitors at Preston. He graduated at Trinity 
College, Cambridge, B.A., 1S70, and M.A., 1873. He was Tutor 
at St. Columba College, Dublin, 1871-2; Curate of Christ Church, 
Preston, 1872-76 ; and Rector of Bispham, 1876-85. He holds 
the office of Secretary to the Clerical Association of the Fylde. 



158 HISTORY OF RIBCHE8TER. [PART H. 

Mr. Dickson is married, and has several cliildren. Besides holding 
service in Stydd church every Sunday during the summer months, 
Mr. Dickson has established a Parish Magazine, 

CUEATE8 OF EIBCHESTEE. 

I have thought it desirable to give a list of as many Curates of 
Eibchester as can be traced, with (in some cases) brief biographies. 

ElOHARD KiPPAX, 1683-6. 

The Eev. Eichard Kippax, B.A., was appointed to Burnley, 
1687-8, where he died in 1723. In the register is the following 
baptismal entry : — 1683-4, fEeb. 12, William y® son of Mr. Eichard 
Kippax, Curatt de Eibchester. 

William Fellgate, 1686-90. 

The Eev. W. FeUgate was probably a son of the Eev. Samuel 
Fellgate, Vicar of Mytton, and brother of Eev. T. Fellgate, Curate 
of Longridge. He is described as being elected by " the xxiv 
gentlemen" of Eibchester (page 109). He had one daughter, 
baptized, *' 1690, July 2, Margaret, the daughter of Mr. William 
ffellgate. Curat." He was buried at Eibchester (as recorded in 
the register), Dec. 1st, 1690. 

Mr. Bxttterworth, 1690-1. 

This Curate's name occurs only in the churchwardens' account 
book (page 109). 

William Gregson, 1692-4. 

The Eev. W. Gregson was elected Curate by "the xxiv" (page 
109). In the register is the baptismal entry, " 1691-2, ffeb. y« 
26*^, Anne the daughter of Mr. William Gregson, Cur*." 

Thomas Naden, 1694-1706. 
The Eev. T. Naden, M.A. (or Nayden), was bom at Hothersall. 
His name frequently occurs in the account books. He died in 
1715, and was buried in Eibchester Church. For further parti- 
culars see chap. xi. 

Mr. Morton, 1706. 
I have been unable to identify this Curate. He appears (see 
p. 109) to have received "notice to remove" on the appointment 
of Vicar Johnson. No Curate followed until 1747. 

WiLLiAM Ayrton, 1747. 



chap. iv.] beotors of bibohesteb. 159 

James Fisheb, 1754* 
Page Godfbey, 1761. 
Mabk Bttbn, 1764. 
Myles Atkinson, 1765. 
Edmund Abmistead, 1766.* 
EegInald Hebeb, LL.B., 1768. 
The Eev. E. Heber, cousin of his namesake of Oalcutta, was 
the son of the Eev. J. Heber, Eector of Eibchester. Born at 
Marton, eo. York, he graduated LL.B. at Trinity Hall, Cambridge. 
He married in 1771 the daughter of Eev. Thos. Moreton, D.D., 
Bassingham, who owned some property in Blackburn. He suc- 
ceeded his father as Eector of Marton in 1775, where he died in 
1799 without issue. 

William Hodgson, 1769. 
WiLUAM Barton, 1770.' 
Isaac Eelph, 1776.* 
From 1796 to 1814 there was no Curate of Eibchester. 
John Campbell, B.A., 1815-17. 
James Cottingham, B.A., 1827-29. 
William Maude Haslewood, M.A., 1851-2.* 
E. H. TowNLEY, 1872-76. 



Vicar of Garstang. Chet, Soc.,v6L 1802. 
cv., 198. * Afterwards Rector of Ribchester, 

^See page 110. see p. 156. 
•Probably Vicar of Langho, 1795- '*Son of the Rector of Ribchester. 



160 HISTOEY OF RIBOHESTER. [PART II. 




OHAPTEE V. 
®ljje ^i^covh» of *^ ©tjje (Seniletn^n atjtf 

EOM the " olde usages of the city of Winchester " of 
the fourteenth century, it appears that the chosen of 
the inhabitants were called " sworn men," as we are 
told that "off y® heades of the cite sholde be foure- 
and-twenty y-swome in stede of ^ the most gode men and of the 
wyseste of the town for to treuleche helpe, and counsyle the meyr 
for to save and susteyne the fraunchyse."* It seems probable 
then, that we have here the origin of the ancient institution of 
** sworn men," which vas formerly common in Lancashire. 
Preston, Q-arstang, Lancaster, and Goosnargh, as well as Ribches- 
ter, had their **four-and-twenty sworn men" ; but it is worthy 
of note that in Preston and Ribchester, the " sworn men " are 
almost invariably called **the four-and-twenty gentlemen,^^ So 
far as we have been able to ascertain, Goosnargh and Ribchester 
are the only parishes which still keep up this ancient custom. 
The records of **the gentlemen and four-and-twenty" of 
Ribchester are preserved for an unusually long period. From 
1650 down to the present day, with but few intermissions, the 
churchwardens' accounts and the minutes of " the gentlemen " 
are contained with much fulness ; and are also in an excellent 
state of preservation. 

From these books we obtain an insight into the inner public 
life of our ancestors, which for quaint simplicity is most amusing 
and interesting. We see them at their festivities, e,g,^ the 
dinner on Communion days, and their " rearing " celebrations at 
the old "Blue Bell." We see too how they ruled, not only the 
Clerk and Sexton, the Ringers and Choristers, but even went so 
far as to elect the Curates, regulating their (the Curates') 
allowance according to their conduct. Upon foxes and " noapes " 

^ In non-privative sense, that is to * English OUds, 349, Early Eng. 

say, as, in place of. Text Soc. 



CHAP, v.] GENTLEMEN AND FOTTR-AND-TWENTY. 161 

they paid head-money; '* frequent gamsters'* they arrested; 
nou-attendants at parish meetings were fined; Easter dues, tithes, 
and burial fees, were imposed ; and with a candour honourable, 
though often laughable, they accounted for every penny piece of 
the parish money. But even more interesting perhaps thaa this 
candid revelation of old village life, is the reflex we obtain of the 
national feeling of two hundred years ago. The safety of the 
King or Queen was of great concern ; political and religious 
struggles in the metropolis were closely followed ; national 
victories were celebrated by ringing the church bells, and by 
much consumption of ale; coal and gunpowder were largely 
burnt on Guy Fawkes's day ; and the love felt to this day for 
the House of Stanley was shared by our ancestors. " The history 
of even a remote village," truly says Dr. Cox, " is but the history 
of the nation in little."* 

The first mention of the "twenty-four" of Ribchester we have 
met with, is on 26th April, 1638, when John Warde was chosen 
without his consent by the xxiv of Ribchester to be the church- 
warden for Hothersall.* The list of the xxiv is given, but we 
find twenty-seven names, so there is some mistake. We give the 
list as printed from the MS. of Mr. C. T. Tallent Bateman, in 
the Palatine Note Book, 

Vicessimo Sexto die Aprilisj Ann, Dom,, 1638. 

The names of the xxiiij*^ of the p'sh of Ribchester. 

In Ribohbsteb. In Alston. 

John Warde Roger Seedul 

John Cottam Richard Bilsborow 

Thomas Seede de Chesbanke John Willisie 

John Hayhurst Robert Alston 

Edmund Watson Thomas Daniell 
Thomas Seede de Seedgreen In Huthbbsall. 

Richard Hayhurst John Dewhurst 

In Dilwobth. John Seede 

Lawrence Cottam Richard Huthersall 

James Norcrosse Thomas Boulton 
Richard Cottam, senior In Button. 

Ralphe Radcliffe John Hayhurst, junior 

Richard Cottam, junior John Barlow 

Robt. Hill John Hayhurst, senior 

Robt. Sowerbutts 
Thomas Baly 

* Chvrches of Derhyikirty ii., 333. * Palat, Note Book, iii., 45. 



162 HISTOEY OF RIBCIHE8TEB. [PABT H. 

Vera capia concordat cW OrriginalL 

If the preceding is a " true copy" of the original (and not being 
able to see Mr. Bateman's MS., we can only conjecture), the words 
"to serve for" have perhapsbeen left out of the original MS. in three 
instances. The ** gentlemen and four-and-twenty" were at this 
time engaged in a dispute with Dr. Bridgeman, Bishop of Chester, 
about the appointment of an old man named John Warde as church- 
warden for the township of Hothersall. In the History ofLongridge 
(pp. 175-7) the petition of John Warde against his appointment 
as churchwarden, without his consent, is printed in full. After 
reciting his long connection with the district, and testifying that 
he had done " continewall suite and service" to " the church 
and the King's M'tie (stiU for Eibchester)," the aggrieved peti- 
tioner went on to say that contrary to "all custom" some of the 
" xxiiij^*> of other townships of y« said p'ish have made choice of y'or 
petit' r to serve as church warden" for " a howse and little p'cell 
of land" in Hothersall, no " servic' having been donn for the said 
little p'ceU of land these forty years and above as y'or petit'r ys 
very well able to prove." To this petition the following replies 
were sent : — 

" Chester Palace, Ulto Apv. 1639. — I wish the p'ishon's would 
no'i'ate [nominate] some other man : the rather because I am 
informed the Petic'oner is a verie aged and infirme man. And 
if they breake theire own custome, their Companie also ot 24 will 
soon be dissolved. Jo. Cestbien." 
" Garstange, this 3d of May, 1639. 

I wish the inhabitance of Hothersall to elect a Churchwarden 
According to my Lord B'pps refferanc'. Wm. Abmitstead."^ 

Apparently the "gentlemen" proved stubborn, as on the 4th 
June, 1639, a second petition subscribed by eighteen parishioners 
and " gentlemen" of Ribchester was forwarded to the Bishop. 

" To the right reu'end father in god. : John by the devine 
p'vidence : nowe Lord Bushopp of Chester. 

Humbly certifieth your good Lordship : that : conseminge 

makinge choise of y® church wardens of our p'ishe of Eibchester 

* 

^The Rev. W. Armitstead, curate as Deputy to the Commissary of 

of Kirkham and Master of the Kirk- Richmond. He was Vicar of Lytham 

ham Grammar School, was acting here in 1646, and died Oct. 1658. 



OHAP. v.] GENTLEMEN AND FOTTE-AND-TWENTY. 163 

y* hath been o' ancient custom : not to make choyse of any man 
to serve as church warden but onely for the towne he Dwelleth 
In, except any man of his own accord be willing soe to doe : and 
therefore wee whose names are hoarto subscrybed being p'ishoners 
and of the xxiiij***: Doe hereby desyre yo'' Lopi* favor for ou^ 
neighbor John Warde whome is wronged in this choise : being a 
very honest man : and very servicable and dutifull in all respects 
and as duty byndethe wee shall duly pray to god for yo^ LorP* 
great p'perity. 

And soe we humbly take our leaves, this 4th of June An'o 

1639. 

Henrie Townley Thomas Seede 

Robt. [I.] Alston John Cottame 

Thomas [T.B.] Baley Edmond Watsone 

John Hayhurst de Ribcheatr Thomas Seed 

John Hayhurst de Hugh John Hayhurst 

Edward Ashe James Norcrosse 

John Barlowe Roger Sudell 

John Carter John Willasey 

Robert Sowerbutt John Ward " 

The day following (5th June) the Bishop wrote a strong reply, in 
which he admonished the " gentlemen " for putting *Hhis office at 
this troublesome tyme upon an old impotent man unable to serve ;" 
and "because," he concluded, "those 3 of that town w°^ have 
nominated him are refractor}', and refuse to choose another, I 
again admonish them to do it or to shew cause of their refusall 
in the consistory, on fryday come fortnight [21st June], by 10 
a clock before noon." 

The upshot of the whole matter was a compromise. Robt. 
Cherimon was chosen to serve as Churchwarden by the 24 of the 
parish, at a meeting held in the church, as John Wardens deputy. 
That the power of the " sworn men" was indisputably great we 
cannot doubt from what took place at Kirkham just at the very 
time of the Eibchester dispute. The vicar of Kiikham having 
defied "the thirty men" of that parish, the matter was referred 
to the Bishop, who decided that if the thirty men had their power 
delegated to them by the parish "then their acts relating 
thereunto were as effectual and binding as if they had the King's 
Sanction." And finally, "the thirty men" proved "their 
custom good" in the consistory court, and obtained sentence, with 
costs, against the vicar. 



164 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART II. 

There do not seem to be any rules extant appertaining to the 
social position, or the mode of appointment of " the gentlemen" 
of Eibchester. We should suppose somewhat similar rules to 
those in neighbouring parishes would be in vogue. We give the 
following extracts, word for word, from the first folio volume of 
Churchwardens' Accounts and Minute Book which has been 
preserved. 
Orders made by y" xxiiij of y« Parish. 

Apr. 16th, 1650. 

1 . Md. It is agreed by the xxiiij of the parish that they shall meet 
together on every Tuesday in Easter weeke, for the electing of 
churchwardens In every Townshipp for the yeare past. As also 
for to consult of the bussyness of the parish. 

2. Apr. 16th, 1650. 

It is agreed by the xxiiij of this parish y* the expenses of the 
parish church shall be gathered within every towne, one who'e 
Gaulde* Towne after another, as folio weth. The first Towne is 
Dil worth, the second is Eibchester, the third is [Ho]thersall, the 
fourth is Dutton, the fifth is Alston, and when they [have] so 
gathered the same then every towne to begin againe wi[th the] 
same course and order. 

3. Apr. 16th, 1650. 

It is ordered by the xxiiij of this parish, y* every one of the 
xxiiij [who] doth not make their appearance after warning given 

given both and shall forfeite to the use of church. 

for such viii [d] 

4. Apr. 16th, 1650. 

It is ordered by the xxiiij of the parish y* . . . . noe 
earth shall [be] opened in the church . . . shall pay for 
the same before the ea[rth] be broken.^ 
Apr. 12th, 1664. 

Wee the gentlemen, and xxiiij of this parish, having parsed 
(perused) the Accompts of the Churchwardens of the parish, and 
finding their accompts very imperfect. In regard y* they are 
brought in unto unto us in generall, and not p'ticulars. Now do 
this day order y* from henceforth the Churchwardens shall bring 

*Gaulds, or lays, were the old ^Crossed out apparently some years 

terms for modern rates. after the origmal was written. 



CHAP, v.] GENTLEMEN AND FOUR-AND-TWENTY. 165 

in their aocompts fPaire written in particulars, and not in generally 
otherwise their aooompts will be denjed and refused. 
Aprill 25th, 1669. 

An order resdlded on, and made by the xxiiij of this parish, 
that whereas the Townshipp of Alston hath usually payd att one 
church lay xix^ and yiij<^* It shall be henceforth have Tenne- 
pence abated on every church lay, y* theire church lay shall bee 
xviij and Tenne-pence, and so continue p'petually. 

Merad. It is orderd thii 5th day of Aprill, 1670 by y« gentle- 
men and fowere and twentye of y« pish of Ribchester y*' whereas 
Mr : Will : Ingham, minister of y® s^ p*ish . . . severall 
times take .... in Regestringe y« Accompts of y« church- 
wardens of y« afore** p'ish and y** he shall receive 

y^ churchwardens, being six shillings eight-pence, 

to comSnce mediately fro this day. 

Witness o' hands 

WilL DewhuTst Henry Hayhurst 

Ric. Townley John Warde 

Bic. Warde John Barlowe 

Henry Sudall Eichard Watsonn 

Edm. Naden Seth Hadocke 

George Harrison Jno. Cotton 
John Hayhnrst 

2^ Aprilis, Anno, xxx™® Caroli. Scd* Eogis [1677]. 

It agreed and ordered by y« gentlemen and f ower and twenty 

of this parrish y* Eoger Dewhurst now Clarke shall keep y« 

Reg^sf of y® parrish and this same booke and is to receive for 

his care and paines therein six shillings eight pence as witnesseth 

our hands y® day and yeare first above written. 

Tho. Hothersall James Lund 

Abrah. Towneley Richard Barlow 

Jo. Ward Jams* Nororosse 

O. Shawe Richard WiUuson 

Tho. Halsall George Harrison 

Tho. Hill John Scarebeck 

Thomas Hothersall John Ward 

Jo. Singleton Richard Blackbom 

The date put at the head of this notice, " The thirtieth year 

of the reign of Charles II.," is quite absurd, as the merry monarch 

only ruled 25 years ; apparently the loyal ** gentlemen and xxiv." 

quietly ignored tho seven years of Cromwell's protectorate, and 



166 HISTOEY OF RlBCflESTER. [pABT 11. 

assumed that the reign of Charles II. commenced in 1647, the 
year of his father's execution. 

This resolution of the xxiv. seems to have remained in force 
until 1702. We wish that aU the entries were made in as clear 
and readable a wav as Mr. Dewhurst's. 

In the first register is the following list of names and amounts 
contributed. Nothing is said as to the purpose for which the 
money was used. 

[1678]. Dilworth, — Eichard Cottam, 4d. ; John Eccles, 3d. ; 
Marey Dewhurst, widow, 2d. ; Eichard Houthersall, 2d. ; Thomas 
Cottam, 2d. ; George Storzoker, 2d. ; and Eichard Leeming, 
Eichard Duckworth, Thomas Seed, James Sharpies, James 
Walmsley, John Cottam, George Eccles, Henery Kellet, Eichard 
Couper, George Singleton, Edward Eoades, each Id. 

Alston, — John Ceay, 9d. ; Mr. Halsall, 6d. ; Mr. Shay, 6d. ; 
Thomas Bleasdell, 6d. ; Thomas Eothall, 6d. ; Mr. William 
Hothersall, 4d. ; John Walmsley, 4d. ; Eichard Wilkinson, 4d. ; 
Eichard Shuttleworth, 4d. ; Widdow Bilsborrow, .4d. ; William 
Cutler, 3d. ; Thomas Gregson, 3d. ; George Harryson, 2d ; 
Wiliesey Turner, 2d. ; James Bushell, 2d. ; and John Parkinson, 
Eobert Singleton, Henery Bushell, Henry Winckley, Eobert 
Bleasdell, Anne Horneybee, Thomas Daynyall, Id. each. 

Rihchester, — William Ingham, Is. Od. ; Mr. John Ward, Is. Od. ; 
William Dewhurst, 6d. ; Edward Seed, of Loftshe, 4d. ; John 
Higison, 4d. ; Widdow Cottam, 4d. ; Ellise Cottam, 4d. ; Anne 
Osbildeston, 4d. ; Mr. Seed, 4d. ; Lawrence Cottom, 2d. ; George 
Duckworth, 2d. ; John Cottam, 2d. ; Edward Pye, 2d. ; Eichard 
Pinder, 2d. ; William Pinder, 2d. ; John Eibchester, 2d. ; Eichard 
Pemberton, 2d. ; John ffarclough, 2d. ; Mr. Whicnedell (?), 2d. ; 
Widdow Hayhurst, 2d. ; James Sourbust, 2d. ; Lawrence Cottam, 
2d. ; Seath Haydocke, 2d. ; William Peell, 2d. ; Hugh Seed, 2d. ; 
and Henery Seed, Eichard Carter, Thomas Barret, Thomas 
Walmsley, William Greenwood, Isabell Berrey, John Genkinson, 
Widdow Cottam, Eichard Carter, Jonathan Seed, Mr. Halsall, 
each, Id.^ 

Hothersall, — Mr. Blagdon, 6d. ; Mr. Huthersall, 6d. ; Eichard 
Dobson (?), 2d. ; Eobert Danyell, 2d. ; and James Haworth, 
Eichard Euker (?), John Dobson, and George Eadclif, Id. each. 

^ Jj'our names are quite illegible. 



CHAP, v.] GENTLBMBN AHD FOUB-AWD-TWENTY. 167 

Button, — Abraham Townlej, Is. Od. ; LawrenceHayhurst, 6d. ; 
Bichard Barlow, 4d. ; John Ooodshaj, 4d. ; John Ducket, 2d. ; 
Henery Duoket, 2d. ; William Kenyon, 2d. ; and George Ducket, 
Id. 

To what ever purpose these "contributions" were devoted 
(and conjecture upon the point seems idle), at any rate the list is 
extremely interesting, as we have here a list of " the principal in- 
habitants " of Eibchester 200 years ago. Most of the names are 
familiar ones, but we have not identified Mr. " Whicnedell " and 
Mr. Blagdon. It will be noticed that many of the names also 
occur in the list of Kecusants particularly the Hothersalls, Duckets, 
Gbodshays, and Oottams. It should be added that no date is 
given, but I have ventured to ascribe 1678 as the approximate 
date from the internal evidence in the register. 

Memorandum y* on April y® 6th 1697 

That it was then agreed by y® Vicar, Gentlemen, y« twenty- 
four and other substantial persons of the Parish of Eibchester ; 
that William Carter, now Parish Clarke thereof shall have and 
receive from y* successive Churchwardens three Church lays 
through y* Parish yearly, for y® maintaining and upholding y® 
Church of Eibchester with all things necessary except principal 
Timbers, falling of walls and burning the Bells, beautifying y« 
Church, and surplice. 

Witness our hands 

Geoige Ogden, Yicar WillL Carter, Clerk 

Tho. Hotheraall . Jo Westby 

Abra Townley Tho. Naden 

Jo. Ward Jam Norcrogse 

Edmd Naden EUis Cottam 

George Ratcliffe Richard Hayhurst et aim 

December y« 1st 1703. 

Memorandum this day Mr. Ogden Vicar of Eibchester gave y® 
Communion Table at Stid Church, and caused the long seat in the 
Chancel to be fixt under the South Window, and has likewise 
bestowed a diaper linnen Cloth almost a yard and a half in length, 
and about y® same breadth — lettered in the middle with these 
words This for the Holy Sacrament at Stid — to be lodged and 
decently kept in or at y* Clarke of Eibchester his house for 
ever. Witness our hands. 



168 niSTOEY OF RIBCHEBTER. [PART It. 

April r 10, 1705. 

It is ordered and agreed by and with y« consent of y« Gentle- 
men and 24 of y^ p"^* y* y® Churcliwarden of Rib. shall not con- 
tract or act anything pertaining to y® Church without y« free 
consent of y® rest of his f elow Ch. wardens for y« p*^ : if he doth 
he shall be liable to beare y® charge Him selfe. 

Signed by us, 

Tho. Hothersall. 
Hen. Townley. 

April 3^^ 10, 1705. 

It is ordered and agreed by and with y^ gentelmen and 24 of 
Parish that y« Churchwardens shall pay to y® Clearke he behaving 
him self as becometh him to do in his place, and also to his 
Parishioners y« shall make y« 16s. 2d. which is now due to him 

1 8. d. 

from y® Parish for keeping y« Begister and Cloke, et 2 10 
yearly y® same. In regard y* he shall not go to gather meal 
Which he Jo. Peele doth most humbly beg y* you will be pleased 
to signe y® same and alow. 

Signed by us. 

The words above being a reall Eequest humbly beging all your 
approbation by me, Josiah Peele, Clearke de Rib. 
March y« 26th, 1706. 

It is ordered and agreed by and betwixt y® gentlemen and 24 

of y® parish of Rib^*" y* Tho. Cuttler, now present Sexton, shall 

have to him for ye Beare* and fetching either in y® Town or in y® 

parish he shall have y® sum of 6d. unless y® parties concerned 

make one them selves. 

Tho. Hothersall. 

Hen. Townley. 

Clayton Dewhnrut. et aliis 

March the 26, 1706. 

That it was [agreed by the] Vicar gentlemen Twenty ffour and 

other [substantial] persons of this parish of Ribchester that 

Josiah [Peele Parish] Clerk thereof shall hav eand Receive from 

. . Churchwardens three Church lays through y® Parish 

[each] year for the maintaining of and upholding the Parish 

Church of Ribchester w**** all things necessary except principall 

^ Beare, t.c., bier. 



CHAP, v.] GENTLEMEN AKD FOtTR-AKD-TWENTV. I6d 

timber, ffalling of walls, Burstiiig of Bells, Beautifying the 

Church, and Surplice.* 

Witness our hands. 

Josiah Peele, Parish Clearke. 
Greo. Ogden, Vicar. 

Tho. HothersaU. 
Hen. Townley. 
Tho. Naden. 

April, 15, 1707. 

It is then ordered and agreed by the gentlemen [and-four-and] 
twenty of the parish of Hibchoster that they shall 
yearly for the time to come on Easter Tuesday 
the Spiritual Court at every Visitation to require the old Church- 
wardens . . . the lands of the Churchwarden for 
the ensuing year . . . remain in their lands over 
and above their allowed and disbursed charges when 
they are quitted of their o£B.ce by the Spiritual Court. 

Tho. HothersalL Hen. Townley. Tho. Naden, etc. 

April y« 6th 1708. 

It is then ordered and agreed by the gentlemen and fPour and 
twenty of the parish of Eibchester that Whereas the Ch : Wardens 
of Dillworth Alston and HothersaJl and Dutton have time out of 
mind Colected theire Respective proportions of Ch. Leys and paid 
them to the Ch. warden of Eibchester who has constantly with 
the advice of the Vicar and one or more of his Brethren the Ch. 
wardens for the time being disburss. the same in necessary 

Eespecting the Ch : and for as much as the last day theire 

was an Invasion of this priviledge of the Ch Warden of Eibchester 
tending to confusion amongst us : We whose names are imder 
written do agree, order and appoint that the Ch. Wardens of 
Dillworth, Alston, and Hothersall and Dutton shall constantly 
colect and pay theire respective Ch. Leys to the Ch. warden of 
Eibchester on East^ Tuesday, Who with the advice of the Vicar 
and 2 or more of the other Ch. wardens shall disburse y® same, 
and it is furth' ordered y* in setting any work about the Church 
y« Churchwardens shall not be allowed any more than one shilling 
in y« pound for expences in treating wi**^ y® Workmen. 

* This page is torn at one comer. one entered in 1697. 

The minute is ahnost identical with 



170 msfoHY OF RiBOtiEdT^fe. [PAET It, 

Tho. Johnson, Vicar. 
Thos. Naden. 
Clayton Dewhurst. 
Tho. Hothersall. 
Hen. Townley. 
George Batcliffe. 
/Sipril 11, 1710. 

It is then ordered and agreed by the Vicar, Gentlemen and 

four and twenty of this parish that the Ohurchwardens shall not 

expend (upon themselves and the parishioners) to be placed to 

their accounts above fifteen shillings at their meeting on Easter 

tuesday to passe their accounts. 

Tho. Johnson, Vicar. 
Tho. Naden. 
Hen. Townley, etc. 
Ap'V:23rd 1728. 

This day being Easter Tuesday it is ordered and agreed by y« 

gent & 24 That y® Churchwardens succeeding shall not excceed 

y*' sum of 2s. 6d. at y® time of theire presentment making and that 

they shall not have any monies allowed to be expend at such times 

as y® pretend to make private acct" for y® future. 

Hen. Townley. 
Edwd. Entwistle. 
Robert Batcliffe. 

Y* day and yeare above named. We y« gent and 24 of y« psh do 
hereby amers all men of y® af ors<^ 24 as neglect appearing on Easter 
Tuesday succeeding and particularly those persons which neglect 
and this day and whose names are under written in y« sum of 6^ a 
peece. 

Bichd. Chamley 

Seth Haydock 

Cuthbert Singleton (.Defaulters. 

Wm. Chamley 

Wm. Nocross 

Jon. Hide 

March y® 27th day 1733 
Whereas it hath been usuall to pay one penny for every Noape 
head killed w'in this Parish it is now ordered by us that hereafter 
there shall not be anything Due ; as witness our hands. 

Tho. Johnson, Vicar, etc. 
Like similar resolutions, this one soon became inoperative. 
April 8th 1740. 

It is this day ordered and agreed by the gentlemen and Twenty- 
four of the Parish of Bibchester that from henceforth, June 16th 



OEAP. v.] GENTLEMEN AND iFOUit-ANb-TWENTY. 171 

being the day in which his Majesty was proclaimed there shall be 
no public expence for the future by the Ch : wardens or ringers, 
likewise October llth^ and October 30th* we order that no expense 
be brought upon the Parish any of those days for the future. As 

witness our hands 

Edward Entwistle 
John Singleton sen 
Henry Bourne 
{et alliit) 
Apply* 20th 1742. 

Then it is agreed by y® gent, and 24 of the psh of Eibchester 
that from y« Date hereof there shall be allowed for the Expense 
and Charge of y® publick meeting on Easter Tuesday and shall be 
hereafter expended one pound, and no other to have y® benefit 
but y® gent and Twenty-four except such as shall be allowed by 
y® aforesaid. 

Signed by us. 

ttichd. Chamley John Bourne 

John Alston John Singleton, jun. 

Thomas Eastham Thos. Haighton 

John Greenwood Wm. Norcross 

John Pye Robert Batdiffe 

Bichard Watson John Fletcher 

Jon. Singleton, senr. Joseph Howard 

Cuthbert Singleton John Kay 

John Bourne William Cowell 
Bobert Wilowsey 
John Osbaldeston 

24th of April, 1754. 

It is then agreed by the Vestry of this Parish that the sum of 
one p<^- allowed usually to the Churchwardens on the Four Sacra- 
ment Days and the sum of One Pound to the Vestry on Easter 
Tuesday and the sum of Two Shillings and Sixpence on the 29th 
of May, and the sum of Two Shillings and Sixpence on the King's 
accession to the Throne shall not be allowed or paid by the Parish 
for the Future. Also it is agreed that there shall not be any ale, 
etc., shall be allowed concerning any work being done or other- 
way. Unless it be first agreed to by the vestry. 

As witness our hands. 

Bichard Sherebume, 
Edward Entwistle, 

etc. 

^ October 11th (10th), Coronation- « October 30th, Birthday, Geo. II. 

day, Geo. II. 



172 ttis*o&Y Of RiBcfljfiStiait. [pABT n. 

July 18th, 1766. £ s. d. 

Mr. Thos Parkinson, Yeoman, Debtor to the Parish 

for Eoof Money ... ... ... ..• ... 2 

lOber 6th, 1766, EeC^ the above in full, 

M. Atkinson. 
March 10th, 1767. 

Item. Mr. Edward Dewhurst, Dr. to the Parish 

for roof, 2s. Od. 

Rec^ the above, M. Atkinson. 

29 March, 1785. 

It is agreed that all gpraves in the church must pay four shillings 

Eoof-money. 

Isaac Belph, Curate. Wm. ffox (et aliisj, 

April 10, 1792. 

Agreed at Easter Tuesday that Henry Carter be Clark of 

Bibchester Church, upon request to receive Salary belong^g to 

the Clark, Dues excepted, [of] which he is to receive one half 

during the life of John Singleton, the present Clark. 

Agreed on at a Vestry Meeting that the Parish of Bibchester is 

to build a place of Confinement chlled a Black hole, the expense 

of erecting it to be paid by a fifteen, to be collected by the 

Churchwarden and Constable of each town, and to be completed 

immediately, by the 29th September next if possible. 

I. Relph, Minister. 
Edwd. Entwistle. 
W. Pye, etc. 

Whereas an old Bazoon mending and new one with two handles 
stand in this book charged to the Parish : The major part of the 
Vestry assembled at this Meeting on Easter Tuesday, 1794, do 
agree and bid that the old Bazoon shall belong to the Parish 
Church of Bichester with one handle, and the new Bazoon and 
Hautboy shall belong to the Chapel of Longridge as their 
respective rites [rights]. 
' 5 Nov., 1794. 

Eveiy Vestryman not attending on Easter Tuesday and fifth of 
November for the future to pay a fine of Is. 6d. each, imless they 
can shew a lawful cause, to be spent when collected for the benefit 
of those present 'at the meeting. 



CHAP, v.] GENTLEMEN AND FOTTR-AND-TWENTY. 



173 



16 April, 1805. 

Tbat no more liquor be given the workmen at the Church for 
allowances than one pint of ale each day for each workman. 
20 April, 1813. 

That the gentlemen constituting the Four and Twenty of the 
parish of Ribchester shall be allowed £5 towards their expenses 
every Easter Tuesday. 

J. Quartley, Vicar. 
David Nuttall. 

Robt. Parkinson, Minr. of Longridge. 
Richd. Greenall (et aliisj. 
In 1821 a resolution was passed that any gentleman absenting 

himself for three successive years should be disqualified. 

In 1868 the names of " the gentlemen and xxiv." were : 



RiBCHESTBR. 

Reuben Alston. 
Edward Alston. 
William Dewhurst. 
Joseph Whittaker. 
Robert Vernon Addison. 
John Sharpies. 
Charles Dewhurst. 



Alston. 
John Walne. 
John Parkinson. 
George Singleton. 
John Briggs. 
John Sanderson. 

DUTTON. 

Thomas Wallbank. 
Peter Walker. 
Robert Greenall. 
Richard Cuttler. 
Edward Dewhurst. 



DiLWORTH. 

Robert Smith. 
Thurston Greenall. 
William Marsden. 
Robert Kay. 

HOTHEBSALL. 

Thomas Fenton. 
Thomas Sharpies. 
Thomas NuttalL 



HISTORY OP MBCHEaTEH. 



CHAPTER VI. 



®l|e Q!,\jxtvciymavbtn« atib ^tti?l»lr 
®ffxcev9, 

T is now rightly recognized tliat the names of the 

churchwardens of old parish churches should be 

priuted, information of much value to genealogiBts 

being often thereby obtained. The list in the 

earlier years, it will be noticed, is very defective. 

Very conflicting accounts have been given of the mode of 
electing the ohurchwardeus at Kibchester. Bishop Qastrell states 
that in the parish there were " five Townships or Hamlets, viz, : 
Kibchester, Dilworth, Alston and Hothoraall, Bayley, and Button ; 
tor which there are Ave churchwardens, four of them chosen by 
the 24 men of their respective Quarters, and one by the Minister 
for Sibchester, out of three nominated to him." ' And in a note 
Canon Baines states "Alston and Hothersall form a joint 
Township to the West of Eibcheater." • Mr. J. E. Bailey 
followed Canon Baines in his article on "The aggrieved 
Parishioner of Bibchester." * How the accomplished and 
learned Canon Baines made the mistake of including the Town- 
ship of Bayley in the Parish of Ribchester, I do not understand, 
as in LtrntmAin CMtiHtriet he speaks of " Bayley tn the Parish of 
Mitton." * The Township of Alston and Hothersall are separate 
and distinct, and not a joint Township aa stated by Bishop 
Qastr^h Nor do we find any evidence to shew that the Minister 
of Bibchester ever did choose one of the chorchvardens— all the 
G*« being elected by the " gentlemen and fonr-aad-twenty." 
1546 John Tomlynson, "Chnich i«ve of y* Chapell of 

LongTTge," • 
1560 John Dauiell, Bichard Ashe, " wardens of the Parish 
Chutch of BibchestfX'." * 



CHAP. VI.] CHUR0HWAEDBN8 AND PARISH OFFICERS. 



175 



1629 John Bomsbotham, warden of Bibchester. 

1639 Kobert Cherrimon, warden of Hothersall. * 

1641-2 Hugh Hacking, John Seed, '< wardens for Alston and 

Hothersall." » 
RIBCHESTER; BUTTON, AND 
HOTHERSALL. 

1666 Rawcliffe Robert 
Dewhurst Richard 
Greenwoode Richard 

1667 Hayhurst Senr John 
Dewhurst Thomas, for 

Lower Dutton 
Daniell Richard 

1668 Lund James 
Hayhurst Henrj' 
Walsh Thom. 

1669 Lycerne James 
Alston Thom. 
Seede Thom. 

1670 Cottome Lawrence 
Ribchester John 
Norcrosse Willm 



DILWORTH AND ALSTON. 
Rodes George 
Walmsley Henry 

Ratcliffe Edward 
Bleasdale James 



1671 Carter Richard sen' 
Ryding Rich 
Slaiter EUis 

1672 Seede Jonathan 
Hackin Willm 

Tho. H alsaU, k James Hindle 
is to senre in his roome 

1673 Marsh John 
Ducket John 
Hindle James 

1674 Seede Henry 
Kenion John 
Ratcliffe Wiihn. 

1675 Greenewood Willm. 

Dewhayrst Thomas 
Chamocke John for Bro. 

* See page 163. 

• PcUat. Note Book, iii, 45. 

'The custom of churchwardens 
serving by proxy was common; but 



LyUl Tho : 
Willisee Robert 

Leemyng Richard 

Bleasdale Robert, hyred for the 

once of . . Norcrosse House 
Leemyng Rich, hyred for Lawr 

Cottome of the High House 
Bleasdale Robert hyred for 

Richard Wilkinson 
Reade Robert 
Ratcliffe George 

Norcrosse James 

Turner, Miles, & George Rat- 
cliffe is to serve in his 
roome 

Cowper Richard 

Daniell Tho. & George Ratcliffe 
is to officiate for him 

Roades Edward 

Greenwood Richard serves for 
widdow Eccles* 

Roades Edward to serve for 
widdow Townley 

Dewhurst WUlm. for Croyden 
House 



we do not remember to have met with 
the case of a woman being elected 
before. 



176 



HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. 



[part II. 



1676 Blackbome Richard 
Ash Edward 
Daniell Robert 

1677 Jenkinson John 
Sowerbutts Richard 
Baker Richard 

1678 Jackson Thomas 
Settels Richard 
Hindle James 

1679 Norcrosse Willm. 
Pickering John 
Naden Edmund 

1680 Cottom Lawrence, Miller 
Hacking William, for 

Houldenhouses 
Hothersall William 

1681 Dewhurst William 

. Hayhurst Lawrence de 
Haiigh 
Hesmondhaigh Elis 

1682 Ward John 
Townley Abraham, 

Gentleman 
Naden Edmund 

1683 Hadock Lawrence 
Barlow Richard 
Wilkinson Richard 

1684 ffoster John 
Ash Robert 
Seed John 

1685 Dewhurst John 
Ort WiUiam 
Dewhurst Thomas 

1686 Chamock John 
Cottom Richard 

Greenwood John 

1687 Carter William 
Ash Edward 
Slater Ellis 

1688 Dewhurst James 
Jackson John 
Hesminhalgh EUice 

1689 Hayhurst Henery 

Dewhurst Roger 



Roades Edward sen' 
Robert 

Kellett Henry 
Slaiter Ellis 

Cottom Henr3% of Mill 
ffisicke Robert 

Stursacker George 
Bleasdell Robert 

Eccles George 
Slater Thomas 



Billington John 
Shuttleworth Richard 



Singleton John 
Hasall Thomas 



Read Robert 
Wallton Richard 

Read Robert 
Lund James 

Cottom Ric. 
Parkinson John 

Hilles Thomas 

Parkinson John, to serve for 
Edward Whallmeley 

Wattson Robert 
Willesee Thomas 

Read Robert ' 
Pemberton Richard 



Taylor James 



CHAP. VI ] CHITRCHWARDENS AND PARISH OFFICERS. 



177 



1690 


Home Richard 


Wareing Thomas 






Bewhurst Thomas 


Willesee Thomas 






Baker Aran 






1691 


Naden Edmund 


Newsham Thomas 




■ 


Danzell Robert 
Ribchester Henery 


Ward John 




1692 


Pye Thomas 


Dolphin Robert 






Sourbutts Thomas 


Tayler James 






Wilkinson Richard 






1693 


Greenells John 


Page Jeremiah 




1 


Dewhurst Richard 
Dolphin Robert 


Haydocke George 




1699 


Norcrosse Thomas 


Parkinson John 






Roades Hugh 


Singleton Thomas 




, 


Bartton Henery 






1702 

9 


Hayhurst Richard 






1706 


Dewhurst John 


Singleton John 






Dewhurst James 


Chamley Henry 






Cowell Henry 


1 




1707 


Dewhurst Clayton 


Singleton Thomas 






Dewhurst Richard 


Norcross William 






Greenwood John 






1708 


Hesmonhaigh Rob 


Leeming Tho 






Sowerbutts Tho 


Ratcliff George 






Greenwood Richard 






1709 


Dewhurst Clayton 


Norcross VVillm 






Townley Henry 


Norcross Richd 






Greenwood Jon 






1710 


Haword Ed 


Cottam Law 






Hide Jon 


Woodhouse Wm 




- 


Greenwood Rich 






1711 


Willesey Thomas 


Townley Humphery 






Ryding Thomas 


Midlton John 






Dewhurst Jon 






1712 


Greenwood Tho 


Seele Robt 






Carter Henry 


Gelibrand Wm 






Greenwood John 






1713 


Haddock Lawrence 


Singleton John junr 






Coort Thomas 


DanieU Ellis 






ThrelfaU James 






1714 


Horn Ja : 


Singleton Tho 






Greenalls J a 


Bushell Ja 






Ireland Jon 






1 The 1 


lames are njissing from 


•The names are missing 


from 


1694-98. 




1703-5. 





178 



HISTOEY or UlBCHEdTEE. 



[pABT a. 



1717 Hayddock James 
Greenalls Richd 
Kay Jon 

1718 Haddock Jas 
Greenals Richd 
Greenwood Jon 

1719 Haddock Jas 
Slayter Danl 
Dewhurst Jas 

1720 Pye Jon 
Townley Henry 
NoTcrosB William 

1721 Walsh Rogr 
Ryding Tho 
Greenwood Richd 

1722 Winckley Tho 
Dewhurst Hen 
Cottam Saml 

1723 Carter John 
Bateson Richard 
Ratcliffe Joseph or Robert 

1724 Chamley Richard 
He^mondhalgh John 
Greenwood Thomas 

1727 Entwistle Edward 
Dewhurst Tho 
Kay John 

1728 Norcrosse Tho 
Cutler Jon 
Daniel Ellis 

1729 Hayhurst Richd 
Townley Henry 
Kay Jon 

1730 Hayhurst Richard 
Townley Henry 
Kay Jon 

1731 Watson Richard 
ffisher Alexander 
Greenwood Matthew 

1732 Ireland John 
Sherborne Richard 
Wilowsey Robert 

1733 Arden Nathan 
Dewhurst Miler 
Wilowsey Robert 



Haddock Seth 
Eooles Seth 

Haddock Seth 
Ecdes Seth 

Haddock Seth 
Slayter Rich 

Bourn Hen. 
Slayter Richd 

Townley Humphrey 
Norcross Willm 

Thompson Benjamin 
Ratcliffe Robert 

Cottam Richard 
Strickland John 

Seed John 
Dickinson Lawrence 

Bourn Henry 
Jenkinson John 

Townley Hen 
Lund Roger 

Singleton John sen' 
Haighton James 

Singleton John senr 
Haighton James 

Haydock Seth 
Gelibrand Jo 

Singleton John 
Strickland William 

Bom Tho 
Longworth Tho 



CHAP. VI.] CHUECHWARBBNS AND PABISH OFFICEBS. 



179 



1734 Eastham Tho 

Dewhnrot James 
Wilowsey Bobt 

1736 Greenwood John 
Dewhnnt Henry 
Wilowsey Rob* 

1736 Alston John 
Ellison Mathew 
Kay John 

1737 Alston John 
Ellison Mathew 
Walton Thomas 

1738 Watson Richard 
Hesmonhalgh Ellis 
Councel Wni 

1739 Halsall Thomas 
Hesmonhalgh John 
Wilowsey Robert 

1740 Longworth James 
Hesmonhalgh John 
Singleton John 

1741 Seed Thomas 
Salsbnry Christopher 
Singleton John 

1742 Carter Jon 
Ryding Richd 
Osbaldeston Jon 

1743 Pye John 
Dcwhnrst James 
Willowsey Robert 

1744 Chamley Richard 
Dewhnrst James 
Ireland John 

1745 Bery Thomas 
Dewhnrst Thomas 
Ireland John 

1746 Shorook John 
Dewhnrst Thomas 
Seed Thomas 

1747 Eastham Thomas 
Shirbom Richard 
Greenwood John 

1748 Greenwood John 
Dewhnrst Henry 
Greenwood John 



Rhods Edw^ 
Strickland John 

Rhods Edward 
Dickinson John 

Rhodes Robert 
Dobson John 

Seed John 
Dickison Edward 

Singleton John elder 
Walton Thomas 

Singleton John 
Chamley Henry 

Bom Henry 
Hewood Joseph 

Tomson William 
Hewood Joseph 

Bom Joii 
Haywood Joseph 

Newsom John 
Haywood Joseph 

Osbaldeston John 
Howard Joseph 

Morras William 
Howard Joseph 

Cottom Lawrence 
Howard Joseph 

Cottam Lawrence 
Parkinson Thomas 

Singleton John elder 
Slater Daniell 



180 



HISTOBV OJE* MBOHEST£H. 



[pAEt Dt. 



1749 Pye John 
Dewhurst Thomas 
Key William 

1750 Alston J(^ 
Sherbam Rich<i 
Willacy Robt 

1751 Alston Jon 
Hesmonhalgh Ellis 
Willacy Robt 

1753 EasthamThoB ^ 
Cutler Wm 
Fletcher Mick 

1754 Charnley Wm 
Dewhurst Miles 
Boothman John 

1755 Alston Thomas 
Whalebank Richd 
Margnison William 

1756 Greenhalgh Robt 
Slater James 
Hacking William 

1757 Berry Thomas 
Lund Adam 
Greenwood John 

1758 Watson Thomas 
Dewhurst John 
Kay William 

1759 Shorrock John 
Sherbum Richard 
Charnley John 

1760 Fletcher John 
Fletcher James 
Threlfal John 

1762 Clayton Joseph 
Dewhurst James 
Greenwood John 

1763 Balshaw William 
Haddock William 
Greenwood John vice Tho : 

1764 Pye James 
Strickland John 
Hacking William 

1765 Hargreaves John 
Gabbot John 
Morehouse George 



Singleton John elder 
Ecckles Edmond 

Tomnson William 
Norcross William 

Smith Jno 
aough WiUiam 

Cottam Jno 
Ratcliife Robt 

Shuttleworth Ricd 
Hacking Thomas 

Eastham John 
Seed Thomas junr 

Hacking Thomas 
Rattclifif George 

Bourne John 
Rattcliff George 

Seed John 
Lund William 

Moorhouse William 
Ayrland John 

Hesmonhalgh William 
Salthouse William 

Strickleton John 
Lund William 

Singleton Cuthbert 
Radcliffe George 
Swarbrick 

Bum John 
Smith John 

Cottam Lawrance 
Slayter EUis 



OHAP VI.] CHURCHWARDENS AND PARISH OFFICERS. 



181 



1766 Watson William 
Walton Thomas 
Hacking William 

1767 Langfield Joseph 
Walton Thomas 
Hacking William 

1768 Pye George 
Fletcher James 
Boothman Jno 

1769 Clayton Joseph 
Slater James 
Boothman Jno 

1770 Graystock Henry 
Helm Robt 
Ritchmond Edw<l 

1771 Thos Alston 
Richd Nuttall 
John Greenwood 

1772 James Pye 
Thos. Huthersel 
Thos Seed 

1773 Thos Greenwood 
Richd Dewhurst 
Jno Bradely 

1774 Thos Greenwood 
Richd Dewhurst 

Jas Carter substituted by Ja 
Berry 

1775 James Berry 

Geo Slayer by Rich Dewhurst 
Willoi Margerison 

1776 George Pye 
Richard Dewhurst 
William Waddington 

1777 William Woods 
Thomas Dewhurst 
Edward Richmond 

1778 William Fox 
Thomas Dewhurst 
Edward Richmond 

1779 William Fox 
Thomas Walton 
Edward Richmond 

1780 William Fox for John Cottom 
Thomas Dewhurst 

John Kay 



Mayo John 
Hayhursfc John 

Cross John 
Whalley James 

Gabbat Jno 
Nuttall David 

Seed John 
Radcliffe George 

Seed Thomas 
Brogden Thomas 

John Strickland 
John Parkinson 

Jno Norcross 
Jno Crossley 

Thos Spencer 
George Radcliffe 

Thos Hacking 
Jas Wallace 



Jno Strickland 
Thos Eccles 

William Bourn 
George Radcliflfe 

James Cross 
George Radcliffe 

John Wallbank 
George Radcliffe 

William Hesmondhalgh 
George Ratcliffe for Eliz 

Hothersall 
Cuthbert Singleton 
George Ratcliffe for White Bull 



182 



HISTORY OP RIBCHE8TEB. 



[part II. 



1781 



1782 



1783 



1784 



1785 



1786 



1787 



1788 



1789 



1790 



1791 



1792 



1793 



1794 



George Pye for Thos Swarbrick John Greenwood 
Thomas Dewhurst John Hayhurst 

John Reader 
George Pye for William Hayhurst John Singleton 



Robert Helm 

Richard Radcliffe for Ellen 

Moorhouse 
Edward Entwistle 
Edward Hesmondhalgh 
John Kay for William Rogerson 
Edward Entwistle for James 

Kendal 
Thomas Walton 
John Kay for Richard Swarbrick 



George Radcliffe for George 
Hothersall (Bolton fold) 

John Shuttleworth 
John Cross 

John Shuttleworth 

John Cross for John Abraham 



Thomas Towers 

Richard Dewhurst 

John Kay for Peter Waterhouse 

Edward Entwistle for John 

Darwen 
George Slater 

John Kay for Mary Mascay 
Henry Seed 
Thomas Dewhurst 
John Kay 
James Pye 
Richard Caulthourst 
John Kay for James Madely 
Thomas Ellison 
Richard Dewhurst substituted 

by Richard Caulthourst 
William Weddrone 
Thomas Ellison 
Richard Coulthurst 



John Mayo 

George Radcliffe for James 

Whiteside 
John Mayo 
Nicholas Bourn 



Thomas Wallbank 
James Skilbeck 

Thomas Spencer 
Samuel Macmillan 



William Strickland 
William Clough 



William Strickland 
William Clough 



William Weddicre 
Thomas Ellison for William Pye Joseph Topper 



Edward Hesmondhalgh for 

Richard Wilson 
John Hog 

John Hesmondhalgh 
Robert Sharpies 
John Hesmondhalgh 
John Watson 
Ellis Hesmondhalgh 
Edmond East ham substituted 

by George Pye 
Thomas Walton 
John Gilliburn 



James Fowler 

John Ireland 
John Singleton 

Thomas Longton 
James Wallis 

Edward Greenwood 
Edward Ashton 



CHAP. VI.] CHTmOirWABDENS AND PARISH OFFICERS. 



183 



1795 



1796 



1797 



1798 



1799 



1800 



1801 



1802 



1803 



1804 



1805 



1806 



1807 



Richard Greenalls William Norcrosse substituted 

Edward Hesmondhalgh by John Shuttleworth 

Margaret Ellison substituted by Thomas Makinson 
John Greenwood 

Thomas Watson substituted by John Seed 

Richard Greenall George Barton 

John Cutler 
John Norcross by John 

Greenwood 



Richard Hesmondhalgh 
John Lund 
William Kay 

James Sharpies 
Richard Dewhurst 
Thomas Ormerod 

Jno Seed substituted by 

Jas Sharpies 
James Gillibrand 
Juo Kay 

John Greenwood 
Richard Hesmondhalgh 
John Swarbrick 

John Kay 

Richd Hesmondhalgh 

Rob* Reeder 

Richard Forest 
Thomas Dewhurst 
Henry Ireland 

Daniel Slater 
Richard Cutler 
George Willcock 

Robert Martin 
William Ireland 
William Martin 

Robert Martin 

Richard Dewhurst of Grindle- 

stone house 
William Martin 
George Dewhurst 
Richard Dewhurst 
Thomas Wilcock 
George Barton 
James Boothman 
William Kay Farrer 



Thomas Bailey 
Thomas Marsden 

Richard Dixon 
James Haworth 

Wm Hesmondhalgh 
Joseph Topper 



Ellis Slater 
Roger Fleming 

Thos Badger 

John Hayhurst substituted 
Thos Makinson 

Thos Clayton 
John Whitaker 

Joseph Dewhurst 
John Hitchen 

William Rhodes 
Samuel Dean 

Robert Strickland 
John Howard 



Thomas Eastham 
Joseph Pye 

Richard Parkinson 
William Alston 



184 



HISTORY OF RIBOHESTER. 



[part n. 



1808 



1809 



1810 



1811 



1812 



1813 



1814 



1815 



1816 



1817 



1818 



1819 



1820 



1821 



1822 



John Rothwell 

Bichd Coultherst 

William Wilkinson 

John Bothwell 

Bichd Coultharst 

Thos Kay 

John Rothwell 

Rich Parker 

Robert Sharpies 

Richard Greenall 

Robert Greenall 

William Kay, Granam House 

Richard Greenall 

Robert Greenall 

William Kay 

Thomas Marsden 

John Eddlestone 

William Whalley 

Thomas Marsden 

John Eddlestone 

James Gillibrand 

Thomas Marsden 

Mr. Emett 

Willm Richardson 

Thomas Marsden 

John Hesmondhalgh 

John Bourne 

Thomas Marsden 

Richard Hesmondhalgh 

George Wilcock 



John Bourn 
John Todd 

John Bourn 
John Todd 

Thomas Seed 
Edward Ashton 

Thomas Seed 
Christopher Nuttall 

Thomas Roades 
James Pye 

James Spencer 
Robert Rhodes 

John Kay 
Evan Banks 

Anthony Serratt 
Richard Shuttle worth 

L. Parker 
W. Buck, Esq. 

John Smith 
William Clough 



Thomas Marsden 
David Hesmondhalgh 
Thomas Watson 
Thomas Marsden 
David Hesmondhalgh 
Thomas Watson 
Thomas Greenwood 
John Carter 
Thomas Jackson 
Robert Hesmondhalgh 
John Carter 
Joseph Pomfret 
Robert Hesmondhalgh 
Joseph Eatough 
Thomas Wilcock 



DILWORTH, ALSTON, AND 
STYDD. 

Thomas Woods 
David Nuttall 
Edward Hesmondhalgh 
Thomas Woods 
David Nuttall 
Edward Hesmondhalgh 
Thomas Dixon 
Thomas Jump 
Edward Hesmondhalgh 
John Seed 
Edward Sager 
Henry Greenall 
John Seed 
Edmund Sager 
Thomas Lund 



CHAP. VI.] CHTJRCHWABBENS AND PARISH QFFIOERT. 



185 



1823 Robert Hesmondhalgh 
Robert Hesmondhalgh junior 
Henry Whalley 

1824 Robert Hesmondhalgh 
John Berry 

George Wilcock 

1825 Wm White 
Robert Greenall 
Isaac Counsel 

1826 Edmund Dewhurst 
Thomas Finder 
George Wilcock 

1827 Rich Riding 
Miles Alston 
James Sefton 

1828 John Calvert 
David Hesmondhalgh 
John Watson 

1829 John Sowerbutts 
Wm Allsup 
Robert Barton 

1830 John Sowerbutts 
Wm Allsup 
Hugh Pickering 

1831 Richard Picking 
Wm Allsup 
Hugh Pickering 

1832 Richard Ryding 
James Smithies 
Thomas Silcock 

1833 R. Ryding 
James Smithies 
Mr. Silcock 

1834 Richard Riding 
James Smithies 
Tho8 Wilcock 

1835 Richard Hiding 
Robert Hesmondhalgh 
Thomas Wilcock 

1836 Richard Riding 
Robert Hesmondhalgh 
Thomas Wilcock 

1837 Richard Riding 
Robert Greenall 
Tbos Wilcock 



William Mercer 
Robert Rhodes 
Thomas Lund 

William Hesmondhalgh 
Richard Moss 
Wm Cutler 

William Hesmondhalgh 
Richard Moss 
Wm Cutler 

William Hesmondhalgh 
Richard Moss 
William Timbrell 

Christopher Alston 
James Jackson 
William Timbrell 
Wm Marsden 
Jas Hayhurst 
Henry Greenall 
Thos Fleming 
Thomas Town 
Henry Greenall 
James Norcross 
Henry Ormerod 
H. Greenall 
Thomas Marsden 
John Hayhurst 
John Ward 
Wm Marsden 
Richard Parkinson 
John Ward 
Thos Marsden 
Richard Parkinson 
Mr. Cornell 
Thos Parkinson 
Dennis Ormerod 
John Berry 
Thurston Greenall 
Thomas Heming 
Jas Berry 
Thurston Greenall 
Thomas Fleming 
James Berry 
James Spencer 
Henry Parkinson 
Henry Whalley 



186 



HISTOBY OF BIBCHESTER. 



[PABT II. 



1838 



1839 



1840 



1841 



1842 



1843 



1844 



1845 



1 
1851 



Mr. Addison 
John Wallbank 
John Bccles 
Soger Dewhurst 
John Eatough 
John Eccles 
Soger Dewhurst 
James Waring 
Thos Holden 
Kobert Hesmondhalgh 
Edward Rhodes 
John Barton 
Robert Hesmondhalgh 
Robert Hesmondhalgh 
John Barton 
Robert Hesmondhalgh 
John Smithies 
John Barton 
Robert Hesmondhalgh 
John Smithies 
Thos. Nuttall 
Richard Greenall 
Richard Cutler 
John Walne 



Reuben Alston 
Peter Walker 
James Chadbum 

1852 Thos. Carter 
Peter Walker 
Thomas Kay 

1853 Thos Carter 
Peter Walker 
James Hindle 

1854 Robert Addison 
Isaac Hardiker 
James Hindle 

1855 Robert V. Addison 
Isaac Hardiker 
James Hindle 

1856 Robert V. Addison 
Robert Qreenall 
James Hindle 

1857 Robert V. Addison 
Robert Greenall 
Thomas Fen ton 

No Ust from 1846-50. 



James Spencer 

John Windle 

William Eastham 

Richard Parkinson 

John Slater 

Thos Hesmondhalgh 

Thos McCoskery 

Robert Wallbank 

Henry Greenall 

Robert Rhodes 

John Parson 

William Bourn 

Robert Rhodes 

John Parson 

William Bourn 

Robert Rhodes 

John Parson 

James Seed 

Robert Rhodes 

John Parson 

John Tipping 

Thos Spencer 

John Walmsley 

No one elected for Stydd 

James Nuttall 
Christopher Parkinson 
James Margerison 
James Nuttall 
Christopher Parkinson 
James Walne 
William Dixon 
William Rhodes 
James Walne 
Robert Kaye 
Wm Alston 
Henry Greenall 
James Dixon 
William Halsall 
Henry Forrest 
Thurston Greenall 
John Walne 
John Wallbank 
William Taylor 
Joseph Calderbank 
Henry Whalley 



C3HAP. VI. J CHTIROirWARDEKS AND PABISH 0FFI0EE8. 



187 



1858 Reuben Alston 
Mr. Walker 
John Barton 

1859 Edward Alston 
Peter Walker 
Thos Dewhurst 

1860 Edward Alston 
Peter Walker 
Thomas Dewhurst 

1861 Joseph Whittaker 
Richard Smithies 
Thos Dewhurst 

1862 Joseph Whittaker 
Richard Smithies 
Thos Nuttall 

1863 Edward Entwistle 
Robert Greenall 
William Dewhurst 

1864 Edmund Dewhurst 
Henry Shuttleworth 
Thos Jackson 

1865 Edmund Dewhurst 
Henry Shuttleworth 
Robert Marsh 

1866 Mark Hardiker 
James Mercer 
Robert Marsh 

1857 Mark Hardiker 
James Mercer 
Robert Marsh 



James Croasdale 
Christopher Parkinson 
Henry Forrest 
Richard Parkinson 
Richard Sharpies 
Henry Forrest 
John Banks 
Reginald Alston 
Thos Dewhurst 
John Banks 
Reginald Alston 
James Margerison 
William Dixon 
Reginald Alston 
John Wallbank 
William Dixon 
John Sanderson 
John Wallbank 
William Fisher 
John Sanderson 
James Sefton 
John Fowler 
Richard Robinson 
Joseph Pinder 
Robert Smith, Esq 
Benjamin Walmsley, Esqr 
Joseph Pinder 
Robert Smith, Esqr 
Benjamin Walmsley, Esqr 
Joseph Pinder 



THE PAEISH OFFICIALS. 

Bishop Gastrell says **the Clark is chosen by the Heir of 
Hoghton Tower." * If this refers to the Parish Clerk, we can 
only say we have found no eyidence that such was the custom, at 
any rate in post Eeformation days. The duties of the Clerk at 
Bibchester seem to have been of some importance. Along with 
the churchwarden he was ordered by ^'the gentlemen" to see that 
the Curfew bell was daily rung ; he had to keep the Register ; 
"tent" the clock; and was appointed to collect money for the 
repair of the church. (See Chap. II.) 

The following list of clerks, with the year of their appointment, 
is as complete as we can make it : — 

» Cfhcth, Soc,, xxii., 473. 



188 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART H. 

1617-61 Arthur Sowerbutts. 1793-1800 Henry Carter. 

1662-76 Arthur Dewhurst. 1800-15 John Gregson. 

1676-97 Roger Dewhurst. 1815-36 Thomas Gregson. 

1697-99 William Carter. 1836-72 Robert Gregson. 

1699-1702 John Parkinson. 1872-84 Joseph Walton. 

1702-1753 Josiah Peele. 1884 Richard Walton. 

1754-1793 John Singleton 

Boger Dewhurst was a model clerk, and evidently a well- 
educated man. His entries in the Eegisters are conspicuous for 
their clearness, and are in remarkable contrast to those of the 
previous **Kegistrar," who was the Eector himself, the Rev. 
W. Ingham. 

WiUiam Carter left by his will (dated 11th June, 1699) his 
"best hatt and ryding coat" to his friend Richard Pemberton, 
senr. The inventory of his goods amounted to £48 4s. 8d. ; his 
debts being just £50. He was buried at Ribchester, June, 13, 
1699. 

Josiah Peele is remarkable for having written a letter to 
**Dr. Ogden in Chester," dated November 27, 1738, in which he 
said: "Your father (Rev. George Ogden) succeeded William 
Ingham, the Vicar of Ribchester, who was buried here October 
25, 1681." * Josiah Peele married Dorothy King, of Alston, 
May 5, 1702 ; and was buried at Ribchester, Nov. 12, 1753. 

Three members of the Qregson family, father, son, and grandson, 
held the post of clerk in succession for nearly a century. 

Robert Gregson died in 1886, aged 82, and was buried at Rib- 
chester. 

THE SEXTONS. 

Only an incomplete list of sextons can be found : 

1690-1708 Thomas Cutler. 1751-75 George Gorner. 

1708-16 Ellis Hayhurst. 1775-99 Robert Gorner. 

1716-31 William Gorner. 1870 Benjamin Walton. 

1731-51 George Hayhurst. 

The sexton had a coat provided for him from 1660 (or earlier) 
to 1850. 



/ 



JRaines, MSS. 



OHAP, Vn,] *mk tttOl&Tfefifi. i8& 




CHAPTEB vn. 

HE first register now in existence is a small folio 
book of parchment in a very fair state of preserva- 
tion. It commences in 1598; but the earliest entries 
are almost illegible. However, the book is evidently 
a continuation of one of an earlier date, as it commences most 
abruptly. We give the entries for the first ten years verbatim et 
literatim (as far as possible). 

On a slip of paper, at the beginning of the book, the late Eev. 
F. E. Perrin, Rector of Ribchester (1876-85), has made the fol- 
lowing memoranda : — ^' To explain the hiatae in this book, 

1635 Dissatisfaction and more existed between the people and King Charles Ist. 
1637 Scotland was in insurrection ; then Long Parliament entered into alliance 
with them. 

1644 Battle of Marston Moor. 

1645 Battle of Naseby. 

1649 30 Jany.— King beheaded. 

1654 Cromwell made Protector. 

1658 Cromwell died ; Richard succeeding him till 

1660 Charles Ilnd restored (23 May). 

1685 Charles Ilnd died, and James Ilnd succeeded. 

1688 Wm. and Mary. 

''During the Commonwealth the Registers of Baptisms and 
Burials seem to have been kept, with some intervals, but none of 
marriages (?) which I suppose was from the opinion that marriage 
is a civil contract, and may have been celebrated before the civil 
magistrate.^ 

'' But the book requires careful examination ; and the entries 
go backwards and f orweirds, and here and there in a confusing 
manner. 

9 Oct., '83. F. E. P.*' 

It will be noticed that baptisms and marriages are frequently 
recorded as being performed by Catholic priests — at first sight 

^ Of course, such was the fact. Mr. the entries of marriages in Preston 

Perrin seems to have been unaware uf Registers. 



presumably In the parish church— during the early part of the 
eighteenth century. No such entries in parish registers have 
previously been noted by Mr. Chester Waters.* Whatever may 
be the explanation of these entries, their occurrence is very 
remarkable. 

MAEEIAGE8. 

1598 Jannary 28, Ric. Bourne and Margaret Walmysley 

Febroary 3, John Harison and Margaret Honlden both of Blackbom 

p'sh. 
22, Thomas P'kinson of the p'rish of Grimsargh and Alice 
Cottom of this parish. 

March 29, Ried Sdater [?] and Jane 

September 16, Ralphe and Eliz. Sharpies 

November 27, John Cowell of the p'ish of Preston and Jane Sephton of 

the p'ishof 

1599 September 25, Ric greenal of the p'ish of Blackburn and Eliz. boulton 

of this p'sh. 

.SO, George Roggerson of the p'ish of Pr*ton and Jane 

of this p'ish. 
October 1, Robt BusheU of this p'ish and Jane Polter of the p*ish of 
Blackbume. 

1601 February 21, Arthur Clayton and Grace 

19, and EUine Roade 

21, James Haydocke and Elizabeth CatheU. 
1603 Sep. 11, Leonard Eocles and Annie Walmysley. 

Oct. 16, Henry Heyhurst and EUine Jenkinson, both of this parish. 
1609 May 19, John Mutton and Jenet Ratcliffe. 
1611 Jan. 21, John Gottam and Grace B3rrley, both of this parish. 

[Apr. 16], Arthur Sowerbutts and Elizabeth Boulton was married upon 
the 16th day of April in the year of our lord god, 1611. 

1616 William Walmysley of the p'ish of Garstang and Anne 

Hothersall of Ribohester. 
1618 Aug. 3, John Lyngard and Jenette Sclater. 

1621 Jan. 28, Thomas Allston and Grace P'kinson, both in this parish. 

1622 18, Mr Richard Houghton and Mrts EUine Dewhurst. 

Oct. 30, Henry Haihurst and Anne Townley, both in this pishe. 

1624 Feb. 7, Ellis Cottam in this p'she and Alice Jellibume in the parish 

of Blackbome. 
Feb. 11, Richard Haihurst and Jenet Ribchester. 

July 23, John Hothersall in this p'she and Grace i.... 

Apr. 1, Arthur Sowerbutts and Isabella Dewhurst, both in this town. 

1625 June 20, William Goodshey and Isabell Walmysley. 

1626 Feb. 12, Gilbert Goodshey and Alice Sherborne, both in the parish of 

Steed. 
June 26, Mr Henry Townley of Dutton and Alice Goulthurst, near 
Burnley. 

^ Parish Beg* in England. 



CHAP. VII.] THi RlSGHStEJas. ISl 

Nov. 18, Roger Seudell in the p'she of PreBton and Grace Dnddell in 
this parish 
1677 Sep. 15, Lawrence Gottom of ye high howse and Anne Bum in the 

p'sh of Ghippin. 
1628 May 18, John Kellie and Anne Twogood. 

July 16, Richard Bilsborowe and Margaret Albin both in this p*she. 
Deo. 13, Adam Lund and Janne Birley. 
^ 1630 Jan. 14^ John Wallnusley of Bashall and Jane Blaokbome in the 

p*she of Blackbome. 

1662 Aug. 28, Marryed was Henry Bentley of the parish of Hallifax and 

Mary Horrocks of the parish of Kibohester. 

1663 May 24, Marryed was Peter Parkinson and Mary Whittingham both 

of the parish of Groosnargh. 
Aug. 13, ' Marryed was Rob. Thorpe and Annie Mitton both of the 
parish of Whalley. 

1664 ffeb. 23, Marryed was Thorn Cutler and Margaret Norcrosse. 

The same day was Mr John Calvert and Mary Ingham' 
marryed at Church Kirk. 

1664 July 17, Mar. was Robert Cowell of Goosnargh and Dorothy Bath of 

the i>arish of Chippin. 

1665 Nov. 30, Marr : was The : Smith of ye parish of Goosnargh and Alice 

Home of ye parish of Ribchester. 

1666 Jan. 24, Marryed was Joseph Emot of Ackerington and Margaret 

Thomley of parish of Chippin. 

1667 June 3, Marryed was Willm. Walmysley of Salisberry and Elizab. 

Sharpies of Ribchester. 

1668 Sept [22], Vicesimo Secnndo die, Nupt. fueront Wiil*us Ingham, 

Vicar, et Gracea Hesminhough. 

1672 Aug. 8, Marryed was Robert Ash of Dutton and Ellin Habergham 

of Padiham. 

1673 Jan. 28, Marryed was Roger Elston de Ribbleton infra parochia de 

Preston et Elizabeth Ecklos of Dilworth. 

1675 June 3, Marryd was Lawrence Cottome of ye parish of Ribchester 

and Elizabeth Dickson of Kirkham. 

1676 Jan. 27, Edward Ash and Elizabeth Crombleholme of Slaidborne. 
1679 Feb. 13, John Singleton and Ellin Naden botn of this parish. 

1687 [June 3], Mr Richard Hoghton of Grimsargh and Mm Sarah Whit- 

tin&rham were marryed by a licence from Dr. Bushell, 
June ye 3rd, pd lOs— which sum of ten shillings is due 
wn ye partys marryed are extra parochiall : this ye least. 
And to ye darke is due two shillings by a licence out of 
ye parish; one shilling wn ye partys in y^ parish are 
marryed. 

1682 Aug. 19, Richard Dewhurst and Catherine Houghton. 

1683 Sep. 16, Thomas Seed and Jane Ratcliffe of Alston, three times 

asked in ye church. 

1684 Oct. 27, John Dale of Clitherowe and Alice Hothersall of Ribchester. 

^ No entries of marriages occur in ' See page 150. 

the Register between 1630 and 1661. 



192 dlStOilT OF fitl30£t£ST£B. [PABt II. 

1685 Mftrryed, upon ye coronation day of King James ye Second, John 

Greenwood and Elline Norcrosse, both of Bibchester. 
1701 Oct. 1, Sherburne Cmmblam de Stid and Bebeca Marsden de Settle. 
1703 July 20, Robert Brand and Marth etc. de Garstine pr license. 
1705 June 20, John Turner de Bib. Malster, and Catherine Norcross of ye 

same wid. 
Aug. 26, Bobt Goring of Gorton in p'sh Manchester and Catherine 

Batcliffe of Dutton, being 3 times lawfully pubd 
Oct. 18, Delivered a Sertlficate upon ye intended marige of Lawrence 
Hill of ye p'sh Prescot and Annie ffisick de Bibchester, 
being 3 times lawfully published. 
1707 June 27, John Wilkinson and Buth Hudson, both of this parish, 

maried per Bomish Priest. 
Feb. 17, John Winkley and Eliztb Glave, both of this parish, maried 

per Bomish Priest. 
Feb. 23, Mr Bichard Traford and Martha Horn, both of Bibchester. 
Dec. 11, Jon Wharton and Jane Bradley de DUt, per papist priest. 

1710 May 3, John Huthersall and Elizabeth Beesly, per papist priest de 

Alston. 
Nov. 11, Edward Hesmondhalgh de Wilpshire and Eliz. Cottam de 
Dutton, at Stid, per Mr Johnson. 

1711 June 7, Bichard Greenalls . and Grace Stertivant de Dutton per 

lycense. 

1719 Nov. 30, Bobt Cookson, Batchlor, de parish Giglesweek, Yorkshire, 

and AUce Topping, spmster, de parish Preston by virtue 
of a license granted by Mr. Johnson, vicar. 

1720 Aug. 9, William Tindels, Merser de Giglesweek Yorkshire, and Jane 

Boyse de Preston. 

1721 May 2, Jas. Cottam, f eltmaker and Isabel Anderton, spinster, both 

of this parish. 

1722 April 29, Mark Langfield, sadler de Widding^n in parish of Mitton 

and Mary Waterhouse, spinster de Bibchester mard by 

banns and certified by Mr. Lancaster, Curate de Wad- 

dington. 
Aug. 23, William Pritchard, Apothecary de Preston and Annt 

Alderston, spinster de Askrig in Yorkshire. 
Oct. 2, The. Byding, cheesemonger and Anne Threlfall, widow both 

of this parish. 

1723 Sept. 5, Joseph Curtise, widower, attomey-at-law and Jane Higgin- 

son, widow both of Preston. 

1724 June 9, Jon Eastham, Doct. de Manchester and Elizabeth Parker, 

spinster de Preston. 

1725 Aug. 17, Christopher Wilowsey, Tanner, and Elizabeth Hesmonhaigh, 

spinster both of this parish. 
Dec. 3, Bobt Farrar gent de parish Castle Ward de Clitherow and 
Mary Bond, spinster de parish Chiping. 

1726 Feb. 20, Wm Dillworth, Schoolmaster and Jane Leech, spinster both 

of ye parish of Chippin. 

1727 June 4, Balph Netle, seiner de Midlewich in Cheshire and Elizabeth 

Greenals, spinster de Bibchester. 



CHAP. VII.] THE REGISTERS. 1 9Jj 

1729 Oct. 90, Robt Hesketh, clerk, Curet of Beoonaall Chapel in ye parish 

of Croston and Elizabeth Stanley spinster of ye parish 
of Preston. 
Dec. 11, Richard Loxam, sailor de Liverpool and Anne Norcross, 
spinster de Kibchester. 

1730 Mar. 30, James Benson of Ribby-cum-Wray in ye parish of Kirkham, 

gent and Susana Wilkinson of y^ township of Blackburn, 

spinster, married by license granted by Mr Dikson 

Viocarof Kirkham and married by ye aforesaid Mr 

Dikson at Ribchester. 
May 6, William ffranoe, gent, bachelor and Sarah Hall, widow, both 

of ye parish of Preston. 
Oct. 11, Richard Shuttleworth, blacksmith de Alston and Anne 

Abram, spinster of ye chappelry of Goosnargh. 
Nov. 3, James Watmoagh, searge weaver, widower and Ellen Seed, 

spinster, both of Ribchester. 

1731 May 31, Thomas Longworth, gent de Preston and Elizabeth Holms, 

wid. of Ribchester. 

1732 Dec. 21, Richard Dixon, clerk, curet of Longridge and Mary Single- 

ton, spinster both of this parish. 
Dec. 2, Tho. Gooday, pauper and Mary Yeates, widow both of this 
parish. 

[FROM THIRD REGISTER.] ^ 
1736 Aug. 6, Mathew Worthington, Clerk, curet of Woodplumton and 

Catherine Willson spinster of the same. 
1774 July 2, John Parkinson, atturney-at-law, and Mary Charnly spinster, 

by lycense granted by Mr. Parker, curret of Grimsargh. 

CHEISTENING8. 

1599 October 17, John sou of Ellis Cottam baptised. 

24, John Osboldeston the son of Edward Osboldestone of 
Osboldestou Esquire. 

1600 Aprill 9, Robt Boulton the son of Lanslet Boulton of the p*ish of 

Blackburn. 
Mftye 25, John Smaley the son of Robt Smaley of Dutton in the p'ish of 
Stede. 
Edmund Hurst sonn of Edmund Hurst of Rybchester p*!ah. 
29, Thomas WiUmysley alias Dutton of Rogger Dutton of 
Osboldestone. 

Julye 20, Crosse 

27, James Shepherd alias Seede baptised. 
Auguste 1 , Ellis alias Ashe baptised. 

3, George Answorth of the p'ish of Blackbume. 

4, Jnhn Ribchester son of John Ribchester. 

21, Thomas Southeworth the son of John Southeworth of Sams- 
bury, Esquire. 

^ The third register contains entries fly-leaf is endorsed : ''This book was 
of marriages 1735-53 ; burials, 1736- bought of Mr. Hopkins, Preston, 
1773 ; and baptisms, 1735-73. On the prise 198. 



194 HISTOBY OP RIBOHESTER. [PART II. 

22, John Seed the son of George Seed of. 

(Thomas Seed the son of the said George Seed on the 11 day 
of November in the of the month 

Anno Dni 1598) 
September 2, EUenie Dewhurst the daughter of John Dewhurst. 

7, daughter of Robt Bamber of Alston 

and of the p'ish of Blackbume. 

27, Henry Noroiosse. 
October 4, Gilbert Eccles. 
12, Thomas Wylson. 
20, Richard Lofthouse of Alston. 

25, Christopher Helme, the son of John Helme of DiUworth. 

31, Alexander Osboldestons the son of Edward Osboldeston of 
Balderston, Esquire 

1601 Januarye 19, Margarete Cottam the daughter of John Cottam. 
fifebruary 26, Henry Cuttler the son of Aic. Guttler. 

Marche 2, Mary Katclyffe the daughter of William Ratclyffe baptised. 
6, John Cundliflfe of Samlesburgh alias 

22, Ann RatclyiTe the daughter of Willm Ratclyffe. 

26, Nicolas Sanderson. 

Aprill 3, Henry Sherborne the son of John Sherborne 

Maye 26, Rio Home of Alston. 

June 7, Elizabeth Johnson of Blackbume p'ish. 

9, Eliz. Bradleye the daughter of Robt Bradleye. 
Julye /), Galfrid Abote the son of John Abot. 

15, Thomas Cuttler the son of Edwarde Cutler of the Intackes. 

20, Thomas Stirzakere of the p'isd of Gusnargh. 
August e 15, Thomas Walker of Longridge baptized. 

23, Willm Tippinge of the p'ish of Osboldeston. 
September 16, Katheryne and Jeuete ffbrshaye. 

1602 ffeb. 25, Thomas Rodes, the son of James Rodes, miller. 
Mar. 30, John Dewhurst, the son of Robert Dewhurst. 

30, Jenet Dewhurst, the daughter of Thomas Dewhurst of the 
iVhyteacre. 
Apr. 4, Henry HothersaU, the son of Red. Hothersall. 

30, John Newsome, the son of Henry Newsoma 
Maye 4, James Seede, the son of John Seede of felleyes. 
28, Thomas Ward, the son of Willm Ward. 
30, George Norcrosse. 
July 4, Eliz. Rods, the daughter of Thomas Rods. 
Aug. 18, John Casher, bastarde. 

27, the d&ughter of John Hindley of the p'ish of Blackbume. 

John Hayhurst sonne of Edmund Hayhurst 

baptised the xxiith of September 1602. 

1603 Aug. 26, James Norcrosse. 

Sep. 24, Margaret Eccles, ye daughter of John Eccles. 

1604 Jan. 3, Kathren Sherborne, the daughter of Roger Sherborne. 
Aug. 12, Josyas and Eliz. Walton, the children of Edmund Walton. 

I609f Aug. 7, Ric. Cottome, ye son of Thomas Cottome of ye High house. 



CHAP^ VII.] THE REGISTERS. 195 

1614 Sept. 4, Anne Sowerbntts daughter of Arthur Sowerbuttsin Ribchester. 

Anne the daughter of Ather Surbuts [apparently a duplicate 

entry.] 
11, Alles the daughter of Rich Home. ^i^^ 

24, Jenet and Grace Newsome, twinllega. 
October 6, Elizabeth the daughter of thomas Church. 
9, 2dward the son of George Hayhurste. 
11, Raufe the sonne of Raufe Chenton (P) 
Jane the daughter of Marsden. 
Noveoiber 11, Thomas Eccles, sonne of Beniamin Eodes. 
22, Roger Jaoson of ye p'she of blackburne. 

27, John Cottom son of James Cottotn. 

28, Augpistine Shearbume ye son of Mr. Richard Shearburne. 

1615 (?) October 2, Elizabeth the daughter of Thomas Bleakley. 

5, Edward the sonne of George Hayhurst. 

December 5, Roger Ward, son of John Warde, gent. 

21, Thomas Tounley son of Richard tounley, gent. 

1615-6 Januarie 5, Thomas Shearburne son of Bic. Siiearburne, gent. 

19, James livesey, sone of Ric Livesey of balderstone, 

22, Sobestiane Mitchell sone of Robert Mitchell. 

25, Richard Morres sone of Adam Murres. 
ffebruarie 4, Jam3S borne the son of John Borne. \ ^ 

9, William and Adam Alstone t winlerea. 

16, Elizabeth barlowe daughter of John Barlowe of Dutton. ' ^ 

18, George Birley son of John Birley. 

22, Robart and William Greene sons of Tho. Greene. 
March 3, Henrie Hayhurst. 

11, James Whytticar sone of James Whytticar. 

12, Chris Eccles sone of G^rge Eccles. 

1616 Aprill 4, Slater daughter of John Slater, Butcher. 

9, Roger Albine son of John Albine. 

1610 April 23, Jane Cottam daughter of Thomas Oottam of ye High house. 

July 30, Elizabeth Hothersall, daughter of Edward Hothersall in 
Hothersall. 
1621 April 10, Jane Radcliffe daughter of Willm Radcliffe in DUworth. 
I 11, Katherine Hayhurst daughter of Edward Hayhurst. 

I 13, Andrew Hindley son of Christopher Hindley, Vicar 

I of Ribchodter. 

May 7, Anne Seed daughter of Thomas Seed de Seed green. 
Sep. 10, Elizabeth Cottom daughter of Heugh Cottcm, Slater. 
I Dec. 4, Robert Ribchester son of Willm Ribchester in Ribchester. 

' Dec 13, Jonathan Hayhurst son of Rich Hayhurst in Ribchester. 

I 1622 March 6, Elizabeth ffilden daughter of Edward ffilden from Adam Green- 

wood in Hothersall. 
April 25, Thomas ffishwlcke son of John ffishwicke IHurman. 
June 7, Elizabeth Houghton, daughter of Edward Houghton de 
Smithbotham, gent. 
1623 Oct. 7, Richard Hothersall, son of John Hothersall, in Hothersall, 

gentleman. 



196 HISTORY OF RIBCHE8TER. [PART U. 

1624 Feb. 22, Jenete, daughter of Ric. Walmsley, gentleman, in the parish 

of Blackbiime. 

1625 Feb. 6, Henry Gromblholme, son of Richard Gromblbolme, gentleman. 
Sep. 4, Ric. Lingard, son of John Lingard, Ribchester. 

1626 Jane 29, James, son of Thomas Dewhurst, de oud booatt. 

July 8, Mary, daughter of Robte Dewhurst, in ye parish of Mitton, 
gent. 

1627 Jan. 7, Jlenry Hayhurst, son of John Hayhurst in Dutton, gent. 

1628 June 3, John, son of John Higginson of Knowle Green. 

21, Syprian Peall, the daughter of John Peall, traveler. 

1633 Feb. 3, John, son of Mr. Alexander OLbaldeston de Sunderland [Hall]. 

3, Grace, the daughter of Mr. Ric. Haihurat, minister. 

1634 Jan. 29, Elizabeth, the daughter of Rich. Sherburne in ye parish of 

Mitton, gent. 

1639 Jan. 13, Trypheraa, ye daughter of Ric. Crombhollm, in ye parish of 

Stede. 

1648 Mar. 4, Thorn. Nutter, son of Ellis Nutter of the water side. 

1654 Feb. 11, William, the son of Edward Haughton of Steed. 

Sep. 4, Edward, the son of Edmund Ifiswicke of Gosner [Goosnargh]. 

1655 Feb. 23, Elizabeth, the daughter of Richard Ward, greene, gent. 

1656 [Nov. 23], Margrett, tne daughter of Edmund Naden of Hothersall, 

was baptized 23 November, be me William Ingham. 
1658 Apr. 3, Mary, the daughter of Richard Gromblholm of Steed. 
1661 June 16, John, the son of Benjamin Hayhurst. 
1664 Sep. 25, John Hayhurst, sou of John Hayhurst of Ribchester.^ 
1666 Oct. 7, Magdalene, ye daughter of Jonathan Seede of Ribchester. 
1669 May 10, Peroivall, ye son of Percivall Ribchester de Ribchester. 
1677 Oct. 21, Siath, ye son of Lawrence Hedock in Ribch. 
1679 Mar. 3, a child of Robert Ash in ye parish of Stid, named Elizabeth 

Ash, Mrs. Fellgate is her god-mother. 

1682 Apr. 9, Lawrence, ye son of Robert Gottam was christened at Whit- 

church in Shropshire. 

1683 Aug. 12, Anne, ye daughter of Richard Walton of Alston, christened 

at Longridge. 
Aug. 21, George, ye son of Ellis Hayhurst of this towne (begotten of 
the body of Gomer's wife and Ellis Hayhurst, a common 
whore). 

1691 June 24, a childe of George Norcrosse, Papist. 

1692 June 30, Henry, ye son of Richard Bolton, de bur greene in Osbaldeston. 

Feb. 26, Anne, the daughter of Mr. William Gregson, Curt 

Nov. 24, Hener^, the son of Bridgehat Dodes, alias Henery Parkinson 
of Ribchester. 

1693 Sep. 10, Richard, the son of William Greenalls of Ribchester. 

1694 Oct. — , Richard, the son of Thomas Newsnam, xtened in ye house. 
BIRTHS AND BAPTISMS (FROM SECOND REGISTER). 

1696 Sep. 22, Tho, ye son of John Osbaldeston de Dutton. 

1697 Apr. 11, Thomas, ye son of Peeter Drinkwater, junr., de Dillworth. 
May 29, Sarah, ye daughter of Tho Huthersall de Huth., Esq. 

^ In a later handwriting is this note : hurst and Wm. Norcrosse was his 

" Thi 8 is error ; this John was Richard godfathers. " 

"son of John Hayhurst, Richard Hay- 



CHAP. VII.] THE REGISTEBS. 197 

1699 Oct. 11, Wm., ye son of Thurston Barlow de Dillworth, Anabaptist. 

1700 Jan. 7, James, ye son of Wm. Pye de Ribchester. 

Sep. 8, Edward, ye son of George Entwistle, in p'ish of Blackburn. 

1702 May 17, Mary, ye daughter of Seth Eckls, de Alston. 

1703 July 26, Jane, ye daughter of Henry Townley of Dutton, Esq. 

1705 Mar. 4, Eliz., ye daughter of Tho. Ohue, de Dutton, poor soldier. 
Nov. 15, Then baptized Dorothy, daughter of Oleaton Dewhurst de 

Ribch. Its mother name is Alice. 
Dec. 10, Then baptized, by Mr. Vavisa,* Tho., son of Robert Barton, 
Ribch., carpenter. 

1706 Jan. 27, Samuel], ye son of Josiah Peele, p'ish clerke de Rib. 
Feb. 17, Edmond, ye son of Seth Eckles, taner, de Alston. 

19, Wm., ye son of John Cowell de Alston, husbandman, per 

Roman Freest. 
Mar. 3, Robt. , ye son of Robt. Goring de Gorton in p'sh of Manchester, 

being bom in Dutton. 
Apr. 22, Alice, ye daughter of Grace Gottam de Rib. ; ye Reputed 

father is Lawrence Ward de Rib., yeoman. 
July 14, Tho., ye son of Richard Cottam de Rib., carryer. 
Aug. 6, Edward, ye son of James Hankinson, de Alston, yeoman, by 

a Papist priest. 
Sep. 23, Alice, ye daughter of Mr. Jno. Ward de Rib., inkeeper. 

1707 June 29, Richard, son of John Pinder de Rib., of ye Lower Boat. 

1708 Feb. 26, Roger, son of Clayton Dewhurst de Ribchester, gentu- 

1710 Mar. 1, Edmond, son of Mr. Rich. Traford de Rib., gent. 

1711 Apr. 29, Jane, daus^hter of Thomas Sourbuts de Dutton. 

Sep. 9, Jon. son of Joshua Davis, officer of excise in Ribchester. 
30, Tempest, son of Clayton Dewhurst de Rib. 

1712 May 8, Hannah, daughter of Tho. Johnson, Vicar de Ribch. 

1713 July 19, Patience, daughter of John Jackson, from OsbaJdestou, a 

poor traveler. 
1715 Feb. 6, Jenet, daughter of John Goodshaw de Alston. 

Oct. 11, Basill, son of Rich. Traford, gent., born at Seed Green. 

1718 Sep. 14, Seth, son of Seth Ecckles de Alston. 

1719 Jon, illegite son of Alice Townley, de Dillworth, spinster. 
May 10, Margaret, daughter of Jo°- Metcalfe, officer of Excise de Rib. 

1720 Oct. 23, Tho., son of Jo". Browne de Ribch., cotton weaver. 

1721 Mar. 26, Christopher, son of Tho. Dunderdall, de Rib., Tayler. 
July 18, George, son of Willm. Gomey, Sextone de Ribch. 
Dec. 31, Rich. , son of Richd. Traford, gent. 

1722 June 17, Jas., son of Jas. Watson, farmer de Stid Hall in Dutton. 
Sep. 9, Robt., son of Richd. Greenals, tfelt maker de Rib. 

1723 Feb. 17, Isabell, daughter of Wm. Woods, flfarmer de Ch : Bank in 

Rib. 
24, Jane, daughter of Tho. Sudale, woolen draper de Alston. 
Aug. 25, Alice, daughter of Jno. Helm, schoolmaster de Ribchester. 
Sep. 22, Jane, daughter of Rich. Traford, gent, de Rib. 
Nov. 24, Ellen, daughter of Jno. Pye, yomen de Rib. 

* Fr. Walter Vavisour. 



198 HISTORY OP BIBCHBSTEB. [PART 11. 

1725 Dec. 8» Robt., son of Rich. Traford, gent, de DuttoD. 

1726 Apr. 9, The, son of Willm Norcross, schoolmaster de Rib. 

10, Tho., son of Tho. Ryding, cheesemonger de Dutton. 
June 5, Richard, son of James Gilibrand de Blackbom p^sh. 

1727 Jan. 12, Anne, daughter of Cuthbert Singleton, yeoman de Dillworth. 
Sep. 2-4, James, son of Tho. Dewhurst, miller of Ward Green, Rib- 

Chester. 

1728 Mar. 17, Lawrence, son of Roger Limd, yeoman de Alston. 

1730 Mar. 22, William, son of John Singleton, senr., yeoman de Dillworth, 

baptzed at Longridge Ghappell.^ 
May 24, Mary, daughter of John Pepper, late officer of Excise de 

Ribchester. 
Nov. 29, Jon, son of Luke Shorrock, boatman de Ribchester. 

1731 Oct. 10, Jane, daughter of Tho. Stewart, traveller, bom in Dutton. 

1732 Feb. 13, Anne, daughter of Edward Entwistle de Riboh., gent. 
Apr. 23, William, son of Jon. Singleton, senr., at Longridge GhapeL 
Aug. 6, William, son of Henry Salsbury, inkeeper de Dutton. 

1733 May 27, William, son of John Pye, yeoman de Ribch. 

1734 Apr. 7, Townley, son of Edward Entwistle, gent., de Ribch. 

Sep. 3, Nathan, son of Nathan Arden, coton tradesman de Ribchester, 
rec*d into ye congregation. 
1740 Feb. 25, Received into the Gh : Edward, son of Edward Entwistle, 

gent. 

1754 Jan. 6, John, son of James Fisher, Gurate of Ribchester. 

1755 Nov. 16, A child from College^ in Huthersall of unknown birth. 
1760 Mar. 15, Richard, son of James Slater, soldier of Mallichia [militia]. 
1762 Jan. 3, Henry, the illegitimate son of Elizab. luttcliff, alias Rib- 
chester, the supposed wife of Wm. Rattcliffe, a soldier abroad. 

1771 May 22, James, son of Joash Pye, landlord New Bridge. 

1772 Nov. 18, Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Dickson, a Traveler with a Puppit 

Shew. 
1782 Apr. 21, Robert, son of Richard Greenalls, Ribchester. 

Dec. 22, William, son of George Pye, Ribchester. 
1785 Dec. 4, James, son of Joseph Walton, Ribchester. 
1787 Feb. 18, Thomas, son of Gharles Dewhurst, Ribchester. 

Dec 28, John, son of William Pje, Ribchester. 
1791 Jan. 2, William, son of Richard Greenalls, Dutton. 

1793 Nov. 24, Richard, son of Richard Greenalls, Dutton. 

1794 Sep. 14, John, son of Lawrence Boothman, Ribchester. 
1798 Oct. 18, Agnes, daughter of Rev. Robert Parkinson, Alston. 
1801 May 10, Mary Hollet, of Alston, bom May 21, 1781. 

BURIALS. 

1598 December 18, Margaret Newton in Chch. 

25, Elline Alston ye wyfe of Alston. 

29, Will Wellesie, a lame man. 

^ Baptisms are from this date fre- ^ A farm house in Hotbersall still 

quentl^ recorded as solemnized at bearing the same name. 
Xx>ngndge Chapel. 



CHAP. VII.] THB KBGI8TERS. 199 

1598-9 January 31, Margaret, yt wyfb of James Jackson. 
flEebruary 12, The wyfe of Rio. Schofleld. 

22, EUz. the wyfe of John Wilson. 
Marche 6, The wyfe of John ThrelfiOl. 

1599 ApriU 17, Edmnnde and Rafe Baddiffe (?) 

Robt Seedeof. lane 

June 27, EUine Cottame y« daughter. 

30, Elizabeth Dewhurst. 
John Dewhurst. 

31, Edward Dillworth. 

July 22, John yt was killed in ye ete. 

November 17, wyfe of Ellis Dudill (?) 

December 2, John Tipping of Abton. 

1600 April— ye daughter of John of Alston. 

Aprill 8, the wife of Robt Hothersall. 

— Ellen Willesey ye daughter of Robt. Willesey of Alston 

9, Thomas Eccles 

15 (?) Kyke (?) ye son of John 

Maye30, JohnH 

June 3, Grace Home, ye daughter of WiUm Home. 

4, Frances Osboldestone the son of Mr. Osboldestone, of Osboldeston. 

20, Walton, and 

June 23, John Hothersall of AUton-lane. 
Julye Holte the son of Thomas Holte. 

10, Robt al'as Sherboum, bare 

Auguste 22, Willm Dolphin the son of John Dolphin. 
August 30, Richd Cottam, a young man. 

October 4, the son of Thomas S 

22, and Elline both of the 

p'ish of Blackburne. 

1600-1 January 1, Ellis Sowerbutts. 

22, Robt Hothersall. 

Willm. Cottam of Edmund Cottam. 

1601 January 29, John the son of John Hothersall of Alston Lane, 
ffebruarye 4, the layte wife of Ric. Hesmondhaugh. 

ffebruarye 10, Eliz Talbot of Ribchester. 
Marche 2, the wife of Willm Walmysleye. 
29. wife of Robt Hill. 

Aprill 4, a childe of James 

a childe of John (?) Greenewoode of 

Maye 3, Margt the wife of Edmund Woode. 

10, Henry Wilkinson of Alston. 
June 5, Elline ThreUall in p'eU (?) 

14, the layte wife of Mr. Thomas Osboldeston. 
Julye 16, The wyfe of Rich Hacking out of Osboldeston. 
Auguste 9, Thomas Walker. 

November 12 wyfe of James Jackson. 

December 2, a child of Henry Cutler. 

4, another chyld of the said Cutler, 



200 HISTORY OF EIBCHESTER. [PAET H. 

1602 April 4, The layte wyie of Christopher Seede. 

June 21, The wyfe of Mv Henry Townley of Dutton, gent. 

1608 April 6, John Bonki from Osbostonn ; and the late wyff of John 

Tomlinson. 
10, Robert HothersalL 
12, The layt wyff of William Couppe. 
May 3, John Dewhourste. 
12, Ric. Ribehester. 
14, A chylde of Henry Newsome. 
14, George Waltonn. 
25, Jenett Hearste. 

1609 June 22, The laji; wyfe of Ric. Norcrosse. 
Aug. 20, EUiR Dudell of Alston. 

1616 Mary Sherburne of Ribehester, daughter of Ric. Sherburne. 

1617 June 2, Robert Burley de ffrances Green. 
Aug. 13, Robert Smalley, baliffe. 

1618 Jan. 26, Thomas Harrison de ffaunay. 

May 4, James Dewhurst from Dewhurst houses. 

31, Elizabeth, ye daughter of Mr. Greorge Houghton. 
Sep. 13, Mr Richard Towneley, gentleman, in Dutton. 
Nov. 24, Robte Seed de Greenmyrlane. 
Nov. 29, ffrancis Hailhurst de Carlinghurst. 

1619 Jan. 17, Lawrence Gottam de high howse. 
Mar. 15, Mr John Dewhurst de boyes house. 

Dec. 12, The wife of Edward Houghton de Smithbothom. 

1620 Jan. 18, A child of Mr Thomas Hothersall, gent. 
Mar. 8, John Dewhurst, son of Mr William Dewhurst. 

1621 May 12, 2 children of Nicholas Boulton from SaUsbery hall. 
June 21, Mr Edward Houghton de Smythbotham. 

July 6, Mr William Dewhurst de boyes house. 

Oct. 8, A child of Mr Thomas Hothersall. 

1622 May 7, Thomas Barker from Sir John Talbot's. 

1623 Feb. 9, John Roddes in Ribehester. 

April — Uppon the first and third and fourth of this moneth (month) 
there was three chyldren of John Baley that was 
bastards. 
May 10, John Bragges that was supposed to [have] been killed. 
June 25, Andrew Hindley, son of Christopher Hindley, vicar de 

Ribehester. 
July 1, Robert Ashe de Clowe Banke. 
Aug. 14, Henry Norcrosse, viocar de Ribehester.^ 

31, The wife of Edward Houghton de Smithbothom. 
Sep. 3, Robte Dewhurst in AUston, gentleman. 

17, The Sonne of John Richardson, packeman. 
Oct. 13, The wife of John Gregson de Cherie yeat. 
Dec. 5, The wife of Arthur Sowerbutts, Clarke. 

1624 Jan. 13, Edmond Haihurst, de Moore heyshouse. 
Mar. 20, Edward Allston that was drowned. 

* The predecessor of Vicar Hindley. 



CHAP, vn.] tHE JuaoisTEits. 201 



r~-- 



Apr. 5, William Tiping de Longridge chapell. 

24, The wife of Robert Bayley, maultman. 
July 9, William Wanne in Dilworth. 

1625 Mar. 30, A poore traveler, whose coller was black. 
Apr. 2, A yong youth who was a traveler. 

1626 Feb. 14, Thomas Osbaldeston, gentleman. 

26, A poore man south of Alston, which was borne one a 
barrowe. 
Mar. 26, A childe of William Tompson ffisher. 
Jane 14, The wife of Henry Norcrosse. 

Aug. 15, Two children of William Dewhurst that was drowned. 
Oct. 16, A childe of Hiram Kellet from ye bought.^ 

23, Mt88 Mary Hothersall, the wife of Mr. John Hothersall, of 
Hothersall hall. 

1627 Jan. 29, A child of Richard Grombleholme in the p*sh of Steed, gen. 
Aug. 8, Mts Tilsley from Dewhurst houses. 

1628 Jan. 20, Robte Willasie in Allston. 

Deo. 31, A child of Mr John Osbaldeston in Ribchester. 

1629 Feb. 1, Mr Outhbert Osbaldeston. 

21, The wife of John Femberton, which hanged herself e.\/ 
28, Richard Carter that was murthered. /^s^ 

Mar. 27, EUine Walker de Longridge chappell. 

1630 Mar. 21, a poore man commonly called Little Richard. 
1633 Apr. 18, John Ratcliffe— great John. 

[No entries of burials occur from 1635 to 1652.] 
1652 Oct. Jane, the wife of Mr. John Osboldeston in Ribchester. 

1654 May 20, Anne, the daughter of Mr. William Dewhurst. 

1655 Jan. 27, A chyld of Edmund Naden in Hothersall, gent. 
Feb. 26, Raph Radcliffe in Dillworth. 

1657 June 1, The wife of Mr. Thomas Hothersall of Hothersall hall. 

1659 Aug. 29, 2 children of Thomas Hille in Dillworth, being murthered. 

1660 Nov. 12, William Hothersall in Hothersall, which was drowned. 
1662 Mar. 29, Robert Whaley of Longridge fell. 

Sep. 4, Old Doll, called widdow Knowles of Ribchester. 
1667 Mar. 17, Rich. Hayhurst, aged 86 yeeres. 
1669 Jane 4, ye wife of Mr. Henry Townley. 

Sep. 11, John Rudd the murtherer. 
1672 Oct. 3, Alice, ye wife of Mv. Richard Sherburne of Buckley. 
1678 Jan. 10, ye wife of Mr. Stephenson in Ribchester. 

Aug. 5, Richard Riden in Dutton, Buried in woolen. 

1680 Mar. 27, William Keay, a wandering beggar. 

Dec 20, Lawrence Metcalfe of this towne, a prentice. 

1681 Jan. 8, Mr. William Clayton, capt*n of this towne. 

1682 Sep. 11, John, ye son of George Ogden, vicar, then buried. 

1685 May 11, Alice, ye daughter of John Westby of Alston, gent. 

1686 Jan. 18, Alice, ye daughter of Tho. Hothersall, Esq. 
1688 July 16, The wife of Judge Hothersall, of Hothersall. 
1690 Dec. 1, Mr. William flfelgate. Curat. 

^ A farm in Alston now called "The Boot." 



1691 July 5, Elizabeth, wife of Sherborne Orombleholme of ye parish of 

Sfdd. 
13, George, son of Mr. John Weeby. 

1695 Dec. 6, James Stanphord, Esqr at Stid. 

1696 Mar. 20, Robt. Read, apprentice de Stid. 
Dec. 19, Arthur Dewhurst, cleark de Rib. 

1697 Mar. 29, Edward Houghton de Stid. 

- June 2, Tn was found a ohilde in a pound, in Huthersai neare f ranscis 
green, with its mouth stopt full of rags, supposed to be 
y childe of Anne Ratcliffe, widow. 
July 21, John Huthersai de Ribch. 

1698 Nov. 15, Edmond Naden de Huthersall. 

1699 Jan. 2, Richard Dewhurst de boteman was drowned. 
June 13, Wm. Carter, parish clark de Ribchester. 

Oct 21, Ye widow of Henry Ribchester de Dutton, and her son 
John, both laid in one grave. 

1700 Feb. 9, An old woman from hills in Dillworth. 

Aug. 12, Greorge, ye son of Mr Tho. Huthersall de Huth., Esq. 
Sep. 23, Abraham Towneley de Dutton. 

1701 Mar. 3, Jenet, ye wife of Mr Tho. Huthersall de Huth., Esq. 
Apr. 19, Henry Dewhurst de new bridge end. 

May 14, Jenet Sourbutts from ye almshouse in Mitton. 

1702 Jan. 12, Rich. Parkinson in Longridge chapel. 

Feb. 12, Edward, ye son of Sherbum Grumbholm at Stid. 
Mar. 13, Rich. Parkinson ye parish cleark de Ribch. 

1704 Jan. 28, George Sharpies de Samlsbery, dround at Buckley. 

1705 July 18, James Seed de Dillworth, musisrhon [musician] per overseer, 

aged 66. 

1706 Feb. 1, Abraham, son of Henry Townley de Dutton aged 24 days. 
July 14, Anne, y^ daughter of John Dewhurst de Clayton in ye 

dale— ye father is fled for debt. 

1710 Dec. 2, Jon. Dewhurst, alias blind fletcher. 

1711 Apr. 5, Anne Carter, widow, from Blue Bell Inn, Alston. 
July 27, Tho. Singleton, an old beggar. 

1712 Feb. 14, Widow Naden de Huthersall, in church. 
June 26, Clayton Dewhurst de Ribchester, gentn- 

1713 Mar. 25, John, son of Tho. Johnson, vicar de Ribchester. 

May 13, The illegite child of Grace Eccles de Ribchester, still-bom. 
Nov. 10, Hannah, daughter of Tho. Johnson, vicar de Rib. 

1714 July 6, Anne, daughter of Henry Townley de Dutton, gent. 

20, Richard Dewhurst de Dewhurst houses. 

1715 Jan. 31, Tho. Naden de Huthersall, clergiman, in church. 
May 20, Thomas, son of Thomas Johnson, vicar de Ribch. 

1716 Apr. 8, Edward Seed de lof tshaw. 

May 13, Ellis Hayhurat de Ribchester, Sextone. 

May 27, Anne Felgate de Alston, infant. 

Oct. 3, Jon. Winckley de Alston, executed for Treason. 

Tho. Shuttleworth de Alston, executed for Treason, in ch. 
1718 May 19, Wenifrid, wife of Richd. Sherboum, geut, at Stid. 



OSAP, VII.] THE BllaiSTBRS. ^03 

1719 Joseph, je Bon of Jeremiah Page, strangled himself Aug. 

ye 9th att night. 

1720 Jan. 18, Thomas Huthersall de Huthersall, Esq. , buried at Bibchester. 
Apr. 15, Alice, daughter of Rich. Gottam, Inkeeper de Ribchester. 
Aug. 17, Mary, wife of Jon. Lee, disbanded soldier, buried from 

HuthersalL 
Oct. 19, Jon. Ward de Ribch., gent, buried in eh. 

1721 Jan. 10, Arthur, son of Arthur Wallton de Alston, schoolmaster. 
May 25, Mary, daughter of WiUm. Chamley, Clerk, Curate of 

Broughton, buried at Ribchester. 
Oct. 18, Tho., son of Rich. Traford de Ribch. 

1722 Mar. 15, Jon, son of widow Kirk, a Northumberland pauper. 
Oct. 9, A still-bom child of Mr. Winstanley de Alston. 

* 1723 Dec. 8, Ellen, wife of James Bushell, Inkeeper de Alston. 
1726 Jan. 19, Jane, daughter of Alixander Dewhurst, bricklayer de Man- 
chester. 
Dec. 9, Elizabeth, wife of John Clarkson, Inkeeper de Alston. 

1730 May 12, Jon. Pepper, dischargfed officer of Excise.^ 
Sep. 4, Jon. Bolton, Inkeeper de Ribchester. 

Oct. 22, William Huthersall, Batchelor de Alston, in ch. 

1731 Feb. 9, Jane, wife of Rich. Shuttleworth, Inkeeper de Alston. 
May 17, William Gromer, Sextone de Ribchester. 

22, Henry Townley de Dutton, Esq., in ch. 

1732 May 24, Alice Worthington, widow, pauper from ye hospitallat Stide. ' 

1733 Mar. 9, Lawrence Cottam, gent., de DillworUi. 

Sep. 10, Mary, daughter of Richard Dickson, Clerk, Curet of Long- 
ridge. 
Dec. 21, Ellen, daughter of Rich. Throop, Drawing Mr. from Alston. 

1734 Apr. 12, Tho. Duckworth, fflaxman de Alston. ' 

May 12, Maigret, daughter of Richard Dixon, Clerk, Curet of Long- 
ridge. 
1736 Jan. 16, William Walker, a Cavalier, aged 122, de Alston. ^ 

Nov. 11, Thomas, son of Thomas Carter, if armer de Catrell [Catterall], 
Garstang. 

1738 Sep. 25, Thomas Johnson, Viccar of Ribchester. 

1739 Dec. 13, John Winder, Atumey at law from Lovley, p'sh of Black- 

bum. 

1740 Apr. 12, Walter Vaviser, a Reputed Romish Preist at Stid. 

1741 Oct. 25, William Brewer, a Reputed Romish Preist, in oh. 

1743 Apr. 12, Richard Dixon, Curet of Longridge. 
June 6, Charles Ingleby, gent, from Sholey. 

Sep. 13, Anne, wife of John Knock, of Preston, gent. 

1744 Mar. 26, Richard Walmsley, gent, from Showley in p'sh of Black- 

bum, bom [hurried ?] at Stid. 

^ In WaUcen't Diary (p. 114) is the throat at his dwelling house, at Rib- 

foUowing reference to this event : Chester, but my love said he was not 

" (1730) April 28. This afternoon son dead ; a surgeon from Blackburn had 

Thomas brought account that stopped the wound. " 

Mr. Pepper, our late Exciseman, ** Stydd almshouses, 

being ejected out of his said office for ^ See chap. xi. 
default, had this morning cut his own 



264 itlSTOBY 0]^ BIJSCMEStEB. [PABT It. 

June 27, John Parkinson of Alston, geot. 

1745 Apr. 20, Richard Mawdsley, Curret. 
Sep. 1, Henry Ward, Viccar of Margreting [Margaretting] in Essex. 

1746 June 15, Jane, daughter of Henry Ward, late Viccar of Margreting 

in Essex, from Preston. 
Oct. 17, William Norcross, yeoman, drowned in a pit ner home. 
Dec. 11, James Dewhurst, Miler of Stonihurst, Kiled by the Milstone. 

1749 May 11, Richard Townley, a poor gent, batchelor belonging to 

Dutton. 

1750 Jan. 2, George Entwistle, a disbanded soldier. 

1753 Nov. 12, Josiah Peele, Clerk of this Parish. 

1754 Oct. 18, John, son of Mr Fisher, Curate of Ribchester. 

1755 Apr. 24, Thos. Walmsley, Esq., from Sholey, att Stid. 

1756 Dec. 7, Dorothy Peel, widdow of this town. 

1758 July 20, Ann, daughter of Tempast Dewhurst, disbanded soljder. 
Oct. 11 , Richard Shuttleworth of Alston, Inkeeper. 

1759 July 7, Edmd. Winder, gent, from Salisbury. 

1761 Mar. 19, Richd Bilsborough of Alston, yeoman. 
Aug. 11, Elizabeth, widdow of Mr Johnson late Vicar of Ribchester. 
Dec. 28, Cuthbert Singleton of the Hills within Dilworth, yeoman. 

1762 July 10, John Seed of Pleasington, schoolmaster. 

1763 Jan. 1, Robt. Ratcliff of Alston, yeoman. 
Aug. 7, Thomas Bilsborough, clerk of Longridge chapel. 

1766 Jan. 8, Mr Richard Dewhurst, Batchelor from Manchester. 

1773 June 2, "Mrs. E. Walmsley, an old gentlewoman, Ribchester. 

1775 Aug. 31, Willm. Singleton, Pensioner, Alston. 
Dea 27, Francis Peter, Esqr., Sholey, a Romish Bis'p. 

1776 Jan. 7, Jno. Ingham, Huntsman, Dutton. 
Mar. 28, Mr. Edward Entwistle, Ribchester. 
May 7, Thos* Walmsley, Ribchester^he Shooter. 
Sep. 22, John Carter, ^hoolmaster, Dutton. 

1777 18, Mr. Townley Entwistle, Haslmgden. 

1780 Jan. 8, Mrs. Hodgson, a widow gentlewoman, Sholey. 

1782 Feb. 15, Catherine Sherburne, widow, Dutton. 

1785 Jan. 4, Alice Walmsley, Sholey. 

1789 July 31, Thomas, son of James Entwistle, Blackburn parish, drowned 

in river Winbume accidentally. 

1792 Dec. 31, John Darwen, Ribchester. | 

1793 June 4, John Singleton, Parish Clerk, Ribchester. | 

1794 Aug. 10, Richard Gregson, Surgeon, Ribchester. 

1796 Mar, 11, Ann, wife of the Rev<i- Mr Southward, Goosnargh. ' 

1806 Mar. 4, Richard, son of the Revd. Robert Parkinson, of Alston, aged 

19 years.* 

July 28, John, son of Rev. Robert Parkinson, of Alston.* 

1807 May 8, Jenet, wife of Rev. Robert Parkinson, clerk.* 

1808 July 23, William, son of William Bourne, of Dilworth. ; 
Dec. 16, Francis Martin, a native of Bohemia. | 

1809 July 17, Thomas Kay, farmer of Stidd Hall, interred in Stidd 

Church. 

21, Elizabeth, wife of William Patohet, surgeon of Ribchester. 

1812 June 19, John Heskin, of Alston, killed by lightning. 

* Buried at Longridge. 



CHAP. Vni.] MONUMENTS AND INSCBIPTIONS. 



205 



CHAPTER Vin. 




HE monuments within the church are few and of no 
great antiquity. The date ** 1527," cut on one of 
the beams of the roof in the nave, and the inscrip- 
tion " 0. H., 1636,'* on the pulpit liave already been 
mentioned.^ Probably the oldest tombstone was a solid block of 
stone in the chancel, which bore the arms of the Hop^htons ; and 
a stag's head cabossed, and a chevron between three lozenges.* 

" In the church window at Ribchester : Johannis Talbot et Isabellcs 
uxoris 8ui. She hath 3 daughters kneling by her. The rest of 
the superscripcion in Latin is broken downe oute of window. In 
the same churche window: Thomas Lennox et Elizabeth tixor 
efus. The arms of Lennox stand in y® same window. The feild 
thereof is a chevron or. with 2 roses over y® same, on y« chef e or. 
a lion passant under y« chevron."* 

Within the Dutton choir on the north side of the church, is an 
old tombstone of Pre-Reformation date, bearing the insignia of 
knighthood, with the following inscription (cut at a much later 

date) : — 

Here lyeth the body of Bdwabd, 
Tlie son of'Thomas Dewhiirst, 1689. 

The burial of this appropriator is thus recorded in the Register: 
" 1689-(90) Jan. y« 6th, Edward, the son of Thomas Dewhurst 
de Dutton." Close to the stone just mentioned is the tombstone 
of William Fox and Nancy his wife, dated 1791 and 1801. 

On the opposite side of the church within the Hoghton choir 
are two stained glass memorial windows ; one to Joseph Fenton, 
Esq., of Bamford Hall, lord of the manors of Ribchester, Dutton, 



* Erroneously stated by Fishwick 
to be " at Stydd Ch&peV'—Cheth. Soc. 
(New Series), viii., 46. 

^ lliis stone, mentioned as being 
" in the chancel," in 1877, by the late 
Mr. Dobson (Bambles by the RihUe, 
II., 108) is nowhere visible now ; nor 



can it be traced. Fastened to the 
south chancel wall is a Knight- 
Templai's tombstone, which was dis- 
covered in 1882 beneath the chancil 
flags. 

^ Whit. Whallep, ii., 459. 



206 HISTORY OF RIBOHESTER. [PART II. 

and Bailey, who died in 1840 ; and the other to his son, John 

CFenton, Esq., of Grimble Hall, M.P., lord of the manors, who 
died in 1883. This choir has a screen of carved oak, of early 
Gothic design, which has suffered from neglect. 

On the north-east nave wall is a marble tablet bearing the 
following inscription : — 
r^ ^ f To the memory 

(/|'XC4A Isin of the 

Rbv. Boulby Thomas Haslbwood, B.A., 

Forty-seven years Vicar and Rector 

Of this Parish, 

Who entered into his rest 

On the 28th day of May, a.d. 1876, 

Learned, Eloquent, 

A faithful and true Pastor. 

He was endeared 

To the hearts of his Flock 

As a living epistle ot Christ. 

In all things adorning the Doctrine of 

God his Saviour. 

This Tablet is erected 

By his Parishioners and Friends. 

On the south-east nave wall is a marble tablet with the follow- 
ing inscription : — 

I.H.8. 

In memory of 

Jonathan Opbnshaw, 

Of Hothersall, 

Fifth son of 

/ » James Openshaw, 

Of Bedivals, in this County, 

Atfd Maboabbt, eldest daughter of 

James Harrison, 

Of Lowftelds, Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmoreland, 

Born, May 7th, 1805 : Died, Feb. 25th, 1882. 

On the north chancel wall is a brass bearing this inscription : — 

To the glory of God. 
In loving memory of the Rbv. Fbbdbeick: Etjgbnb Pebrin, M.A., • 
Rector of this parish from 1876 to 1885, A.D., 
Born December 24th, 1822 : Died May 10th, 1885. 
Let Thy priests be clothed with righteousness, 
And let Thy Saints sing with joyf ulness. 



Jii r- 



CHAP. VIII.] MONUMENTS AND INSCEIPTIONS. 207 

This Brass was erected by his flock, to whom 

He was endeared by his ever self-sacrificing 

And constant labours of love in fulfilling 

His office as a faithful and true shepherd of the Church of Christ. 



This chancel was restored a.d. 1881. 
On the south nave wall are two boards —one referring to the 
enlangement of the church in 1830; the other to Townley 
charities. 

Within what was formerly the Button choir is an old oak pew, 
bearing the following inscription on the door : — 

C. 

B. A. 

1729. 

As interments in the church were customary for a long time, 

the absence of many stones and inscriptions must be attributed 

to the neglect or carelessness of the ** restorers *' of the church 

from time to time. 

The charge for burials within the church as recorded in the books 
of ** the xxiv " was Is. Od. The custom of burying in woollen 
is well-known. The following copy of an affidavit is taken from 
the church books. 

Elizabeth Pemberton, of y« Parish of Ribchester, in ye County of LanC 
maketh oath y* William Hothersall, of Alston, gen* of ye Parish of 
Ribchester, afforesaid in ye County of Lanc^^ lately deceased, was not put 
in wrapped or wound up or buryed in any shirt, shift, or srowd made or 
mingled with flax, hempe, silke, haire, gold or silver or any meteryall but 
sheepse woU onely. Dated ye 8th day of November, 1679. 
Sealed and subscribed by us who were present The mark of 

and wittnessed to ye swearing of ye aforesaid Elizabeth Pemberton. 
Affidavit. Jure apud Preston, 

Thomas Hothersall, Com.^LanC November 1679, 

Tho : Winckley, Maire. 
I, Thomas Braddilt, Esq^ one of his Ma^es Justice of ye peace and 
Quorum for ye sd County, doe hereby certifye y* ye sd . . . . came 
before ye daye and year abovesd and made affidavit as above specified, 
according to a late Act of Parliament entitled an Act for burying in 
woolen. 

Declarations as above were made (1678-1681) before Balph 
Livesay, Thomas Eigby, Thomas Brady 11, Thomas Parker, L. 
Lawrence Wall (Major, Preston), C. Greenfield, M.E.C.A. ; Tho : 
Winckley (Maire, Preston), Ch. Wilkinson, Tho: Hodgkinson 




208 HISTORY OP RIBCHESTER. [PART It, 

« 

(Majore de Preston), James Butterwortli, Bicli. White, Vicar de 
Chipping ; Seth Bushell, Vicaj de Preston ; John Harrison, Curate 
de Woodplumpton. 

The principal object of interest in the churchyard is the old 
sun-dial. It is on the south side of the church, is approached by 
six steps, and is evidently of great antiquity judging from the 
stonework. The dial plate is very much worn, and apparently 
had no inscription. Close to the south-western entrance is the 
oldest tombs !:one in the churchyard. It bears the date 1696, and 
the following inscription, fast wearing away, in raised letters : — 
Here turn thine eye, thou gay unthinking youth 
And learn from me this great important truth. 
That neither gold, nor friend; nor youth can save, 
Nor ransom thee from the all devouring grave. 
There are in fact many stones bearing quaint epitaphs to be 
seen in the churchyard. One of these I reproduce : — 

Here lieth the body of Thomas Alston, of Ribch ester, 
Who departed this life, June 4th, 1799, aged Sj years. 
Also of Elizabeth, his wife, who died Oct. 28th, 1801, 
Aged 83 years. 

Fret not, my friend, at our decease, 
Hope that Christ hath made our peace, 
And at His coming hope to have 
A joyful rising from the grave. 
In the northern comer of the churchyard is an upright stone 
with the following inscription : — 

BouLBY Thomas Haslewood, B.A., 

47 years Vicar of Ribchester, 

Born Jan. 30, 1796 : Died May 28, 1876. 

Also of Maboabet, his wife, 

Bom July 14, 1798 : Died Feb. 21, 1854. 

Also of their children 

Eltzabbth Boulby, John, John Biss Oodbn, 

Cathebinb, and Samuel Dickens. 

Adjoining is an upright headstone with the following : — 

With Chaist which is far better. 
Clabissa Haslewood, Aug. 2, 1861. 

The tombstone of the Pye family, close to the north entrance of 
the choir, has the following : — 

Here lie the remains of 

Ann, wife of Mr. William Pye, 

Who departed this life Dec. 21, 1787, 

In the 66th year of her age. 



CHAP. VIII.] MONUMENTS AND INSCRIPTIONS. 209 

Likewise John Townlby Pyb, his son. 

Departed this life 7th Dec, 1795, 

In the 22nd year of his age. 

Also near this place lieth the remains of 

Mb. William Pyb, of Bibchester, 

Husband and father of the above, who 

Departed this life Sep. 28, 180S, 

In the 70th year of his age. 

Here lieth the remains of John Pye, 

Who died 24th Oct., 1763, 

Aged 78 years. 

In 1870 it was decided to close the old burial ground, except in 

special cases ; the churchyard having been considerably enlarged 

through the generosity of the late Mr. Jonathan Openshaw, of 

Hothersall Hall. 



f 



210 HISTORY 0^ RlBOHEStEft. [PABT II. 




OHAPTEE IX. 

N times of persecution there were missionaries at 
Hothersall, Bailey, Chaighley, Stonyliurst, Salesbury 
New, and Showley Halls, and at other residences of 
the Catholic gentry in this neighbourhood, who 
attended to the spiritual wants of Eibchester. But during the 
latter half of the last century it was served by the chaplains at 
Showley, the seat of the Walmsleys. Father Walter Vavasour, 
who was at Bailey Hall at various times from 1700-40, was fre- 
quently at HothersaU Hall ; several entries of baptisms performed 
by him are entered in the Parish Church registers. He was buried 
at Stydd Church, " 1740, April 12, Walter Vaviser, a Eeputed 
Bomish Priest, at Stid" (parish church register). The Rt. Rev. 
Bishop Francis Petre, Vicar Apostolic of the Northern District, 
resided principally at Showley from 1752 until his death, Dee. 
24, 1775, aged 84, and was buried in the church of Stydd (see 
chap, iii.) The entry in the parish register recording Bishop 
Petre's burial is curious: " 1775, Dec. 27, Francis Peter, Esq., 
Showley, a Romish Bis'p." In 1761, the Rev. William Fisher 
came from the English College at Lisbon, and was appointed 
missioner at Showley.^ 

Towards the close of the century the Walmesleys resided chiefly 
in Essex, and Showley Hall was tenanted by a farmer. Hence 
in 1789 Fr. Fisher erected a chapel (dedicated to S.S. Peter and 
Paul) on a small estate, formerly belonging to the Walmesleys, 
known as Stydd Lodge. Old age and infirmity compelled Fr. Fisher 
to relinquish the active duties of the mission in 1805, but he con- 
tinued to reside at Stydd until his death, Nov. 1, 1813, aged 84. 
Fr. Fisher, it may be added, was in Lisbon at the time of the 
great earthquake, 1755. 

^ For nearly the whole of the inf or- indebted to Mr. Joseph Gillow, 
mation contained in this chapter I am Bowdon. 



CttA]?. IX.] StYDD CATHOLIC CHAPEL. 211 

Ebv. James Wagstaffe. 

Fr. Wagstaffe came to Stydd in 1805. He was ordained priest 
at the English College at Lisbon, May 20, 1784. From the time 
of his ariyal in England, 1790, until his appointment at Stydd, he 
was chaplain to the Traffords at Oroston Hall. He remained at 
Stydd for nearly forty years, till his retirement to Kirkham in 
1844, where he died May 3, 1847, aged 84, and was interred at 
the Willows. 

Eey. Eogeb Glassbbook. 

Fr. Glassbrook took charge of the mission in Sept., 1844. He 
was son of Mr. Edward Glassbrook, of Wigan, and after studying 
at the English College at Lisbon was transferred to Ushaw CoUege, 
where he was ordained priest. In 1837 he was priest at Esh 
Laude, Durham, where he remained till the spring of 1840. He 
was then transferred to St. Patrick's, Livesey-street, Manchester, 
and in 1841 to Bollington, Cheshire. In the following year he 
took charge of Singleton, in the Fylde, and in Sept., 1844, as we 
have said, came to Stydd, where he passed the remainder of his 
days, and died Sept. 10, 1862. In March of the previous year 
the state of his health obliged him to relinquish missionary duty. 
He was brother to Dom Edward Glassbrook, O.S.B., who died 
June 12, 1883, aged 77.^ Fr. Glassbrook was **a character," 
and many amusing stories are still told of him. He was highly 
respected by all denominations in the neighbourhood of Eibchester. 

Eev. Henry Francis Browne. 

Fr. Browne came to Stydd in lifarch, 1861, though he was not 
formally appointed tiU after the death of Mr. Glassbrook. Bom 
Jan. 4, 1824, Fr. Browne was the third son of Mr. Edward Browne, 
of Preston and Blackburn, and his wife, Alice, daughter of Mr. 
John Gxeenhalgh, of Blackburn, and sister to the Very Eev. 
Henry Canon Greenhalgh, of Wild Bank. He made his studies 
at the English College at Lisbon, and was ordained priest at St. 
Nicholas* pro-Cathedral, Liverpool, in 1 849. He was then appointed 
curate at St. Anthony's, Liverpool, but later in the same year was 
transferred to St. Mary's, Mulberry-street, Manchester. In 1855 
he presided over the Catholic College Institute in Grosvenor-street, 

^ See Gillow's Bib, Diet. oftheEng, Catholics, ii., 495. 



212 mSTOBY OF RIBCHESTEB. [PART II. 

Mancliester, and subsequently took cliarge of the mission of 
Levenshulme. Thence he came to Stydd Lodge. Towards the 
close of his missionary career in Eibchester, Fr. Browne initiated 
the movement for the establishment of a separate mission in 
Longridge. He laboured hard until the erection of a school-chapel 
was commenced, and then, about the end of 1867, was removed 
to St. Edmond's, Bolton. In 1880 he was transferred to the church 
of S.S. Peter and Paul in the same town, and during the year was 
called upon to preside over the Deanery. Five years later he 
retired to Southport on account of ill-health, and there died after 
a long and painful iUness, Oct. 10, 1886, aged 62. 

Dean Browne had five brothers, aU of them priests, educated 
like himself at the English College at Lisbon, and subsequently 
distinguished dignitaries in the dioceses of Shrewsbury, Beverley, 
Hexham, Portsmouth, and Nottingham. 

Eev. Seth Henby Clabkson. 

Fr. Clarkson succeeded Fr. Browne for a prief period in 1867. 
He came of an ancient Catholic family long settled in Gtrimsargh, 
Whittingham, and Goosnargh, now represented by Mr. J. F. 
Clarkson, of Femyhalgh. Father Seth, as he was often called, 
was bom at Biggleswade, in Bedfordshire, whither his father, 
Mr. Seth Clarkson, had removed from Grimsargh. On his father's 
death in 1835 his only son Seth was brought up as a Presbyterian 
in Scotland. But, his mother dying some years after, the boy was 
brought by his relatives to Alston. Dean Gillow, of Fernyhalgh, 
instructed him in the faith, and received him into the Church, and 
shortly afterwards, being very much pleased with his promising 
character, sent him to Ushaw College. After some years he pro- 
ceeded to the English College at Eome, and returned to England 
to be ordained priest by Bishop Turner at Salford Cathedral, Dec, 
19, 1857. His first appointment was St. Chad's, Manchester, 
where he remained till the charge of the new mission at Longridge 
was given him in 1867. Pending preparations for a residence, 
however, he served the mission at Stydd until the arrival of Canon 
Eimmer in Jan., 1868. In 1869 Fr. Clarkson became chaplain to 
the Catholic inmates of Strangeways Prison, Manchester, and in 
1873 succeeded Canon Benoit as administrator of St. John's 
Cathedral, Salford. His strength, however, was not equal to the 
task; so in 1874 he began a new mission at Withington. Here 



CHAP. IX.] 8TYDD CATHOLIC CHAPEL. 213 

he died, April 11, 1880, aged 49. Several noteworthy ecclesiastics, 

Secular, Benedictine, and Dominican, belonged to this family. 

Very Eev. John Canon Eimheb. 

The next resident priest at Stydd was Canon Eimmer, who 

arrived in Jan., 1868. He remained in charge till Jan., 1872, 

when he was transferred to Burnley, where he is still missionary 

rector. 

Eev. Michael Byrne. 

Fr. Byrne succeeded Canon Eimmer, and remained at Stydd 
until July 1880, when he was followed by 

Eev. Thomas Maetin. 

Fr. Martin, who latterly suffered much from illness, stayed at 
Stydd until his death, March 15, 1889. He was buried at Stydd, 
the Bishop of Salford being present at the funeral service. Fr. 
Martin was bom at Brookville, co. Meath, Dec. 26, 1829; and 
after studying at St. Finian's College, Navan, and All HaUow's 
College, Dublin, was ordained priest June 29, 1854. He served 
on the mission in Haslingden from 1854 until his appointment to 
Stydd. 

Eev. Henry Newton. 
(Present Priest.) 

The chapel, pleasantly situated about half-a-mile from Eib- 
Chester, is a plain substantial building, and will seat about 350 
people. There is a cemetery adjoining. Close to the chapel is 
the school. 

A minute's walk from the chapel are the alms-houses, of which 
an illustration fronts this page. They were founded by the Sher- 
bumes in the seventeenth century, and since 1720 have been 
maintained by the Walmesleys of Showley, to whom the property 
passed. Four old and infirm women of the Catholic faith now 
occupy the ahns-houses, who receive a monthly allowance in money, 
with coals once a year, from Mr. Walmesley, through Mr. John 
Turner, Solicitor, Preston, the trustee of the estate. The priest 
at Stydd is appointed chaplain. 

Bishop Petre's "throne," an old oak chair, was in 1877 at 
Stydd Lodge, the residence of the priest, but it does not appear 
to be there now. An ancient sixteenth century triptych, in the 
possession of Eev. W. Smith, Broughton, formerly belonged to 
Stydd, and probably served as an altar piece there. 



214 HISTORY OF BIBOHESTEB. [PAJIT II 




OHAPEE X. 

THE PAEISH LIBEAEY. 

HE Parish Church Library was formed in 1684. 
Bishop Gastrell says: **Anno, 1684. Mr. Hayhurst, 
Minister of Macclesfield, left all his books (except 
the Book of Martyrs and his Great Bible) to ye 

Parish Church of Eibchester."' The first references to the library 

in the Churchwardens' Accounts are 

1G85. 
Faid to Mr. Kippax and Henery Hayhurst for ffetching the lyberary 

given by Mr. Bradley Hayhurst and spent about ye same 03 07 04 

1687. 

Spent when we sett ye work of ye Library 00 02 jO 

Paid for ye great ffiage ffetching, and setting up, and wood belonging 

to ye same for the Library 00 07 02 

1688. 

For makeing the hearth in ye Library 00 Oj 00 

1689. 

Paid to John Hacking for a table for ye Library 00 07 00 

Paid for one chaire for ye Library 00 Oj 03 

Paid to Thomas Newsham for mending the leades betwixt ye Church 

andLybrary 00 Oj 06 

1691. 
Item, in placeing the bookes in the Lybrary 00 Oj 06 

1693. 
flfor plaistering ye Lybrary, poineting ye windowes, and mending ye 

Blaite 00 j2 00 

Paid for two load of coals for ye Lybrary j 4 

Given to Henry Hayhurst and ye Vickar for a whole dayes worke in 

placieng ye bookes in ye Library 6 

Mr. Chancellor Christie, in his OldLihrariea of Lancashire, states : 
<< There existed at St. Wilfrid's, Eibchester, up to a few years 
since a church library. Its fate is one of the most melancholy 
and most discreditable to its legal custodians of any that we know. 
It was in existence within the last thirty years, but appears to 
have totally disappeared shortly before the appointment of the 
(late) Eector (Eev. F. E. Perrin), in 1876. 

'^Notitia Cutriensis, — Chet. Soc., xxii., 471. 



OHAP. Z.] THE PARISH LIBRABT, ETC. 215 

'^ No vestige of these books now remains, with the exception of 
one volume, which the (late) rector, the Eev. F. E. Perrin, found 
in the rectory house on taking possession of the benefice in 1876, 
and which he thinks may have formed part of the library. It is 
a copy of the JEnaratio in Dims UpistoloB Faulty ad Fhilippenaes et 
Oolossenses Praleeta Georgio Majors Wtttebergiay 1561.^^ 

Writing in 1880, Mr. W. E. Axon, says: — "There was a 
collection at Eibchester, which included some classical books, but 
not one now remains. When the present President of the 
Ohetham Society (Mr. Orossley) was there, many years ago, there 
remained a heap of tattered volumes, which were offered to him 
for the trouble of taking away. He was content however with a 
copy of StUiM ItalictMf as a memorial of the bygone glories of the 
place." 

At the Annual Meeting of the Ghetham Society in 1856, the 
President, Mr. James Orossley, said: — **He recollected many 
years ago, when he went to Eibchester, that he found there what 
had been originally a very good patristic and scholastic library, 
. / gradually mouldering away, partly from decay, partly from V/ 
/, decomposition. On speaking to the clerk uponlhe subject, the fS 
^ reply was, * Why sir, there's nobody here who cares at all about v 
it ; and if you would like to have any of the books, you are quite 
at libeity to take as many as you please.' Being then a young 
man, his (the chairman's) modesty prevented his taking more 
than one volume, when he ought to have taken twenty — and that 
one he still had, and should be ready to return it to the authorities 
when they could prove their right to receive it. Several years 
after, he found that the work of destruction had been quite 
completed; that what had evidently proved too hard for the 
residents in the neighbourhood — old tomes of St. Augustine and 
Thomas Aquinas — had by the bowels of rats been admirably and 
thoroughly digested."* 

Mr. Ohristie goes on to say that the Eev. O. W. Eeynolds 
informed him that he (Mr. Eeynolds) well remembers seeing the 
books in or before the year 1858, and that they were then packed 
in boxes — a statement fully corroborated by the Eev. Boulby 
Haslewood, son of the late Eector of Eibchester. Mr. Boulby 

^Chet. Soc., New Ser., vii., 104. ^ManchesterOuardiantMarchf 1966, 



216 HISTORY OF BtBOHESTEB. [PABT H. 

Haslewood, in a oommunication which we have seen, says: — 
<<The books used to be in the chest in the old vestry, and I should 
have thought they were still in existence, though not in good 
preservation." And in 1883, Mr. Haslewood returned three 
volumes which he had "borrowed many years ago," and said he 
** should think there were 8 or 9 more of one kind or another." 
Mr. Perrin told Mr. Christie that he had "No papers, wills, 
writings, or catalogue. No one in the parish seems ever to have 
seen or heard of the old library."* 

Early in the present year (1889), when talking over the matter 
with the Eector of Ribchester, I asked if it was not possible yet 
to trace some of the long lost books belonging to the ** Porch " 
library. After a brief search Mr. Dickson and myself discovered 
the following interesting volumes all in a dilapidated and dis- 
graceful condition. After some trouble we were able to catalogue 
them. 

The books are six in number, and include the one mentioned by 
Chancellor Christie. They are, however, of no great value, so I 
do not give their titles. One of them is endorsed " Hayhurst's 
Library." 

There are also two fragments of a black letter proclamation 
relating to land, temp. Philip and Mary. 

It is certainly a great pity that this old church library should 
have been allowed to become dispersed. There appears to be no 
doubt that the responsibility for this wilful negligence rests with 
the late Eev. B. T. Haslewood, who, during his long incumboDcy of 
47 years, seems to have been an unfaithful custodian of the church 
property, of which he was the guardian for the time being. {See 
page 157). However regrets are useless — we can only rejoice 
that a few of the volumes so piously left to his native village by 
Mr. Hayhurst, should still remain as monuments of his village 
patriotism. 

Some account of the founder of this library is necessary. The 
Rev. Bradley Hayhurst was the son of Richard Hayhurst, of 
Dutton. No entry of his baptism occurs in the parish register. 
Further particulars of the Hayhurst family will be found in 
chap. xi. His brother Robert was minister of Coley Chapel, 
near Halifax. 

^ A statement of much too broad a character. 



CHAP. X.] THB PAfilSH UBRABT, STC. 21 7 

He was admitted a member of Emanuel College, Cambridge, Maroh 
31, 1629, and took the degree of B.A. in 1632.' In 1648 he 
signed the Marmoniaus Goment as ^^ preacher of the word at Leigh,'' 
and in the Survey of 1650, is described as ** a man of good lyffe 
and conversation, and constant in preaching the word, and in all 
oth'^ ministerial duties."* In 1662, he was ejected under the Act 
of Uniformity, but afterwards conformed. Oalamy describes him 
as ** Mr. Bradley Hayhurst, of Leith."* Shortly after his ejection 
from Leigh, he wcus appointed Rector of Taxall, where however 
be did not stay long. In 1671, he became Curate of Macclesfield, 
staying there until his resignation in 1682.* Oliver Heywood 
states that Mr. Hayhurst came to reside at Macclesfiold after his 
ejection.^ It is more probable that he stayed at Manchester, as 
Henry Newcome" frequently records visits to and from Mr. 
Hayhurst. Roger Lowe in his Diary states: "March 11, 1668[-9.] 
Honest Mr. Hayhurst came to towne [Ashton-in-Mackerfield] to 
see me, and I was glad to see him. Mar. 14, I went to Leigh to 
bid farewell to poor Mr. Braidley Hayhurst." 

Mr. Hayhurst died before June 19, 1685, at Macclesfield, '^ but 
no entry of his burial occurs in the Macclesfield Registers. His 
wife Margaret predeceased him, being buried at Prestbury in 
1698. 

His Will, dated April 11, 1684, we give in full, as we do not 
think it has ever been printed before. 

«« |tn tijip StantJe of &0h Sltnetr y« Eleventh day of Aprill in 
tbe six and thirtieth year of the Raigne of our most Gracious 
Soveraigne Lord Charles the Second by the Grace of God King of 
England Scotland France and Ireland Defend' of the faith &<* 
Anno Dni 1684 I Braydley Hayhurst Clerk Minst^* at Maccles- 
field in the County of Chester being aged and weak in body but 
in sound and pfect memory praised be God for the same and 
considering with myself e the certainty of death and the uncertainty 

^Palatine Note Book, iv., 79. 22, 1663. Our Mr. Warden and Mr. 

^Record Society, i, 65. IlUngworth were here ye rest of this 

*Calamy. afternoon. Wee should have done 

*In his will, dated 1684, Mr. Hay- something in our way of meetinge, but 

hurst describes himself as "Ministr Mr. HayMurst] not beinge here it was 

at Macclesfield." put off till ye next weeke." Cheth. 

* Hey wood's Diaries^ iv., 11. Society, xviii., 179, 180. 
«One extract may be given. ** Apr. ^Barwaker's Host Cheshire, ii. , 505. 



218 HISTOBT OF BIBOHBSTBB. [PABT n. 

of the time thereof I doe make and ordaine this my last Will and 
Testament in mann' and forme following and first I give and 
comend my Soule to Almighty GK)d my Oreaf^ trusting through 
the merritts of Jesus Christ my Saviour to receive full pardon and 
remission of all my sins and my body I comend to the Grave to 
he decently interred in the usual place where Minst" at Maccles- 
field have formerly been buried And as to my estate which God 
hath pleased to bestow upon me I dispose thereof as followeth 
and first it is my will and mind that all such debts and sumes of 
money as shall be oweing by me at the time of my deceas together 
with my funerall expences and the necessary charges of my 
Execut"^ be first paid out of my whole estate Item I give and 
bequeath unto my Brother John Hayhurst the sume of Twenty 
pounds and all my wearing apparreU and if my said Brother die 
before the said sume of Twenty pounds be paid him then it is my 
will and mind that the said sume of Twenty pounds shall be 
equally devided amongst his children Item I give and bequeath 
all my bookes except my great book of Martyrs and my g^eat 
Bible to the Parish Church of Bibchester in the County of 
Lancaster where I was borne Item I give and bequeath unto the 
Poore of Macclesfield the simie of Tenn pounds to be imployed at 
interest also the interest thereof to be paid to them yearly for ever 
according to the discretion of the Mayor and Chappell Ward for 
the time being and their Successors Item I give and bequeath 
unto Mary the Wife of Mr Thomas Pickf ord Minist' of Edall in 
Darbyshire Five pounds which he owes me Item I give and be- 
queath unto Edward Downes of Shrigley Esq^ * my great Book of 
Martyrs Item I g^ve and bequeath unto Edward Downes his sone 
a large silver spoone Item I give and bequeath unto Elizabeth 
Downes Daughter of the said Edward Downes one litle Silver Cup 
and the Greater Sellar standing in my chamber Item I give and 
bequeath unto my Kinsman Henry Hayhurst one tenn shillings 
peice of Gold together with the Purse it is in which I desire him 
to leave to his heires at his deceas that it may be continued among 
the Relacons of our family according to the desire of my Mother 
Item I give and bequeath unto my Cozen Jane Hayhurst and 

* Edward Downeg was a member of of the Downes, of Downes, who were 
a celebrated Cheshire family, a branch patrons of Taxal rectory. 



CHAP. X.] THE PAEISH LIBRABT, BTC. 219 

Margrett Sikes each of them a Mourning Oowne a Skarf e and a 
pair of Oloves Item my will and minde is and I desire Mr Thomas 
Kente to preach my funerall sermon for which I give him Twenty 
shillings a pair of Mourning Gloves and a Skarfe Item my will is 
that my three Great Picktures in frames that is Mr Breretons Mrs 
Dowes and my owne shall be brought to Shrigley to be kept there 
for ever Item I give and bequeath unto my said Kinsman Henry 
Hayhurst one Silver Boule Item my will and mind is that my 
Execut"^ shall enquire for Doctx* Salmon sometime Fellow of 
Imanuell Colledg in Cambridge and pay him Seven pounds if he 
can make it justly to appear that he was soe much behinde for 
my tutorage or pay the same to any of his children that can make 
a just clayme and give a discharge for the same Item all the rest 
residue and remaind>^ of my estate goods catteUs and money I give 
and bequeath unto my Cozen Jane Hayhurst And lastly I doe 
nominate and appoint my Cousin Jane Hayhurst to be sole Execu- 
trix of this my last Will and Testam*^ hopeing she will see the same 
pformed in all things according as my trust is reposed in her And 
I doe hereby revoke disclayme and make voide all former Wills 
and Testaments by me made In Witness whereof I have hereunto 
put my hand and scale the day and year above written — Bradley 
Hayhurst ' Sealed signed published and declared as 
the last Will and Testament of the within named 
iTestat' in presence of us Tho. Kent — Jacob Hall — 
James Nixon 

Proved in the Consistory Court of Chester the 19th 
June, 1685, by the Executrix. 

EIBCHESTER FEEE SCHOOL, 1771. 

Writing in 1833-4 Baines says: "A free school established 
here under the will of John Dewhurst, in 1771, and, by a 
gift from Eichard Higham, affords instruction to about 1 00 poor 
children of the townships of Eibchester, Button, and Halifax, the 
parish paying for such instruction as the children receive in 
writing and arithmetic. The pecuniary affairs of this school have 
been involved in much difficulty, owing to the devise of the 
testator being void under the statute of Geo. III., c. 36, and to 
the money, when the compromise was made, not being duly in- 




220 ^ HISTOBT OF RIBOHESTBB. [PABT n. 

vested for the use of the school, the annual income of which is 
£22 10s. Od."» 

EOBEBT jBKKINSOir's OHABITTy 1616. 

Bobert Jenkinson, citizen and merchant taylor of London, left 
by will, dated 15 April, 1616, ''to the poor within the parish of 
Bibchester, where he was bom, fifty pounds to be spent in lands 
or tenements for the relief of the poor ;" * the churchwardens for 
the time being were empowered to make the distribution to the 
poor. On 4th November, 1623, an inquisition was held at Wigan 
before the Bishop of Chester and John Leigh concerning this will; 
and fourteen days later the above-named sum was paid by the 
executors to Bobert Dewhurste, one of the churchwardens, 
''which said Bobert signed a bond " to his fellow- warden James 
Norcrosse. Dewhurst died in possession of goods and chattels 
sufficient to pay the' said sum, but which said sum is not yet 
paid.' We now lose sight of the matter for nearly a hundred 
years. Among the charity papers at Bibchester is a copy of an 
indenture, dated 1723, wherein £10 "left and given by one 
Jenkinson" is mentioned as being invested with a sum of £20 left 
by Norcrosse (see post.) It is dear from what follows that the 
original amount left by Jenkinson dwindled down considerably, 
owing to its not having been invested in land. In the church- 
wardens' account book occurs the following: — "1671. Spent 
when I went to view y« goods of Bichard Norcrosse, w'ch were 

left by him to pay £5 of poore money 6d.'* It is possible 

this may have had something to do with Jenkinson's charity. 
The Charity Commisioners in their Beport are unable to clear up 
the matter. 

From the books of Norcrosse's charity we find that from 1791 
to 1862 36s. yearly, being interest on £40 which had been 
invested by the overseers (to whom the money had been lent) in 
Bibchester Workhouse, was received from the overseers. In 1852 
(in spite of many protests) this payment was disallowed by the* 
Poor Law Auditor. 

Very little is known about the donor. Doubtless early in life 
he went to " seek his fortune" in London. We are told he lived 

iBaines's Lane, ii., 385. ^ffarl. MSS., 2176, foL 32b. 

"Extract from Will 



CHAP. X.] THE PAKISS LIBUABY, ETC. 221 

<<in the parish of St. Dunstane's in the West^ in Meet-street, in the 
surburbes of London," He died in 1617, and was buried in the 
church of St. Duncan. His goods were ^^ to be divided into three 
equal parts," according to the custom of the city of London. He 
seems to have been very wealthy, and left many charitable 
legacies in addition to the one to his native place. 

James Stanford's Dole, 1695. 
This charity originally consisted of £150 left by James Stanford, 
of Olayton-le-Dale, for a fund, of which the yearly produce was 
to be distributed among the poor (Catholics especially) of Stydd, 
Bailey, and Bibchester — half to Stydd, and a quarter each to 
Bailey and Bibchester. '^This stock appears to have been 
augmented" (says Baines) " to £452 10s. by a legacy in trust for 
other purposes, which was laid out in purchase of land in 1740. 
Annual produce (1833) £50." 

Noecbossb's Chabity, cmU 1732. 
(Commonly called ''Dod's Hall Charity.") 
Among the charity papers preserved at Bibchester is a copy of 
an indenture, dated 1732, referring to ^'£20 being a donation 
given by one William Norcross for and towards the binding of 
poor apprentices." In consideration of this £20, and £10 (already 
mentioned) left by Jenkinson, a farm of three acres was conveyed 
by John Dodd, of Dutton, to "the churchwarden and overseers of 
Bibchester;" the yearly proceeds to be devoted to the "uses and 
none other" as first designed. Those "uses" were "for and 
towards the binding of poor apprentices." Down to 1849, 21s. a 
year was paid for that purpose, when it was diverted to the use 
of the poor. In 1721 the rent received was £2 10s; in 1832 it 
was £9 10s. ; and in 1871 the property was sold to Mr. William 
Fenton for the sum of £379. This amount was invested in Consols, 
and now produces annually the sum of £12 5s. The money is 
distributed on or about December 21, with discrimination by the 
trustees. 

Mbs. Dbwhuest's Chajrity, 1842. > 

This charity, commonly known as " Waterworth's Dole," was 
established in 1842, under the will of Mrs. Betty Dewhurst, 
widow, of Bibchester. By her will, dated 23 Aug., 1842, she left 
the sum of £1,300 upon trust to the vicar and churchwardens, for 



222 historV of RIBCHESTBR. [pARt li. 

investment in land or Cbvemment security, the interest to be 
divided among " the poor, indigent, and well-deserving inhabitants 
of the township of Bibchester," at the discretion of the trustees, 
on or about the 20th Deo., yearly. The money, invested in the 
mortgage of an estate at Accrington, bringps in £65 yearly ; the 
expenses of management are only 7s. 6d. yearly, while no less 
than 137 people participated in the dole in 1889. Mrs. Dewhurst, 
who was a connection of the founder of Eibchester Free School, 
died Oct. 19, 1842. 

Oharitirs op the Townleys, 1747-1808. 

In 1747, the sum of £25 was given by Henry Townley, Esq., 
of Button, and Ann, his wife, the interest to be laid out in cloth, 
and given yearly to the poor housekeepers of Dutton by the vicar 
and churchwardens. 

In 1789, the sum of £50 was given by Townley Ward, Esq., 
of London, grandson of the said Henry and Ann Townley, the 
interest to be applied in like manner. 

In 1790, the further sum of £50 was given by Mrs. Jennet 
Ward, daughter of the above-named Henry and Ann Townley, 
for the same purpose. 

In April, 1807, the above-mentioned sums, with a small aditional 
interest, were laid out by the direction of Mr. Ward and other 
inhabitants of the township in the purchase of £198 16s., 3 per 
cents. 

In January, 1808, Mr. Ward added to this fund a benefaction 
of £50, which produced a further sum of £75 3s. 9d., 3 per cents., 
making altogether £373 19s. 9d. The money was afterwards re- 
invested in 4 per cents., and now produces about £7 10s. yearly, 
which is distributed by the trustees in cloth among the poor of 
the township. Full particulars of Henry Townley and his family 
wiU be foimd in chap. xi. 

Miss Quartley's Oharity, 1880. 

The donor of this charity was Henriette Jane Quartley, 
daughter of the Bev. James Quartley, rector of Bibchester, 
1802-29. By her will she left nineteen guineas, the interest 
thereof to be distributed amongst the poor of Bibchester at 
Christmas, yearly. The present amount of the charity invested in 



CHAP. X.] THE PAHISH LIBRAEir, ETC. 223 

new 3 per cents, is £20 3s., and the interest received is 12s. The 
rector for the time being was appointed trustee. 

Jeneinson's Ohabitt. 
The Oharity Commissioners state that the sum of £10, supposed 
to have been left by Eobert JenMnson, appears to have been laid 
out about 1780, towards building three cottages for the poor in 
the township of Hothersall. Whether this statement is correct 
or not I am unable to say. But 9s. or 10s. yearly was paid for 
many years as interest by the overseers, and distributed amongst 
the poor. The two (not three) cottages were also built in 
HothersaU-lane. Over the doors is an oval slate tablet bearing 
the following inscription : — 

Erected for The Occupation of The Poor, 1788. 
It has been impossible to discover who now "owns" this property; 
but we fear the charity is now irrecoverably lost. 

John Seed's Charity, 1667. 
In the churchwardens' account book is the following entry : — 

*'1667, payd unto Thomas S for making of a letter of 

attumey, and an acquittance for the receipt of the five pounds 

w'ch were given by Mr. John Seed unto the poor Is. Od." 

No trace of the donor or of his bequest remains. 



224 



msTOBY OF EtBOfiESTEB. 



[PABT U. 



CHAPTER XI. 



®lb SamilU^* 




HOTHEBSALL, OF HOTHEBSALL HaLL. 

N interesting account of this old family is given in 
Gillow's Bib. Diet, from which the following is 
taken : — 

** The manor of Hothersall . . . belonged to the family 
before the invasion of the Normans. It (the manor house) had its chapel, 
its secret hiding plac<?8, its ghost ; and it has gathered round it memories 
and traditions which time-worn stones, earrings, and inscriptions still 
tend to preserre. Allied by inter-marriage with the Hoghtons, of 
Hoghton ; Bishtons, of Dunkenhalgh ; Crombleholmes, of Dutton ; Talbots, 
of Salesbury; Walmsleys, of Showley; and other ancient Lancashire 
families, the Hothersalls could show as proud and unbroken a descent from 
the time of the Conquest as any other family in the County." 

Bobert de Hadreshall, who held two bovates of land in 
Hadreshall, is the first on record of this family. His son, Warine 
de Hadreshall, was living, I John (1199-1200), and was the father 
of Thomas de Hedreshall, whose inq, p, m. is dated 41 Hen. iii 
(1256-7). He died seized of land in Alston and Hothersall. 

Bobert de Hadreshall, son of Thomas, had issue, sons John, 
aged 54, 17 Ed. i. (1289) ; Eobert; William; Adam; and Thomas 
de Hodersall, who married 5 Ed. ii. (1311-12) Margery, daughter 
of Eichard de Hocton, of Hoghton, held Hothersall by service of 
5s. per annum. 

Eobert de Hadreshall, Thomas's son, according to the survey of 
1320-46, held two ozgangs of land in Hothersall, in socage on 
the same terms as his father. 

Eichard de Hodersale, Eobert's son and Emma, his wife, were 
Uving 47 Ed. iii (1373-4.) 

Adam de Hodersall, son of Eichard, was living 1385-95. 

Eobert de Hodersall, son of Adam, was living in 1416. 

Eichard de Hodersall is the next representative of the family 
we meet with. 



CHAP. Xl] OLD FAMILIES. 225 

In 24 Hen. viii (1536) Eobert Huddersall, son and heir of 
Eicliard, was concerned in a claim to the tithes of Eibchester, and 
rgain in 1541-2 (see p. 79). Eobert HuddersaU married Isabel, 
c'aughter of Nicholas EishtoD, of Eishton and Dunkenhalgh, and 
his wife Margt., dau. of John Eatcliffe, of the Tower, Esq., and 
by her had issue, John ; and Margaret, wife of Eichard Cromble- 
holme, of Button, gent. His inq,p, m. is dated 19 Eliz. (1576-7). 

John Hothersall, son and heir of Eobert, was bom 12 May, 1522. 
On 1 Sep., 1534, a marriage contract was made between John 
Hothersall and Anne, daughter of John Talbot, of Salesbury. 
The marriage had not taken place 7 Ed. yi. (1563). The marriage, 
however, did take place afterwards. John Hothersall was a 
staunch Catholic, and his name appears in a list of *^ Obstinate 
Catholics," reported by the Bishop of Chester in 1576 to the Privy 
Council. He had four sons, Eichard ; John ; Eobert, a recusant 
in 1594-5, and in 1604-5 ; and George (afterwards O.S.B., impri- 
soned for being a priest and exiled). Having served the mission 
near Hothersall, he died probably about 1633 at Hothersall Hall. 
A letter from Thomas Talbot, the antiquary, ^o John Hothersall, 
his brother-in-law, is cited by Mr. Abram.* 

Eichard Hothersall, eldest son and heir of John, married Alice, 
daughter of Thomas Walmesley, of Showley, Esq., and sister of 
Sir Thomas Walmesley, of Dunkenhalgh, and by her had issue, 
sons, John; and Thomas. Eichard HothersaU died 28 Jan., 
1609-10; and at the inquisition held at Preston, 4 Oct., 1610, 
was returned as being seized in fee of a capital messuage called 
Hothersall Hall, situate in Hothersall, 5 messuages, 6 cottages, 
30 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, and 30 acres of pasture 
with the appurtenances, in Hothersall, also an acre of land in 
Eibchester. He was a staunch recusant throughout his life. 

John Hothersall, eldest son of Eichard, was bom about 1584. 
Nicholas Assheton in his JourtMl, under date Trinity Sunday, 
May 31, 1618, says:— <^ Shuffling John Huthersall and I had 
some wordes," (evidently about religion.) John Hothersall died 
in 1632. Both he and his wife Maria (who was buried at Eib- 
chester, Oct. 23, 1626) being staunch recusants. In 1625, he 
refused the honour of knighthood, paying the £ne of £10. 

^ Hift. of Blackburn, 650. 



226 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTBR. [PART H. 

Dying without issue, (his son Eichard, bapt. 7 Oct., 1623, 
dying young) John Hothersall was succeeded by his brother 
Thomas Hothersall. In 1664-5, he returned a pedigree at 
Dugdale's visitation. He married Bridget, daughter of Wm. 
Haydock, of Cottam Hall, Esq. (who was buried at Hibchester, 
June 1, 1657) and had children, John, George, William, and 
Elizabeth (who married Outhbert Haydock, of Cottam Hall, Esq.) 
Thomas Hothersall who was 80 years old in 1*665, was heavily 
fined for recusancy. No entry of his burial occurs in the 
Hibchester register. 

John Hothersall, gent., eldest son (born in 1614) died in his 
father's lifetime. He married Margery, daughter of James Wall, 
of Preston, Esq., and by her had issue, sons, Thomas ; John, died 
young ; and daughters, Jane, married Lawrence Cottam, of 
Bannister Hey, Claughton, gent. ; Alioe, married John Lathom, of 
Sowerby, gent. John Hothersall was a captain in the royal army, 
and after having suffered much for recusancy, was killed in 1645 
at Greenhalgh Castle, near Garstang. His widow married, 13 
Feb., 1647, Robert Haydock, of Cottam, gent. 

George, the second son of Thomas Hothersall, was a lieutenant 
in the royal army and lost his life at Liverpool in 1644, dying 
unmarried. 

The third son William, resided at Alston, and with his wife 
Grace, suffered severely for recusancy, (See p. 62.) 

Thomas Hothersall, of Hothersall Hall, Esq., succeeded his 
grandfather. Born 10 May, 1644, he married (1) a lady whose 
name is unknown, (buried July 16, 1688), and had issue by her, 
sons, John; George, bapt. at Ribchester, Feb. 8, 1681, buried 
Aug. 12, 1703 ; Alice, buried Jan. 18, 1686 ; Isabel, died unmar- 
ried ; Margery, co-heiress with her sister Anne, married Edward 
Winstanley, of Pemberton, gent. ; and Anne, co-heiress with her 
sister Margery, died about 1752. By his second wife, Catherine, 
daughter of — Lancaster, of Thomley, gent., whom he married 
Jan. 9, 1689, Thomas Hothersall had issue, two daughters, 
Sarah, bapt. at Ribchester, May 29, 1697; and Grace, bapt. Aug. 
18, 1700. Thomas Hothersall's second wife was buried at 
Ribchester before 1701. His third wife, Jenet, was buried in 
1701. Like all his ancestors, Thomas Hothersall paid the annual 



OHAF. XI.] OLD FAMILIES. 227 

fines for reonsancy in 1667, et seq., and was convicted of the same 
in 1717. A prominent member of the *' Gentlemen and xxir," 
he was generally called '< Judge Hothersall, of Hothersall." His 
initials, T. H., ^e date 1695, and the family arms — Azure, a Lion 
rampant gardant, or. — are cut on a stone formerly over the 
the entrance of Hothersall Hall.^ He was buried at Eibchester, 
Jan. 18, 1720. By his will, dated 2 Jan., 1719, he left all his 
property to Alex. Osbaldeston, of Preston, Esq., in trust for his 
five daughters, the sum of £10, to be paid yearly to each of his 
four daughters for 20 years, and £100 to his daughter Anne, 
wife of William Leckonby, Esq. 

John Hothersall, eldest son of Thomas, joined the rebels and 
was taken prisoner at Preston, Nov. 13, 1715, but eflPected his 
escape. He was convicted of recusancy at Lancaster, Jan. 15, 1716, 
outlawed, and attainted and convicted of high treason. He lived 
in retirement with his sister, Mrs. Leckonby, at Great Eccleston, 
where he died unmarried between 1740 and 1750. 

Eventually Mrs. Leckonby and her sister Margery (who married 
Edward Winstanley, of Pemberton) became co-heiresses to the 
estates. Mrs. Leckonby taking the Hothersall portion. The 
estates comprised the following farms: — The demesne lands 
belonging to the Hall, Brown House, Wilkinson's, Oxheys, 
Walshouse, Oockhill, Ligham's, Slater's, Hacking's, Bogerson's, 
Home's, and Orosse Hall. 

The Leckonbys became extinct by the marriage of the last 
daughter of the house, Mary, great granddaughter of William 
Leckonby, Esq., with T. H. H. Phipps, Esq., High SherifP, of 
Wilts, who was the mother of Miss E. M. Phipps, Leckonby 
Cottage, Ghreat Eccleston. By the kindness of Miss Phipps, I am 
enabled to re-produce an engraving of a family picture of an 
interesting character. 

The Hothersall Hall estate was sold by the Phippses towards 
the dose of last century, and after passing through several hands, 
became the property of the late Jonathan Openshaw, Esq., of 
Bury, to whose nephew, Frederick Openshaw, Esq., J.P., it now 
belongs. The hall has been almost, if not entirely, rebuilt. 

^ See illust. in HUt of Longridge, p. 132. 



228 HI8T0BY OF BIBOHESTEE. [PABT II. 

Eeference has been made to the domestic chapel at Hothersall 
Hall. On Oct. 17, 1715, George Green, high constable of the 
Hundred of Amoundemess, reported that ** Mr. Vavisor, who is a 
reputed priest, harboured in our town (Alston-cum-Hothersall)." 
No doubt Fr. Vavasour frequently said Mass at Hothersall Hall. 

There are two traditions attaching to Hothersall HaU : One 
referring to the ** laying " of the devil or " boggart " beneath the 
laurel tree ; the other to the practice of tying red thread round 
the cows' tails previous to turning them out to grass for the first 
time in the spring, to secure them from ** the evil eye," et«. (See 
pa;es 72-3.) 

**The Heibess of Hothebsall Hall." 

This j)icture, in the possession of Miss E. M. Phipps (by whose 
kindness I am able to reproduce an engraving), displays the 
touch of a master hand, and was evidently painted about 1719.* 

TOWNLEY, OF DUTTON HaLL. 

Considerable doubt as to who was the first representative of 
this branch of the Townleys of Townley has existed. But Chris- 
topher Towneley, to whose patient industry antiquarians are so 
much indebted, states **that these three Townleys (John, Robert, 
and Henry) were y« sons of Eichard Townley ; and that this 
Robert was the first Townley of Button — on margin of deed from 
Sibill Cliderhoe, * la femme menser^ of Robert de Cliderhowe — 3 
Ric. n. (1379-80)."* So that it seems clear that Robert Townley 
was the first of the Dutton family. 

Henry Townley, son of Robert, " gave to John White, Vicar of 
the church of Preston, in Amondemesse, and Henry de Assidence (?) 
of the parish of Blackburn, his lands (in trust) in Clinacher, Rib- 
chester, and Dutton — given at Brockholl, 8 Hen. V. (1420- 1).* 

It is stated in the margin of John de Towneley 's inq,, 10 Mar., 
1400, that Richard Towneley was born at Stede, in Dutton, 14 
May, 1387; baptized in Ribchester church; and Richard and 

The portraits are those of :~In (5) Mary, afterwards wife of Thomas 

the centre (1) Anne, eldest daughter Singleton, of Barniker, gent. ; (6) 

and co-heiress of Thomas Hothersall, Anne in the nurse's arms ; (7) Thomas, 

Esq. ; and (2) her husband, William who became a Jesuit ; and on the 

Leckonby, Esq. ; to the right (3) mother*s knee (8) William. 

Richard, eldest atm and successor; '^oi&rte^ej/, MSS., D.D., 2014. 

and (4) Bridget, eldest surving daugh- *Ilndf 2020. 
ter, sitting at the feet of her mother ; 



OHAP XI.] OLD FAMILIES 229 

Oecilia de Oljderhowe were his god-parents.^ He would be the 
son of Robert Townley. 

Henry Townley, son of Richard, was a juror at the in^. p, m, 
taken at Blackburn, of Richard Townley, Esq., April 30, 1445.^ 

Henry Townley, by Margaret his wife, had a son and heir, 
Thomas Townley, and was living in 1474. 

Richard Townley, of Dutton, son of Thomas, was married twice. 
By his first wife, Alice, he had sons, John; Henry; and Robert, a 
derk ; and a daughter, Margaret, who married John Holker, of 
Read, yeoman. By his second wife (whom he married in 1531), 
Jane, daughter of Roger Winckley, of Aighton, gent., he had no 
issue. 

John Townley, of Dutton (returned in Dugdale's Visitation as 
second son), was, Mr. W. A. Abram concludes, the eldest son of 
Henry. In 29 Hen. VITE. (1537), John Townley, son and heir 
apparent of Richard Townley, disputed with Richard Crombleholme 
and others the title to certain lands in Dutton and Ribchester, and 
particidarly a piece of land called Oarlinghurst (see p. 53). By 
his wife, Katherine, he had a daughtei' Jane. From his will, 

dated 22 1 562, we obtain the following information : "To 

be buried in the parishe church at Rybchester. To his wife 
EZatherine he gave his lands in Dutton (held by him in socage) 
ceiled Handfield, Widdow Grenes, Cowfeild, Okin Ridding, Great 
and Little Banks, Hewer Lees, Ponstones, Ruydens — for 21 years, 
and then to his right heires." He further directed that ** Id. be 
geven to every person being present at the tymQ of my buryall 
that wyllingly wyll take it ; to Jane his daughter, £10 ; to Sir 
James Lyngard, Vicar of Ribchester, 1 3s. 4d. ; to Sir Jamys More, 
10s. ; to Sir Richard Mersden, 10s." The rest of his goods to his 
wife, appointed executrix, with "my singular good M*r, John 
Talbot of Sayleburye, esquire, supervisor.*'* 

John Townley's widow appears to have afterwards married one 
James Bolton of Salesbury. 

Henry Townley, of Dutton, gent., brother of John, succeeded 
to the estate. By his wife, Lucy, daughter of Edmund Sherburne, 
of Sherburne House, Mitton, Esq., he had sons Richard ; John, 

^ Lane, and Ches. Antiq. Notes, I., ^TowneUy MSS., D.D. 

183. •SuHeet Soc, Rich. Wills, 1863. 



230 HISTORY OF BIfiCHESTEB. [PABT 11. 

married Alice Crombleholme ; Henry ; Lawrence ; and Edmund. 
His wife died in 1602, and was buried at Eibchester, June 21. 
In 1582 Henry Townley was concerned in a dispute about a right 
of way in '^Longridge and Fauney" (see page 54). In 1600 he 
is returned as a freeholder for the county. He died in 1609 at 
an advanced age. 

Eichard Townley, of Dutton, gent., son and heir of Henry, 
married Anne, daughter of William Browne, of Aintree. By her 
he had sons, Henry; John; Bichard; Lawrence; and Thomas, 
baptized at Eibchester, Dec. 21, 1614 ; and daughters, Susan, wife 
of Mr Henry Hayhurst, jun., of Eibchester ; Lucy ; and Grace. 
Eichard Townley was buried at Eibchester, Sep., 13, 1618. At 
the inq.p. m., held at Preston 7 Sep., 1619, he was declared to 
have held lands in Dutton, of E. Sherborne, Esq., in socage by 
fealty and rent of one red rose per ann. ; and premises in Hother- 
sall, of John Hothersall, gent. His widow married at Eibchester, 
Oct. 30, 1622, Mr. Henry Hayhurst, of Eibchester. 

Henry Townley, of Dutton, gent., son and heir of Eichard, 
married at Eibchester church, June 26, 1626, Alice, daughter and 
co-heiress of Abraham Oolthurst, of Burnley, gent., and by her 
had issue sons, Eichard, bapt. at Eibchester, April 30, 1630; 
Henry, bapt. Nov. 18, 1632 ; Abraham, bapt. at Eibchester, May 
3, 1635 ; John, bapt. at Eibchester, Nov. 19, 1637; Lawrence, 
and Thomas. His daughters were — Anne, married (1) Ellis 
Nutter, of Waterside, in Pendle (a son, Thomas, bapt. at Eib- 
chester, Mar. 4, 1648), and (2) Ellis Nutter, of Eeedley, near 
Burnley ; Margaret, married William Sagar, of Oatlow, gent. ; 
and Grace, bapt. at Eibchester, Feb. 8, 1640. Henry Townley 
appears among the list of esquires and gentlemen in Lancashire 
who preferred to pay the fine rather than incur the expense of 
knighthood in 1625 (see p. 55). He was also required to 
furnish *' one muskett" for the Parliamentary forces about 1642. 
He died in 1645, his widow surviving him 24 years, being buried 
at Eibchester, June 4, 1669. 

Eichard Townley, of Dutton, gent., succeeded his father at the 
age of 15. At Dugdale*s Visitation in 1664, he entered himself 
as then aged 34 years. He died unmarried, aged 40 years> and 
was buried at Eibchester, April 16, 1670. 



CHAP. XI.] OLD FAMILIES. 231 

Abraham Townley, of Dutton, gent., succeeded his brother 
Eiohard. He married Jenet, youngest daughter of William 
Shuttleworth, of Asterley, near Whalley, gent., and by her had 
issue, sons, Henry ; and Eichard, baptized at Eibchester, Aug. 24, 
1681 ; and daughters, Anne, who married, in 1737, Eev. E. Bolton, 
of Eochdale ; Alice ; and Margaret, bapt. at Eibchester, Dec. 27, 
1687. Abraham Townley's name figures prominently in the church 
books of Eibchester; he was frequently churchwarden, and a 
member of the " gentlemen and xxiv." In 1690 he was elected 
a governor of Blackburn Grammar School, and in 1694 " was a 
juror on the celebrated trial of the Jacobite gentry for treason at 
Manchester." He died, aged 66 years, and was buried at Eib- 
chester, Sep. 23, 1700. In his will, proved at Chester in 1701, 
Abraham Townley mentions his ^^ ancient inheritance and estate 
in Dutton," his brothers John Townley, of Clitheroe; and Lawrence 
Townley, of Burnley; and his wife, two sons, and three daughters.* 
His widow, Mrs. Jenet Townley, survived him many years, and 
was buried at Eibchester, March 8, 1735 : ** Jenet Townley wid. 
from Biling^on." 

Eichard, the second son of Abraham, appears to have lived at 
Eibchester as a mercer until about 1732; he then became the 
owner of the estate of Belfield, near Eochdale,* where he 'died 
before 1752. 

Henry Townley, of Button, gent., eldest son of Abraham, 
married in 1702-3, Anne, daughter of Thomas Wilson, of Giggles- 
wick, gent, (she survived him, and married, secondly, John Nock, 
of Preston, gent, and was buried at Eibchester, Sep. 13, 1743). 
Henry Townley had issue a son, Abraham, baptized at Eibchester, 
Jan. 7, 1706, and buried Feb. 1, 1706, "aged 24 days;" and 
daughters, Jane, bapt. July 25, 1703; Janet, bapt. Aug, 11, 1707; 
Anne, bapt. Oct. 12, 1709, and buried July 6, 1714 ; and Margaret, 
bapt. Dec. 27, 1712, marripid Lawrence Wall, of Preston, gent., 
and died in 1756. Like his father, Henry Townley seems to have 
taken a leading part in " Church and State*' affairs at Eibchester ; 
he was churchwarden and a member of **the xxiv." He managed 
the "Naden estates" {see post) for St. John's College, Cambridge. 

*See Mr. J. F. Beever's Papers in •See Fishwick's Bochdah, 344, 6. 

Mane, Cou. Loc, Gleanings. 



232 HISTOBY OP KIBOHESTBR. [PART U, 

His burial in Eibchester church is thus recorded: "1731, May 
22, Henry Townley de Dutton, Esq., in ch." 

Dutton Hall, a stately building finely situated on the southern 
slopes of the Fell, was erected by Bichard Townley, 1670-80.^ 
The hall, now used as a farm house, is in a remarkably good state 
of preservation. 

The eldest daughter of Henry Townley, Jane, married Edward 
Entwistle, gent., of Ribchester, to whom I refer elsewhere. 

The second daughter, Jenet Townley, married the Rev. Henry 
Ward, of Ingatestone, co. Essex (buried at Ribchester, Sept., 
1745), and had a son, Henry Townley Ward, who died in London, 
Feb. 14, 1810. Mrs. Jane Ward lived some time at Preston, and 
died in her 93rd year at Kirkham, and was buried in 1799 at 
Ribchester church. 

The Townley family left certain charities for the poor of their 
native place, which are enumerated in chap. x. 

In 1738 the three daughters of Henry Townley joined in a 
partition of the estate, Dutton Hall falling to the share of Jane 
Townley, wife of Edward Entwistle. In 1805 Air. W. Joule pur- 
chased the estate, and in 1823 sold it to Mr. James Rothwell, 
whose nephew, the late Marquess de Roth well, of Bolton, was the 
owner until his death this year (1890). 

The arms of the Townleys were : Argent, a f ess and chief, three 
mullets, sable. 

On page 46 I have drawn attention to an inaccuracy of Dr. 
Whitaker with regard to the Townley's ownership of the manor 
of Dutton. I have to add that the pedigree of this family and of 
the Hothersalls, as printed in the new edition of £aines's Lanca" 
shire, iv., 107-10, contains many mistakes — a very regrettable fact 
considering the prominent way in which public attention is drawn 
to the " corrected " " pedigrees." 

The Hayhursts of Dutton. 

This family were settled in Dutton in the fourteenth century. 
In 2 Ed. Ill, (1329) Robert de Cliderhowe gave Otto de Hayhurst 
four acres and a rood of land in Hayhurst, in the town of Dutton, 

^ In 1707 Dutton Hall, and fire acres in Rochdale, Ribchester, etc. , belonged 
of land, occupied by JenettaDewhurst, to Alexander Butterworth, of Beliield, 
widow ; and along with other property Esq. {Harl. MSS. , 7347). 



\ 



CHAP. XI.] OLt) FAMILIES. 2Si^ 

at; a yearly rent of six silver pennies.* In 9 Ed. IH. (1336) Otto 
de Hayliurst and Margaret, his wife, assigned to John de Bayley 
the mediety of the mill near the Hoder.' 

In 9 Hen. VI. (1431) William de Bradley, chaplain of the 
chantry of Bailey, gave Bobert, son of John Hayhurst, lands in 
Dutton " from the waters of the Bibble."* 

In 1508-9 Sir Eichard Woodruff, of Newland, received from 
John Hayhurst 68. 8d. rent due from his father, Henry Hayhurst, 
for divers lands in Dutton."* 

In 24 Hen. VII. (1509) John Hayhurst was concerned in a 
dispute regarding certain lands in Dutton with Eichard Goodshay 
of Eibchester.* 

In 16 Eliz. (1574) Johanna, formerly wife of Henry Hayhui*st, 
deceased, was party to a bond with her son John.* 

John Hayhurst, of the Hayhurst, Dutton, gent., was probably 
the son of Henry Hayhurst. By his wife, Anne, he had issue, 
sons, Henry, Edmund, John, and Thomas ; and daughters, Mary ; 
and Grace, wife of Eoger Winkeley. He died 2 May, 1619, and 
was buried (** John Haihurst de Waterside") at Eibchester. In 
his will, dated 26 April, 1619, he names his wife and daughter 
Mary executors. At the inq. p, w., held at Preston, John Hayhurst 
was declared to have died seized in fee of 3 messaug^s in Dutton, 
called **le Hayhurst," "le furtherhouse," and " Houghwell," 
with lands, etc., held of the heirs of Eichard de Dutton by 5d. 
rent. 

Henry Hayhurst, of Hayhurst, gent., son and heir of John, was 
bom in 1577, and had issue by his wife, Anne, widow of Eiichard 
Townley, of Dutton, gent., married at Eibchester, Oct. 30, 1622, 
a son, William, bapt. Sept. 28, 1623. 

Eichard Hayhurst, of Dutton, gent., was born in 1581, and 
may have been a son of John Hayhurst, although not mentioned 
in the will from which I have quoted. He had a numerous family, 
including sons, Bradley, Eobert, William, John, Benjamin, Jona- 
than, bapt. at Eibchester, Dec. 18, 1621 ; and Titus; and daughters, 
Grace ; and Jane. Eichard Hayhurst and several of his sons were 
strong Parliamentarians, and took an active part in the ejection 
of Vicar Hindley during the Civil War (see chap. iii.). Two of 

^Towndey MSS., O. O. •Ibid, 



2jf^ ttlSTOJlY OF taBCHBSTBlt. [PABT H. 

/ 

Vn and Jonathan, were officers in the Parliamentarj 
\o doubt did their share in the numerous skirmifihes 
in the neighbourhood of Bibchester. 

iiichard Hayhurst was buried at Kibchester, March 17, 1667, 
aged 86. 

The Eev. Bradley Hayhurst, son of Bichard Hayhurst, Vicar 
of Leigh, rector of Taxall, and curate of Macclesfield, was the 
founder of the Bibchester Parish Church Library (see chap. x). 

The Bev. Bobert Hayhurst, son of Bichard Hayhurst, was 
minister of Ooley chapel, near Halifax. He is thus referred to by 
Bev. Oliver Hey wood: **The next settled minister was Mr. Bobert 
ESerst (Hayhurst^, bom at Bibchester, in Lancashire. ELis brother, 
Mr. Bradley Hierst, Yicar of Leigh, turned out upon the Act of 
Uniformity; yet living at Maxfield, in Cheshire. This choice 
young man (Mr. Bobert Hayhurst) was at Coley seven or eight 
years, but fell into a consumption : took his solemn leave in the 
chapel ; told them he had spent his strength with them. He was 
able to preach no more. There was great weeping and lamenta- 
tion at the parting ; he pined away ; had his mother with him, 
whose breasts he sucked as long as he was able ; then died at 
Upper Briar, where he was tabled, leaving a sweet savour behind 
him both of sound doctrine and holy life: was much lamented."^ 
William Hayhurst, of Hayhurst, gent., son of Henry Hayhurst, 
had issue a son, Henry, bapt. Oct. 19, 1653 ; and a daughter, 
Mary, bapt. July 2, 1659, wife of Bichard Hartley, and executrix 
of Bev. Bradley Hayhurst. 

Henry Hayhurst, of Hayhurst, gent., son of William, was 
probably ^' the kinsman'' mentioned in Mr. Bradley Hayhurst's 
will, and who, along with Mr. Kippax, went to Macclesfield to 
fetch the library to Bibchester. He had issue, sons, Bichard, 
William, and John ; and daughters, Anne and Elizabeth. Henry 
Hayhurst was buried at Bibchester, May 9, 1701. 

Bichard Hayhurst, of Hayhurst, gent., son of Henry, by his 
wife Jane (buried at Bibchester, May 28, 1732), had issue, 
daughters, Janet, Mary, Anne, and Elizabeth. He was church- 
warden of Bibchester, 1729-30, and a member of the ^^ gentleman 
and xxiv." 

'O. Heywood's Diaries, !▼., 10-11. 



OfiAP. :^I.J OLD J^AMILIHS. 235 

<* The Hey Hurst," as the residence of the Hayhursts is now 
called, is situated in Dutton, close to the boundary line of the 
township of Bailey. 

The Dewhubsts of Botes House, Bibohesteb. 

The Dewhursts of Dewhurst, Wilpshire, from whom this branch 
descended, had long been settled in Blackburn parish.^ 

John Dewhurst, of Dewhurst, gent., married Qrace, daughter 
and heir of Henry Boyes, of Boyes House (she was buried at 

Bibchester ), and had issue, sons, William, bom in 1587; 

and John; and daughters, Ellen, wife of Bichard Banester, of 
Graven ; Mary, wife of Qeorge Southworth of Highfield, Esq.; 
and Ann. John Dewhurst (<<Mr. John Dewhurst de Boyes 
House") was buried at Bibchester, Mar. 15, 1619.^ In 1588 he 
contributed £25 to the defence of the country at the time of the 
Spanish invasion. 

In 13 Eliz. (1571) a bill of complaint was entered in the Duchy 
Court by John Shirebume, of Bibbleton, gent., against Henry 
and Thomas Seed and John Duddell, from which we gather that 
Boyes House farm with 60 acres of land had been let to the Com- 
plainant at an annual rent of £4 13s. 4d. on lease by John 
Dewhurst and Grace, his wife. It was alleged that the indenture 
of lease, etc., had of late '^ by casuall meanes " come into the 
hands of the defendants, who, ^' by color of having thereof, have 
not onlye with fEorce and armes, and in verie riottous manor, 
beinge accompanyed withe dyvers other evill disposed persons," 
used **mighte and power," "being weaponed with swordes, 
bucklers, longe pyked staves, and pytche forkes," and entered 
into the said messuage. Not only did they (continues the plaintilE) 
spoil the grass " growing on the premises," but also with "force 
and stronge hand " did evict the tenants ; and, not satisfied yet, 
proceeded " to pull downe dyvers doers, wyndowes, floors, and 
hordes." In spite of repeated " gentle " remonstrances, the 
plaintifE coidd obtain no redress, and being ignorant of the 
" certen daite " of the lease and papers, and whether the same be 

^ Thomas Dewhurst, of Bibchester, south syde of thepulpif — ^Witnesses: 

by wiU dated 16 Dec, 1563. left his "Thomas Sede, Thomas Coulte, John 

"waynes plowes" tohis sonWiUiam; Cottam, and Sir James Lynggart, 

and desires to be ''buried in the Ticar of Bibchester." 

parish church of Bibchester on y« • History of BtackburtifTbh 



236 fflSTOR^ OF AlBCflESTEH. [pART 11. 

^' contejned in bagge or boxe, sealed or unsealed, in chiste or 
cliistes, locked or uidocked," he prayed for a writ of privy seal/ 

In 20 Eliz. (1578) John Dewhurst complained that Henry 
Edesfurth and Margaret, his wife, had illegally taken possession 
of a farm (the property of the late Henry Preston) sub-leased to 
the said John Dewhurst by Richard Singleton, of Chipping. 
Further he stated that as the defendants were persons of '' g^eate 
welthe and habilitie, and greatlie frended, kynned, and alyed with 
the freholders and jurors " within the County Palatine, and that 
on the other hand he (the said John Dewhurst) was " a poore 
yonge manne," with few friends, and "of no welthe or habilitie," 
he anticipated an unfair trial at common-law. He, therefore, 
prayed for a trial in the duchy-chamber at Westminster." 

William Dewhurst, of Boyes House, gent., married Hellen, 
third daughter of Thomas South worth, of Samlesbury, Esq., and 
had issue, sons, John, bom in 1610, buried at Eibchester, Mar. 
8, 1620; Anthony, died young; William; and George; and 
daughters, Rosamond; and Grace, bapt. Feb. 11, 1611. William 
Dewhurst was buried at Ribchester, July 6, 1621 . At his death 
he was seized of ** Dewhurst" and "Ashes" with 10 acres of Und 
in Wilpshire, held of Sir John Talbot, of Salesbury; and of 
Boyes House with lands in Ribchester. His widow married 
Richard Houghton, gent. 

William Dewhurst, of Boyes House, gent., son and heir of 
William, had issue, a son, William, bom in 1664; and a 
daughter, Anne, buried May 20, 1665. 

In the Royalist Composition Papers^ is a very long account, 
extending to no less than forty folios, of the delinquency of 
William Dewhurst, who was reported in 1664 "for being in arms 
against the Parliament." Summarising the account, we learn 
that he " came in upon my Lord fEairfax' his passe* 31st June, 
1664;" had taken the "National Covenant," and the "Negative 
oath." He was seized of ** divers messauges and lands" in 
" the townes and fEeilds of Dewhurst in the parish of Blackburn, 

^ Due, Plecbd. one maid servant, and two men ser- 

^ Ibid, vants, with two trunks of wearing 

• Ist Series. apparell," to proceed to Dewhurst, in 

* In which permission was granted Wilpshire, 
to "Mr. W. Dewhurst and his wife, 



OHAP. XI.] OLD FAHIUES. 237 

Rybchester, and Hothersall," all of the *'cleare yearly value 
before these troubles of £134. The estate seems to have been 
mortgaged to Thomas Hodgson, alderman, and Thomas Morrett, 
gent., of York. After humbly confessing his fault, ** being 
misled into taking up armes " against the Parliament, and 
having laid down his armes and become ** more well-affected " to 
Parliament, William Dewhurit was allowed to compound for his 
delinquency by paying a fine of £268. 

William Dewhurst, of Ribchester, gent., son of William, 
married Sep. 17, 1672, at Langho Chapel, Mary Clayton, of 
Billington, and had issue, a son, Clayton, bapt. at Ribchester, 
Oct. 13, 1682; and a daughter, Margaret, bapt. Nov. 18, 1673. 
William Dewhurst died in 1696, and was buried at Ribchester, 
Jan. 27th, aged 52. 

Clayton Dewhurst, of Ribchester, gent., son of William, 
married Alice Parkinson, of Blackburn, Feb. 9, 1 702, and had 
issue, sons, William, bapt. Jan. 2, 1704; Roger, bapt. Feb. 26, 
1708; Tempest, bapt. Sep. 30, 1711; and a daughter Mary, 
bapt. Sep. 4, 1709, who died young, Clayton Dewhurst, was a 
leading member of the " gentlemen and xxiv," and was church- 
warden in 1707 and 1709. He was buried at Ribchester 
(Clayton Dewhurst de Rib. gent.), June 26, 1712, aged 30. 

Later descendants were Henry Dewhurst, of Dewhurst Houses, 
whose will is dated Nov. 16, 1762; John, son of Henry, bapt. 
Nov. 5, 1722, and godson of his uncle, John Dewhurst, of 
Cockhill, Hothersall ; James Dewhurst ; John Dewhurst, who 
left an endowment for a free school in Ribchester (see chapter x), 
and who was buried at Ribchester, July 7, 1771. Several direct 
descendants are living in Ribchester, among whom we may 
mention Edmund Dewhurst, Postmaster ; and Charles Dewhurst, 
Church-street. 

The Ceombleholmes, of Stydd. 

This ancient family figures prominently in the annals of 
Ribchester during the 15th and 16th centuries. 

In 1432, William de Cromelholme is mentioned as chaplain, 
and Elias (or Ellis) Crombebolme was chantry priest from 1467 to 

^ Ribchester Register. . 



238 



HI8T0BY OF BIB0HE8TEB. 



[PABT n. 



1492 (see pp. 78-9.) Robert Grombleholme was rector of 
Bibchester, 1466-1527; and his administrator, Eichard Grombe- 
bolme was probably the Eichard who settled at Stydd. 

Eichard Crombeholme, of Stydd, gent., was bom about 1485 ; 
and in 1531 was party to a suit against the Abbot of Whalley ;^ 
and in 1537 opposed the claims of John Townley to certain lands 
in Button." 

Eichard Crombeholme, of Stydd, gent., son of Eichard, pur- 
chased in 36 Hen. viii (1545) of the Orown, for the sum of 
£231 15s. 7id., certain lands in Huntingdon, (in Dutton), Bailey, 
Eibchester, Preston, etc., lately belonging to the Ejiight 
Hospitallers ; among other tenemerts, mention is made of the 
" Fastandefelde," land at Boyes Bridge, " Stevenfelde," " Milne 
Cloughe Banke," " Kyrdenhouse ;" and was sold subject to an 
annual rent of 19s. and the service of a twentieth part of a 
Knight's fee.! 

At this tin^e, Margaret, daughter of Eobert Huddersall, gent., 
and apparently widow of a son of Eichard Grombleholme, received 
from her father-in-law, a grant of six acres of land in Button.* 
In 1576, his son and heir, William, was living and died, '^ Apud 
Oromeleholme apud Button.'"^ The father was living in 1574, as 
his name appears in the list of gentlemen in Blackburn Hundred 
required to find weapons for the general levy that year.* 

Eichard Grombleholme, son of William, by his wife Elizabeth, 
had a son Eichard, bom in 1581. At the inquisition held after 
his death in 1588, Eichard Grombleholme was declared to have 
had lands in Button, Bayley, and Aghton, etc.' 

In 1584, William Grombleholme, while on a visit to Sankey, of 
Sankey, near Warrington, was arrested along with his relative 
George Hothersall, as a Papist, and is imprisoned for fourteen 
days at Trafford Hall, and then in the Tower of London. He 
was put into ** The Pit," 16 Oct., for two months and again in 
1585.^ 



1 Due, Pleadinpi. 

' Due. DepotUums, xxvi., T 24. 

» PaterWHoll, part 27. 

* Inq. p. m. 

* Jnq. p.m. 



• HaH. MSS., 2219. 
» Ibid,, 2085. 

® Aqueport's Cone, Ecd, Ca<A.,and 
Kishton's Diaiium, 



CHAP. XI.] OLD FAMILIES. 239 

Bichard Grombleliolme, of Stjdd, gent., son and heir of 

Eichaid, succeeded to the estates. By his wives and 

Catherine, he had issue, sons, John, bapt. at Eibchester, Feb. 3, 
1611; Matthew, bapt. at Eibchester, 18 Feb., 1621; Henry, 
bapt. Feb. 6, 1625 ; Eoger, bapt. 12 June, 1626 ; Eobert, bapt. 

1 Sept., 1627 ; and daughters, Tryphema, bapt. 13 Jan., 1639 ; 
and Mary, bapt. 3 Apr., 1658. He was required to furnish " one 
muskett" for the Parliamentary forces in 1642. Eichard 
Crombleholme died before 1664, in which year administration of 
his will was granted to his widow, Catherine. 

John Crombleholme, of Stydd, gent., by his wife, Catherine, had 
a child buried '< att Stid," Feb. 28, 1673. He w s buried at 
Stydd, ** May last," 1673 ; his widow surviving him. 

Sherburne Crombleholme, of Stydd, gent., bapt. at Goosnargh, 

2 Sept., 1657, was the eldest son of Eichard Crombleholme, of 
Goosnargh, and possibly nephew of John. He had issue, sons, 
Eichard, bapt. at Eibchester, July 3, 1682 ; Edward, bapt. at 
Stid, Oct. 2, 1683, died in 1702. His first wife, EHzabeth, was 
buried at Eibchester, July 5, 1691. By his father's will, proved 
in 1682, the family property in Goosnargh was left after the 
expiration of 99 years to Sherburne Crombleholme, and his heirs.^ 
In 1701 (Oct. 1) he married at Eibchester, for his second wife, 
Eebeca Marsden, of Settle. About this time the Crombleholmes 
appear to have left Eibchester. In 1812, died Sherburne 
Crombleholme, of Little Marton, aged 87, and probably a 
descendant of the Crombleholme, of Stid. 

The seat of the family was Huntingdon Hall, a large unpre- 
tentious farm-honjse, and is now the property of the Holts, of 

Stubbylee. 

The Sherbubjtbs of Buckley Hall. 

The first member of this branch of the Sherbumes we can 
identify is Eichard Sherburne, of Buckley, gent., who, in 3 Eliz., 
1589, was party to an indenture made between himself, Eobert 
Sherburne, of Thomley, gent., and Henry Townley, of Button, 
gent., wherein, being minded to' have his lands " hereafter of G^d's 
most blessed wiU and pleasure to bee established continue remaine 
and to bee in his name and bloud for ever," he strictly entailed 
^ Fishwick's Goosnargh, 175-8. 



240 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTEB. [PART II. 

Buckley and other lands in Eibchester. The property of Bichard 
Sherburne comprised 3 messuages, 2 cottages, 3 gardens, and 70 
acres of land. A long and interesting description of the Sherburne 
estate is given in the Becord Society's Inquisitions, from which the 
following summary is taken: Beginning at "Care Hey," following 
**the highway called Stonigate layne," and certain closes to 
" KendaU Heyes" (the inheritance of Henry Townley, of Button), 
thence to "Buckley" (Old Buckley farm); then from Turnley 
yate and at a highway called Chester lane or Chester gate," and 
certain closes to " dales Hey," " little Turnley," " long Turnley," 
and the " head land" to the highway called Chester gate. 

Roger Sherburne, of Buckley, gent., son and heir of Eichard, 
by his wife, Isabella, had issue, a son, Bichard, born in 1599- 
1600; and a daughter, Katherine, bapt. Jan. 3, 1604. Boger 
Sherburne died at Bibchester, Oct. 16, 1605 ; his widow survived 
him.* 

Bichard Sherburne, of Buckley, gent., son and heir of Boger, 
by his wife, Alice (buried at Bibchester, Feb. 8, 1673), appears 
to have had no issue. He built the present Buckley Hall, as the 
following inscription in raised letters on the front of the house 
certifies : 

NEW . BVCKLEY . IS . MY . NANE: 
BIC . SHEBBVBNE . BVILT . THE . SAME: 
ANNO . 1662. AGED . 62 : 
By his will, dated 20 June, 1673, Bichard Sherburne, gent., left 
all his lands to be divided into four parts (his slate delph at 
Buckley excepted) among his kinsfolk, Boger Crombleholme, 
James Benson, Ann Benson, and Bichard and Tabitha Moodie. 
To Bichard Sherburne, of Stonyhurst, Esq., he left his slate delph 
at Buckley, upon payment of £500 to Boger Crombleholme, etc. ; 
and of £400 to his kinsman Sherburne Crombleholme. To his 
cousin, Alice Parkinson, wife of John Walkenden, £20 ; to Bich. 
Sherburne, Esq., and his wife ; to his cousin, Ann Townley, wife 
of Bobt. Edmondson, of Heigham; to his cousin, Katherine Lawde, 
wife of Christopher Parker, of Bredkirk ; to his sister, Maude, 

^ Roger Sherbnme. of Buckley, father-in-law William Turnley. It is 

yeoman, by his will dated 11 Oct., not clear who this Roger Sherburne 

1605, menHon» his wife Elizabeth, was. 
son Hugh, daughter Katherine, and 



OHAP. XI.] OLD FAMILIES. 241 

wife of Thomas Seede, of Chesbanke, each a gold ring. Other 
bequests were : 5s. each to all godchildren ; servants, 20s. each ; 
his sister, wife of William Johnson, of Eawcliffe, 20s. for a ring ; 
his cousin, Richard Crombleholme, a watch; his cousin, James 
Lawde, of Kirkham, 208. ; his cousin, Henry Tumley, 20s. ; and 
his cousin, John Parkinson, of Dolphinholme, 20s. He desired 
to be buried in the quire at Chipping, "belonging to my cousin, 
Roberi; Sherburne, of Wolfehouse (my grandfather having been 
the owner of the said house)." The inventory, dated 14 Jan., 
1674, amounted to £446. 

About half-way between Ribchester and Longridge is Buckley 
Hall, built in the solid substantial style of the middle of the xviith. 
century, with mullioned windows and rude carvings. Its general 
appearance, is however, somewhat spoiled by a thick coating of 
whitewash. 

John Sherburne was probably a son of John Sherburne, of 
Mitton. If he resided at Buckley Hall, it was only for a few 
years, as in 1698 he was living at Stid Hall, close to the church 
at Stydd. On the front of the house (now called Stydd Manor) 
is the following in raised letters : 

EREOAT . 
JOHN . SHERBVRNE . 1698. 
John Sherburne had issue a son. 

John Sherburne, of Dutton, yeoman, had issue, a son, Richard. 
He was living at Ribchester in 1732. 

Richard Sherburne, of Stydd, gent., who, by his wife, Winifrid, 
buried at Stydd, May 19, 1718), had issue a son, John. 

Richard Sherburne, of Dutton, yeoman, had issue, a son, John, 
bapt. in 1764, and died young; and a daughter, Grace, bapt. Nov. 
24, 1751. He was buried at Ribchester, July 7, 1771. 

The Hoitghtons of Stydd. 

This branch of the Hoghtons of Hoghton Tower, was settled 
at '* Smithbotham" in Stydd at the beginning of the seventeenth 
century. The first we meet with is George Houghton, of Stydd, 
gent., who had two daughters buried at Ribchester, Alice, May 
7, 1618; and Elizabeth, May 31, 1618. 

Edward Houghton, of Stydd, gent., possibly son of George, 
was a juror at several inquisitions in 1606. He had issue, a son 



242 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTER. [PART H. 

Edward; and a daughter Ellen, bapt. May 4, 1621. His wife 
was buried at Eibchester, Dec. 12, 1619 ; and on June 21, 1621, 
be himself was buried. 

Edward Houghton, of Stjdd, gent., son of Edward, was 
married twice, his first wife died in 1623, and his second in 1665. 
He had issue, sons, Edward, bapt. Aug. 1, 1624, and Bowland ; 
and daughters, Elizabeth, Katherine, Alice, Mary, and Anne. 
Edward Houghton died in 1 663, and was buried April 30th, at 
Ribchester. 

Edward Houghton, of Stydd, gent., son of Edward, had issue, 
sons, William, bapt. Feb. 21, 1653 ; and Edward; and a daughter 
Elizabeth. Edward Houghton was buried at Eibchester, Mar. 
29, 1697. 

Anne Houghton, of Alston, spinster, by her will dated 1 7 Nov., 

1634, desired to be buried in the church of Ribchester, **in the 

pue where her father was buryed, called Houghton pue or quire." 

She leaves a tenement held of Sir Gilbert Houghton, Bart., to 

Robert and Ann Ounliffe, and to the said Ann Ounliffe, " one red 

petticoat." 

The Cottams of Dilworth. 

This ancient family had been resident in the district for many 
centuries, their name being frequently attached to deeds of the 
14th and 15th centuries, but we cannot trace the descent of the 
family pnor to 1613, when a pedigree was returned at St. George's 
Visitation. William Cottam was living in 1613, and had a son 
Lawrence, but beyond this we know nothing of him. 

Lawrence Cottam, of The High House, gent., married Anne 
Brewer, of Brindie, and by her had issue, sons, John, who 
apparently died in his father's lifetime ; Thomas ; and Richard. 
He was buried at Ribchester, Jan. 17, 1619. His widow after- 
wards married William Ambrose, of Woodplumpton, gent. At 
the inq, p, m.^ held in 1619, Lawrence Cottam was declared to be 
seized of a messuage and 16 acres of land in Dilworth, held of 
Sir R. Hoghton, in free and common socage. 

Thomas Cottam, son and next heir of Lawrence, succeeded his 
father. He had issue, sons, Lawrence ; Richard, bapt. at Rib- 
chester, Aug. 7, 1609; William; and James; daughters, Elizabeth; 
and Jane bapt. April. 23, 1620. He was buried at Ribchester, 
Feb. 17, 1621 ; and at the inquisition held at his death, was 



OHAP. XI.] OLD FAMILIES. 243 

declared to have held of Sir B. Hoghton, a messuage and. 60 
acres of land in Dilworth. By his will dated 7, Feb. 1621, he 
left £11 to his son Lawrence ; one-third to his wife, Jane; one- 
third to his younger children ; and one-third to William, James, 
and Elizabeth, his children. 

Lawrence Cottam, of The High House, gent., son and heir of 
Thomas, was 15 years old at the time of his father's death. He 
married at Bibchester, Sep. 15, 1627, Anne Burne, of Chipping/ 
and by her had issue, sons, Thomas, bapt. Jan. SO, 1629, buried 
Mar. 16, 1681 ; Henry, bapt. May 19, 1639; and Lawrence, 
daughters, Jane, bapt. Oct. 3, 1630; Alice, bapt. Nov. 2, 1634; 
and Jennett, bapt. June 24, 1636. He was a staunch Catholic, 
and with his wife and sons was fined for recusancy in 1 667 and 
1680. He died in 1682, and was buried Nov. 25, in the 
" mortuary " at Eibchester. 

Lawrence Cottam, son and heir of Lawrence, married at 
Kibchester, June 27, 1675, Mary Fairclough, and by her had 
issue, sons, John; Cutbome [Cuthbert], bapt. July 7, 1678; 
Lawrence, bapt. at Eibchester, Feb. 30 [sic] 1686 ; and Samuel, 
bapt. April 7, 1689 ; and a daughter Jane, bapt. April 1, 1683. 
He died in 1733, his burial at Eibchester being recorded: — " Mar. 
9, Lawrence Cottam, gent., de DiUworth." He was a non-juror 
in 1715, and registered his leasehold house in Eibchester, £27. 

John Cottam, son of Lawrence, married at Eibchester, July 29, 
1717, Elizabeth Cutler, of Chipping. About the middle of the 
century he seems to have left The High House for the neighbour- 
hood of Preston, after which I have been unable to trace the 
descent of the family. 

The High House, situated on the old high-road over the fell 
from Longridge to Clitheroe, is now a farm-house. It retains 
scarcely any of its old features. 

The Cottams of Knowle Gbeen. 

This branch of the family was settled at Eibchester in the 
sixteenth century. 

Ellis Cottam, of Eibchester, gent., had by his wife Elizabeth, 

a son John, and a daughter Grace. By his will, dated 30 Sep., 

1577, he left all his lands to his wife for the education of his 

children during her life. 

^ See p. 247, where Elizabeth, to hare been the wife of Lawrence 
daughter of Ealph Radcliffe, is said Cottam. 



244 HISTORY OP RIBOHESTER. [PART II. 

John Cottam, of Ribchester, gent., son and heir of Ellis, had 
issue, sons (whom we cannot identify), and a daughter, Margaret, 
bapt. Jan. 19, 1601. In 1625 he refused the order of knighthood. 
His burial is not recorded in the register. 

Lawrence Cottam, of Bibchester, gent., probably grandson of 
John, married at Bibchester, June 3, 1675, Elizabeth Dickson, of 
Kirkham, and by her had issue, sons, Bichard, bapt. Dec. 17, 
1677 ; and John. He was fined for recusancy in 1680 ; and was 
buried at Bibchester, Jan. 10, 1718. 

John Cottam, of Bibchester, gent., son of Lawrence, was con- 
victed of recusancy, along with his wife, in 1716; and as a non- 
juror Ts^as returned as holding land in Dilworth, Bibchester, and 
Wrightingtoh. He married at Bibchester, Feb. 7, 1715, Dorothy 
Alston, of Whalley, and by her had issue a son John. 

John Cottam, of Bibchester, gent., was the last of the Bibchester 
family. He was living in Bibchester in 1787, but shortly after- 
wards his affairs seem to have become embarassed, and he left 
the district. 

The Cottam arms were : Gules chevron between three crescents, 
argent. 

The old home of the Cottams is variously called Cottam Hall, 
Knoll Hall, and Dilworth Hall ; its present name is the Manor- 
house, and is now used as a farm house. Situated close to the 
Independent Chapel at Knowle Green, its style of architecture 
denotes it to have been built in the xviith. century. The estate, 
after being the property of the Boardmans of Farington, now 
belongs to the Bashalls of Southport. 

Bhodes of Bibchester. 

James Bodes, of Bibchester, gent., in 1558 complained that 
Bichard Syngeltoune, Edmund Braydell, and others had, " with 
swordes, staves, daggers, and other forcyble weapons," assaulted 
and evicted him from his own premises, which he held under a 
long lease (dated 12 Dec, 1536) from Lawrence Preston, of 
Preston,* gent.* 

John Bodes, probably son of James, in 1568 was plaintiff, as 
seized in fee, against Elizabeth, wife of Bobert Milner, tenant at 

* A farm in Ribchester still bears « Duchy Pleadhigs, iii., R 11. 

the name " Preston Wives." 



CHAP. XI.] OLD t'AMlLlfiS. 246 

will, and Nicholas Talbot, a trespasser, defendants, in a suit to 
recover 3J acres of land in Eibchester. John Ehodes, of Rib- 
chester, gent., occurs in a list of freeholders in 1584. 

In 7 EHz. (1566) John Ehodes sold his right in a messauge and 
mill, with lands, in Eibchester, now in the tenure of Eoger 
Knoulles, Margaret Sede, Agnes Dodhurst, and William Singleton, 
of Banck Hall, to Francis Holt, of " Grystelhurst," Esq.* 

John Eodes, of Eibchester, gent., son of John, in 32 Eliz. 
CI 590), was defendant against John Dewhurst, of Boyes House, 
gent., plaintiff, in a suit regarding a close of land in Eibchester 
called " Birdy banke." The dispute turned upon the exchange 
of a close called the " great meadow," vhich the defendant said 
was never completed. Eeference is made to the plaintiff's 
** covetous and unconcionable mind," to the marriage of the plain- 
tiff to Grace," cousin german of John Ehodes, in consideration of 
which marriage the plaintiff had received 20 marks. Mention is 
also made of certain lands called " Mutton Heis," occupied as 
tenant by Henry Greuehil, whose ancestors had lived there " tyme 
out of memory of man." John Eodes completed his long defence 
by denying the assertioDS of the plaintiff, that he (the defendant) 
was " very well knowne to be a man of bare consciens, loose life 
disposition and government ;" or had combined with his " dogged 
natured neighbours advanced from meane parentage to some 
credit" to "envy and malice the prosperous estate" of the plain- 
tiff.' In the year 1600 John Eodes de Eibchester occurs in a list 
of freeholders." 

John Eoades, of Eibchester, gent., had issue a son John, who 
succeeded to the estates. He died 28 Jan., 1620, and was buried 
at Eibchester. At the Inq, p. m., John Eoades was declared to 
have held in fee messauges called " le halgh Ouse" and ** le fforrest 
house;" 58 acres of land, and 2 orchards and gardens in Eib- 
chester. He also held a messauge lately purchased from Henry 
Preston, of Preston, gent., deceased, and other lands. 

John Eoades, of Eibchester, gent., by his wife, Jane, had issue 
two daughters, Ellen, bom Oct. 14, 1618; and Margaret, born 
Feb. 11, 1620. John Roados was buried at Eibchester, Feb. 9, 

^Hoghtan MSS. *Z>mc. Pleadwgs, 110, D5. 



246 HISTORY Ot" RlBCttESTEH. [PAKT II. 

1623, aged about 33 years; and his daughters Ellen and Margaret 
were found to be his co-heirs. 

Margery Bodes, of Eibchester, widow, by her will, dated 27 
Aug., 1621, left: to the poor of Eibchester £20, to be paid by 
John Bodes; to Margaret Haihurst, daughter of her brother, 
Bichard, '*one flannell petticote;" to Elizabeth Cooper, widow, 
her sister, ** one gown and 20s. ;" to Margaret, wife of John 
Hayhurst, one ** camerie" band ; to Erne Bodes, Anne Bodes, 
John Bodes, and Mary Bodes, children of James Bodes, each 13s. 
4d. 

John Boades, of Bibchester, miller, was doubtless connected 
with John Boades, gent. He had issue, by his wife, Elizabeth 
Watson, sons, James, bapt. April 15, 1627 ; and Edward, bapt. 
Jan. 18, 1629; and a daughter, Eme, bapt. July 10, 1629 (see 
p. 85-6). 

Other members of this family were : Francis Boades, living in 
1670 ; Edward Boades (son of above John Boades), living in 1678 ; 
and Frances Boades, of Dilworth, widow, died in 1697. The name 
is still prevalent in the district. 

The com mill of the Bhodeses was probably at Lum Mill, where 
plenty of water power would be available. It is mentioned as 
early as 1397 (see p. 49). 

The Badoliefbs of Dilwobth. 
This branch of the family was settled in the district at a very 
early period. The first member we can identify is Edward 
Badcliffe, of Dilworth, yeoman, whose son Henry, was aged 21 in 
1617. By his wife Ann (who survived him) he had issue, sons, 
Henry; WiUiam; and Bichard; and daughters, Mary, Jane, 
Elizabeth, and Jenet. By his will, dated 5 Feb., 1617, he left 
all his lands to his wife for four years '' for payment of his debts 
and bringing up of his children," then to his wife for life, and 
then to his son Henry. To his second son, WiUiam, he left ^' 5 
closes of ground in Alston " for 10 years ; and £6 each yearly to 
his five younger children for 10 years. He died 7 Feb., 1617, and 
was buried at Bibchester At the inq, p.m., he was declared to be 
seized in fee of 1 messauge, 1 cottage, and 16 acres of land in 
Alston, held of Sir B. Hoghton in fee and common socage, and 
worth 20s. per year. 



GttAP. XI.] Old families* 24? 

Henry Eadcliife, eldest son and heir of Edward, was bom about 
1595, and by his marriage at ]^bchester, Feb. 4, 1620, with Grace 
Bhodes, had issue, sons, Edward, bapt. May 4, 1623 ; and John, 
bapt. Sep. 19, 1624 ; and a daughter, Anne, bapt. Dec. 10, 1620. 
No entry occurs in the register of Henry Eaddifie's death ; but he 
appears to have been succeeded by his son Edward, who had a son 
Edward, bapt. at Bibchester, April 22, 1655. The identity of the 
family then becomes obscured, to re-appear later on in the Alston 
branch of the family (see post,) 

An enduring and interesting memento of the Eadcliffes is ^^the 
written stone," which bears the following inscription : 
EAVFFE EADOLIFFE LAID THIS STONE 
TO LYE FOE EVEE. A.D. 1656. 

Many accounts have been written of this stone, to which I need 
only refer here ;* but merely observe that the Eibchester register 
contains the following entry of burial: '^ 1655, Feb. 26, Eaphe 
Eadcliffe in Dillworth." ' From his will, dated 20 Jan., 1655, 
Eaph Eadcliffe left, among other bequests, to Lawrence Gottam, 
High House, 20s. ; his daughter Elizabeth, wife of the said 
Lawrence Oottam, £20; to his wife, ** Catherine Walker," a close 
of 16 acres of land and a tenement called Hordsall bame, leased 
from Sir E. Hoghton, Bart. The inventory, which includes two 
spinning wheels and stocks valued at 5s., amounted to £144. 

A stone slab in Eccleston Church bears the following inscrip- 
tion : — " Here lyeth the Bodye of Eichard BedclifPe, who was a 
payneful and profitable teacher at Heskin School xj years. Borne 
in Eibchester parish, and dyed September Ann. Dom. 1623, aged 
33. Nil solidum." This young Eibchester worthy left to the 
school at Heskin, near Chorley, a small library of 80 volumes. 

The Badcliffbs of Alston. 

This branch of the family sprung from Eichard, younger son of 
Edward Eadcliffe, of Dilworth. 

Eichard EadclifPe, of Alston, yeoman, had issue, sons, William, 
bapt. at Eibchester, April 2, 1658 ; and George. 

George EadclifPe, of Alston, yeoman, son of Eichard, married 
at Eibchester, Dec. 27, 1686, Margaret Parker, of Eibchester. 

^Stonyhurat Mag,, Dec, 1887. *The entry also occurs under date, 

HUt, of Longridje, 27-30. Feb. 26, 1654. 



248 ttlStOBY OF RIBCttEStER. [PART It. 

By' her he had issue, a son, Robert, bapt. Apr. 8, 1688 ; and a 
daughter, Elizabeth, bapt. Feb. 5, 1693. In 1716 he was bailiff 
to Sir H. Hoghton. George BadclifEe was buried at Eibchester, 
Nov. 23, 1727. 

Robert Radcliffe, of Alston, yeoman, son of George, married 
Elizabeth Kay at Ribchester, Sep. 7, 1717, and by her had issue, 
sons, George; William, bapt. Jan. 28, 1722; John, died young; 
and Richard; and a daughter, Margaret. Robert Radcliffe died 
in 1763, and was buried at Ribchester, Jan. 1, 1763, aged 75. 

George Radcliffe, of Alston, yeoman, son of Robert, married at 
Ribchester, April 30, 1757, Margaret Carr, of Bolton by Bowland. 
The issue of this marriage were : sons, Richard, bapt. June 24, 
1759; George; Robert, died aged 23; and Stephen Oarr ; and 
daughters, Agnes, died young ; Ann ; Elizabeth ; Grace ; and 
Margaret. George Radcliffe filled the post of churchwarden many 
years, and was buried at Longridge, July 24, 1791. 

Richard Radcliffe, of Alston, yeoman, son of George, married 
Ann Ormerod, of Haslingden, 10 Nov., 1783, and by her had issue, 
sons, John, bapt. Aug. 6, 1786; and George, born 1791; and 
daughters, Ann Ormerod, died young ; and Mary. Richard Rad- 
cliffe became steward to the Waltons of Marsden Hall, and lived 
at Marsden. 

George Radcliffe, of Meadow Head, Alston, and of Blackburn, 
yeoman, second son of Richard, married Hannah Walker, daughter 
of Mr. Thomas Walker, of Walker Mill, near Rochdale, and by 
her had issue, sons, Richard ; Thomas, born in 1822 ; George 
Walker, bom in 1829, died July 1, 1842 ; Robert Carr, bom 12 
April, 1831 ; aud Joseph Schofield, bom in 1839 (many years in 
the Royal Engineers, subsequently of Greenhouse, Balderstone, 
where he died, aged 50, April 24, 1889) ; and daughters, Elizabeth, 
born in 1821, died in infancy; Lucy, bom in 1825, married Mr. 
William Hopwood, and died, aged 30, August 11, 1855 ; Agnes, 
born in 1826, died in infancy ; Margaret Eliza, born in 1833, died, 
aged 14, Jan. 7, 1848; and Hannah Schofield, born in 1836, died 
in infancy. For many years Mr. George Radcliffe lived in Black- 
burn, and for 35 years, from 1815 to 1849, filled the post of steward 
to Joseph Feilden, Esq., of Witton Park, lord of the manor of 
Blackburn. He died, aged 72 years, April 28, 1863, and was 



CHAP. XI.] OLD FAMILIES. 249 

buried at Longridge Parish Ghurcli. His widow, Hannah EaddifEe, 
died, aged 77 years, August 9, 1870. 

Mr. Richard EadclifEe, eldest son of George, was aland surveyor 
in Blackburn, and died in October, 1874. 

The two surviving sons of Mr. George Eadcliffe, Mr. Thomas 
Radcliffe, of Blackburn, and Mr. Robert Carr RadclifEe, of Balder- 
stone, are members of a well-known firm of solicitors in Blackburn. 
Mr. R. 0. Radcliffe was appointed Clerk to the Guardians of the 
Blackburn Union, and continues to hold that office. 

NOBCROSSE OF RiBCHESTBR. 

This family was one of the oldest and most numerous in the 
parish. The first we can identify is, 

James Norcrosse, of Ribchester, gent., who was one of the 
gentlemen who in 1625 declined the honour of knighthood. He 
had issue, sons, William, bapt. June 30, 1 620 ; and James ; and 
a daughter, Jane. His wife was buried at Ribchester, Mar. 6, 
1633. James Norcrosse was living in 1638'. 

John Norcrosse, son of William (probably brother of James 
Norcrosse), bapt. Dec. 16, 1627, ha<l issue, 3ons, William, bapt. 
Jan. 9, 1661 ; John; and Richard; and daughter, Judith; and 
Anne. 

William Norcrosse, of Alston, yeoman, son of John, by his wife, 
Mary Heber (married at Goosnargh, Jan. 20, 1686), had issue, 
sons, John, born Mar. 4, 1689; Thomas, bapt. Mar. 17, 1694; 
William, born Nov. 25, 1700, died without issue; and Heber, 
died young; and daughters, Mary, bapt. Jan. 25, 1687, married 
John Singleton, of Dilworth, and grandmother of the late Richard 
Dixon, of Longridge ; Elizabeth, wife of William Charnley ; 
Martha; and Ann. By his will, dated 10 Sep., 1726, William 
Norcross left £100 each to his daughters, Ann, and Martha. His 
** lands of inheritance" were settled on his eldest son, and provision 
made for the other children ; and his wife and youngest son were 
appointed executors. He was buried at Ribchester, Oct. 6, 1726. 

John, the eldest son of William Norcrosse, became rector of 
Hothfield, and vicar of Willesborough, Kent. By his wife, Marian 
Marshall, he had issue two daughters, Elizabeth, died unmarried, 
12 Jan., 1812 ; and Sarah, died unmarried, 27 Jan., 1812. 



25() riisTOHlr OF ribchbstBr. [pabt tt. 

Thomas, the second son of William Norcrosse, hj his wife, Mary 
Gardner, had issue, a daughter, who married one of the Oorsers, 
of Whitchurch, to whom the Norcross estates (estimated in 1812 
to be worth £80,000) descended. 

The Nadens of Hothebsall. 

Edmund Naden, of Hothersall, gent., by his wife, Jane (died 
Feb. 12, 1714), had issue, a son, Thomas; and daughters, Anne, 
died young ; Ellen, wife of John Singleton ; and Margaret, bapt. 
Nov. 23, 1656, wife of Thomas Singleton, of Dilworth. Edmund 
Naden was a leading man in Eibchester for over 30 years ; was 
frequently churchwarden, and a member of the ^' gentlemen and 
xxiv." He was buried at Eibchester, Nov. 15, 1698. 

Eev. Thomas Naden, of Hothersall, M.A., son of Edmund Naden, 
was educated at Manchester School, admitted to St. John's College, 
Cambridge, 5 June, 1669, and was elected ^'Gregson" scholar in 
the same year, took his B.A. degree in 1672, and M.A. degree in 
1676. Erom about 1690 until his death he seems to have lived 
at Hothersall, and to have taken an active part in local afEairs. 
Mr. Naden was buried in Eibchester church Jan. 31, 1714. By 
his will, dated 20 April, 1712, he gave " for ever to the Master, 
Eellowes, and Scholars" of St. John's College, Cambridge, all his 
lands and tenements in Alston and Hothersall to found one Exhi- 
bition in the CoUege. To his sister, Margaret Singleton, he left 
£5 per annum during her widowhood (if that ever happened), and 
his household goods, plate, rings, seals, and books. Other bequests 
were: To Anne Knowles, of Pagham, Sussex, £10 ; to Elizabeth 
Halsey, of Petersham, Surrey, £5, '< to make up her loss for the 
death of an horse which I rode to Huntingdon." All the rest of 
his debts and ready money he left to found two Exhibitions in St. 
John's College. And he desired that each of these Exhibitions 
should be given to students in Divinity being no Fellows (but 
never two to one man) to hold the same until they are ten years 
standing in the University. Preference was to be given, first, to 
Sancrofts related to William Sancroft, D.D., late Archbishop of 
Canterbury (who had been Mr. Naden's patron) ; then to the issue 
of Sir John Stapley ; then to the issue of his (the testator's) sisters ; 
then to Nadens being kin to the testator's father, and lastly to 
men of the greatest merit born within the province of Canterbury. 



CHAP. XI.] Old FAiliLijss. 26 i 

The Master and Fellows of St. John's were appointed executors, 
with Henry Townley, of Dutton, gent., as overseer. 

From the date of the foundations until 1859 there were three 
exhibitions called '*Mr. Naden's Exhibitions." In 1860, and in 
1882, new regulations came into force with respect to these and 
other benefactions. Among the holders of the " Naden Scholar- 
ships" are the following : — Thomas Clarkson, the slavery aboli- 
tionist, elected 1784 ; Henry Martyn, the celebrated missionary, 
1801 ; Rev. C. Pritchard, Professor of Astronomy at Oxford, 1829 ; 
Bishop Golenso, 1824 ; B. A. Proctor, the astronomist, 1858 ; and 
Dr. Taylor, the present Master of St. John's, 1863."^ ' 

The estates of Mr. Naden, consisting of 156 acres, were the 
Higher and Lower College farms; and were sold in 1870 to the 
late Thomas Whittaker, Esq., of Walton-le-Dale. The purchase 
money (£7,485) was invested in the purchase of £8,124 Consols. 

Margaret Singleton, in 1725, rented her brother's farms at a 
rental of £35 a year. Her husband, Thomas Singleton, of Dil- 
worth, yeoman, was buried in Ribchester church, Aug. 13, 1722. 
Mrs. Singleton appears to have been displeased with her brother's 
disposal of the estate, and several of her letters are preserved at 
St. John's College. 

The TaiiBOTS of Caer, Wilpshire. 

From this branch of the Talbots of Salesbury are descended the 
Darwens of Bibchester. 

George Talbot, of Carr, son of Stephen Talbot, was living in 
the year 1500. 

Nicholas Talbot, of Carr, gent., son of George, married, first, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Lawrence Shuttleworfch, of Gawthorpe, 
Esq. ; and secondly, Anne, daughter of Evan Browne, of Eibble- 
ton, gent. He died April 28, 1547. 

George Talbot, of Carr, gent., son and heir of Nicholas (hj his 
second wife), married June 27, 1569, Ann, daughter of Roger 
Nowell, of Mearly, gent., and had a numerous issue. He was a 
burgess of Preston at the Guild of 1622, and died in 1629, aged 
88. 

^ For this and other information I am indebted to Mr. B. F. Scott, the 
Bursar of St. John's. 



John Talbot) of Carr, gent., son of George, married Dorothy, 
daughter of Edward Braddyll, of Portfield, Esq., and had sons, 
Edward ; Thomas; and John. He was living in 1660. 

Edward Talbot, of Carr, gent., married Mabel, daughter of 
Lawrence Carleton, and by her had, sons, George, and John. 

George Talbot, of Carr, gent., married Ann, daughter of — 
Riley, of Church, and had, sons, Edward, died in Italy; and 
George, a doctor in New England; and daughters, Mary; and 
Katherine, married John Eden, of West Auckland. He died about 
1708. 

Mary Talbot married, firstly, John Parkinson, of Standerbar,- 
and had issue, James, Mary, Dorothy, and Marjorie. Secondly, 
she married Eobert Osbaldeston. 

The Dabwens of Cabb Hall, and Eibchester. 

Mary Parkinson, granddaughter of George Talbot, married in 
1714 Thomas Darwen, of Eibchester. The issue of this marriage 
were, sons, Henry ; and John ; and daughters, Margaret, who 
married Lawrence Peel ; Juliana ; and Dorothy, who married in 
1762 Daniel Eobinson, of Manchester, who had issue (among 
others) Juliana ; and Margaret, bapt. at Eibchester, Sept. 11, 1767. 

Henry Darwen, son of Thomas, lired at Carr until, suspicion 
falling upon him as a Catholic, his removal to Langley, co. Essex. 
In June 1743, a two-handled gold cup, ** doubtless of Eoman 
workmanship," found on the banks of the Eibble, was said to be 
" in the possession of Mr. Henry Darwent, shopkeeper, in Eib- 
chester." 

John Darwen, second son of Thomas Darwen, married Ann 
Ormerod, and died without issue, and was buried at Eibchester, 
Dec. 31, 1792. His widow was buried at Eibchester, Dec. 26, 
1796. 

The Darwens were staunch Catholics; and adherents of the 
Stuarts, in whose cause they suffered considerably. 

The Carr estate is now the property of the Petre family. 

/^ The Entwistles of Eibchester. 

Edward Entwistle, of Eibchester, gent., son of George Entwistle, 
of the parish of Blackburn, was bapt. at Eibchester, Sept. 8, 1700. 
He married Jane, eldest daughter of Henry Townley, of Dutton, 
gent., and by her had issue, sons, Townley, bapt. at Eibchester, 



CHAP. XI.] OLD FAMILIES. 253 

April 9, 1734; John, bapt. Feb. 5, 1736, buried at Ribchester, 
Jan. 31, 1741 ; and Edward, ** Reed into the ch :'' Feb. 26, 1740 ; 
and a daughter, Anne, bapt. at Ribchester, Mar. 8, 1732, after- 
wards wife of William Pye, of Ribchester, gent, {see post,) 

Edward Entwistle and his wife inherited Dutton Hall and a 
portion of the estate. He died in 1776, aged 75, and was buried 
at Ribchester, March 28th ; his widow survived him more than 
twenty years, being buried at Ribchester, Jan. 1, 1800, at the 
advanced age of 93 years. Some correspondence between the 
Entwistles and their daughter, wife of William Pye, for some 
years excise officer at Wilmslow, in Cheshire, has been preserved.* 
Writing Mar. 26, 1756, Edward Entwistle, jun., rofors to a " fever 
hereabouts which has taken off some few people.'' In 1757 
Townley Entwistle is said to "be fixt at Haslingden, and he and 
his bedfellow are very hearty;" that "cousin G. Radcliffe is 
married to one Miss Carr of Bolton in BoUand, a pretty good 
fortune." In 1760, " Sister Ward," wife of Mr. Henry Ward, is 
mentioned as living at Preston. 

Townley Entwistle, of Haslingden, surgeon, eldest son of 
Edward Entwistle, by his wife, Ann Baldwin, had issue, daughters, 
Anne, wife (1) of Henry Gearvise, of Haslingden, surgeon, and 
(2) of John Sefton; Agnes, wife (1) of Charles Leigh, of Bolton, 
gent., and (2) of John Fell, of Manchester; and Jane, wife of 
Thomas Padget, of Manchester, merchant, and died Oct. 9, 1804. 
Townley Entwistle is said to have been killed by a fall from his 
horse, and was buried at Ribchester, Sep. 18, 1779. 

Edward Entwistle, of Ribchester, gent., youngest son of Edward, 
lived at Ribchester to a very advanced age, and was buried there 
Dec. 16, 1828, in the 89th year of his age. On the death of his 
mother, 30 Dec, 1800, he became entitled, along with his brother- 
in-law, William Pye, to a sum of £500 charged upon the Dutton 
Hall estate. He does not appear ever to have been manied. 

The Pyes of Ribchesteb. 

This family settled in Ribchester in the year 1723, living at 
Buckley Hall, the old residence of the Sherbumes. John Pye, of 
Buckley, gent., by his wife, Hannah (who was buried at Ribchester, 

* For the i)erusal of which I am indebted to Mr. George Pye, Radcliffe 
Hall, Chipping, 



254 HISTOBY OP RIBOHBSTBB. [PAKT n. 

Nov. 4, 1766), had isaue, sons, James; William, bapt. May 27, 
1733; and George, bapt. Feb. 16, 1735; and daughters, Ellen, 
bapt. at Bibchester, Nov. 24, 1728, and wife of James Berry; 
and Ann, bapt. July 4, 1736, and wife of John Chamley. In 1759 
John I^e was in possession of lands and tenements known as 
"Wilfords;" Moorfield; and Bradley Lee, in Bibchester; and 
leased several other farms in and near Buckley Hall.* By his 
wiU, dated 8 June, 1758, he left to his eldest son, James (who 
seems to have been provided for in his father's lifetime), one 
shilling ; to his youngest son, George, £8 ; to his daughters, two 
guineas apiece ; to his wife, all his interest in Francis Green house 
for her life ; and the rest of his property to his second son, William, 
and youngest son, George ; the two last-named sons, and his 
" very good friend and kinsman," George RatclifEe, of Alston, 
being appointed executors. John Pye died 24 Oct., 1763, aged 
78, and was buried at Eibchester. 

James Pye, of Buckley Hall, gent., eldest son of John, by his 
wife, Elizabeth Dewhurst, of Blackburn, had issue, a son, Henry, 
bapt. May 15, 1760, buried at Eibchester, Feb. 16, 1762. His 
wife was buried at Eibchester, Aug. 27, 1786. James Pye was 
buried at Eibchester, March 15, 1793, aged 71 years. In 1790 
was advertised to be sold by auction, at the house of Mr. John 
Alston, the sign of the Grey Horse, Eibchester, the freehold and 
leasehold estates of Mr. James Pye. The lots were : Wilford's 
tenement, with four acres of land in the possession of Mr. James 
Pye ; three cottages in Eibchester ; and a tenement in Hothersall 
called Bradley-lee. The leaseholds were held under the Duchess 
Dowager of Norfolk, Thomas Weld, Esq., Thomas Walmesley, 
Esq., Edward Warren, Esq., and Lady Elizabeth Warren. 

William Pye, of Eibchester, gent., second son of John Pye, 
married Jan., 26, 1755, Ann, daughter of Edward Entwistle, of 
Eibchester, gent. He had issue, a son, John Townley, born in 
1772, died at Eibchester, 7 Dec, 1795 ; and daughters, Jane, 
bapt. Mar. 26, 1756, and married Mr. Alston, of Eibchester; and 
Anne, bapt. Feb. 10, 1760. About 1755 William Pye became 
excise officer at Wilmslow, and held this appointment until 1766. 
From the correspondence which passed between him and his rela- 

* Family papers. 



CHAP. XI.] OLD FAMILIES. 255 

tives we glean the following information: "Writing under date 
Apr. 22, 1756, his wife informed him that she was ** brought in 
bed the Saturday after you left Ribchester of a daughter, and we 
caU her Jane. . . Mr. Feel has left Lancaster and is gone to 
an * out rider' in Yorkshire." In October his parents sent him 
" a brase of hares that was killed this morning." Later on were 
sent " a pair of Bronan's Rules" bought of Mr. RadclifEe ** for 
no less than «^s. 6d. ;" and the absent husband was informed that 
his daughter is a fine child, '^ and misses the small pox," then 
prevalent in the town. The death of ** Aunt Wall" on 15 Nov., 
1756, and a visit to Edinburgh by Townley Entwistle "for im- 
provement," are among the chief items of news. Early in the 
following year William Pye writes, urging his wife to come to 
Wilmslow, telling her to bring " all her clothes and necessaries," 
and two beds, if possible, "as in this town (Wilmslow) there is 
nothing to be had." In 1795 George Pye (William's brother) 
writes to them about a new farm his father had taken, and which 
was costing a good deal of money to stock, owing to cattle being 
" very dear." At this time the mother, Elizabeth Pye, seems to 
have been living with her eldest son, James, at Buckley — the 
father occupying Francis Green — and the older brother, George, 
complains because James had forbad him the house owing to their 
mother having given him (George) " some drink." On his return 
to Ribchester about 1770, William Pye purchased lands in Hother- 
sall from Mr. and Mrs. Phipps, and leased lands in Ribchester 
from Thomas Weld, Esq. His wife, Ann, died Dec. 2, 1787, aged 
56, and was buried at Ribchester. William Pye died in the 70th 
year of his age, and was buried Sep. 30, 1803 By his will, dated 
Sep. 19, 1803, he left his property in trust for his daughter, Jane 
Alston, of Ribchester; "and (the testator continues) as for the 
part of Ribchester church called Dutton choir lately purchased by 
me from Richard Walmesley, Esq., deceased,^ . . they (the 
trustees) shall permit and suffer my children, grandchildren, and 
greatgrandchildren, and their heirs, for ever, to resort thither and 
use the same for Divine Worship ;" and any dispute arising thereto 
" shall be decided by the clergyman for the time being ;" and 
appointed Rev. R. Parkinson, vicar of Longridge, and Mr. John 
Pye, his nephew, executors. At the sale of William Pye's effects 
*See page 94. 



256 HISTOBY OP BIBCHESTER. [PABT U. 

was " a pan " sold to Mr. Quartley (vicar of Eibchester), £3 ; 
and 1741b. cheese, £4 28. 6d. 

George Pje, youngest son of John Pye, had issue, a son, John ; 
and daughters, Hannah, wife of Thomas Makinson, of Alston; 
and Sally, wife of John Swarbrick. George Pye resided at Chip- 
ping, and was buried at Eibchester, Oct. 21, 1804, died there. 
The present representative of the family is Mr. George Pye, Ead- 
cliffe Hall, Chipping. 

The Wabds of Wabd Hall. 
Eichard Warde, of Eibchester, gent., was a freeholder in the 
county Palatine in 1600. He died before 1609, and was succeeded 
by his son. 

John Warde, of Eibchester, gent., who was a juror at the tnq. 
p. m. of Eichard Walmesley, of Showley, gent., held 1609-10, had 
issue, a son, Eoger, who died in his father's lifetime, Jan. 26, 1619. 
In 1625 John Warde was included in the list of gentlemen who 
declined the " honour" of knighthood, and paid a fine of £10. 

John Ward, of Eibchester, gent, (probably a younger son of 
John Ward), was living in 1678. 

John Ward, of Eibchester, gent., son of John Ward, married 
at Eibchester, Nov. 10, 1705, Anne Haddock, of Eibchester. The 
issue of the marriage were, sons, Eichard, bapt. July 6, 1712; 
John, bapt. June 20, 1714; and Lawrence, died young; and a 
daughter, Elizabeth. John Ward, gent., died at Eibchester, and 
was buried Oct. 19, 1720. 

Ward Hall, a spacious house erected in the 16th century, was 
pulled down early in the century. The present building is used 
as a farm house, and is the property of Thomas Eymer, Esq., of 
Manchester. 

The Alstons of Alston. 

Thomas Alston, of Alston, yeoman, by his wife, Jane, had issue, 
sons, Eichard; William; and Eobert; and a daughter, Anne. 
By his will, dated 11 Aug., 1617, he left to Anne, wife of his son 
Eichard, one silver spoon ; to Henry Banks, of ffullwood, 13s. 4d. ; 
to John Banks, of Croston, his grandchild, 6s. 8d. ; and to his son 
Eobert, a house and three acres of land in Alston. Thomas Alston 
was buried at Eibchester, Jan. 23, 1618. 



CHAP. ZI.] OLD FAMILIES. 257 

Bichard Alston, of Alston, yeoman, son of Thomas, by his will, 
dated 24 Oct., 1628, left to his brothers, William and Eobert, £10 
each; to John Skerrow, £10; remainder to Anne, his wife, who 
was appointed executor. The inventory amounts to £272 4s. 6d. 
Richard Alston was buried at Eibchester, Oct. 30, 1628. 

The Seeds of Loftshaw, Eibohesteb. 

Hugh Seed, of Loftshaw, yeoman, by his wife, Frances Sherdley, 
had issue, sons, Eobert, bapt. May, 26, 1622 ; John ; and Thomas ; 
and daughters, Ellen; and Anne. By his will, dated 15 Dec., 
1639, Hugh Seed appointed his wife and son, Eobert, executors. 

Eobert Seed, of Loftshaw, son of Hugh Seed, had issue, a son, 
Edward^ bapt. April, 24, 1655. He was buried at Eibchester, 
June 18, 1668. 

Edward Seed, of Loftshaw, had issue, sons, Thomas; John, 
bapt. Jan. 1, 1684 ; and Eichard, bapt. June 10, 1694 ; and a 
daughter, Anne. Edward Seed was buried at Eibchester, April 8, 
1716, 

Thomas Seed, of Loftshaw, by his wife, Ellen Hesmondhalgh, 
had issue, sons, Edward, bapt. April 21, 1717; William; and 
John. 

Edward Seed, of Loftshaw, son of Thomas Seed, had issue, 
sons, Edward, bapt. May 20, 1757 ; and Oharles. 

After this date I am unable to identify the members of this 
name, many of whose descendants are still living in the parish. 
Loftshaw, or Loftshay, is the name of a farm a little to the nortl^ 
of Knowle Ghreen. 

The Seeds of Seed Gbeen, Eibohesteb. 

John Seed, of Seed Green, yeoman, by his wife, Anne, sister of 
Hugh Seed, of Chesbancks, had issue, sons, Thomas; and Eichard ; 
and a daughter, Ellen. By his will, dated April 1, 1617, he left 
his messauge to his wife and eldest son, Thomas ; and << all tithes 
of com'' to his daughter. He was buried in Eibchester church, 
June 26, 1617. 

Thomas Seed, of Seed Oreen, was a member of the '< gentlemen 
and xxiv." in 1638. This may have been the Thomas Seed who 
was convicted of recusancy 5 Ohas, I. (1630). He died Oct, 7, 
1667. 



258 HISTOBY OF EIBCHESTER. [PABT It. 

John Seed, of Seed Green, son of Thomas, had issue, sons, 
Henry ; and Sherburne ; and a daughter, Anne. About this time 
the descent of this very numerous family becomes most confused. 
The Seeds of Ohesbancks, Kibchesteb. 

Hugh Seed, of Ohesbancks, yeoman, brother-in-law of John 
Seed, of Seed Green, by his will, dated Feb. 15, 1612, left to 
Thomas, his eldest son, " 4 great arkes, one great chest, one pair 
of bed stocks, one brass pot, and two pewter dishes." His other 
children by his wife, Janet, were, John ; Henry ; Richard ; and 
Alice. The inventory of his goods amounted to £147. 

Thomas Seed, of Ohesbancks, yeoman, was a member of the 
"gentlemen and xxiv." in 1638. He married Maude, sister of 
Eichard Sherburne, of Buckley, gent. 

The Bourns of Dilworth. 

Henry Bourn, of Dilworth, yeoman, by his wife, Mary, had 
issue, a son, John, bapt. Feb. 5, 1717 ; and daughters, Margaret, 
wife of Thomas Greenwood ; Anne, wife of Lawrence Greenwood ; 
Anne, died young ; Jane, wife of Thomas Drinkwater ; and Mary, 
wife of John Greenwood. By his will, dated 10 Jan., 1744, Henry 
Bourn left legacies to his daughters ; to his nephew, John Townley, 
£10 ; to his wife " £6 yearly of and from Ratcliff's Land and 
Ratcliffe House to live in ;" and to his son, John, all his lands. 
Henry Bourn was buried in Ribchester church, Feb. 8, 1744. 

John Bourn, of Dilworth, yeoman, had issue, sons, Nicholas, 
bapt. Sep. 24, 1752 ; and John ; and a daugh*;er, Margaret. The 
existing farm house in Written-stone-lanewas built by John Bourn. 
He died, aged 73, and was buried at Ribchester, Feb. 21, 1780. 

Nicholas Bourn, of Dilworth, yeoman, married Martha Oarter, 
Aug. 23, 1780. Other members of this family are, William Bourn, 
buried at Ribchester, April 1843, aged 89; and Anne, his wife, 
died in 1845, aged 95 years. 

The present representatives are, Mr. William Bourn, owner and 
Occupier of Written-stone farm ; Mr. William Bourn, RadclifPe 
cottage, Dilworth ; Mr. William Bourn, Grimsargh ; and Mr. 
William Bourn, Oorporation Arms, Longridge. 

The Walkers of Alston. 
William Walker, of Alston, cavalier, bom in 1613, was buried 
at Ribchester, Jan. 16, 1736, aged 122 years. He was in the 



CHAP. XI.] 



OLD FAMILIES. 



259 



Eoyal Service at the battle of Edge Hill, was wounded in the arm, 
and had two horses shot under him. Dr. Whitaker says : "At 
the church of Eibchester was interred, in all probability, the last 
survivor of all who had borne arms in the war between Charles I. 
and the Parliament. . . . How long he retained his faculties 
I do not know ; if nearly to the close of life he must have been a 
living chronicle, extremely interesting and curious."* 

No entry of baptisms in the year 1613 are now to be seen in 
the register ; but the name was a common one in the district at 
the time. The following entry may refer to William Walker: 
"Bapt. 1636, Dec. 25, Anne, the daughter of Will^"- Walker." 
A painting of William Walker is in Tabley Hall, Cheshire. He 
is described as^ wearing " his own hair ; large beard ; great coat ; 
with a walking-stick in his left hand."* 

The Walmesleys of Eibchester. 

Eichard Walmesley, of Francis Ghreene, yeoman, in 1598 sold 
to Eichard Walmesley, of Showley, gent., his freehold inheritance 
called **ffrance green," containing seven acres of land, bounded 
by the lands of Eobeit Byrley, John Eodes, Eichard Marsden, 
gent., and the " enclosure" lately made by Eichard Walmesley, 
yeoman.® At the tnq.p, m. of Eichard Walmesley, of Showley, 
gent., held in 1610, Francis Green farm was still occupied by 
Eichard Walmesley, of Eibchester. On Oct. 2, 1620, AUice 
Walmesley de ffrances Greene was buried at Eibchester. 

In 1596, Eobert Walmesley, of Eibchester, son and heir appar- 
ent of Alexander Walmesley, of Mston, yeoman, sold to Eichard 
Walmesley, of Showley, gent., a certain close of land in Eibchester, 
called Dutton Croft, in the occupation of William Huthersall.* 

Although large landowners in the parish, and closely identified 
with much of its history, the Walmesleys of Showley were not 
resident in Eibchester, so that no detailed account of the family is 
given here. Mr. W. A. Abram has ver}'^ carefully traced the 
descent of this branch of the Walmesleys.* 



* Hist, of Michmondahire, ii., 465. 

• Cat. Eng. Heads, 1748. 
3 Original family deeds. 



* Ihid. 

• Hist, of Blackburn^ 458-60. 



260 HISTORY OF RIBCHESTEr! [pART H. 

The Foxes of Oxendale. 
This family, who are invariably described in the registers as 
"of Ribchester," really belonged to Blackburn parish. William 
ffox, of Goosnarghy purchased the Oxendale estate in 1714, from 
the Osbaldestons, of Oxendale.* 

His son John, who succeeded to the estate, by Ellen, his wife, 
had issue, sons, William, bapt. May 9, 1720; and Christopher, 
bapt. Sep. 20, 1724 ; and daughters, Elizabeth, wife of Thomas 
Alston, of Ribchester ; Alice, wife of Robert Slater, of Whitting- 
ham; and Sarah. John Fox died in 1753, and was buried at 
Blackburn, Aug. 29th. By his will, dated Aug. 25, 1 7 53, he made 
provision for his wife and children, and left Oxendale to his son 
and heir, William. 

William Fox, of Oxendale Hall, gent., by his wife Nancy, had 
issue, a daughter, Betty, wife of Christopher Wilkinson, of Rib- 
chester, apothecary. He was buried in Ribchester church, Dec. 
22, 1801 ; his wife was also buried in Ribchester church. Mar. 
14, 1791. This tombstone (barely legible) is in what was formerly 
the Button choir. By his will, dated July 3, 1801, WiUiam Fox 
left his estate upon trust to the use of his grandson, William Fox 
Wilkinson. 

Oxendale Hall, in the township of OsbaldeBtop, is, says Mr. Abram, 
** a quaint-looking old house of the 17th century, with a wide frontage, with 
four gables on the roof line, and a gabled porch in the centre bay. Over a low, 
arched doorway the lintel is inscribed with the date ' 1656,' and initials *L.R.O.' 
(Lawrence and Rosamond Osbaldeston.) On the leaden easing pipe at the 
side of the porch are the letters * W.F.' (William Fox) and the date 1763. "« 
The property now belongs to Messrs. J., E., and J. Dugdale, of Blackburn. 

Dbwhurst, of Alston. 
This family returned a pedigree at Dugdale's Visitation, in 
1664-5.» 

Bobert Dewhurst, of Alston, gent., married Catherine, daughter 
of Sir Richard Houghton, of Houghton, knt., and by her had 
issue, sons, John, bapt. at Ribchester, Mar. 30, 1602; William; 
and Robert; and daughters, Anne, wife of Benjamin Eccles; and 
Elizabeth, wife of John Crook, of Preston. Robert Dewhurst 
died in 1623, and was buried at Ribchester, 3 September. 

* Abram*8 Hiat. of Blackburn, 610. » Chet, Soc,, Ixxxiv., 97. 

« Ibid, 611. 



CHAP. XI.] OU) FAMILIES. 261 

John Dewhurst, of Alston, gent., eldest son and heir of Bobert, 
married Anne, daughter of Ealph Walkden, and had issue, sons, 
Eobert, bom about 1637; John; and William; and daughters, 
Katherine, wife of Eobert Willacy, of Alston ; and Jane, wife of 
Ellis Slater, of Alston. John Dewhurst died before 7 April, 
1665. 

Eobert Dewhurst, of Alston, gent., married Frances, daughter 
of Edward Wood, of Clayton, and by her had a daughter, Anne. 
All trace of the family now seems to be lost. 

Geeenall of Dtjtton. 

The Qreenhells or Qreenhalls have long been settled in the 
parish of Eibchester.* The first whose name we have found is 
John Qreenhells, who had a son Eobert, bapt. at Eibchester, 
April 28, 1634 ; and a daughter Anne, buried Jan. 16, 1662. 

Eobert Greenall, of Button, had a son William, bapt. in 1657. 

William Greenall, of Button, had a son Eichard, bapt. at 
Eibchester church, Sep. 10, 1693. 

Eichard Greenall, of Button, son of William, was a feltmaker 
and hat manufacturer. He married at Eibchester, Sep. 10, 1721, 
Mary Slater, of Eibchester, and by her had issue, sons, Eobert, 
bapt. Sep. 9, 1722; and Henry, bapt. Feb. 19, 1727; and a 
daughter Anne, bapt. Nov. 1, 1724. In 1752, Eichard Greenall 
paid 28. on nine windows for the window tax. 

Eobert Greenall, of Button, succeeded his father Eichard in the 
business. He had a son Eichard, bapt. at Eibchester, Mar. 8, 
1751. 

Eichard Greenall, son of Eobert, continued the business of hat 
making. He died at Moor Nook, Button, April 30, 1826, aged 
75 ; and was succeeded by his son, 

Eobert Greenall, bom in 1778, who was also a hat manufacturer. 

He died at Manor House, Button, April 30, 1854. 

Henry Greenall, brother of Eobert, was Agsnt for the late Mr. 
Fenton, lord of the manor of Bailey, Button, and Eibchester. 

^ In 1599, Richard Greenall, of stated to have lived at Mutton Heyes 

Blackburn parish, married Elizabeth " tyme out of memory of man (see p. 

Boulton, of Ribchester. And in 1590 245). 
the ancestors of Henry Grenehil are 



262 HISTO&T OF RIBCHESTER. [pART II. 

Eobert Greenall, of Button, son of Kobert, succeeded his unde 
Henry as Agent for the Fenton estates. Mr. Gfreenall is Agent 
for several other estates, is a member of '* the xxiv," and has 
filled the office of churchwarden, at Eibchester for twenty years 
in succession. He has several children. 

Lund of Eibchester. 
This family has been connected with Eibchester parish from a 
rempte date, as yeomen. The later generations of the family 
settled in Blackburn. 

Edward Lund, of Ribchester, yeoman, about the middle of the XVIIth 
century, purchased from Richard Ward a farm close to Francis Green, in Eib- 
chester. This tenement he sold io Henry Townley, who, in 1677, leased it for 
£12 a year to John Ward. This Edward Lund was ancestor of 

Bichard Lund, who removed to the neighbourhood of Blackburn some time 
before 1760. He married Sarah Eccles, of Sunnyhurst, Over Darwen, by whom 
he had issue, sons, Thomas ; James ; and John. He was accidentally drowntd 
at Lytham, about the year 1677 ; a sermon preached on the occasion of his death 
was printed. 

Thomas Lund, eldest son of Richard, lived at Whinney Lane, near Blackburn ; 
and in 1810 commenced cotton spinning at Wensley Fold. By Margaret, his 
wife (who died in June, 1833), he had issue, sons, Richard (see below) ; Thomas ; 
Robert ; John ; James ; William ; and Joseph. Thomas Lund died, aged 73, 
Feb. 22, 1830. 

James Lund, second son of Richard, and brother of Thomas, bom in 1759, 
was a calico manufacturer in Blackburn, and lived at Pleasington. He died in 
1797, in his 39th year. By his wife, Alice Smalley, he had issue, a son, Richard, 
bom in 1796. 

Richard Lund, son of James, married Alice Holt (she died in 1839), and had 
two sons, John ; and Thomas (died in 1875). He died, aged 69, in 1865. 

Richard Lund, eldest son of Thomas, man led Miss Astley, and was father of 
the late Rev. Thomas Lund, B.D., Rector of Brindle. 

John Lund, of Blackburn, eldest son of Richard, bom in October, 1823, served 
the office of Mayor of Blackburn in 1881-2, and was for many years a Gouacillor 
and Alderman of the borough. He is also a borough magistrate. He married, 
in 1863, Maria, daughter of the late Mr. James Gaughey, of Blackburn. His 
mother was descended from another Ribchester family, the Greenwoods, one of 
whom, John Greenwood, yeoman, purchased, in 1744, from Roger Ward, of Ward 
Hall, a farm in Ribchester, which was inherited by Mr. John Lund, J. P., and is 
still his property. 



OHAP. XIll MISCgSLLANT. 263 




CHAPTEE Xn. 

KNOWLE GEEEN CHAPEL. 

HIS liandBome chapel, belonging to the Congrega- 
tionalists, was erected in 1861 bj' subscription, and 
will seat about 300 people. Thirty years previously 
a chapel (now used as a school) was built raaiidy 
through the efforts of Mr. W. Hayhurst, of Blackburn, who for 
upwards of twenty years conducted the services. In 1858, the 
Eev. Giles Scott was appointed minister, and soon became known 
as one of the most indefatigable workers in the county. In 1873, 
Mr. Jesse Haworth, of Bowdon, gave land to enlarge the burial 
ground. Mr. Scott, who was born in 1813, formerly ministered 
at Olitheroe and Walker Fold, and held services at Longridge 
prior to 1865, retired early in 1890, and is now living at Ilkley. 
On Dec. 25, 1888, Mr. Scott received a purse of gold and an 
illuminated address from his friends and congregation. 

EIBCHESTEE BEIDGE. 

Considerable doubt exists as to the antiquity of a bridge over 
the Eibble at Eibchester. Whitaker conjectures that in ** later 
times '' it was within the manor of Osbaldeston, and so far below 
the present bridge. In 1669, the old bridge (when erected is 
uncertain) between the townships of Eibchester and Clayton-le- 
Dale, was replaced by the bridge, which, in 1772, was washed 
down by a flood. In 1 769, tenders were invited for the rebuilding 
of the County Bridge called Eibchester Bridge. The present 
bridge was built in 1774. In April, 1681, a precept was issued 
by the County Justices "of the Blackburn Hundred for the sum of 
£110 to repair the "common and public bridge" called Eibchester 
Bridge, between the market towns of Lancaster and EochdaJe. 
Eibchester and Dutton contributed the sum of £7.^ 

* MS. in the posseesiou of Miss Veevers, of Crumpsall. 



264 HISTOBT OF RIBGHSSTEB. [PABT H. 

EIBCHESTER FEREY. 

Ferry-boats for conveying persons across the river Kibble have 
been in use for many centuries. In 28 Ed. iii. (1355) Adam 
Bibby, of Ribchester, granted William de Bradeley, "fferiman," 
the right to carry '* men and women " by boat across the Eibble. 
Bight was also retained to build a bridge " of wood or stone," 
quod bene liceat JReetori JEcelesia de Jtihehester velDnode OshoMeston} 
In 1712, in a valuation of lands and tenements in Osbaldeston, 
mention is made of '' Finder's tenem't w'thin Bibchester, with the 
boate he pays £1 5s. p' ann' and I think 7s. to another, and he 
repairs the boat over and above the s'd sums. But when a new 
boat is wanting, Master Osbaldeston builds one at his own 
charge/" so that the land was considered to be worth very little. 
The Ferry now belongs to F. Openshaw, Esq., of Hothersall Hall. 

COUET LEET E0LL8. 

Unfortunately the records of the Court Leet of the manor of 
Eibchester only date back to 1821. From that year down to 
1835, fines were regularly imposed, of which a few examples may 
be given. Fines of 15s., 10s., and 5s. were levied on each horse, 
cow, or pig found pasturing in the lanes ; defaulting jurors had 
to pay Is. each ; dangerous bridges were ordered to be repaired ; 
the surveyor of highways was amerced in a penalty of 208. for 
neglecting to repair the pinfold, or common pound. In 1828, the 
jury presented '^ that John Boothman has been in the habit of 
keeping a gambling-house within the manor," and directed '' the 
Constable to seize his gambling-tables, and put a stop to such 
unlawful acts to the utmost of his powers."* The present lord of 
the manors of Dutton and Eibchester is James Fenton, Esq. ' 

WHITE BULL INN. 

This house, formerly used as the *' Court House " of Eibchester, 
has a very ancient look. The four pillars supporting the porch 
are said to be of Eoman date, and to have been dug out of the 
Eibble (see p. 14). On the spouting is cut : I.A.I., 1747 (James 
and Jane Alston) ; and on the face of the stone step : J. H. A., 

^ Towndey MS.S., O. O. * From the records in the posseesion 

* Lane, and Ohes. Antiq, Ifc4e9, of Junes Fenton, Esq. 
.,23. 



OHAF. ZIlJ MISGELLAKT. 265 

1750 (John and Ann Hall). There are also rude representations 
of a fox and the sun on the woodwork. 

MODE COOK INN. 

Situate dose to Mr. Fenton's shooting box in Dutton, this Inn 
has oyer the door what seems to be meant for a face or the rising 
sun, with the inscription, B.B., 1775 (Benjamin Bulcock). 

ANCIENT CE0S8ES. 

Stone crosses were formerly very numerous in the parish, but 
in many cases the base alone remains, and often even that is gone. 
In Stydd churchyard ; near Written-stone lane ; at Pinfold ; and 
in Gallows HiU lane, are remains of old crosses. 



266 HIStOEY OF RlBCttiSSTElt. 



A Tebbieb of thb Glbbb Lands, Tithbs, and otheb dubs and 

RbVBNUBS BBLONGINO to thb YlCARAaS OF BlBCHBSTBB, 8 Ap&IL, 

1828. 

One Vicarage house, consisting of three bays of building with an 
out cast on the North side, namely, one chamber, one kitchen, and one 
milk-house; one barn and stable of three bays with an out cast at the East 
end of it ; two small bays of building for other offices ; one garden or 
orchard sixty-four yards in length, lying on the North side. 

Tithe hay and com in kind through the township of Dutton; tithe 
corn in kind through the township of Stidd, except Stidd Hall which 
pays annually three shillings and one penny due every Easter, except 
likewise Smithbottom lands which pay annually five shillings due every 
Martinmas day. (^Then follow Easter and Michaelmas dues, as enumerated 
on pages 90-1), with the following additions : — 

Besides these dues the Vicar has the herbage of the Churchyard ; and 
an annual salary from the Bishop of Chester for the time being of thirteen 
pounds, six shilling, and eightpence, payable half-yearly. Mortuaries are 
due throughout the parish, and payable according to the Statute 2 Hen. 
Vill. Ten shillings are due for a funeral sermon, but if on a chosen text 
twenty shillings. 

EABLY ways of spelling NAMBS of TOWNSHIPS IN THB PABISH. 

RiBCHBSTEB — Ribelcastre, Ribbecestria, Ribbechastre, Ribbelcester, 
Ribbilcestre, Ribblecestre,Ribilce8ter, Ribbilcastr*, Ribelcesta, Ribblecaster, 
Ribilchester, Rybchester, Rybchestre, Ribbelcestria, Ribelcester,Rybcestria, 
Ribylchester, Rybbelcestre. 

Alston — Actun, Alsden, Howston. 

DiLWOBTH — Dylleword, Dilleworth, Dillworth, Dileworthe, Dylleworth. 

Dutton— Invariably spelt " Dutton." 

HoTHEBSALL — Hadreshall, Hedreshall, Hudersall, Hodiersale, Hodresall, 
Huddleshale, Hodreshale, Hordishall, Huthersall. 

Stydd— "Le Stede," Steyd, Stead, Steed, Steyde, Sted, Stid, Stidd. 

^ppj^nbix ^* 

Fines fob Rescusancy, 

A summary of the papers^ referring to the estates of persons fined for 
rescusancy in 1716 may be interesting. I select the case of Richard 
Bilsborrow, of Alston, husbandman (see p. 63). From the depositions of 
George Radclifife and William Norcrosse, made 26 Sep., 1716, we gather 
that the estate of Richard Bilsborrow, situate in Ribchester parish, was 
held on a lease from Lord Derby, and was worth about £18 a year, made 
up as follows : — Fox field, 3 acres, £1 16s. Od. ; Fox meadow, 2 acres, 
£1 4s. Od. ; and 27 acres, £16 10s. Od. Bilsborrow*s stock and effects were 
sold, comprising, " 2 storks (stirks) to Gudgstow of Ribchester, attorney;" 
also "1 cow, 2 mares, and 1 horse;'* and a s*;irk to Wm. Walmsley of 
Alston for £2. A note is added to the effect that " Mr. Bilsborrow was 
attainted 24 July, 1716." 

* Forfeited Estates Paperst xiv., II. 



mstOBY OF ElBCHEStEE. 267 



BY THE VERY EEV. MGE. GRADWELL. 

[^Mansignor QradweU has from time to time published in local journals 
the results of his search into the early religious history of Lancashire ; 
he has discovered traces of the presence of Christianity in our county 
in soms places which had previously attracted little attention^ and in 
the following extracts these are briefly setforth^. 

It has been already stated (p. 4) that the religion of Lancashire 
at the time of the Roman occupation was that of the rest of Britain, 
i.e,, Druidism. The Romans of course introduced into their newly 
conquered possession the religion of ancient Rome, so that Jupiter, 
Mars and Apollo, Minerva and Isie, had their altars and temples. 
Numerous altars to Fortune, to the names of the dead, and some- 
times to local deities, hare been found at Manchester, Ribchester, 
or Lancaster. An altar found at Lancaster to the most holy god, 
Jalonus, is supposed to indicate the worship paid to the deity 
presiding over the Lune ; one to Mars Cocidius, also found at 
Lancaster, and now preserved in the Assize Oourt in the castle ; 
and another from Ribchester to Apollo Maponus (see p. 20), are 
likewise supposed to be in honour of British deities. Stonyhurst 
still possesses an altar from Ribchester dedicated to the Mother 
Goddesses (see p. 22), and a statue of Jupiter found at Manchester, 
and a signet-ring bearing an intaglio of Mercury in a blood-stone, 
from Ribchester, are evidences of the homage paid to these false 
deities. During these centuries of Roman domination there are 
no evidences of the Christian religion having prevailed in Lanca- 
shire, and yet there can be no doubt that it was preached here as 
well as in other parts of Britain. Before the end of the second 
century the conversion of a British prince, Lucius, facilitated the 
spread of the Gospel in this country ; episcopal Sees were founded 
in the most important cities, as London and York, and naturally 
the latter would have jurisdiction in Lancashire. Eborius of 
York is mentioned as sitting at the Council of Aries in 314, as 
one of a deputation of British bishops. Constantino was bom at 
York, but his conversion to Christianity would have little influence 



268 EARLY CHBI8TIANITY IN LANCASHIBB. 

on religion in Lancashire, for it did not take place for some years 
after he left Britain — ^viz., in the year 311 ; and the same may be 
said of the holy Empress Helen, his mother, who became a Christian 
at the same time. The campaigns of the Emperor Theodosius, 
half a century later, would do little more than free the country 
from the devastations of the Picts and Scots, whom he drove back 
for a time beyond the Forth and the Clyde. During the fourth 
century the ravages of these northern tribes were frequent through- 
out the north of England. Fire and sword spread havoc amongst 
the towns and country alike, and the temples and law courts of 
the Eomans became heaps of charred ruins. At Eibchester, in 
1813, Dr. Whitaker foimd a stratum of charcoal 'close by the 
ruins of a temple, immediately under the vegetable mould, evidently 
the remains of a timber roof which had been burned.^ 

Although so far not a solitaiy monument of Christian art has 
been discovered in Lancashire, it is possible that a Christian tomb 
or inscription may almost at any time reward the patient toil of 
the explorer. To this period succeeds a long interval of complete 
darkness. But though the civilization of Eome entirely disap- 
peared, Christianity must have still prevailed to a certain extent ; 
and when the clouds began to break, and we light on a passing 
mention of Lancashire, we find a Christian bishop speaking to a 
Christian people. However feeble the light, it seems never to 
have been completely extinguished. We read of Lancashire 
during the fifth and sixth centuries only incidentally, as the groimd 
traversed on the way from Wales to the South of Scotland ; but 
what was true of these districts must also be true to a certain 
extent of the intervening tract which was subject to the same 
temporal and spiritual rulers. The division of the country into 
Goxmties was of after-growth, and even the distinction between 
England and Scotland, as it now exists, was not to arise for many 
centuries. St. Ninian, who was bom on the south bank of the 
Solway Firth, about 360, and who flourished as Bishop of 
Witheme in the fifth century, was as much at home on the north 
as on the south side of the border. In his youth there were both 
churches and schools, frequented by Christians, in what is now 
the county of Cumberland, and we cannot greatly err in assuming 
that it would be much the same on the banks of the Mersey or 

^ Watkin's Boman Laneashvrty 147. 



HISTOBT OF BIBOHESTEB. 269 

Eibble. However, be that as it may, the rule of the Eomans was 
succeeded by a complete break-up of any central authority. 
Power fell naturally into the hands of local chiefs, and was 
exercised by them in their immediate neighbourhoods, until the 
courage or good fortune of an individual enabled him to reduce 
the other chiefs to subjection The rest of our island, from Land's 
End to the Clyde, remained British or Celtic long after the eastern 
coasts and the midland districts had yielded to the Saxons, and, as 
a consequence of this, Christianity continued to be the religion of 
the land. Indeed, the Saxons of Northumbria had themselves 
become Christians before they established their sway over 
Lancashire. 

St. Kentigem in his journey from Scotland through Lancashire 
to Wales, about the year 340, must naturally have traversed the 
shores of Morecambe Bay, passing through Grange-over-Sands on 
his way to Lancaster. Then the remains of the old Eoman road 
would conduct him by Galgate and Claughton-on-Brock, to 
Walton-le-Dale and through Wigan, to the ford over the Mersey. 
Whether his preaching led to the establishment of priests on the 
banks of the Eibble, of which more later on, or he found them 
already flourishing there, and merely confirmed them by his 
teaching, Joceline (St. Kentigem's biographer) does not say; but 
large tracts of land in Lancashire had been already given by 
religious princes to the support of the church.^ A very interesting 
account of St. Kentigem will be found in Joceline's Biography,^ 

Following St. Kentigem, St. Edwin and St. Paulinus in the 
sixth century, journeyed through Lancashire, stirring up and 
preserving the religious faith of the people. 

The evidences of the existence of Early Christianity in Lancashire 
are to be seen in the EccUaim or Eccleses scattered over the country, 
and especially in close proximity to the Boman camps and roads. 
For example, Eccleshill, near Blackburn, we may safely infer, 
received the name, not from the Normans, nor the Angles, but 
from the Britons who retained the name which had been given in 
Eoman times in consequence of the existence of a Christian 
Churh, an EecUaia^ on or at no great distance from the Eoman 
road. 

^ Eddi's Life of St, WUfrid, chap. ^ Forbee's Lives of 8, Ninian and 8, 

xvii. Kentigem, 



270 EAELY OHEISTIAirrrY IN LANCASHIBE. 

Again we find tradition (as embodied in the ^^ Be Statu 
Blaglomeshire^^) connecting the origin of Whalley Church with 
the time when St. Augustine preached the faith to Ethelbert, 
King of Kent, in 697. And, although it has not been proved 
that St. Augustine ever visited Lancashire, the fact is clear that 
Christianity was prevalent in the neighbourhood of Whalley in 
the sixth century. 

In the same way, may we not connect the very ancient 
Christianity found by King -^gfrith in 672, on the banks of the 
nibble, in the neighbourhood of Preston, with the Roman station 
at Walton -le-Dale, and the Eoman road running northwards to 
Lancaster ? Eddi, the contemporary and friend of St. Wilfrid, 
tells us of British princes who gave to the Church various lands 
on the banks of the Eibble and in Amoundemess. And may we 
not reasonably suppose that the old Christianity of Roman times 
lingered on in the neighbourhood of Ribchester and Walton-le- 
Dale, diligently fostered by the native clergy, and faithfully 
preserved by the native people ? 



Appendix to Chapter I. (p. 39). 
In the month of April, 1890, as a workman was digging in the 
garden of the Rfector of Ribchester, the Rev. F. J. Dickson, that 
gentleman standing by saw something glitter in the upturned soil. 
Picking it up, he found it to be a gold coin ; and on examination 
it proved to be a piece of the Roman Emperor Gratian in excellent 
preservation. His gold coins are by no means uncommon ; but 
the one in question bears on the reverse a legend which may pos- 
sibly be unique : PRINCIPIVM IWENTVTIS. PRINCIPI 
IVENTVTIS is not unusual on Roman Emperor's coins, but the 
other appears to be a blunder. The piece was struck at Treves. 
Oratian was assassinated in the year 383. 



GENERAL INDEX, 



ACCOUNTS, Churchwardens*, 92-111 

Agriculture, 69-71 

Alston family, 256-7 

Alston, township of, 42, 76 

Area of the parish, 76 

Arms of Clitheroe of Salesbury, 135 
Cottam family, 244 
HothersaU family, 135, 227 
Newport of Salop, 136 
Townley family, 232 



ft 
»» 

99 



BAPTISMS, 193-8 

Bastardy, curious case of, 85, 86 
Battles at Ribchester, 58, 59 
Bells, church, 100-107 
Boundaries, parish, 70, 71j 76 ; peram- 
bulation of, 73 
Bourn family, 258 
Bridge, Ribchester, 263 
Briefs, collections on, 112-122 
Buckley HaU, 241 ; Delph, 69 
Burial customs, 72, 207 
Burial Registers, 198-204 

CARLINGHURST, dispute about, 53 

Catholic churches, 210-213 

Catholics, Roman, sufferings of, 59-67 ; 

baptisms and marriages of, 189-90 
Celts, life of, 1-3 ; religion of, 4 
Chantries, 78, 80-82, 94 
Chanties, 219-223 
Christenings, 193-8 

Christianity in Lancashire, Early, 267-70 
Church, disturbances in, 142, 144-8 
Churches : Knowle Green, 263 ; litmg- 

ridge, 100, 107-109 ; Ribchester (see 

Parish Church); Stydd, 130-137 (also 

see under Stvdd) 
Churchwardens, list of, 174-87 

„ accounts of, 92-111 

Civil war, 58-61 
Clerks, parish, 104, 187-8 
Clock, church, 102, 103, 165-9, 187-8 
Congregational Church, 263 
Cottam family, 242-244 
Cotton weaving, 71 
Court-leet, 264 
Cromblehohne family, 237-39 
Crosses, ancient, 265 
Curfew bell, 104 
Customs, old, 73-75 



DARWEN family, 262 

Dewhurst family, 235-7 ; 260-1 

Dialect of the district, 75, 76 

Dilworth, township of, area of, 76; 
population of, 76 

Domesday Survey, 42 

Dutton Hall, 232 

Dutton, township of, area of, 76 ; bound- 
aries of, 70 : population of, 76 

ENTWISTLE family, 252-3 
Execution, local, 66, 202 

FAIRS in Ribchester, 74 

Ferry at Ribchester, 264 

Flood, great, at Ribchester, 263 

Folk-lore, 72-75 

Fox family, 260 

Foxes in Ribchester. 41, 110, HI 

Free School at Ribchester, 219-20 

GAMBLING in Dutton, 111, 264 

Games, local, 72 

"Gentlemen and Twenty-four," the, 

102-110, 160-173 
Glebe lands, 83-92 
Greenall family, 261-2 

HAYHURST family, 232-35 
Hayhurst, Rev. Bradley, library of, 

214-19 
Hindley, Rev. Christopher, ejection of, 

144-9 
Hospitallers, Knights, 123-129 
HothersaU, township of, area of, 76; 

population of, 7d 
HothersaU family, 224-28 
HothersaU Hall, 73, 227-8 
Houghton family, 241-42 

INHABITANTS, list of (in 1678), 166 
Inns, Ribchester, 72, 264-5 
Inn, White Bull, 264-5 
Irregular trading, 55-58 

JACOBITE risings, 65-67 
Jenkinsoii's Charity, 220. 223 
Jerusalem, Prior of St. John of, 123-9 



272 



OENBRAL INDEX. 



KNIGHTS of St. John of Jerusalem, 

123-129 
Knighthood, the Order of (1625), 55 
Knowle Green Church, 263 

LANCASHIRE, Early Christianity in, 

267-70 
Legends, local, 72, 73 
Loids of the Manor, 43-52 ; 123-129 
Longridge Church, 100, 107-109 
Lund family, 262 

MANOR Court Records, 264 
Manor, Lords of the, 43-52 ; 123-129 
Marriage R^i^ters, 189-93 
Marriage Customs, 72, 74 
Monuments in Pansh Church, 205-9 

NADEN f amUy, 250-1 
Non-jurors in Ribchester, 66, 67 
Nororosse family, 249-60 

PARISH Church, 77-122 ; architecture 
of, 92 ; bells, 100-107 ; brasses in, 
206 ; briefs, 112-122 ; chantries in, 
78, 80-83, 94, 206, 206 ; church goods 
in, 96-100, 107; dock, 102, 103; 
dedication of, 77 ; disputes in, 142, 
144-8; endowments, 77, 80, 85. 90- 
92; Easter dues of, 90-91: glebe, 
83-92; grave stones in, 205; in 
Saxon times, 77 ; libraiV, 21419 ; 
monuments, 206-9 , pews, 05 ; pulpit, 
95 ; registers, 189-204 ; rectors, 138- 
59 ; rectory. 111, 112 ; repairs, 92- 
103 ; rushes on the floor, 96 ; seato 
in, 99 ; terrier (1829), 266 

Parish clerks, the, 104, 165-9, 187-8 

Parish Registers, the, 189-204 

Perambulations, 73 

Place names, 41, 42, 266 

Poor, list of the (in 1693), 67-8 

Pye family, 253-56 



RADCLIFFE family (Alston), 247-9 

„ „ (Dilworth), 246-7 

Recusancy, fines for, 61-66 
Recusants, lists of, 61-67 ; sufferings of, 

59-67, 266 
Rhodes family, 244-6 
Ribble, river, 2, 9, 10, 21-30, 32, 37, 68, 

69,263-4 
Roads, ancient, 20, 21, 71, 72 ; disputes 

about, 54 
Roman Ribchester, chronology of , 40 ; 

origin oi name of, 41 ; ufe in, 14 ; 

peculiarities of the camp of, 13 
Roman antiquities discovered, 15-40, 

270 
Roman coins found, list of, 38-40, 270 
Roman excavations, recent, 10-13 
Roman helmet, 33-35 
Roman roads, 20, 21 
Roman wall, the, 6-9, 16 

ST. JOHN of Jerusalem, Knignts of, 
123-129 

Soots, invasion of, 42 

Seed family, 257-8 

Sherburne family, 239-41 

Stydd, chapelry of. Lords of the Manor 
of, 123-130 

Stydd Catholic Chapel, 210-13 

Slydd Church, architecture of, 131, 132 
endowments, 131 ; font, 134, 135 
glebe, 131 ; monuments 135, 136 
restoration of (suggested), 133-134 

TALBOT family, 251-2 
Townley family, 228-32 
Trades, ancient and modem, 57, 70, 71 
Traditions, local, 72, 73 
Trading, irregular, 55-58 
Tree, old oak, 69 

*' Twenty -four, gentlemen and," 102-111, 
160-73 

WARD family, 256 

Walker, William, Cavalier, 258-9 

Walmesley family, 259 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



ABBOTT, Elizabeth, 86 
Abram, Anne, 193 

„ W. A., 28, 45-6, 55, 144, 148-9, 
225, 226, 235, 269-60 
Abraham, Edward, 65 
Addison, Robert Vernon, 173, 186 
Agricola, Julius, 6, 8 



Agrioola, Seztus, 18 
Ainsworth, George, 193 
„ Lawrence, 60 
„ Mrs., 98 
Albin, Ann, 62 
John, 195 
Margaret, 191 



»> 



>» 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



273 



Albin, Richard, 62 

,, Roger, 195 

„ WiUiam, 62 
Alexander, Severus, 15 
Alsop, Rev. Christopher, 138, 143 

„ William, 185 
Alston, Anne, 256-7 

„ Edward, 173, 187, 200 

„ Elizabeth, 208 

„ James, 264 

„ Jane, 255-6, 264 

„ John, 97, 171, 176, 180 

„ Reuben, 173, 187 

„ Richard, 44, 256-7 

„ Robert, 128, 256-7 

„ Thomas, 107, 175, 180, 208, 256-7 

„ William, 186, 190, 256-7 
Alvetbam, John de, 45 
Anandesley, Thomas, 49 
Antoninus, the Emperor, 18 
Apollo (Maponus), 19, 20 
Arden, Nathan, 178, 198 
Armitstead, Rev. Edmimd, 110, 159 

„ William, 162 
Ash, Edward, 163, 176 
„ Elizabeth, 65, 196 
„ Richard, 82, 174 
„ Robert, 65, 176, 191, 196 
Ashton, Edward, 182 

„ George, 63 

„ Rev. Ijawrence, 140 

„ Rev. Robert, 154 
Atkinson, Rev. John, 110, 138, 155-6 

„ Rev. Miles, 159, 172 
Aurelius, Marcus. 31 
Ayrton, Rev. William, 158 

BAILEY, J. E., 112 
„ Robert, 201 
„ Thomas, 161, 163 
Baines, Edward, 43, 46, 48, 70 1, 232 
BakQr, Aran, 177 

„ Richard, 176 
Balderston, Richard de, 44 
Balshaw, William, 180 
Banastre, Christopher, 57 

„ Richard, 50 

,, Thomas, 45, 47 
Banks, John, 187 

„ Rev. Mr. 

„ Thomas, 45, 47 
Barker, John, 60 

,, Robert, 81 
Barlow, John, 161, 163, 165 

„ Richard, 91, 103, 165, 167, 176 

„ William, 197 
Barnes, Robert, 81 
Barton, Mary, 65 

,, Rev. William 

„ WiUiam, 61 



>» 
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»» 



Bateman, C. T., 161-2 
Bath, Dorothy, 191 
Bayley, John, 47 

„ Walker de, 44 
Beever, J. F., 231 
Benson, James, 193 
Bentley, Henry, 191 

„ Rev. Mr., 108 
Berry, James, 181, 185 

,, John, 185 

„ Thomas, 180 
Billington, John, 176 
Bilsborrow, Margaret, 63 

„ Richard, 63, 66, 161, 191, 266 

„ Thomas, 204 

Birley, Agnes, 58 

„ George, 83, 195 

„ John, 86, 195 

„ Robert, 200, 259 
Birril, John de, 44 
Blackburn, John, 78-9 
„ Richard, 176 

„ Thomas, 60, 67, 7.8 
Bleasdale, Anne, 61 

James, 61, 175 
Jane, 61 

Thomas, 61-2, 91, 166 
Blundell, Richard, 57 
Boadicea, Queen, 5 
Bolton, Adam, 51, 55 

„ Edward, 114 

„ Elizabeth, 65, 190 

„ James, 229 

„ John, 86, 203 

„ Lancelot, 65, 113, 193 

,, Nicholas, 200 

„ Richard, 43, 44, 196 

„ Thomas, 65, 67, 86 

„ William, 138-9 
Boothman, John, 142, 180-1, 198, 264 
„ Lawrence, 198 
„ Robert, 141-2 

Bourn, Anne, 258 

„ Henry, 171, 178-9, 258 

,, James, 195 

„ John, 171, 180, 184, 195, 258 

„ Nicholas, 181, 258 

„ Richard, 190 

„ Thomas, 55, 178 

„ WilUam, 55, 181, 186, 204, 258 
Boyes, Anne, 150 

„ Henry, 235 

„ John, 79 

,. Leonard, ICl 
Braithwaite, Thomas, 27, 29 
Bradyll, Thomas, 207 
Bradley, James, 63 

„ Jane, 192 

„ John, 181 
Robert, 194 



>» 



274 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



it 



♦» 



Bradley, WilUam. 264 
Brand, Robert, 192 
Briggs, John, 173 
Brittaine, William, 62 
Brockholes, William de, 45 
Brownlaw, Robert, 138, 140 
Browne, Edward, 211 

„ Rev. Henry, 21M2 
Bruce, Rev. J. C, 8 
Buck, WilUam, 184 
Burgoyne, Colonel, 106 
Burn, Rev. Mark, 159 
BuBhell, James, 203 

Henry, 166 

Robert, 190 

Rev. Seth, 208 
Butterworth, Alexander, 232 
Byrne, Rev. Michael, 213 

CiESAR, Julius, 2-4 
Caldecotes, Richard de, 446 
Galderbank, Joseph, 186 
Calderwood, Mr., 99 
Caligula, 5 
Calvert, John, 191 
„ Mary, 150 
Camden, W., 22-4, 27, 38 
Campbell, Rev. John, 159 
Caracalla, 15, 25-6 
Caractacus, 3 
( arausius, 24 
Carter, Anne, 202 
„ Edmund, 58 
„ Henry, 172, 188 
„ John, 163, 178-9, 184, 204 
„ Richard, 91, 97, 166 
„ Thomas, 65, 186, 203 
„ WilUam, 58, 103, 167, 188, 202 
Cassius, Dion, 16 
rassivelaunus, 3 
CatteraU, Robert, 57 
Chamley, Richard, 171, 178 

„ WilUam, 170, 180, 203 
Charnock, John, 175-6 
Cherimon, Robert, 163, 175 
Chester, Bishop of, 83, 84-91, 108-11, 
152-3, 162 
,, Dean of, 84 
ChnstioLChancellor, 214-6 
Clarke, Henry, 81 
Clarkson, John, 203 
J. F., 202 
„ Rev. Seth, 212-13 
Clayton, Abraham, 58 
Edward, 79 
Henry, 43-6, 124 
Joseph, 180-1 
Rev. Leonard, 148 
Ralph, 45 
William, 138, 141, 201 



>* 



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>> 



CUfton, WilUam, 45 
CUtheroe, Adam, 44, 136 
Henry, 77 
Hugh, 43 4, 124 
„ Robert, 45, 48 
Cofil, Robert, 125 
Colton, Rev. William 
Colthurst, AUce, 190 

„ Richard, 182 
Commodus, the Emperor, 8 
Constantine, the Emperor, 25 
Constantius Chlorus, 23-4 
Cooke, Sir Henry, 151 
„ Thomas, 54 
„ William, 151 
Cookson, Robert, 192 
< orbishley, George, 154 
Cottam, Adam, 70 

„ Anne, 64, 86, 243-4 
„ EUen, 64, 199 
„ EUis, 51, 64, 166-7, 190, 243 
„ Elizabeth, 64-5, 89, 195, 242-3 
„ Henry, 49, 64, 243 
James, 192, 195, 242 
John, 55, 65, 67-8, 86, 161, 163, 
165-6, 180, 190, 195, 242-4 
„ Lawrence, 64, 67, 93, 161, 166, 
175-7, 179, 191, 196, 200, 203, 
242-4, 247 
„ Richard, 56, 64, 141, 166, 177, 

124, 199, 203, 242-4 
„ Robert, 100, 196 
„ Thomas, 64, 166, 194, 242 
„ Samuel, 178 
„ WilUam, 50, 169, 242 
Cottingham, Rev. James, 159 
Cotton, Sir R., SO 
CounseU, Isaac, 185 

William, 179 
Coventre, Richard, 158, 140 
Cowell, James, 52, 81 

„ John, 63, 127, 180, 197 
„ Richard, 89, 101 
„ WilUam, 171, 197 
Cox, Rev. J. C, 104, 161 
Cradock, Sir Joseph, 108 
Crombleholme, Catherine, 239 

Edward, 202, 239 
EU, 50, 78-9, 237 
EUzabetb, 191, 239 
Henry, 196, 239 
Mary, 196, 239 
John, 239 
Richard, 52, 58, 129, 196, 

201, 229, 238-9, 241 
Robert, 138, 141, 228-9 
Sherburne, 192, 102, 239- 

40 
Tryphema, 196, 239 
WilHam, 66, 237-9 



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INDST OP NAMES. 



275 



Crompton, Richard, 63 
Cromwell, Oliver. 59 
CrcN9s, Jamea, 181 

„ John, 181 

„ WiUiam, 63 
Crossley, James, 215 
,. John, 181 
ComDerlaDd, Duke of, 67 
Cmiliffe, Elizabeth, 62 

„ Henry, 63, 124 

„ John, 194 

„ Robert, 58 
Curtis, Josephj 192 
Cutler, Catherme, 60 

„ George, 61 

„ John, 56-8, 179, 183 

„ Richard, 173, 183, 196 

„ Thomas, 56, 64, 96, 103, 147, 168, 
188, 191, 194 

„ William, 61-2, 166, 180, 185 
Cutts, Rev. £. L., 136 

DANIELL, Agnes, 61 

„ John, 83, 174 

„ Robert, 63, 166, 176-7 

„ Thomas, 165, 175 

Danson, William, 63 
Darwen, Dorothy, 252 
„ Henry, 252 
„ John, 86, 182,252 
„ Margfaret, 252 
,, Thomas, 252 
Decius, the Emperor, 30 
Derby, Earl of, 61, 68-60, 105 
Dewhurst, Anne, 64, 201-2, 204, 236, 
260-1 
„ Arthur, 103, 188, 202 

„ Charles, 173, 198, 237 
„ Clayton, 168, 170, 177, 197, 
202,237 
Edmund, 186, 237 
Edward, 173, 205 
Elizabeth, 199, 221-2, 260 
EUen, 194, 236 
Grace, 63, 235-6 






„ George, 236 

„ Henry. 179, 202, 237 






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Isabella, 190 

James, 176-90, 196-8, 200 

John, 85-7, 176-7, 180, 194, 

199, 200, 202, 219, 235-7, 

260-1 
Mary, 166, 246, 237 
Richard, 58, 175, 177, 181-3, 

191 203 
Robert, 194, 200, 204, 220, 

260-1 
Roger, 64, 101, 166, 186, 188, 

197 237 
Tempest, 197, 204 



Dewhurst, Thomas, 82, 89, 176-9, 180-3, 
187, 194, 196, 198, 205 
William, 61, 87, 91, 96, 102, 
165, 173, 176-6, 200-1, 236- 
7, 260-1 
Dickinson, Edward, 179 
Dickson, Rev. F. J., 39, 139, 167-8 

„ Joseph, 157 
Dilworth, Richard, 101 

„ Robert, 49 

William, 96, 101, 191 
Diocletian, 23 
Dixon, James, 186 

„ Rev. Richard, 110, 193, 203 
Dobson, William, 69, 94, 205 
Dodsworth, Roger, 30 
Dolphin, Robert, 177 
Domitian, 5 
Domma, Julia, 16, 26 
Dove, Dr., 90 
Doughtie, Henry, 66 
Dowe, John, 61 
Downes, Edward, 218 

„ Mrs., 219 
Drinkwater, Peter, 196 

„ Thomas, 196 

Drogo, 138, 139 
Dryden, Sir Henry, 135 
Duckett, Anne, 62, 66, 167 

„ George, 62 

„ Henry, 167 

„ John, 63, 175 

„ Richard, 56 
Duddell, Thomas, 87 
Dunderdale, Christopher, 197 

„ Thomas, 197 
Dutton, Adam, 43 

„ Ralph, 44 

„ Richard, 43, 44 

„ Robert, 43, 44 

„ William, 43-6, 124-6 

EASTHAM, Edmund, 182 
„ John, 180, 192 

, , Thomas, 98, 171, 179, 180, 

183 
Eatough, Joseph, 184 

„ John, 186 
Eccles, Benjamin, 195 

Edmund, 180, 197 
George, 166, 176, 195 
Grace, 202 
John, 36, 186, 194 
Leonard, 190 
Margaret, 194 
Seth, 178, 197 
,. Thomas^ 57, 181, 195 
Eccleston, William, 51 
Edelston, John, 184 
Edisford, James, 147-8 



276 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



^ 



Kdisford, Henry, 236 

,, Margaret, 236 
Elffton, Roger, 191 
Ellison, Matthew, 97, 179 

„ Thomas, 182 
ElUswick, John, 138, 140 
Emmett, Josepn, 191 

„ Mr., 184 
Entwistle, Agnes, 253 

„ Anne, 198, 253-4 

„ Edward, 97, 170-2, 178, 182, 
187, 197-8, 204, 232, 252-4 

„ George, 197, 252 

„ James, 204 

„ Jane, 232, 252-3 

„ John, 253 

„ Thomas, 204 

„ Townley, 198, 204, 253, 955 
Ewood, Richard, 48 









FAIRCLOUGH, Anne, 64 

John, 64, 166 
Margaret, 61 
Richard, 61 
,, Robert, 60 

Flirmer, John, 138, 140 
Farrar, Robert, 192 
Farrer, William, 183 
Felgate, Anne, 202 

Rev. Samuel, 158 
ReT. Thomas, 158 
„ WilUam, 109, 158, 201 
Fenton, James, 52, 95, 264-5 
„ John, 206 
„ Joseph, 52, 205 
„ Thomas, 173 
., William, 
Fielden, Edward, 195 
„ Richard, 83 
Firmus, Terentius, 20 
Fish, Lawrence, 67 
Fishwick, Edmnnd, 196 

Edward, 48, 196 
Henry, 46, 205 
John, 195 
Robert, 176 
Thomas, 195 
Fletcher, John, 171 
Forrest, Henry, 156 
„ John, 198, 204 
„ Rev. James, 73, 159, 198, 204 
„ R«v. WiUiam, 210 
Foster, ReT. Mr., 108 
Fox, Christopher, 260 
„ John, 260 
„ Nancy, 205, 260 
„ William, 180, 205, 260 
Francis, John, 47 

„ Robert, 45 
France, William, 193 



» 



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Fulvianus, Valerins, 15 

GALERIUS, Valerius, 23, 24 
Gastrell, Bishop, 91, 131, 214 
Geddes, David, 29, 36 
Geta, the Emperor, 26 
Gillibrand, James, 183-4, 198 
„ John, 178 
„ Richard, 198 
Gillow, Joseph, 60, 135, 210, 211, 224 
Glassbrook, Edward, 211 

„ Rev. Roger, 211 

Gleave, Thomas, 63 
Godfrey, Rev. Page, 159 
Goldisburgh, Thomas, 50 
Groodshaw, Catherine, 65 
Dorothy, 65 
Gilbert, 190 
John, 167, 197 
Richard, 65 
William, 190 
Goring, Rebert, 192, 197 
Gomer, George, 188, 197 
„ Robert, 188 
„ William, 188, 197 
Gradwell. Rev. R., 42, 267-70 
Graystock, Henry, 181 
Greenfield. Christopher, 207 
Greenhalgn, Thomas, 53 
Greenall, Elizabeth, 192 
Henry, 261-2 
John, 177, 261 
Richard, 68, 173, 183-6, 190, 

192, 197-8, 261 
Robert, 68, 173, 180, 184-7, 

197-8, 261 
Thurstan, 173, 185-6 
William, 198, 261 
Greenwood, Alice, 68 

Edward, 182 
Ellen, 62 
Henry, 183-5 
James, 177 

John, 171, 176-83, 199 
Richard, 62, 175, 178 
Thomas, 177, 181, 183 
„ William, 166, 176 

Gregson, Anne, 158 

Catherine, 62 
Henry, 62 
Jennett, 62 
„ John, 188, 200 
„ Rev. Mr., 109 
Richard, 62 204 
Robert, 188 

Thomas, 62, 63, 66, 166, 188 
„ Rev. William, 158 
Griffith, Rev. John, 138 

HACKING, Anne, 62 






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tSb'BX OF KAUES. 



277 



i» 



HACKING, Hugh, 175 
John, 64 
Robert, 62 
William, 175-6, 181 
Hadrian, the Emperor, 8 
Halgh, Alexander, 49-50 
„ John, 50 
„ Robert, 49 
,, William, 49 
Hail, Oliver, 50 
„ John, 265 
Halsall, Francis, 65 
„ Margaret, 65 
„ Thomas, 62, 165, 176-6, 179 
Hamilton, Duke of, 59 
Hardiker, Isaac, 186 
„ Mark, 187 
Hargreaves, Rev. James, 178 
Hanngton, Sir James, 51 
Harper, William, 70 
Harris, Robert, 64 
Harrison, George, 91, 165-6 
„ Grace, 61 
,. Richard, 53 
Hartley, James, 65 
„ John, 65 
„ Rev. Mr., 108 
Haslewood, Clarissa, 208 

Rev. Boulby, 139, 156-7, 

206,215-6 
Rev. B., 157, 215-6 
Rev. D., 157 
Rev. W. M., 157, 159 
Haworth, Alice, 154 
„ John, 127-8 
,, Thomas. 154 
Haydock, James, 178, 190 
Rev. Mr., 109 
Seth, 166, 170, 178, 196 
Hayhurst, Anne, 65, 233-4 

Benjamin, 147, 196, 233-4 

Bradley, Rev., 214-19, 233-4 

Edward, 89, 195 

Ellis, 196, 201 

George, 188, 195-6 

Henry, 165, 175, 190, 196, 

214, 217, 230, 233-4 
Jane, 217-18, 233-4 
John, 87, 147-8, 161, 163, 165, 

175, 181, 194-6, 217, 233 
Jonathan, 147, 195, 233 
Lawrence, 67, 167, 176 
Margaret, 217 
OHver, 49, 82 
Otto, 232-3 

Richard, 58, 65, 89, 147, 161, 
167, 177-8, 190, 196-6, 216, 
233-4 
Robert, 44, 216, 233-4 
Titus, 233 






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Hayhurst, WiUiam, 49, 104, 147, 233-4, 

263 
Heber, Bishop, 155 
„ John, 155 

Rev. John, 110, 138, 155, 159 
Reginald,^ 155 
,, Rev. Reginald, 155, 159 
Helm, Dorothy, 85 
,, James, 86 
„ John, 194, 197 
„ Robert, 181-2 
Herd, Dorothy. 64 
Heron, Richard, 49 
Hesketh, Bridget, 64 

„ Rev. Robert, 193 
Heskin, John. 204 
Hesmondhalgh, Edward, 182-4, 192 

Elizabeth, 150 
ElUs, 103, 176, 179, 182 
Grace, 150, 191 
John, 178-9, 182, 184 
Richard, 183 
Robert, 177, 184-6 
William, 180-1, 185 
Heywood, John, 150 
„ OUver, 217 
Higg^son, John, 65, 67 
Hill, Thomas, 201 
,, William, 49 
Hmdle, James, 175 
Hindley, Andrew, 144 

„ John, 144, 148. 194 
„ Rev. Christopner, 55, 85-6, 95, 
138, 144-9, 195, 200 
Hitchin, Anne, 62 
Hodgson, Captain. 59 

„ Rev. William, 159 
Holden, John, 58 
Holme, Rev. John, 110 
Holt, Francis, 128-9, 143 
„ Richard, 81 
„ Robert, 60 
„ Thomas, 126-9 
Hornby, James, 63 

„ William, 138-9 
Home, James, 177 
„ Martha, 192 
„ Richard, 177, 194-5 
Horsley, Rev. John, 17, 18, 30-1, 38 
Hothersall, Adam, 51, 224 

Anne, 63, 66, 225-8 
Anthony, 86 
Edward, 86 
Elizabeth, 226 
George, 181, 202, 226, 238 
Gerard, 51 
Grace, 62, 226 
Henry, 96, 194 
Isabel, 226 

John, 55, 63, 66, 190, 192, 
196, 199, 201-2, 225-7, 230 



>> 

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□msx OS ITAMSe. 



Bich&n), H 161. Its. 19t-G. 

224-7 
Eobert, 45, Bl, 79, lt9, 200, 
224-G,Z3S 
„ Kogn, El 
„ Stephen, 51 
„ Smne, 12S 

„ Thomu, 51, 62^, 91, 103, 
123, lEO, U6-70, ISl, 200- 
3,224-8 
„ TTshtred, 49 

Warinti, Bl, 224 
WiUiam, 62-3, 166, 201, 203, 
207, 224-6 
HoagbtoD, Adam, 46, 47, 49, 123 
„ Aloxuidcr, 78, 84 



B, 242 



?60 

, 196, 200-2, 241-2 

, 241-2 

W, 62, 66, 106,111 



Hunter, Rev. l^r., 110 
HuntinEdati, Bobot, 124 
Hyde, John, 68 

ILLINGWORTH, Mr., 217 
Imbertoa, 138, 139 
Inebun, John, 203 

„ Ray. Mr., 108, IBO 
„ Rev. WilliMQ, 108, 138, 144-5, 
147, 149, 160, 16B, 191 
,, l^hatlea, 203 
1, Jennet, 62 
John, ISO, 182 
„ Robert, 62 

JACKSON, Chulefi, 62 

John. 176, 197 

„ R<«Br, 196 

Thomw, 187 
WiUiMQ, 65 
Jenkinaon, EUen, 190 
John, 166 

Robert, 220, 221, 233 
„ WiUiam, 81 
Jolmian, Elizabeth, 164, 194, 204 

Rot. Thomaa, 97, 138, 154, 
197,202 4 
Julia, the Em[areBs, 15 

KAY, John, 97, 171, 178 9. 181-4 



Kellrt, Henr7,']66,'l76 

KeUy, John, 191 

Kenyon, Jordan do, 48 

Kerry, Rev. C, 112 

lOghla]', Hemy de, 43, 49, SO, 124 

„ Thomas, 63 
King, F. C, 69 
Kippax, Rev. Richard, 91, i09, ls8, 2U 

„ Williani. 168 
Kirk, Edwsrd, 72-76 
Knoll, Margaret de, 47 

„ Richard, 48 
Enowln, Adam, 57 

LACY, Edmund de, 43 
„ Henry de, 124 
„ John de, 47 
Lancaster (co.). Chancellor of, 79 
Langfield, Joseph, 181 
Learorde, Bic^rd^38, 143, 144 
Leckonby, Anne, 227-8 
Bridget, 228 
„ Mary, 227-8 
,, Thonias, 298 
William 
Lee, John de, 46 
Le^h, Dr., 30, 38 

„ Gilbert de, 46, 48 
John, 220 
Leland, John, 38 
Leeming, Richard, 103, 166, 176 



Thomi 



,177 



Lincoln John de, 138, 139 
Liugnid, Jamee, 86, 138, 143 

,, John, 186 
Liveaer, Jamee, 195 

„ Ricbaid, 195 
Littleton, Sir Edward, 128 
Longworth, Thomaa, 193 
Lovat, Edward, 70 
Lawe, Roger, 217 
Lncas, Ann, GO 
LumleT, James. 65 
Lnnd, Adam, ISO, 191 

„ Edward, 263 

„ Jamea, 91, 103, 166, 176-6, 2S2 

„ John, 262 

„ LawKoce, 198 

„ Kichard, 262 

„ Roger, 178, 198 

„ Thomas, 184-C 262 

„ WiUiam, 130, 262 
Ljmme, Grace, 64 
„ Joimet, 64 
,, Thomaa, 64 
Lynala, John, 49 

„ Richard, 61, 79 

., Robert, 64 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



279 



Lyvalx, Thurstan de, 49 

McCOSKERY, Thomas, 186 
Mamaea, Julia, 15, 16 
Marsden, Richard, 115 

„ Thomas, 184 

„ William, 173 
Marsh, John, 116 

„ Mr.. 101 

„ Natnan, 66 

„ Robert, 187 
Marshall, Marian, 249 
Martin, Robert, 183 

„ Rev. Thomas, 213 

„ Wy Ham, 183 
Mathen, Richard, 49 
Maximian, 23 
Maximus, Julias, 29 
Mayo, John, 181-2 
Mears, Mr., 102 
Mercer, Henry, 58 

,, James, 187 
Metcalfe, Henry de, 43 
,, Lawrence, 101 
,, Rev. John, 110 
Mitchell, John, 58 
„ Robert, 89 
„ Thomas, 80, 82 
Moore, John, 81 
More, John del, 78 
Moreton, Rev. Thomas, 159 
Morris, William, 179 
Morton, Rav. Mr., 109, 158 
Moton, John, 190 

„ Henry, 46 

,, Nicholas, 47 

„ Robert. 43, 45, 47 

„ William, 44, 46, 48, 123 



»> 
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I 



NADEN, Anne, 250 

Edmund, 91, 103, 108, 167, 
195, 202, 250-1 

Ellen, 191, 202, 250 

Margaret, 195, 250-1 

Rev. Thomas, 109, 158, 169, 
170, 202, 250-1 
Natalis. Titus, 15 
Nero, the Emperor, 4 
Netle, Ralph, 192 
Nerva, the Emperor, 8 
Newport, Thomas, 134, 135 
Newsham, John, 144 

Thomas, 196 

Richard, 64, 196 

Richard, 68, 196 
Newton, Rev. Henry, 213 
Nickson, John, 139 
Nock, Anne, 203 
„ John, 203 
Norcrosse, Anne, 193, 249 



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NorcrosBe, Ellen, 62, 192 

George, 143, 194, 196 
Henry, 138, 143, 144, 200 
James, 66, 91, 103, 161, 163, 
166, 167, 175, 194, 220, 249 
John, 64, 183, 249 
Sarah, 249 

Richard, 89, 200, 220, 249 
Thomas, 177-8, 198, 249-60 
William, 91, 110, 170-1, 176-8 
198, 204, 221, 249-50 
Norfolk, Duchess of, 52 
Nowell, Dorothy, 155 
„ Richard, 48 
„ Roger, 156 
Nuttall, Christopher, 184 
„ David, 173, 181, 184 
„ James, 186 
„ Richard, 181 
„ Thomas, 173, 186-7 
Nutter, Ellis, 196 
„ Thomas, 196 

ODDIE, Thomas, 68 
Ogden, Rev. George, 91, 107-111, 119, 
132, 138, 144-154, 167, 188, 201 
„ George, 154 
J. M., 151 
Margaret, 166 
„ Samuel, 152, 154 
Openshaw, Frederick, 127, 264 

„ Jonathan, 206, 209, 227 
Ormerod, Dennis, 185 
„ Henry, 186 
Orte, Ellen, 65 

„ William, 65 
Osbaldeston, Alexander, 126, 194, 196 
Adam de, 43 
Anne, 166 
Catherine, 62 
Cuthbert, 201 
Edward, 201 
Ellen, 126, 127 
Francis, 199 
John, 45, 46, 179, 193, 196, 

201 
Laverence, 116, 260 
Rosamond, 260 
Thomas, 196, 199, 201 

PAGE, Jeremiah, 177, 203 
Parker, Alexander, 84 
„ Brian, 128 
„ Christopher, 83, 84 
„ Hugh, 68 
„ Richard, 184 
Parkinson, Canon, R.. 69 
Henry, 196 
Jenet, 204 

John, 173, 176-7, 188, 193, 
204 



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OfDEX OF NA1IE8. 



J.OJ, ev6, £v« 
Rev. Robert, 198, 204 
„ ThoDua, 172, 179 
Fwlewe, Joho, 79 
Patchett, Richftrd A., IS 
Robert, lU 
,, Willmin, 18, 204 
FtinlUnuB, Caioa, 4 
Payne, J. 0., 65 
Peel, Dorothy, 304 

„ Joaiah, BS, 169, 188, 197, 204 
„ William, 91 
PembertoD, Elizabeth, 62 
„ John, 201 

„ Lawrence, 62 

„ Richard, 92 3, 96, 176 

Sir Thomas, 134-5 
Penny, Rev. Mr., 110 
Pepper, John, 193, 203 
Pepioe, Rev. Mr, 110 
PerriQ, Rev. F. E., 96, 139, 157,189, 

206-7 
Psrrot, Sir John, 83 
Petre, Bishop, 136-7, 204, 210 
Pbilipa, Lawrence, 62 
Phippe, E. M., 227-8 
,, T. H. H., 227 
Ptoder, John, 197 
„ Joseph, 187 
„ Richard, 166, 197 
„ ThonuB, 185 
„ William, 166 
PokdinEton, Robert, 138-9 
Pope, Henry, 6B 

„ Jolin, 67 
Porte, WUlWl. M 
Preston, L&wrenoe, 241 
„ Mr., 23 
„ Robert, 50 
„ Simon, 45 
„ Thomas, 68 
Pritchard, William, 192 
Prothero, H. A., 132-4 
Pye, Anne, 208, 264 
„ Ellen, 197, 254 
„ George, 161-2, 198, 254-6 
„ Haimah, 253-4, 286 
„ James, 94, 181, 198, 254-.'i 
„ Joash, 198 

„ John, 68, 178-SO, 197-8, 209, 253-5 
„ Joseph, 183 

„ William, 94, 198, 209, 264-6 
Pyiul, Nicholas, 128 
QUARTLEY, Henrietta Jane, 156, 



RABY, James, 6 



RadcliSe, Catherine, 192 
„ Edward, 175, 247 

Geotge. 91, 103, 111, 187. 170, 
175, 180-2, 247-4 
„ Henry, 246-7 
„ Jane, 191, 195 
John, 201, 243 
„ RJph, 72, 87, 161, 189, 201. 

247 
„ Richard, 246-9 

Robert, 68, 170-1, 176, 180, 
204, 248-9 
„ Thomas, 248-9 
„ William, 176, 194-5, 246 
RaioM, Canon F. R., 77, 45, 130, 131, I 

141, 142, 151-4 ' 

Ramsbottom, John, 86, 176 

,, Mary, 150 

EUvinBh»h, John de, 249 , 

Rauthmdl, Rev. Mr., tlO ' 

William, 81 i 

RawcUffe, George, 93 ! 

Read, George, S 
„ James, 89 
,, John. 176 
Relph, Mrs., 99, 166 

„ Rev. laaao, 138. 166, 159, 172 
Rliodes, Anne, 246 

„ Edward, 166, 176-6, 179, 186, 

246 
„ Elizabeth, 194 
„ James, 244-6 
„ John, 55, 85, 86, 200, 244-6 
„ Margery, 246 
„ Robert, 97, l84 
„ Th( 8, 194 

Ribchester, 

r, 302 



, 79, 195 
9, 195 
Richmond, Edward. 181 
Riding, Richard, 177-8, 185. 201 

„ Thomas, 179, 192, 198 
Rimmer, Rev. John, 213 
Risbton, Nicholas, 225 

Thomas, 65 

Robinson, Christopher, 63 

Rogerson, Christopher, 61 

„ Geoige, 63 

„ Jftmea, 63 



Will 



[□,65,6 



Rotfwell, John, 84 

Marquis de, 25, 37, i 
„ Mr., 94 
Ronghley. Thomas, 64 
Rydmg, Richard, 93 

SACHEVERELL, Dr., 105 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



281 



99 



»> 



Sagar, Thomas, 62 
Siuesbmy, Adam, 44 

f, Richard, 125 
Samlesbury, William, 123 
Sanderson, Alice, 61 
„ John, 73 
„ Nicholas, 62 
Scott, ReT. Giles, 263 
Seddon, Richard, 49 
Seed, Christopher, 200 
„ Edward, 89, 93, 202, 257 
„ Ellen, 62, 257 
„ Henry, 96, 175, 275-8 
„ Hugh, 58, 93, 257-8 
„ Jane, 64 

„ James, 186, 194, 202 
„ John, 67, 89, 161, 179-80, 1834, 
194, 223, 257-8 
Robert, 54, 94, 182, 257 
Thomas, 60, 64, 161, 163, 166, 175, 
180-1, 184-6, 194, 223, 257-8 
Settle, Richard, 176 
Severas, Septimius, 17, 26 
Sharpies, Alice, 62 

John, 54, 62, 173 
Margaret, 66 
Robert, 62 
Thomas, 62, 86, 173 
Sharp, Rev. John, 170 
Shaw, Oliver, 166 
Shepherd, Robert, 58 
Sherburne, Ah'oe, 140, 201 
Anne, 64 
Augustine, 195 
CaUierine, 194, 204, 240 
Rdmund, 229 
Elizabeth, 196 
Henry, 194 
Hugh, 83 
John, 66, 84, 86-7, 194, 235, 

241 
Mary, 200 
Mr.. 108 

Nicholas, 52, 66, 154 
Richard, 45, 61-2, 65, 83. 87, 
141-2, 171, 178-80, 195-7, 
200-2, 239-40 
Robert, 239 
Roger, 64, 194, 240 
Thomas, 65, 179 
Winifrid, 202, 241 
Sherdley, Frances, 267 
Shirley, Rev. Bir., 109 
Shorrock, John, 179 
„ Manr, 65 
Shorte, John, 49 

„ Thomas, 50 
Shortt, Rev. Jonathan, 1*41 
Shuttleworth, John, 182 

Lawrence, 261 



»> 



99 
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*> 



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Shuttleworth, Richard, 62, 176, 193, 203 

„ Thomas, 62, 66, 202 

Silcock, Thomas, 185 
Singleton, Allan, 123 

Cuthbert, 170, 198, 204 

George, 166, 173 

James, 50 

John, 50, 165, 171, 177 80, 

182, 204 
Mary, 193 
Margaret, 
Ranulph, 47 
Richard, 123 
Thomas, 177 
William, 204 
Slater, Daniel, 178-9, 183 
„ EUis, 109, 175-6, 180 
„ George, 81 
„ James, 180, 198 
„ John, 186 
„ Richard, 190, 198 
„ Thomas, 176 
Smalley, Alice, 262 
„ John, 193 
,. Robert, 193, 200 
Smith, John, 180 
„ Robert, 173, 187 
„ Thomas, 191 
Smithies, John, 186 

„ Richard. 187 
Somerset, Duke oi, 51 
Southward, Anne, 204 

„ Rev. Joshua, 204 
Southworth, G«orge, 235 
„ John, 193 

,, Thomas, 193, 236 

Sowerbutts, Arthur, 67, 89,188, 190,195, 

200 
Sowerbutts, Janet, 65 
John, 186 
Richard, 65, 176 
Robert, 163 
„ Thomas, 197 

Spencer, James, 186-6 

„ Thomas, 182, 186 
Stanford, James, 202, 221 
Stanley, Elizabeth, 193 
Starkie, John, 149 
Stead, Christopher, 129 
Stertivant, Grace, 192 
Stirzaker, George, 166 
,. Thomas, 194 
Strickland, John, 181 

,. WiUiam, 182 
Stukeley, Dr., 13, 14, 24, 38, 68 
Sudell, Anne, 61 
„ Jane, 197 
„ Roger, 161, 163 
„ Thomas. 61, 63, 197 
Swinglehurst, Robert, 84 



*> 



282 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



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I* 
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TALBOT, Edmund, 140 

Edward, 25» 

George, 251-2 

GUes, 146 

John, 60, 78, 82, 83, 252 

Mary, 252 

Nicholas, 230, 251 

Roger, 50 

Robert, 23 

Stephdn, 251 

Thomas, 81 

WaUam, 81, 138, 140 
Taylor, James, 177 
Tasker, John, 62 
Thame, Philip de, 125 
Thane, Dr., 91 

Thirkyngham, Lambert de, 138, 139 
Thirleby, Thomas, 138, 141 
Tibboles, John, 90 
Tiplady, Mr , 99 
Tomlinson, Henry, 60 

John, 100, 174, 200 
Robert, 63, 66 
Thomas, 127, 128 
Tindall. William, 192 

Tosti, Earl, 42 ^ 

Townley, Abraham, 91, 103, 111, 117, 
165, 167, 176, 230-1 

AUce, 197, 230 

Anne, 202, 222, 230-1, 233 

Charles, 32-35 

Christopher, 78 

Henry, 46, 49, 54, 55, 163, 
168-70,177-8,190,197.200-2, 

222, 228-32, 252 
Humphrey, 177 
Jane, 197, 231-2, 233 
John, 53, 91, 97. 228-31 
Nicholas, 50 
Rev. R. H., 159 
Richard, 46, 47, 53, 94, 165, 

195, 200, 204, 228-31, 233 
Robert, 228 
Thomas, 64, 195, 229 
Trafford, Basil, 197 

Edmund, 197 
Humphrey, 67 
John, 67 

Richard, 67, 192, 197-8, 203 
Robert, 198 
„ Thomas, 203 
Tresham. Sir Thomas, 127 
Troop, Ellen, 203 

„ Richard, 203 
Troutbeck, William, 63 
Tunstale, Thomas de, 49, 50 
Turner, John, 67, 130, 192 
„ MUes, 62, 115 
* William, 62 
Twistefield, Richard de, 48 



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Twogood, Anne, 191 

VAVASOUR, Fr. Walter, 63, 197, 203, 

228 
Venables, Catherine, 78 

„ Hugh, 78 
Verus, the Emperor, 18 
Voysey, John, 141 

WADDINGTON, W. A., 92, 95 ' 

WiUiam, 182 
Wagstaffe, Rev. James, 211 
Wakefield, William, 138-9 
Walker, Anne, 239 

„ Peter, 173, 186-7 
,, Rev. John, 144 
„ WilUam, 203, 258-9 
Wallbank, John, 181, 187 
Richard, 180 
Robert, 185 
Thomas, 173 
Walmesley, Alexander, 259 
Alice, 204, 225 
Anne, 64, 190 
Benjamin, 187 
Edward, 64 
Elizabeth, 62, 64, 204 
Henry, .57, 62 
Jane, 64, 196 
John. 65, 67, 185, 191 
Leonard, 61 
Mary, 64 
Nicnolas, 61 
Richard, 64, 67, 138-9, 166, 

1%, 203, 255, 259 
Robert, .559 
Thomas, 60, 106, 193, 204, 

225 
T. G., 130 
„ William, 63, 67, 191, 199 

Walne, James, 186 

„ John, 173, 186 
Walsh, Thomas, 175 
Walton, Benjamin, 188 
James, 51, 198 
Joseph, 32, 35, 100, 188, 198 
Lawrence, 35, 103 
Richard, 103, 176, 188 . 
Robert, 56-8 
Thomas, 179-82 
Ward, Alice, 197 
„ Henry, 204, 232 
„ Jane, 204, 232 
„ John, 55, 91, 161-3, 165, 167, 185, 

195-7, 203, 256. 262 
„ Richard, 54, 165, 256, 262 
„ Roger, 195, 262 
„ Thomas, 194 
„ William, 194 
Wareing, James, 186 



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